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Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia (10 vols. plus Reading Guide & Index)
The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia (10 vols. plus Reading Guide & Index)
by Isaak Landman, / Varda Books

Of three multi-volume English-language Jewish Encyclopedias, the Universal Jewish Encyclopedia occupies a very special place among Jewish-interest Encyclopedias: unlike the other two encyclopedias, the primary purpose of the Universal Jewish Encyclopedia was adult Jewish and non-Jewish education.

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

To do it, the Encyclopedia creators worked feverishly to bring the reading public the most trustworthy and authoritative information requesting contributions from many Christian scholars in Europe and the United States.

Aiming to SUPPLEMENT rather than replace already published twelve-volume Jewish Encyclopedia, the editors and authors of The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia have created a truly invaluable resource which lets readers learn even when its perspective on events fails.

Because many of its articles were published in 1943, the Universal Jewish Encyclopedia continues to be one of the most engaging sources of reportage on the changing status of the world Jewry immediately preceding and during the first stages of the Holocaust.

The Encyclopedia's sensitive and highly instructive analysis and reporting of all major events throughout the amazing history of Jewish civilization continue making it one of the largest and most interesting -- if often not fully appreciated -- educational Jewish resources anywhere.

The Reading Guide and Index

A major element of this lively work is its Reading Guide which helps a reader find appropriate information in this massive ten-volume work. The Reading Guide turns the Encyclopedia into the largest textbook of Judaism and Jewish Studies.

The Guide using as its metaphor seven-branch national menorah of Israel, divides Encyclopedia's material into seven main areas: History, Literature, Religion, Jewish Life, Jews and non-Jews, and Jewish Contribution to the Civilization.

Made up of 100 well-thought-through Outlines, the Guide selects for a reader the most appropriate of more than 10,000 articles. The added convenience of the current electronic edition, is that the Guide and these articles have been linked and made accessible with a single click.

free ebook The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia (10 vols. plus Reading Guide & Index)
 
Front Matter
Title Page
Copyright Page
Table Of Contents
INTRODUCTION
ABBREVIATIONS
Contents
HISTORY
JEWISH HISTORY IN GENERAL
JEWISH HISTORY BY PERIODS
1. The Building of the Nation (about 1500 to 1000 B.C.E.)
a. The Traditional Beginnings
b. The Land of Canaan
c. Settlement and Early Struggles of the Israelites Twelve Tribes 10:330 (there are separate articles on each of the tribes)
d. Cult Objects and Institutions
2. The Period of the Kingdom (1000 to 586 B.C.E.)
a. Political History
b. Nations and Rulers with Which the Israelites Came into Contact
c. Religious Institutions and Movements
d. Important Leaders
3. The Babylonian Exile (586 to 539 B.C.E.)
4. The Persian Period (539 to 331 B.C.E.)
a. Foreign Rulers
b. New Institutions and Movements
c. Other Jewish Settlements
d. Jewish Leaders
5. The Greek Period (331 to 165 B.C.E.)
a. Foreign Rulers
b. Other Countries of Jewish Settlement
c. New Institutions and Movements
d. Jewish Leaders
6. The Hasmonean Period (165 to 37 B.CE.)
a. The Struggle for Independence
b. The Hasmonean Dynasty
c. Rulers or Generals of Other Countries
d. Other Countries near Judea
e. New Movements
f. Other Jewish Settlements
7. Loss of Independence (37 B.CE. to 70 C.E.)
a. Rulers of Palestine
b. Roman Leaders and Emperors
c. Other Countries
d. New Movements
e. Jewish Leaders
8. The Mishnaic-Talmudic Period (70 to 500)
a. Roman Emperors
b. Countries Other than Palestine
c. New Movements and Institutions
d. Jewish Leaders
9. The Babylonian Center (400 to 1000)
a. Countries of Jewish Settlement
b. Institutions
c. Jewish Leaders
10. The Arabic Period (628 to 1200)
a. Rise of Islam
b. Lands Conquered by the Arabs or at War with Them
c. New Movements in Judaism
d. Jewish Leaders
11. The Golden Age in Spain (950 to 1350)
a. Countries of Jewish Settlement
b. New Movements
c. Notable Jews
12. The Era of Persecutions and Expulsions (1096 to 1492)
a. Attacks and Mass Expulsions
b. Specific Forms of Persecution
c. New Unfavorable Position of the Jews
d. Other Countries of Jewish Settlement
e. Notable Jews
13. The Polish Center (1250 to 1772)
a. Rise and Decline of the Polish Center
b. Other Countries of Jewish Settlement
c. The New American Settlements
d. Institutions and New Movements
e. Notable Jews
14. The Messianic Movements (1650 to 1750)
15. The Revolt Against Tradition (1740 on)
a. New Movements
b. Notable Jews
16. Emancipation (1776 to 1917)
a. Historical Events
b. Notable Jews
17. Zionism (1880 to 1935)
a. Historical Events
b. Notable Leaders
18. The American and Palestinian Centers (1880 on)
a. Historical Events
b. Notable Jews
19. The Period After the First World War (1920 on)
a. Chief Developments
b. Countries of Europe and Africa Affected by Anti-Semitism
c. Other Countries of Jewish Settlement
UNITED STATES
AMERICAN CONTINENT 1:231-34, 234-35
UNITED STATES
A. New England States
B. Middle Atlantic States
C. Southeastern States
D. Middle West States
E. Southwestern States
F. Western States
G. Far Western States
H. Territories
CANADA
CANADA 2:651-56
WEST INDIES
WEST INDIES 10:507
CENTRAL AMERICA
CENTRAL AMERICA 3:88
SOUTH AMERICA
SOUTH AMERICA 9:665-66
THE BRITISH ISLES
ENGLAND 4:110-30 (illus. 9:376)
Southeastern England
Southwestern England
Northern England
SCOTLAND 9:446-47
IRELAND 5:585-86
THE IBERIAN PENINSULA
SPAIN 9:682-90
Northeastern Spain
Central Spain
Southern Spain
PORTUGAL 8:606-7
GERMANY
GERMANY 4:541-84
Provinces West of the Rhine
The Rhineland
Northern Germany
Central Germany
SouthernGermany
Eastern Germany
ITALY AND MALTA
ITALY 5:625-39
Northern Italy
Central Italy
Southern Italy
SMALLER COUNTRIES OF NORTHERN EUROPE
BELGIUM 2:148-50
HOLLAND 5:421-41 (illus. 10:7)
LUXEMBURG 7:241-43
DENMARK 3:534-36
NORWAY 8:242-44
SWEDEN 10:112-13
FINLAND 4:308-9
ESTONIA 4:171-72
LATVIA 6:549-50
LITHUANIA 7:135-37
POLAND
POLAND 8:564-78 (illus. 1:194)
Western Poland
Central Poland
Eastern Poland
GALICIA 4:493-99
SMALLER COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL EUROPE
SWITZERLAND 10:114-16
CZECHOSLOVAKIA 3:439-43
Bohemia 2:439-41
Moravia 7:641-42
Slovakia
Ruthenia 9:288
AUSTRIA: 1:623-30
Upper Austria
Lower Austria
Burgenland 2:590-9
HUNGARY 5:483-503
Western Hungary
The Banat (under Yugoslavia from 1919 to 1941)
Central Hungary
Cities under Czechoslovakian rule from 1919 to 1939
Eastern Hungary
THE BALKAN STATES
YUGOSLAVIA 10:617-21
ROUMANIA 9:247-65
Transylvania and Banat (formerly part of Hungary)
Bucovina 2:573-74
ALBANIA 1:156-57
GREECE 5:91-93
RUSSIA
RUSSIA 9:278-86
SOVIET RUSSIA 9:670-84
White Russia 10:511
Ukraine 10:334-39 (illus. 1:257)
Bessarabia 2:244-48
Great Russia
Crimea 3:412-16
Caucasus 3:68-69
AFRICA
ALGERIA 1:180-82
TUNIS AND TUNISIA 10:323-24 (illus. 3:76)
LIBYA 7:44-46
EGYPT 4:5-16
ETHIOPIA 4:182-85
BELGIAN CONGO 2:148
KENYA 6:363
ANGOLA
MADAGASCAR 7:267
PALESTINE
PALESTINE 8:347-73 (illus. 9:441; 10:121)
WESTERN ASIA
TURKEY 10:326-29
CYPRUS 3:437-38
SYRIA 10:134-36
PETRA 8:471-72
ARABIA 1:438-41
ARMENIA 1:482-83
CENTRAL ASIA
IRAQ 5:585
PERSIA 8:460-66
BOKHARA 2:443-44
TURKESTAN 10:325-26
AFGHANISTAN 1:106
INDIA 5:553-57
BURMA 2:605-6
SIBERIA 9:524-25
THE FAR EAST
CHINA 3:156-59
JAPAN 6:38-40
PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 8:486-87
SINGAPORE 9:554
NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES 8:151-52
AUSTRALIA 1:6l7-22
TASMANIA 10:177
NEW ZEALAND 8:205
HISTORIANS OF THE JEWS
HISTORIOGRAPHY 5:386-98
a. Sources
b. Ancient Jewish Historians
c. Medieval Historians
d. Modern Historians
LITERATURE
LANGUAGES OF THE JEWS
VERNACULARS 10:406-9
HEBREW
HEBREW LANGUAGE 5:276-81
JEWISH LITERATURE
A. Jewish Literature Classified by Language
B. Jewish Literature Classified by Categories
C. General Types of Literary Activity
D. Individual Features in Jewish Literature
E. Special Topics in Jewish Literature
THE CONTENTS OF THE BIBLE
BIBLE 2:280-84
Pentateuch 8:434
Prophets (see 8:658)
Hagiographa 5:164-65
Genesis 4:528-30
Exodus, Book of 4:212-15
Leviticus 7:4-5
Numbers 8:248-49
Nehemiah 8:146-48
BIBLE INTERPRETATION AND INTERPRETERS
1. BIBLE EXEGESIS 2:301-6
2. BIBLE CRITICISM 2:284-93
Hexateuch 5:352-54
BIBLE INFLUENCE ON CIVILIZATION
Bible Translations 2 :334-46
Bible Reading 2:333-34
Hebraisms 5:270
Bible in Art 2:306-16
Bible in Drama 2:316-19
Bible in Literature 2:319-26
Bible in Music 2:326-27
APOCRYPHA AND PSEUDEPIGRAPHA
APOCRYPHA 1:422-24
PSEUDEPIGRAPHA 9:20
THE TALMUD
TALMUD 10:160-65
1. Zeraim 10:640
2. Moed 7:608
3. Nashim 8:102
4. Nezikin 8:216
5. Kodashim 6:425
6. Toharoth 10:260
Talmud Tractates, Minor 10:167-68
1. The Chain of Tradition
2. Tannaim 10:170-71
First Generation
Third Generation
Fourth Generation
Fifth Generation
Sixth Generation
Uncertain Period
First Palestinian Generation
Second Palestinian Generation
Second Babylonian Generation
Third Palestinian Generation
Third Babylonian Generation
Fourth Palestinian Generation
Fourth Babylonian Generation
Fifth Palestinian Generation
Fifth Babylonian Generation
Sixth Babylonian Generation
4. Saboraim 9:301-2
MIDRASH
MIDRASH 7:538
A. The Halachic Midrash Compilations
B. The Haggadic Midrash Compilations
1. Midrash Rabbah 7:540-41
2. Other Midrash Compilations toBiblical Books
3. General Midrash Compilations
4. Articles or Sections of Articles Devoted to Midrashic Expositions
HEBREW LITERATURE
LITERATURE, HEBREW 7:87-96
YIDDISH LITERATURE
LITERATURE, YIDDISH 7:125-35
BOOKS AND MANUSCRIPTS
BOOKS 2:458-70
RELIGION
RELIGION IN GENERAL
RELIGION 9:124-26
1. Primitive Forms of Religion
2. The Achievement of Monotheism
3. Modern Speculations on Religion
RELIGION OF ISRAEL
RELIGION OF ISRAEL 9:126-28
1. The Struggle with Idolatry
2. Shrines
3. Cult Objects
4. Modes of Learning the Will of God
5. Consecrated Persons
6. Mode of Worship
7. Sacred Days
8. Special Ideas
JUDAISM
JUDAISM 6:232-37
Dogmas 3:585-86
Creed 3:400-3
1. Articles of Faith
2. Ethical and Social Ideals
3. Personal Standards of Religious Conduct
JEWISH THEOLOGY
THEOLOGY 10:242-44
1. The Nature of God
2. God and the World
3. The Nature of Man
4. God and Man
5. God and Israel
6. Revelation 9:147-48
7. Sin and Atonement
8. The Fate of the Soul
9. The Fate of the World
JEWISH PHILOSOPHY
PHILOSOPHY, JEWISH 8:500-15
THE RELIGIOUS CALENDAR
TIME, MEASURING OF 10:251-53
CUSTOMS AND CEREMONIES
CEREMONIAL OBJECTS AND INSTITUTIONS 3:103-5
A. The Life Span
1. Birth and Infancy
2. Youth
3. Adult Life
4. Death and Burial
5. Mourning and Respect for the Dead
B. The Religious Year
6. The Year as a Whole
7. Sabbath 9:295-99
Holidays 5:410-l6
Holidays, Second Day of 5:416
Pilgrimage Festivals 8:531
Processions 8:650-51
8. Passover 8:408-10
9. Shabuoth 9:490-91
10. Rosh Hashanah 9:227
11. Yom Kippur 10:604-5
12. Sukkoth 10:95-97
13. Shemini Atzereth 9:502-3
14. Hanukah 5:209-11
15. Purim 9:36-42
16. Minor Festive Occasions
17. Fasting and Fast Days 4:249-52
CEREMONIAL LAW 3:94-103
LITURGY
PRAYER 8:617-19
DIVINE SERVICE 3:575-77
LITURGY 7:139-43
A. Private Prayers
B. Public Services
1. The Basic Prayers
2. The Principal Services of the Day (arranged in the order of their origin)
3. The Daily Service
4. Special Features of the Sabbath (and sometimes Festival) Service
5. Special Features of the Festival Services
6. Special Features of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur Service
7. Special Features for Services on Other Occasions
8. Biblical Characters Especially Mentioned in the Liturgy
PRAYER-BOOKS 8:619-21
Literature, Devotional 7:85-86
ETHICS AND MORALITY
ETHICS 4:174-81
MORALITY 7:640-41
1. Ethical Ideals
2. The Emotions
3. Relations to Others
4. Duties to the Community
5. Ethical Issues in Life
6. Ethical Literature
JEWISH MYSTICISM
MYSTICISM 8:73-76
CABALA 2:614-20
ANGELS AND DEMONS
ANGELS 1:304-14
DEMONS 3:529-34
SECTS AND DIVISIONS IN JUDAISM
SECTS 9:453
HERESY 5:320-21
CONTROVERSIES 3:339-41
Samaritans 9:335-39
Sadducees 9:308-9
Pharisees 8:473-76
Essenes 4:167-68
Zealots 10:630-31
Karaites 6:314-19
Hasidism 5:237-4l
Reform Movement 9:101-3
Musar Movement 8:43-44
JUDAISM IN AMERICA 6:237-46
FAMILY AND SOCIAL LIFE
FAMILY AND FAMILY LIFE 4:242-44
JEWISH LIFE
COSTUME
COSTUMES 3:375-81
DIET AND HYGIENE
Dietary Laws 3:564
Kashruth 6:327-31
Slaughtering, Ritual 9:562-65
Purity, Ritual 9:42-43
Hygiene of the Jews 5:509-14
Social Hygiene of the Jews 9:578-79
JEWISH MUSIC
FOLK SONGS 4:350-55
MUSIC, SYNAGOGAL 8:48-55
STRIKING JEWISH PHRASES
AMUSEMENTS
JEWISH EDUCATION
STUDY 10:90-91
EDUCATION 3:629-40
1. Rabbinical Seminaries
2. Institutions for Jewish Studies Akademie für die Wissenschaft des Judentums
SYNAGOGUE
SYNAGOGUE 10:119-30
COMMUNITY AND COMMUNAL ORGANIZATION
JEWISH COMMUNITY AND COMMUNAL ORGANIZATIONS 6:99-126
1. The Jewish Community in Bible Times
2. The Jewish Community in the Talmudic Period
3. The Jewish Community in the Middle Ages
4. The Jewish Community in Modern Times
5. Community Government
6. Functionaries, Religious and Communal 4:470-77
7. Community Records
8. Community Titles
9. Community Characters
a. Of International Scope
b. In Argentine
c. In Austria
d. In England
e. In Germany
f. In Roumania
g. In the United States: General
h. In the United States: By Country of Origin
i. Fraternal Orders
j. Agricultural Associations
SOCIAL WELFARE
CHARITY 3:113-14
PHILANTHROPY 8:484-85
SOCIAL LEGISLATION 9:579-80
SOCIAL SERVICE, JEWISH 9:580-83
JEWISH LAW: Source and Development
TORAH 10:267-69
Precepts, The 613 8:623-29
LAW, JEWISH: SOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT OF 6:557-61
JEWISH LAW: Individual Laws and Legal Principles
LAW, JEWISH: CLASSIFICATION OF 6:554-57
1. General Legal Principles and Enactments
2. Offenses Against Persons
3. Offenses Against Property
4. Domestic and Sexual Relations
5. Inheritance Law
6. Business Law
7. Property Law
8. Real Estate Law
9. Legal Documents
10. Law of Representation
11. Religious Law
JEWISH LAW: Court Procedure
COURTS 3:385-89
ANIMALS AND PLANTS
FAUNA OF PALESTINE 4:256-64
FLORA OF PALESTINE 4:331-41
JEWS AND NON-JEWS
JUDAISM AND OTHER RELIGIONS
1. The Religions of Canaan
2. Religions of the Ancient World
3. Christianity 3:177-86
4. Islam 5:610-13
5. Modern Religious Movements
CHRISTIANITY
CHRISTIANITY 3:177-86
1. Christian Literature
New Testament 8:174-75
Gospels 5:68-69
Revelation, Book of 9:148-49
2. Christian Leaders
Paul 8:415-17
Church Fathers 3:203-4
3. Christian Sects
4. Christian Doctrines
5. Christian Rites and Institutions
6. Relations Between Christians and Jews
JEWS AS OBSERVED BY NON-JEWS
Greek Writers on Jews 5:93-95
Roman Writers on Jews 9:185-86
Christian Writers on Jews 3:175-76
Literature on and by Jews 7:100-25
American Literature on and by Jews § I.1:259-62
ANTI-SEMITISM
ANTI-SEMITISM 1:34l-409
1. Anti-Semitic Racial Theories
2. Anti-Semitic Canards and Their Refutation
3. Attempts to Convert the Jews by Force
4. Attacks on Jewish Literature
5. Economic and Social Measures Against the Jews
6. Outbreaks of Violence
7. Incidents in which Anti-Semitism was an Important Factor
8. Notorious Anti-Semites (in chronological order)
9. Defense Against Anti-Semitism
PHILO-SEMITES
PHILO-SEMITES 8:497-99
INTERVENTION 5:581-82
GENERAL SUBJECTS
JEWISH ARCHEOLOGY
ARCHEOLOGY, JEWISH 1:459-66
SYMBOLS
SYMBOLS AND SYMBOLISM 10:118-19
FOLKLORE
FOLKLORE 4:348-49
1. The Folklore of the Bible
2. Attempts to Ascertain the Future
3. MAGIC 7:273-75
4. SUPERSTITION 10:103-4
5. Fabulous Animals
6. LEGENDS 6:590-91
7. Legends of Jewish Content but Non-Jewish Origin
8. Ceremonies in Which There is a Folklore Basis
FAMILIES AND FAMILY TREES
GENEALOGY 4:526-27
MESSIAH AND MESSIANIC MOVEMENTS
MESSIAH 7:499-503
MESSIANIC ERA 7:503-4
MESSIANIC MOVEMENTS 7:505-6
POLITICAL AND SOCIAL MOVEMENTS
Democracy 3:522-28
Asceticism 1:532-33
Internationalism 5:579-81
Masonry 7:397-99
Religious Liberty 9:128-31
Anti-Slavery Movement and the Jews 1:410
Anarchism 1:294
Labor Movement and the Jews 6:504-5
Nationalism, Jewish 8:126-32
Pacifism 8:341-42
Communism 3:315-20
LABOR AND LABOR ORGANIZATIONS
LABOR 6:497-504
LABOR MOVEMENT AND THE JEWS 6:504-5
ZIONISM
ZIONISM 10:645-67
RACE, NATION OR RELIGION?
RACE, JEWISH 9:60-62
NATIONALISM, JEWISH 8:126-32
CHOSEN PEOPLE 3:164-69 MISSION OF ISRAEL 7:582-84
FACTS AND FIGURES ABOUT JEWS
STATISTICS 10:23-36
CONVERTS 3:341-46
PROSELYTES 9:1-3
Mixed Marriage 7:593-98
OCCUPATIONS 8:265-79
CASTES 3:60
JEWISH CONTRIBUTIONS TO CIVILIZATION
JEWS IN ART AND ARCHITECTURE
ART, JEWS IN 1:489-500
ARCHITECTURE 1:466-67
JEWS IN ASTRONOMY
ASTRONOMY 1:571-76
JEWS IN ATHLETICS
ATHLETICS 1:581-99
JEWS IN AVIATION
AVIATION, JEWS IN 1:644-47
JEWS IN BIOLOGY
BIOLOGY, JEWS IN 2:362-67
JEWS IN CHEMISTRY
ALCHEMY 1:164-66
CHEMISTRY 3:125-31
Belgium
England
Germany
Holland
United States
JEWS IN CHESS
CHESS 3:133-34
JEWS IN DENTISTRY
DENTISTRY, JEWS IN 3:536-37
JEWS AS EDUCATORS
UNIVERSITIES 10:363-76
JEWS IN FINANCE
FINANCE, JEWS IN 4:289-302
MONEY LENDING 7:618-22
Various Countries in Europe
England
France
Germany and Austria
Russia
Poland
Roumania
Hungary
JEWS IN INDUSTRY
JEWS AS INVENTORS
SCIENCE AND INVENTION 9:443-44
JEWS IN JOURNALISM
PERIODICALS AND PRESS 8:437-57
Austria
Denmark
England
France
Germany
Holland
Hungary
Japan
United States
Anglo-Jewish
Hebrew
Yiddish
JEWS IN LITERATURE
LITERATURE ON AND BY JEWS 7:100-25
AMERICAN LITERATRE ON AND BY JEWS 1:262-70
English
Germany
French
Hungarian
Italian
Scandinavian Languages
Dutch
Spanish
Polish
Russian
Roumanian
JEWS IN MATHEMATICS
MATHEMATICS, JEWS IN 7:408-11
JEWS IN MEDICINE
MEDICINE 7:434-36
HYGIENE OF THE JEWS 5:509-14
PHYSICIANS 8:523-27
JEWS IN MUSIC
MUSICAL ORGANIZATIONS AND THE JEWS 8:55-66
MUSICIANS, JEWISH 8:66-68
JEWS IN PHILOSOPHY
JEWS IN PUBLIC OFFICE
PUBLIC OFFICE, JEWS IN 9:22-31
Australia
Austria
Belgium
British Empire
Canada
Czechoslovakia
Denmark
France
Germany
Holland
Hungary
Italy
Latvia
New Zealand
Poland
Russia
Turkey
United States Diplomats
Cabinet Members
Judiciary
Senators
Governors of States and Territories
Miscellaneous
JEWS AS SOLDIERS
SOLDIER, JEW AS 9:594-633
United States
Colonial and Revolutionary Period
From the Revolution to the Civil War
Civil War
From the End of the Civil War to 1943
In the United States Navy
England
France
Germany
Italy
Russia
Australia
Other Countries
JEWS IN THE THEATRE
THEATRE 10:208-39
A. Playwrights French
English (England)
Hungarian
German
B. Producers
1. On the Stage
English
German
2. Motion Pictures
England
France
Hungary
Russia
United States
3. Actors
1. On the Stage
France
Germany and Austria
Holland
United States
Yiddish
Hebrew
2. Motion Pictures (all United States)
Actors
Directors
D. Dramatic Critics
JEWS IN TRAVEL AND EXPLORATION
TRAVELERS AND TRAVEL LITERATURE 10:297
CARTOGRAPHY 3:53
EXPLORATION AND EXPLORERS 4:215-17
JEWS IN VARIOUS FIELDS
Anthropologists
Criminologists
Engineers
Geologists
Orientalists
Philologists
Physicists
Psychologists
NOTEWORTHY JEWS
READING GUIDE AND INDEX
INDEX
AAR - AZU ( I )
BAA - CAN ( II )
CAN - EDU ( III )
EDU - GNO ( IV )
GOD - IZS ( V )
JAB - LEX ( VI )
LEX - MOS ( VII )
MOS - PRO ( VIII )
PRO - SPE ( IX )
SPI - ZYL ( X )