The Sephardi Legacy II Page 110...

THE SPANISH EXILES IN THE HOLY LAND 107 Hazan, who was involved in the dispute over ordination in 1538; Joseph Fodnero; R. Moses Attias; and members of the Oliviera family and of the Gediliya family, one of whom was the  Queens physician. The Sages or Sagis family, some of whose members were among the scholars of Safed in the 16th and 17th centuries, may well have originated from the Portuguese town of Sagres; and the Deleiria family, one of whose members, R. Moses Deleiria, lived in Safed in the second half of the 16th century, may have originated from Leiria in Portugal. The same is true of the Portuguese Albotini family, one of whose members, Moses Albotini, lived in Safed in the first half of the 16th century. It seems also that the famous kabbalist, R. Moses Cordovero, was of Portuguese origin. The members of these families may have been Conversos who left Portugal after  the great conversion or following the establishment of the Inquisition there. 188 The activity of Conversos was apparent in Tiberias in the second half of the 16th century. In the early 60s attempts were made to reconstruct the ruins of the town which had been well nigh razed to the ground, and to establish a Jewish community there. A central role in this project was assumed by Dona Gracia and her nephew/ son- in- law, Don Joseph Nasi, members of Suleiman the Magnificents court. Both were Portuguese Conversos who fled their country in the 1530s. Don Joseph Nasi sent Joseph ben Ardut to Tiberias as his representative. The plan to rebuild the town was only partially implemented, for in Don Joseph Nasis lifetime ( d. 1579) a severe economic crisis hit the Jews of Tiberias, bringing about the communitys decline. Many Jews fled the town, only the destitute remaining. 189  A few years after Don Josephs death, the Sultan handed Tiberias over to a Jewish political personality who had grown up at his court, the former Converso Alvaro Mendes from Portugal, whose Hebrew name was Solomon ibn Yaish. He returned to his ancestral faith in Turkey in 1585 and died in 1603. The Sultan granted him the Duchy of the island of Lesbos in the Aegean Sea, as well as the leasehold of Tiberias and its environs. Solomons son Jacob was appointed by the Sultan to administer it, and it was said of him that he built many  homes and a beautiful palace in Tiberias and was greatly loved by the Arabs. 190 188 See David,  Conversos, pp. 76- 79. 189 For a profound study of the clarification  of this affair see I. Braslawsky,  Le- Mifalo shel Don Yosef Nasi be- Eretz Yisrael, in Yerushalayim — Dedicated to the Memory of A. M. Luncz ( Jerusalem: 1928), pp. 67- 77; idem,  Le- Parashat Tveriya mi- Yemei Don Yosef Nasi ad Ibn Yaish, Zion 5 ( 1940): 45- 72 which also appeared in his book Le- Heker Arzenu — Avar u- Seridim ( Tel Aviv: 1954), pp. 180- 215; U. Heyd, Teudot  Turkiot al Binyanah shel Tveriya ba- Meah ha- 16, Sefunot 10 ( 1966): 193- 210. 190 See Braslawsky,  Le- Parashat Tveriya mi- Yemei Don Yosef Nasi ad Ibn Yaish, pp. 70- 72 ( in Heker Arzenu, pp. 213- 215); S. W. Baron,  Solomon Ibn Yaish and Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, in Joshua Finkel Festschrift ( New York: 1974), pp. 29- 36.   Chapter Home  | TOC t t t

The Sephardi Legacy II


About Book The Sephardi Legacy II

Front Matter Map Half Title Page Title Page Copyright Page Table of Contents Foreword List of AbbreviationsContent Haim Beinart - The Expulsion from Spain: Causes and ResultsHaim Beinart - The Conversos in Spain and Portugalin the 16th to 18th CenturiesJacob Barnai - The Jews of Spain in North AfricaJacob Barnai - The Jews of Spain in EgyptAvraham David - The Spanish Exiles in the Holy LandAliyot from Spain Prior to the ExpulsionThe Aliyah of the Exiles after 1492The Spanish Exiles in the Holy Land at the beginning of Ottoman RuleJerusalemThe Sephardim in the Holy Land at the End of the 16th and the 17th CenturiesSafedThe Conversos in the Holy LandJoseph Hacker - The Sephardim in the Ottoman Empire in the 16th CenturyImmigration to the Ottoman Empire and the Establishment of Sephardi CommunitiesAutonomous Jewish OrganizationThe Image of Jewish SocietyJacob Barnai - The Jews of the Ottoman Empire in the 17th and 18th CenturiesDemographic ChangesLegal, Social and Economic Status1. Tax Farming2. Purveyors to the Authorities3. The Textile Industry4. International and Internal Trade5. GuildsSociety, Leadership and Cultural CreativityThe Settlement (Yishuv) in the Holy LandMoshe Idel - Spanish Kabbalah after the ExpulsionSpanish Kabbalah and the ExpulsionTrajectories and CentersThe European TrajectoryKabbalah in the Land of IsraelR.J. Zwi Werblowsky - R. Joseph Caro, Solomon Molcho, Don Joseph NasiIsrael M. Ta-Shma - Rabbi Joseph Caro and His Beit Yosef: Between Spain and GermanyR.J. Zwi Werblowsky - Shabbetai ZeviRobert Bonfil - The History of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews in ItalyIn the Wake of the ExilesLevantines and ConversosContinuation and ChangeYosef Kaplan - The Sephardim in North-Western Europe and the New WorldThe Establishment of the Hamburg and Amsterdam CommunitiesThe Settlement of the London CommunityCenters and Communities in the New WorldOrganization, Leadership and SocietyCultural and Intellectual CreationYosef Kaplan - The Intellectual Ferment in the Spanish-Portuguese Community of 17th Century AmsterdamHenry Mechoulan - Menasseh ben IsraelGerard Nahon - From New Christians to the Portuguese Jewish Nation in FranceIntroductionNew Christians and the Royal GovernmentGeography, Economy, ReligionDaily Life and Religion in the 18th CenturyCommunal Self-GovernmentBooks and Literature: From Crypto-Jewish Works to Rabbinical TreatisesIntimacies: Wills and CorrespondenceThe Portuguese and the Political Struggle for Emancipation (1789-1791)Jonathan I. Israel - The Sephardi Contribution to Economic Life and Colonization in Europe and the New World (16th-18th Centuries)David M. Bunis - The Language of the Sephardim: A Historical OverviewIntroductionNames of the LanguageAlphabet and writing systemLadino (the language of sacred-text translation)PeriodizationMiddle Period (1493 to c. 1810)Late Middle Period (c. 1729- c. 1810)Modern Period (c. 1811-present)Characteristics of the modern languagePhonologyComponent structureHispanic elementsHebrew-AramaicBorrowings from traditional coterritorial languagesLoans from European prestige languagesIncorporations from languages in countries of immigrationRegional variationInfluence of the Sephardi vernacular on other languagesConcluding remarksAmnon Shiloah - Development of Jewish Liturgical Singing in SpainElena Romero - Literary Creation in the Sephardi DiasporaRobert Bonfil - The Legacy of Sephardi Jewry in Historical WritingBack Cover
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