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eBook A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 1
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Publisher:  Varda Books
Original Publisher:  The Jewish Publication Society
Published:  2002
Language:  English
Pages:   473


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ISBN: 1-59045-111-2

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About the Book -- A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 1

One of the century"s great classics of Jewish historiography, A History of the Jews in Christian Spain traces the economic, social, legal, and political life of the Spanish Jewish community from the eleventh-century re-conquest of Iberia from Muslim rule to the expulsion of 1492. The drama of the Spanish Jewry"s rise and fall has made that community the outstanding illustration of the struggle of Jews to maintain themselves as an identifiable group within Christian society. One of the most startling aspects of this volume is its description of the cultural life of the Spanish Jews and how it was modified by the influences exerted upon it by the culture of the environment. This first volume of the two-volume set takes the story down to the middle of the thirteenth century in Castile.

About the Book

Contents

            Preface

            Introduction

I           The Early Reconquest

II          The Intermediate Phase of the Reconquest (1150-1230)

III         Castile at the End of the Reconquest

IV        Aragon at the End of the Reconquest

V         The Inner Life of Spanish Jewery during the Thirteenth Century

VI        Mysticism and Social Reform

VII       The Era of Decline in Castile

            Abbreviations

            Notes

            Index

 


An Excerpt from the Book -- A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 1

Of the Jews in royal service at this time the most influential by far was Judah aben Lavi de la Cavalleria. The family derived the surname “de la Cavalleria” from the fact that one of its ancestors at one time enjoyed the protection of the Order of Knights Templar. From 1257 on Judah appears as bailiff of Saragossa. In 1260 he was authorized to collect all the state revenues and to make all the necessary expenditures on behalf of the crown. All the bailiffs in the kingdom were required to turn over to him or his deputy all their collected monies along with their accounts. He had the right to discharge incompetent officials and appoint others in their steed. He was accountable directly to the royal chancellery. In 1263 Judah made available to the king a large sum of money to outfit a fleet against Moslems and during subsequent campaign against Murcia provided the means, which enabled the king to garrison border strongholds of Valencia with sufficient troops. He advanced the king money for his military and political needs on several other occasions. He finally became bailiff of the province Valencia, where he acquired land and herds of sheep. He was a man of influence also in his own Jewish community of Saragossa. This brought him into conflict with the aristocratic Alconstantini family, which, as we have seen, aspired to authority not only in Saragossa but over all the Aragonese aljamas.

During the latter part of James reign, Benveniste de Porta (died 1268) appears as one of the most prominent personalities in Catalonia. He served as bailiff of Barcelona and sometimes also of Gerona, Perpignan and Lerida. He also leased the mint at Barcelona. Astrug Jacob Xixon served as bailiff of Tortosa and nearby localities and in parts of the kingdom of Valencia north of the Jucar river. In the city of Valencia he owned a bakery, flour mills and baths. A native of Valencia, Vives be Joseph ibn Vives, was in charge of a number of rural bailiwicks in that kingdom. He also had command of the royal citadel in the city of Valencia and directed its defense during the Moslem uprisings in 1271 and 1280.

A number of other Jews served the crown in a variety of administrative posts. Yet even during the reign of James I the first symptoms of a growing tendency to eliminate Jews from public office could be noticed. In Catalonia, Jewish participation in the public administration increased remarkably up to the middle of the thirteenth century, but thereafter it declined steadily. Benveniste de Porta was the last Jewish official in Barcelona. In Aragon Jewish influence remained undiminished and even spread to the kingdom of Valencia, royal assurances to the contrary, given to the citizens of Valencia in 1251, notwithstanding. This new territory, populated predominantly by Moslems, was indeed of colonizing initiative, and the services of Jews could not yet be dispensed with. But during the reign of James" successor, Pedro III, the forces which eventually brought about the exclusion of Jews from public office became more powerful and more effective.


An Excerpt from the Book

Reviews

Adds a truly significant contribution to scholarship.

- www.bn.com

Regarded as the standard work on the subject...remarkable for its broad historical outlook, accuracy in detail, and scholarly synthesis.

- www.bn.com


 


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