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Judaism and the Origins of Christianity
Judaism and the Origins of Christianity
by David Flusser / Varda Books

For more than three decades, Professor David Flusser of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem has pioneered new understandings of the Jewish background of early Christianity. Many have been fascinated by his unique monograph on Jesus, translated into several languages, Most of his scholarly articles in English, including some new contributions as well as many published in not easily accessible journals, have been collected in this one volume. A must for New Testament scholars, and students of early Judaism, it will also be welcomed by the many lay persons for whom Professor Flusser has provided illumination on the origins of Christian faith.

free ebook Judaism and the Origins of Christianity
 
Front Matter
Front Cover
Half-Title Page
Title Page
Copyright Page
Dedication Page
Table of Contents
ABBREVIATIONS AND SIGLA
INTRODUCTION
Contents
PART I: The Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament
THE APOCRYPHAL BOOK OF ASCENSIO ISAIAE AND THE DEAD SEA SECT
HEALING THROUGH THE LAYING-ON OF HANDS IN THE DEAD SEA SCROLL
THE DEAD SEA SECT AND PRE-PAULINE CHRISTIANITY
II. DUALISM OF GOOD AND EVIL
III. PREDESTINATION
IV. ELECTION OF GRACE
V. CIVITAS DEI
VI. THE NEW COVENANT
VII. BAPTISM
VIII. SPIRIT
IX. FLESH AND SPIRIT
X. CONCLUSION
FROM THE ESSENES TO ROMANS 9:24-33
TWO NOTES ON THE MIDRASH ON 2 SAM . VII
I. THE TEMPLE 'NOT MADE WITH HANDS' IN THE QUMRAN DOCTRINE
II. 'THE SHOOT OF DAVID WHO WILL STAND WITH THE INTERPRETER OF THE LAW'
APPENDIX
BLESSED ARE THE POOR IN SPIRIT...
SOME NOTES TO THE BEATITUDES
BEATITUDES AND WOES
HEBREW CONSTRUCT PHRASES
APPENDIX
THE MAGNIFICAT, THE BENEDICTU S AND THE WAR SCROLL
JESUS' OPINION ABOUT THE ESSENES
THE SLAVE OF TWO MASTERS
QUMRAN UND DIE ZWOLF
MELCHIZEDEK AND THE SON OF MAN
THE SOCIAL MESSAGE FROM QUMRAN
THE LAST SUPPER AND THE ESSENES
THE HUBRIS OF THE ANTICHRIST IN A FRAGMENT FROM QUMRAN
QUMRAN AND JEWISH 'APOTROPAIC' PRAYERS
PART II: Jewish and Christian Apocalyptic
SALVATION PRESENT AND FUTURE
MESSIANOLOGY AND CHRISTOLOGY IN THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS
MESSIANIC BLESSINGS IN JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN TEXTS
" AT THE RIGHT HAND OF POWER "
THE ESSENE DOCTRINE OF HYPOSTASIS AND RABBI MEIR
THE FOUR EMPIRES IN THE FOURTH SIBYL AND IN THE BOOK OF DANIEL
APPENDIX
THE FOURTH EMPIRE AN INDIAN RHINOCEROS?
A QUOTATION FROM THE GHATHAS IN A CHRISTIAN SIBYLLINE ORACLE
AN EARLY JEWISH-CHRISTIAN DOCUMENT IN THE TIBURTINE SIBYL
APPENDIX I
APPENDIX II
HYSTASPES AND JOHN OF PATMOS
NO TEMPLE IN THE CITY
PART III: Ancient Judaism and Christianity
A NEW SENSITIVITY IN JUDAISM AND THE CHRISTIAN MESSAGE
JOHANAN BEN ZAKKAI AND MATTHEW
A RABBINIC PARALLEL TO THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT
THE DIDACHE AND THE NOACHIC COMMANDEMENTS
HILLEL'S SELF-AWARENESS AND JESUS
"I AM IN THE MIDST OF THEM" (MT. 18:20)
JESUS AND THE SIGN OF THE SON OF MAN
A LOST JEWISH BENEDICTION IN MATTHEW 9:8
"IT IS NOT A SERPENT THAT KILLS"
TWO ANTI-JEWISH MONTAGES IN MATTHEW
MATTHEWS "VERUS ISRAEL"
THE CRUCIFIED ONE AND THE JEWS
A LITERARY APPROACH TO THE TRIAL OF JESUS
WHAT WAS THE ORIGINAL MEANING OF ECCE ?????
"WHO IS IT THAT STRUCK YOU?"
JOSEPHUS ON THE SADDUCEES AND MENANDER
THE JEWISH-CHRISTIAN SCHISM PART I
I. Introduction
II. The Christological Factor
III. The Historical Problems
IV. Anti-Judaism Among Christians
V.The Law
THE JEWISH-CHRISTIAN SCHISM PART II
VI. Jewish Hatred of Christians
VII. Birkath ha-Minim
VIII. Conclusions
ABRAHAM AND THE UPANISHADS
Back Matter
LIST OF SOURCES
INDICES
SOURCES
HEBREW BIBLE
GENESIS
EXODUS
LEVITICUS
NUMBERS
DEUTERONOMY
JOSHUA
JUDGES
1 SAMUEL
2 SAMUEL
1 KINGS
2 KINGS
ISAIAH
JEREMIAH
EZEKIEL
HOSEA
JOEL
JONAH
MICAH
HABAKKUK
ZECHARIAH
?ALACHI
PSALMS
PROVERBS
ECCLESIASTES
DANIEL
SEPTUAGINT
TARGUMIM
NEW TESTAMENT
MATTHEW
MARK
LUKE
JOHN
ROMANS
I CORINTHIANS
II CORINTHIANS
GALATIANS
EPHESIANS
PHILIPPIAN
I THESSALONIANS
II THESSALONIANS
I THIMOTHY
II THIMOTHY
TITUS
HEBREWS
JAMES
I PETER
II PETER
I JOHN
REVELATION
RABBINIC LITERATUR E
MISHNAH
BERACHOT
PESACHIM
ROSH HASHANA
NEDARIM
SOTAH
KIDDUSHIN
SANHEDRIN
PIRKE AVOT
TOSEFTA
BERACHOT
PESACHIM
SUKKAH
SOTAH
?ABA KAMA
SANHEDRIN
ABODAH ZARA
BABYLONIAN TALMUD
BEZAH
BERACHOT
SHABBAT
ERUBIN
PESACHIM
YOMAH
SUKKAH
ROSH HASHANAH
TAANITH
CHAGIGAH
NEDARIM
SOTAH
KIDDUSHIN
?ABA BATHRA
GITTIN
SANHEDRIN
MENACHOT
BECHOROTH
NIDDAH
ABODAH ZARAH
YEBAMOTH
ZEBACHIM
JERUSALEM TALMUD
BERACHOT
ROSH HASHANAH
PESACHIM
TAANITH
SUKKAH
BABA METZIAH
MINOR TRACTATES
SEMACHOT
GERIM
DERECH ERETZ ZEIRA
DERECH ERETZ
TOSEFTA DERECH ERETZ
MASECHTOT ZEIROT
MIDRASHIM
MIDRASH TANNAIM
MEKHILTA DE R. ISHMAEL
MEKHILTA DE R. SIMEONB. Y0CHAI
SIFRA: LEVITICUS
SIFRE: NUMBERS
SIFRE ZUTA
SIFRE: DEUTERONOMY
GENESIS RABBA
EXODUS RABBA
LEVITICUS RABBA
NUMBERS RABBA
DEUTERONOMY RABBA
LAMENTATIONS RABBA
KOHELET RABBA
MERKABA RABBA
TANHUMA
TANHUMA
MIDRASH HAGADOL
GENESIS
EXODUS
DEUTERONOMY
MIDRASH VAYOSHA
PESIKTA DE RAV KAHANA
PESIKTA RABBATI
HEKALOT RABBATI
MIDRASH TEHILLIM
MIDRASH MISHLE
MIDRASH THRENI
SEDER ELIAHU
BERESHIT RSAB?ATI
YALKUT SHIME'ONI
YALKUT HAMAKIRI
MIDRASH LEKAH TOB
BOOK OF ZERUBBABEL
APOCRYPHA AND PSEUDEPIGRAPHA
BEN SIRA
HEBREW APOCALYPSE OF ENOCH
ENOCH
JUBILEES
ASCENSIO ISAIAH
ASSUMPTIO MOSES
TESTAMENTS OF THE PATRIARCHS
TEST. OF REUBEN
TEST. OF SIMEON
TEST. OF LEVY
TEST. OF ISSACHAR
TEST. OF ZEBULUN
TEST. OF DAN
TEST. OF GAD
TEST. OF ASHER
TEST. OF BENJAMIN
TEST. OF ABRAHAM
PSALMS OF SOLOMON
I MACCABEES
WISDOM OF SOLOMON
II MACCABEES
III MACCABEES
1 ESDRAS
2 ESDRAS
3 ESDRAS
4 ESDRAS
5 ESDRAS
SIBYLLINE ORACLES
BOOK 2
BOOK 3
BOOK 4
BOOK 5
BOOK 7
BOOK 8
BOOK 14
APOCRYPHAL EPISTULAPOSTOLORUM
APOCRYPHAL DAVIDIC PSALM
GOSPEL OF THOMAS
TESTAMENT OF JOB
JOSEPH AND ASENETH
I BARUCH
II BARUCH
WISDOM
PSEUDO-PHILO
THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS
MANUAL OF DISCIPLINE
RULE OF THECONGREGATION
SECOND APPENDIX OF
DAMASCUS DOCUMENT
WAR SCROLL
THANKSGIVING SCROLL
PSALM SCROLL OF CAVE 11
11 QPsa ZION
COMMENTARY TO PSALMS
ISAIAH SCROLL
GENESIS APOCR YPHON
TARGUM ON JOB
HABAKKUK COMMENTARY
BOOK OF MYSTERIES
JOSEPHUS
WARS
ANTIQUITIES
PHILO
CHURCH FATHERS
APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS
AQUINAS
ARISTIDES
AUGUSTINE
BARNABAS
BASIL
CLEMENT
PSEUDO CLEMENTINES
CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA
COMMODIANUS
DIDACHE
DOCTRINA APOSTOLORUM
EPIPHANIUS
EUSEBIUS
EXAGOGE OF EZEKIEL
HERMAS, THE SHEPHERD OF
HIPPOLYTUS
IGNATIUS
JUSTINUS MARTYR
LACTANTIUS
NARRATIO JOSEPHI
ORIGEN
POLYCARP
GREEK AND LATINAUTH ORS
AELIUS ARISTIDES
AESOP
AETIUS
PSEUDO - CALLISTHENES
BABRIUS
CICERO
CLAUDIUS RUTILUSNAMATIANUS
DIO CASSIUS
DIODORUS
DIOGENES LAERTIUS
DIONYSIUS OFHALICARNASSUS
HERODOTUS
HESIOD
HOMERIliad 111,277
LUCIANUS
MARTIALIS
PERSIUS
PLATO
PHILOSTRATUS
PINDARUS
PLINY THE YOUNGER
SENECA
SERVIUS
TACITUS
VELLEIUS PATERCULUS
OTHER EARLY SOURCES
BUNDAHISHN
KORAN
PANCHATANTRA
ZARATHUSTRA
MAIMONIDES
SUBJECTS
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY
A. BOOKS
B. SOME OTHER PAPERS
Back Cover