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Studies in Mishnaic Hebrew (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVII)
Studies in Mishnaic Hebrew (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVII)
by Moshe Bar-Asher / Varda Books

Mishnaic Hebrew is one discipline in Jewish Studies, if not the only one, in which research is conducted today almost entirely in Hebrew. The founders of the modern study of Mishnaic Hebrew, H. Yalon, J. N. Epstein, and S. Lieberman, were scholars from Jerusalem, as was the next generation of scholars, E.Y. Kutscher and Z. Ben-Hayyim. M. H. Segal, too, whose writings reflect a symbiosis of new directions and old paths, moved to Jerusalem in the 1930's, and his change in domicile is paralleled by the choice of Hebrew as the language of his later works. At present, three, perhaps four, generations of scholars work in the field of Mishnaic Hebrew in Israel. The purpose of this volume of Scripta Hierosolymitana is to make some of the results of current research here in Israel accessible in English to scholars abroad.

Most of the twenty-two articles included here have appeared previously in Hebrew in different journals, congress proceedings, and Festschriften. A few of the contributions were written especially for the present volume. Only one of the articles does not deal directly with Mishnaic Hebrew, rather, it analyzes a grammatical noun pattern in an Aramaic dialect; its contribution to Mishnaic Hebrew, however, is clearly demonstrated.

Twenty of the articles offered here investigate diverse grammatical and lexical topics. The two remaining articles, which constitute the Introduction to the book, provide the reader with a detailed overview of Mishnaic Hebrew research: the first concentrates on written documents and the second is devoted to the oral evidence. Unfortunately, several scholars whom we invited to participate in the volume were not able to take part. Their absence is felt. The articles collected here are thus only a representative selection, albeit a significant one, of the topics of research as well as those involved in the research. Three generations of scholars have taken part in this volume, including a significant number from the newest generation.

In order to avoid needless repetition in the bibliography of each article, we have prepared one comprehensive bibliography at the end of the book, which includes all items mentioned in the volume dealing with Mishnaic Hebrew. The result is that we have assembled the most complete list of articles and books on Mishnaic Hebrew published to date. This bibliography has been made even more extensive by including additional publications of the contributors on Mishnaic Hebrew that are not cited in this volume.

The publication of this volume would not have been possible without the help of my colleague and friend Dr. S. Fassberg. He translated two of the articles, looked over the English in the others, collected the items for the comprehensive bibliography, and prepared the book for publication. I thank him sincerely. I also thank Dr. Yohanan Breuer, who helped greatly with proofs and coordinating the final stages in the preparation of the book, as well as Dr. Oren Becker, who generously assisted in modifying and creating special font characters. Finally, I would like to express my gratitude to The Magnes Press, and especially its former Academic Chairman, Prof. Reuven Yaron, and Director, Mr. Dan Benovici, for accepting this volume in the Scripta Hierosolymitana series and their assistance in all stages of its publication. I would like to take this opportunity to apologize for the lengthy interval between the time the articles were handed in and the publication of this volume. Neither the authors nor the editors were responsible for the delay.

 

From Preface,  Moshe Bar-sher, Editor

free ebook Studies in Mishnaic Hebrew (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVII)
 
Front Matter
Title Page
Copyright Page
Table of Contents
EDITOR'S PREFACE
Content
THE STUDY OF MISHNAIC HEBREW GRAMMAR BASED ON WRITTEN SOURCES: ACHIEVEMENTS, PROBLEMS, AND TASKS MOSHE BAR-ASHER
I. Introductory Remarks
II. Research and Achievements
III. Problems and Tasks
IV.Concluding Remarks
THE STUDY OF MISHNAIC HEBREW - THE ORAL EVIDENCE: NATURE AND APPRAISAL SHELOMO MORAG
1. Introduction
2. Typological Aspects of the Reading Traditions of MishnaicHebrew
THE CONDITIONAL CLAUSE IN MISHNAIC HEBREW MOSHE AZAR
1. The Forms of the Conditional Clause
2. Conditional Expressions in Non-Conditional Clause Forms
THE FORMATION OF THE NIF'AL III-Y PARTICIPLE IN MISHNAIC HEBREW MOSHE BAR-ASHER
The Readings Traditions in the Bible
The Findings in the Mishnaic Hebrew Traditions that have been Previously Investigated
Other Traditions of Mishnaic Hebrew
MS Antonin
MSParma B
MS Kaufmann, MS Paris, and the Livorno Edition
Summary
Appendix
MISHNAIC HEBREW IN A MEDIEVAL FRENCH-ITALIAN TRADITION: POINTS OF INTEREST YAAKOV BENTOLILA
1. Introduction
2. The Phonology Reflected in the Vocalization
3. Morphology
4. Conclusion
STUDIES IN DETERMINATION IN MISHNAIC HEBREW GABRIEL BIRNBAUM
1. The Phenomenon of Determination
2. Determination in Mishnaic He
3. Vocalization in MS Kaufmann
4. Vocalization of the Prepositions ? ,? ,? in the Bible
5. Vocalization of the Prepositions ? ,? ,? in MS Kaufmann
6. The Emerging Rules
Examples
Examples
Exceptions
TABLE 1
TABLE 2
TABLE 3
TABLE 4
TABLE 5
Summary
ON THE HEBREW DIALECT OF THE AMORA IM IN THE BABYLONIAN TALMUD: YOHANAN BREUERA
CONSTRUCTIONS OF PURPOSE AND INTENDED RESULT IN THE HEBREW OF THE MISHNA: STEVEN E. FASSBERG
A. Positive Purpose Constructions
Infinitive
Infinitive with Particles
Imperfect with Particles
B. Negative Purpose Constructions
Infinitive
Other Infinitives
Imperfect with Particles
C. Conclusions and Comparative Remarks
THE BABYLONIAN BRANCH OF TANNAITIC HEBREW AND AN ANCIENT SCROLL FRAGMENT (B./HULLIN 101 a-105 a): SHAMMA FRIEDMAN
THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW CONJUGATIONS FROM BIBLICAL ROOTS THAT SURVIVED INMISHNAIC HEBREW ISAAC GLUSKA
1. The Nature of the Root
2. Aims, Methods, and Corpus
3. Development of New Stems
4. Conclusions
ON DEONTIC MODALITY IN MISHNAIC HEBREW: MENAHEM ZEVI KADDARI
The Modality of Permi
The Noun Denoting the Matter for which Permission Has Been Granted
The Name of the Abstraction
The Modality of Prohibition
The Noun which Denotes the Matter to which the Prohibition Applies
The Noun which Denotes the Abstraction
The Modality of Obligation
The Nouns Participating in the Field of Obligation in Mishnaic Hebrew in the Orders Zeraim and Moed
A. The Noun Used to Describe the Person to Whom the Obligation Refers
B. The Nouns Used to Describe the Object to which the Obligation Refers
C. The Abstraction of the Obligation
The Border Areas of the Nouns Participating in the Field of Obligation
YEMENITE TRADITIONS OF MISHNAIC HEBREW IN THE TRACTATE KELIM YECHIEL KARA
A. The Yemenite Traditions
B. The Tractate Kelim
C. Epilogue
D. Summary
LEXICOGRAPHICAL PROBLEMS -EARLY AND LATE MENAHEM KISTER
I. ??? - ???
II. ???? ??? and Related Expressions
III. ????
KARAITES AND MISHNAIC HEBREW:QUOTATIONS AND USAGE AHARON MAMAN
1. Introduction
2. The Nature of Rabbinic Quotations
3. The Use of Rabbinic Hebrew in Karaite Hebrew Writings
4. Conclusion
THE SAMARITAN AND YEMENITE TRADITIONS OF HEBREW: POINTS OF CONTACT SHELOMO MORAG
2. Pa'el theme or "Simple-Ayin Heavy" theme?
INTERPRETATION AND LEXICOGRAPHY:THE CASE OF ??? SHLOMO NAEH
??? ?????: GAD B. SARFAITI
INFINITIVAL SENTENCES IN MISHNAIC HEBREW: A SYNTACTIC AND SEMANTIC STUDYS: HIMON SHARVIT
1. The Nature of the Infinitive and Its Status in Mishnaic Hebrew
2. Two-Place Verbs
3. Three-Place Verbs
4. Exocentric Phrases
OBSERVATIONS ON WORD FORMATION IN SAMARITANARAMAIC II: THE ???? PATTERN ABRAHAM TAL
RABBINIC HEBREW AS REFLECTED INPERSONAL NAMES: DAVID TALSHIR
I. ?????? ? ????? ? ??????
II. ????? ???? ?(?)????
LINGUISTIC STUDY OF A RABBINIC QUOTATION EMBEDDED IN A KARAITE COMMENTARY ON EXODUS: OFRA TIROSH-BECKER
A. Introduction
B. The Quotation
Translation
C. ??????/??????
D. ???? / ????
E. ??? / ???
F. Summary
THE SeWA IN MAIMONIDES' COMMENTARY TOTHE MISHNA (AUTOGRAPH) TALMA ZURAWEL
Sewa Before Dages Forte
Replacement of Sewa By Other Signs
Back Matter
ABBREVIATIONS AND BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES
Copyright Page
Title Page