Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

ARNSTEIN, FELICIA ARON, HERMANN THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA [ 486] her salon in Vienna was comparable to that of Mme. Récamier in Paris. It was frequented by Theodor Kör-ner, Talleyrand, Wellington, the Schlegel brothers and other notables of the Napoleonic period. She took little pains to defend Jewish interests, but her magnetic per-sonality contributed toward the strengthening of sym-pathy for the Jews. She was active in philanthropic work, collected funds for the construction of a hospital in Vienna, founded the Society of the Friends of Music in Vienna, and organized the nursing of soldiers who were wounded in the Napoleonic wars. Her daughter adopted the Catholic faith and married Baron Pereira, the ancestor of the noble family of Pereira- Arnstein. Lit.: Graffer, Kleine Wiener Memoiren ( 1845) vol. 1, p. 249; vol. 3, p. 247; Glossy, S., and Sauer, H, Grillparzers Briefe und Lagebücher, vol. 2, pp. 175, 186. ARNSTEIN, FELICIA, see ARNSZTAJN, FELICYA. ARNSTEIN, HENRY, chemist and mechanical engineer, b. New York city, 1886; d. Philadelphia, 1934. He was graduated from the University of Budapest, the University of Berlin and the University of Heidelberg. From 1908 to 1913 he was associated with the Krupp A. G., of Essen, Germany. Following this, he came to New York as chief chemist and plant manager of the Fleischmann Yeast Company and the American Dia-malt Company. In 1919 he resigned from these posi-tions and entered private practice in San Francisco as a consulting engineer; two years later he transferred his field of operations to Philadelphia, where he remained until his death. Arnstein was a designer of plants for many of the largest chemical firms in North and South America. He served as a technical adviser to the governments of Cuba, Argentine and Pernambuco, Brazil. A widely re-cognized authority on fermentation and distillation, he developed many chemical processes, among them the production of alcohol from waste products and the utilization of such alcohol for motor fuel purposes in place of gasoline. He developed processes for the eco-nomic conversion of sawdust into sugar and fuel alco-hol and the processes for the production of compressed yeast from molasses and mineral salts; the first green malt ( diastatic malt) introduced in the United States was developed by him. Arnstein received public com-mendation from numerous governments and was the recipient of medals from the American Association of Engineers and the Engineers Club. Among the many treatises written by him are: The Importance of Yeast as a Medical and Nutritive Synthetically Prepared Pood Materials; Pretenses in Science; and Compressed Yeast By- Product. His book The Utilization of Molasses considered a standard reference work. Lit.: Engineers and Engineering, and 6; United States Daily, Sept. 27 and 30, ARNSTEIN, KARL, engineer, b. Prague, 1887. He is the author of several theoretical works dealing with statics and the theory of solidity, especially as regards the construction of bridges. In 1915 he became chief builder of the Zeppelin works. In addition, he drew the plans for the construction of the famous airship Z, R. Ill ( the Los Angeles), which in 1924 made the first flight over the Atlantic Ocean. Arnstein came to the United States in 1924 to become a director and vice- president of the Goodyear- Zeppelin Co. in Akron, Ohio. He is no longer an adherent of the Jewish faith. Lit.: Singer, S.,  Karl Arnstein, in Das Zelt, Dec, 1924, pp. 332- 33. ARNSTEIN, MARK ( pseudonym, Andrzei Marek), dramatist and theatrical producer, b. Warsaw, 1879. His first successful work for the theatre, Der Ebige Lied, a one- act play based on the life of Jewish workers, was written in 1901; his later plays include Der Wilner Baal- habesl ( Lodz, 1902) and Koroleva Sabat ( Odessa, 1912). Originally produced in Polish and Russian, they were later translated into Yiddish, Hebrew and English. Arnstein first visited the United States in 1914, and two years later helped Nahum Zemach to organize the  Habimah Hebrew theatre. In 1918 he attempted to create a Yiddisn state theatre in Russia. Returning to New York in 1919, he produced several of his comedies for Schwartz at the Irving Place Theatre; in 1921 he began directing the Yiddish Art Theatre of New York. After his return to Poland three years later, Arnstein produced his own Polish translations of An- Skis Dyb-buk, Leivicks Golem ( 1928) and Gordins Mirele ( 1929). In 1918 a volume of his dramatic works appeared in Moscow, and in 1928 two volumes of his one- act plays were published. Arnstein has written es-says, playlets, short stories and poems in Yiddish and Polish. Lit.: Reisen, Zalman, Lexikon fun der Presse un Filologie, vol. 1 ( 1926); Zalman, Lexikon of the Yiddish Theatre, ARNSZTAJN, FELICYA ( née Meyerson), Polish authoress, sister of Emile Meyerson, b. Lublin, 1865. Writing under the pseudonyms Stefan Orlik and Jan Gorecki, she has composed poems, many of which were published in the Warsaw periodical, Izraelita, and dra-mas which were produced on the Polish stage. A vol-ume of her poems, Poezye, appeared in 1895. Her writ-ings are permeated with the spirit of Polish culture; some, however, like the cycle of lyric poems In Tenebris ( 1899), deal with Jewish subjects and reveal her at-tachment to Judaism. ARON HAKODESH, designation for the ark of the Torah; see ARK ( in the synagogue). ARON, HERMANN, electrophysicist, b. Kempen, Germany, 1845; d. Hamburg, Germany, 1913. In 1876 Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow arnsztajn felicya ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

Community and Polity: The Organizational Dynamics Of American Jewry (Revised and Updated Edition)
Community and Polity explores in depth the developments in the American Jewish community in the post-WWII period. Like the first edition, it is designed to serve two purposes: to provide a basic survey of the structure and functions of the American Jewish community and to suggest how that community should be understood as a polity that is not a state but is no less real from a political perspective.

Luah Hashanah 5775
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish interpreters (in 2 vols.)
Collection of printed texts and MSS. by Jewish commentators on the 53rd Chapter of Isaiah, brought together by AD. Nubauer and translated with assistance of S.R.Driver.

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

The Jews of Charleston: A History of an American Jewish Community
The small group of Jewish inhabitants of Charles Town in South Carolina met in 1750 to organize themselves permanently into a religious community. This book tells that community's story down to the present day. It describes the process of adjustment both of the Jews and their religion.

The Book of Pogroms (in Russian)
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New Heart, New Spirit: Biblical Humanism for Modern Israel
New Heart, New Spirit confronts the ethical and moral values of the Bible in the context of the critical situation that Israel and Zionism are facing. It is an outcry and a challenge to the xenophobic movements focused on “holy wars,” power, land, and blood.

The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 1
This is the first volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See second and third volumes here). It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

Jewish History: An Essay in the Philosophy of History
This essay exhibits in a remarkably striking way the author's art of making “all things seem fresh and new, important and attractive.” The author attempts, for the first time, a psychologic characterization of Jewish history. He endeavors to demonstrate the inner connection between events, and develop the ideas that underlie them.

Maimonides: Torah and Philosophic Quest
In this original study, noted scholar and theologian David Hartman discusses the relation between Maimonides' halakhic writings and The Guide of the Perplexed. This pioneering work earned Dr. Hartman a National Jewish Book Award for a book on Jewish thought.

Kiddush Ha-Shem: An Epic of 1648
One of the earliest historical novels in modern Yiddish literature, Kiddush ha-Shem is a story of Jewish martyrdom during the Chmelnitsky uprising in mid-17th century Ukraine and Poland.

Candles in the Night: Jewish Tales by Gentile Authors
To keep aglow the candles of human sympathy, the editor has compiled nearly a thousand items of significant non-Jewish literary and historical expression about the Jews. This volume includes twenty-three short stories and episodes from fourteen different national literatures.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 5
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Judaism as a Civilization: Toward a Reconstruction of American-Jewish Life
Judaism as a Civilization remains one of the most original and thought-provoking contributions toward creating a comprehensive program for creative Jewish life. In this seminal work, Kaplan offers his now famous concept of Judaism as an evolving religious civilization.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): ESTHER
Extraodinary book which retained its freshness and technical insight after almost a century of existance.

The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 3: From the Accession of Nicholas II until 1916. Bibliography and Index.
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The third and concluding volume deals with the reign of Nicholas II., the last of the Romanovs, and also contains the bibliographical apparatus, the maps, the index, and other supplementary material.

The Mystical Element in Judaism
An alternative to Gershom Scholem's view of Kabbalah by one of the greatest Jewish thinkers; a succinct yet much revealing introduction to Jewish mysticism.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 2
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Mishnayoth


The Jews of Egypt: From Ramses II to Emperor Hadrian
This is the story of the adventures and misadventures of the Jewish people in the land of Egypt – shrouded in the mists of biblical history under the Pharaohs; the strange intermezzo of the Jewish mercenary detachment on the island of Elephantine on the upper Nile; the apogee of Jewish culture under the Ptolemies; and, finally, the Jewish community's rapid decline and catastrophic disappearance under Roman rule.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Amos and Hosea
The author has taken up in connection with the first two of the immortal Twelve, many questions that concern just as closely the prophetic books. It is especially felt in the Introduction; in fact Harper's introduction to Amos and Hosea is really an introduction to Prophecy as such.

Maimonides
The first of a series of books dealing with “Jewish Worthies,” this volume presents the biography of, perhaps, the most famous Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages with special regard to the general history of the period at which he lived.

The Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 9
A comprehensive study of the Jews in this kingdom from the massacres of 1391 to the Expulsion.

The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish interpreters (in 2 vols.)
Collection of printed texts and MSS. by Jewish commentators on the 53rd Chapter of Isaiah, brought together by AD. Nubauer and translated with assistance of S.R.Driver.

Studies in Hebrew Narrative Art (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXVII)
Each of the twelve articles in this volumes illustrates some state of the development of Hebrew narrative prose: from biblical literature though talmudic-midrashic and medieval eras till modern times.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica, in 5 volumes
This five-volume set represents the finest work of the late nineteenth century Biblical scholarship.

A Grammar of Samaritan Hebrew
The importance of the Samaritan pronunciation of Hebrew has gained wide acceptance as essential for reaching a correct understanding of the processes that affected the development of the Hebrew language in the late second temple period.

The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 1
This is the first volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See second and third volumes here). It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

Judaism as a Civilization: Toward a Reconstruction of American-Jewish Life
Judaism as a Civilization remains one of the most original and thought-provoking contributions toward creating a comprehensive program for creative Jewish life. In this seminal work, Kaplan offers his now famous concept of Judaism as an evolving religious civilization.

Studies in Israel Legislative Problems (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXII)
An impressive collection of thoughts on major legal problems facing Israel, a country where the law is at a transitional stage and in the process of continous growth.

and Hannah wept: Infertility, Adoption, and the Jewish Couple
The definitive work on Judaism s approach to infertility, pregnancy loss, and adoption.

Hebrew: The Eternal Language
The extraordinary story of the Hebrew language is the subject of this book.

Sunset Possibilities and Other Poems
Continuing the high standards of the JPS Jewish Poetry Series, this volume presents poems that have become twentieth-century classics. Included are eighty poems printed in English and Hebrew on facing pages.

The Path of the Upright: Mesillat Yesharim
The Path of the Upright, Rabbi Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto's guide to the perfection of human soul, stands on its own as one of the most influential and inspirational ethical works in Judaism. In this work, the author probes every aspect of the human personality and offers advice on ways to overcome its weaknesses. The Path of the Upright: Messillat Yesharim is a bilingual edition in Hebrew and English.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah
One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.

The End of Time
A stunning departure from the polemics and social criticism that have made Horowitz one of our most controversial public intellectuals, The End of Time is a wide ranging, unflinching and lyrical meditation on subjects ranging from what parents inadvertently teach us in their deaths, to the forbidding reality of the cancer ward and the way in which figures like Mohammed Atta use death to become gods of their own mad creation.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS
An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

The Responsa Literature
An interesting presentation of an extraordinary type of correspondence between communities and foremost Jewish authorities during the past fifteen hundred years by which social, economic and religious problems were discussed and solved.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 5
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Jewish History: An Essay in the Philosophy of History
This essay exhibits in a remarkably striking way the author's art of making “all things seem fresh and new, important and attractive.” The author attempts, for the first time, a psychologic characterization of Jewish history. He endeavors to demonstrate the inner connection between events, and develop the ideas that underlie them.

STUDIES IN JEWISH EDUCATION III: Teacher, Teaching, and Community
Deals with concrete issues of the teaching process in schools.

Luah Hashanah 5777
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

Jews, Arabs, Turks
Select essays on Middle Eastern history dealing with Israel, Egypt and Turkey with a focus on politics and cultural relations of Jews, Arabs, and Turks.

Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel
Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

Spain, the Jews, and Franco
The role played by Spain during World War II regarding the Jews has long been a matter of controversy. This volume, first published in Hebrew to wide acclaim seeks to set the record straight. It offers a full and objective account of the rescue of Jewish refugees from Nazi-occupied countries by the Franco regime.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 1
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

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Treatise Ta anit of the Babylonian Talmud: Critically Edited and Provided With A Translation and Notes
This book presents the first critical edition of the Talmudic text based on a minute collation of all the existing manuscripts and early editions of the Talmud itself, as well as of the Mishnah, Tosefta, the numerous halakic and haggadic Midrashim, the Yerushalmi, and the so-called Minor Tractates. The text is translated and elucidated for the benefit of a wider circle of readers, who are not in a position to study the original.