Volume 7, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

SPECIAL CONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME SEVEN MAX A. LURIA, Brooklyn Professor of Romance Languages, Brooklyn College EDGAR F. MAGNIN, LOS Angeles Rabbi, Congregation Bnai Brith JOSEPH MARCUS, Haverstraw, Ν. Y. Rabbi HARRY S. MARGOLIS, St. Paul, Minn. Rabbi, Mount Zion Hebrew Congrega-tion ADAM MARGOSHES, New York Editorial Assistant ISAAK MARKON, Ramsgate, England Professor and Librarian DAVID F. MARKUS, Constantinople Rabbi HARRY H. MAYER, Kansas City, Mo. Rabbi, Temple Bnai Jehudah JOSEPH MEISL, Jerusalem Former General Secretary, Berlin Jew-ish Community SAUL MEZAN, Sofia, Bulgaria Bulgarian Jewish Leader and Author ELLA MCKENNA, FRIEND MIELZINER, Truro, Mass. Biographer SIMON MILLER, Yonkers, Ν. Y. Research Aide ROBERT A. MILLIKAN, Pasadena, Cal. Physicist ALBERT G. MINDA, Minneapolis, Minn. Rabbi, Temple Israel JACOB S. MINKIN, New York Rabbi and Author HENRY MONTOR, New York Executive Director, United Palestine Appeal LEOPOLD MOSES, Palestine Museum Curator and Author MOSES MOSKOWITZ, New York Secretary, Committee on Peace Studies, American Jewish Committee SIMON MOWSHOWITZ, New York Research Worker LEON NEMOY, New Haven, Conn. Curator, Hebrew and Arabic Literature, Yale University SIEGBERT NEUFELD, Leipzig, Germany Rabbi and Historian ABRAHAM A. NEUMAN, Philadelphia President, Dropsie College NATHAN A. PELCOVITS, New York Instructor, Department of Government, College of the City of New York FRANCIS D. PERKINS, New York Music Editor,  New York Herald Tribune EUGENE PESSEN ( deceased) Former Librarian DAVID PHILIPSON, Cincinnati Rabbi Emeritus, Bene Israel Congrega-tion Continued from preceding page CHRIS PHOSKOS, New York Research Worker DAVID DE SOLA POOL, New York Rabbi, Spanish and Portuguese Syna~ gogue Shearith Israel ARTHUR POSNER, Jerusalem Rabbi and Author BERNARD POSTAL, Washington, D. C. Director, Public Relations, Bnai Brith SAMUEL RABINOWITZ, New York Research Worker SAMUEL RAPPAPORT, Vienna Rabbi and Author JOSEPH RAUCH, Louisville, Ky. Rabbi, Congregation Adath Israel CHARLES RECHT, New York Author and Poet VICTOR E. REICHERT, Cincinnati Rabbi, Bene Israel Congregation NATHAN RICARDO, New York Journalist PAUL RIEGER ( deceased) Former Rabbi Louis ROSENBERG, Winnipeg Agricultural Economist and Author LUDWIG A. ROSENTHAL ( deceased) Former Rabbi NEWMAN H. ROSENTHAL, Melbourne, Australia Communal Leader CHARLES A. RUBENSTEIN, New York Rabbi and Author IRA E. SANDERS, Little Rock, Ark. Rabbi, Congregation Bnai Israel ARON SANDLER, Palestine Physician NICHOLAS SARGOLOGOS, New York Research Worker ISRAEL SCHAPIRO, Washington, D. C. Librarian, Semitics Division, Library of Congress HENRIETTA SCHMERLER ( deceased) Research Worker CHAIM SCHNEID, Palestine Educator KARL SCHWARZ, Palestine Art Historian, Former Custodian of the Art Collection, Berlin Jewish Com-munity SIMON SEGAL, New York Member, Research Institute for Peace Studies of the American Jewish Com-mittee LEO SHPALL, New York Journalist ABRAHAM SHUSTERMAN, Baltimore Rabbi, Har Sinai Congregation MENDEL SILBER, New Orleans, La. Rabbi, Gates of Prayer Congregation Lou H. SILBERMAN, JR., Cincinnati Rabbi, Hebrew Union College LEON JULIUS SILBERSTROM, Palestine Chemist HENRY P. SILVERMAN, Kingston, Ja-maica Rabbi, United Congregation of Israel-ites SOLOMON L. SKOSS, Philadelphia Professor of Arabic, Dropsie College PHILIP SLOMOVITZ, Detroit Editor,  Jewish News JOSHUA STARR, New York Managing Editor,  Jewish Social Studies WILLIAM STEIN, Tarrytown, Ν. Y. Professor and Historian MEIER STEINGLASS, New York Journalist J. W. F. STOPPELMAN, New York Editor,  Netherlands News MARK SULLIVAN, New York Journalist and Commentator ALPHONS SUMMIT, New York Writer SIDNEY S. TEDESCHE, Brooklyn Rabbi, Union Temple FELIX A. THEILHABER, Palestine Physician SCHULIM ABI TODOS ( deceased) Former Librarian and Educator Louis UNTERMEYER, New York Author and Editor BENJAMIN VEIT, New York Former Assistant Superintendent in charge of Junior High Schools AARON WALDEN, Monticello, Ν. Y. Rabbi, Jewish Community Center of Monticello, Inc. BRUNO WALTER, New York Conductor JOSEPH WARREN, Lowell, Mass. Rabbi, Temple Beth El HERBERT WEINSTOCK, New York Musical Historian ROBERT WELTSCH, Jerusalem Editor M. DONALD WHYTE, New York Former Director, Whyte Gallery, Wash-ington, D. C. MAX WIENER, Cincinnati Lecturer in Rabbinics, Hebrew Union College JONAH Β. WISE, New York Rabbi, Central Synagogue SIEGFRIED WOLFF ( deceased) Former Attorney and Author GEORGE B. WRIGHT, New York Research Worker LEAH R. C. YOFFIE, Chapel Hill, N. C. Educator and Folklorist ISRAEL ZOLLER, Trieste Rabbi and Former Professor AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 7, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 7, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageASSOCIATE EDITORSCONTRIBUTING EDITORS AND THEIR SUBJECTSMEMBERS OF THE EDITORIAL STAFFSPECIAL CONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME SEVENRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsDedication PageLEX - MOS ( VII )AAR - AZU ( I )BAA - CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.

History of the Jews, Vol. 1: From the Earliest Period to the Death of Simon the Maccabee (135 B.C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The first volume covers the period from the entry of Israelite tribes into the land of Canaan to the settlement of the Judeans in Egypt.

Come Under the Wings: A Midrash on Ruth
Grace Goldin makes the character of Ruth more vivid in her poetry. Two classical idioms, that of the Jewish imagination, and that of English verse, are strikingly joined in the book.

Studies in Jewish Education IV: Curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew
The present volume, the fourth in the series Studies in Jewish Education, is dedicated to the subject of curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew.

The Commentary of R. Samuel Ben Meir Rashbam on Qoheleth


Tractate Bava Basra I: Commentary and Study Guide
The third of the three Talmudic tractates of the order Neziḳin, dealing with man's responsibilities and rights as the owner of property, of a house or field. The tractate is divided into ten chapters, the contents of which may be described as follows: (1) Regulations relating to property held by more than one owner (ch. i.); (2) responsibilities of an owner of property with regard to that of his neighbor (ch. ii.); (3) established rights of ownership and rights connected with property

By Design: science search for God
The book introduces and summarizes two contemporary movements science and religion dialogue and intelligent design . After reading By Design we understand how what was once a battleground between God and science can now become a meeting ground.

ADULT EDUCATION IN CRISIS SITUATIONS


The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 5
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Succeeding at Jewish Education: How One Synagogue Made It Work
Joseph Reimer uses his experience and talent as an ethnographer to bring to life the drama of one synagogue's struggle to make Jewish education work. As a result of his classroom observations Reimer comes away with important insights into what makes Jewish education succeed.

Jewish Contributions to Civilization: An Estimate
Joseph Jacobs was a thinker and writer of unusual breadth and versatility. Among the subjects to which he gave his attention was the comparative distribution of Jewish ability, as the result of researches he had undertaken in association with Sir Francis Galton. The present work was the natural outcome of these studies.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 1
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. This first volume of the two-volume set takes the story down to the middle of the thirteen century in Castile.

and Hannah wept: Infertility, Adoption, and the Jewish Couple
The definitive work on Judaism s approach to infertility, pregnancy loss, and adoption.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 1
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Daniel
The very detailed handling of the original languages of Daniel (Hebrew and Aramaic) and frequent references to scholarly works in Latin, French, and German make this the commentary for scholars.

Mekhilta de-Rabbi Ishmael (3 vols.)
An electronic edition of JPS's original 3-volume set, based on manuscript and early editions.

The Sephardi Legacy II


Mystic Tales from the Zohar
A translation of eight of the most interesting narratives found in the Zohar. In addition, the book contains a comprehensive introduction, a glossary, notes, and a bibliography.

ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM


The Path of the Upright: Mesillat Yesharim
The Path of the Upright, Rabbi Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto's guide to the perfection of human soul, stands on its own as one of the most influential and inspirational ethical works in Judaism. In this work, the author probes every aspect of the human personality and offers advice on ways to overcome its weaknesses. The Path of the Upright: Messillat Yesharim is a bilingual edition in Hebrew and English.

Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law
First published in 1966, Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law is an unusual biography. It was written by a son about his father, by an interpreter of economics about an interpreter of rabbinics. It is done with obvious charm, with deep affection for the subject, and yet with surprising objectivity.

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the “Geschichte der Juden,” the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

History of the Jews in Aragon. Hispania Judaica, v. 1
More than 3,500 regesta in French, and original documents mostly from the Archivo General de la Corona de Aragon, in Barcelona.

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Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

Aspects of the Jewish Economic History
A survey of the far-ranging Jewish contribution to economic progress of the Western world.

Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 2
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Tractate Bava Basra I: Commentary and Study Guide
The third of the three Talmudic tractates of the order Neziḳin, dealing with man's responsibilities and rights as the owner of property, of a house or field. The tractate is divided into ten chapters, the contents of which may be described as follows: (1) Regulations relating to property held by more than one owner (ch. i.); (2) responsibilities of an owner of property with regard to that of his neighbor (ch. ii.); (3) established rights of ownership and rights connected with property

Lost Love: The Untold Story of Henrietta Szold
The book tells the story of Henrietta Szold s lost love through her correspondence with Louis Ginzberg and a previously unpublished private journal.

Reading Guide and Index, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Great introduction to all areas covered by Encyclopedia. All entries are hyperlinked to relevant Encyclopedia articles.

Kiddush Ha-Shem: An Epic of 1648
One of the earliest historical novels in modern Yiddish literature, Kiddush ha-Shem is a story of Jewish martyrdom during the Chmelnitsky uprising in mid-17th century Ukraine and Poland.

The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

Like a Reed: the Message of the Mezuza
A thoughtful reminder of what is really important in life.

Studies in Hebrew and Ugaritic Psalms
The volume offers a fresh analysis of a central problem of comparative Ugaritic Biblical scholarship: the relationship between biblical psalms and Canaanite literature.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. I
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The first volume covers the folklore ranging from the creation of man to the heirship of Jacob.

Violence and Defense in the Jewish Experience
Violence has always existed, and the Jews have been its victims for thousands of years in all parts of the world and in all periods of history. The book presents the fruits of the colloquium on Violence and Defense in Jewish History held in Tel-Aviv in 1974.

Jewish Cooking Around the World: Gourmet and Holiday Recipes
The book presents a variety of recipes from foreign countries and recipes for the Sabbath and festivals, all complying with the Jewish dietary laws. Every recipe has been tested by the author.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 3: From the Accession of Nicholas II until 1916. Bibliography and Index.
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The third and concluding volume deals with the reign of Nicholas II., the last of the Romanovs, and also contains the bibliographical apparatus, the maps, the index, and other supplementary material.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 4
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol.II.
The second volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

The End of Time
A stunning departure from the polemics and social criticism that have made Horowitz one of our most controversial public intellectuals, The End of Time is a wide ranging, unflinching and lyrical meditation on subjects ranging from what parents inadvertently teach us in their deaths, to the forbidding reality of the cancer ward and the way in which figures like Mohammed Atta use death to become gods of their own mad creation.

Ezra Studies


Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety
Original and interesting study of the meaning of piety amoung observant Jews of the late Second Temple period.

Jews, Arabs, Turks
Select essays on Middle Eastern history dealing with Israel, Egypt and Turkey with a focus on politics and cultural relations of Jews, Arabs, and Turks.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 11
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part II): from Noah to Abraham
By extending his method of exegesis in this volume to another section of the Torah, Cassuto indirectly buttressed his theories with new evidence of the inherent rightness of his approach.

Ah, Assyria... (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXXIII)
Thirty outstanding papers on Assyrian history and its connection and impact on Biblical Israel.

Collected Writings in Jewish Studies
This collection of articles in Jewish Studies has been authored by, what many consider, the most important scholar of the rabbinic life and literature in the post WWII period.