Volume 5, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

CONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME FIVE LEONARD A. GREENBERG, New York Editorial Assistant SIMON GREENBERG, Philadelphia, Pa. Rabbi, Har Zion Temple JULIUS GUTTMANN, Jerusalem Professor of Philosophy, Hebrew University NACHUM GUTTMAN, New York Director, Public Relations, National Labor Committee for Palestine HERBERT HARRIS, Washington, D. C. Labor Historian ISAAC HEINEMANN, Jerusalem Faculty Member, Hebrew University EDWARD HERBERT, New York Author, Lecturer ISAAC HUSIK ( deceased) Professor of Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania DAVID S. JACOBSON, San Antonio, Texas Associate Rabbi, Temple Beth- El MAX JOSEPH, Jerusalem Rabbi LEO JUNG, New York Rabbi, Jewish Center; Professor of Ethics, Yeshiva College MAURICE J. KARPF, New York Director, Graduate School for Jewish Social Work MOSHE KATZ, New York Former Editor,  Nailebn PAUL KLAPPER, New York President, Queens College DAVIDE KLEINLERER, New York Author, Journalist and Lecturer ADOLF KOBER, New York Rabbi and Historian ALEXANDER KOHANSKI, Cleveland Educational Director, Jewish Center GEORGE ALEXANDER KOHUT ( de-ceased) Scholar, Educator DANIEL KONRAD, New York Journalist SAMUEL KRAUSS, Cambridge, Eng-land Professor and Author ALEXANDER KRISTIANPOLLER, Jem-salem Librarian and A uthor SANIEL LABIN, New York Roumanian Journalist ISAAC LANDMAN, Brooklyn, Ν. Y. Editor- in- Chief Continued from preceding page SOLOMON LANDMAN, Kew Gardens, L. I. Rabbi, Temple Isaiah ALGERNON LEE, New York Sociologist MORRIS LEHRER, New York Research Worker JACOB LESTSCHINSKY, New York Director, Department of Economics and Statistics, Institute of Jewish Affairs RUDOLF LESZYNSKY, Tel- Aviv Orientalist and Historian CASPAR LEVIAS ( deceased) Semitic Scholar and Grammarian SAMUEL J. LEVINSON, Brooklyn Rabbi, Temple Beth Emeth CLIFTON HARBY LEVY, New York Rabbi, Author and Journalist HENRY W. LEVY, Boston, Mass. Journalist ELIAS LIEBERMAN, Brooklyn Poet, Educator J. B. LIGHTMAN, Houston, Texas Executive Director, Jewish Com-munity Council FABIAN LINDEN, Chapel Hill, N. C. Editorial Assistant Louis LIPSKY, New York Zionist Leader and Writer ERNEST LOUIS, New York Research Worker Louis L. MANN, Chicago Rabbi, Chicago Sinai Congregation EUGENE MANNHEIMER, Des Moines, Iowa Rabbi, Congregation Bnai Jeshurun BURNS MANTLE, New York Drama Editor,  Daily News JOSEPH MARCUS, Haverstraw, N. Y. Rabbi JOHN A. MAYNARD, New York Theologian and Orientalist SAMUEL MEISELS, Vienna Author and Editor JOSEPH MEISL, Jerusalem Former General Secretary, Berlin Jewish Community SAUL MEZAN, Sofia Bulgarian Jewish Leader and Author JACOB S. MINKIN, New York Rabbi and Author OSCAR MODLINGER, New York Author JULIAN MORGENSTERN, Cincinnati President, Hebrew Union College Continued on next page MOSES MOSKOWITZ, New York Secretary, Committee on Peace Stud-ies, American Jewish Committee ERNST MÜLLER, Palestine Writer and Librarian LEON NEMOY, New Haven, Conn. Curator, Hebrew and Arabic Litera-ture, Yale University ABRAHAM A. NEUMAN, Philadel-phia, Pa. President, Dropsie College MAX NOMAD, New York Author and Sociologist AHRON OPHER, New York Rabbi, Hebrew Tabernacle BLANCHE OPPENHEIMER, New York Civic Worker JOHN F. OPPENHEIMER, New York Former Editor,  Philo- Lexikon ERWIN GEORGE PATAI, Palestine A uthor NATHAN A. PELCOVITS, New York Instructor, Department of Govern-ment, College of the City of New York DAVID PHILIPSON, Cincinnati Rabbi, Bene Israel Congregation ARTHUR POSNER, Jerusalem Rabbi and Author BERNARD POSTAL, Washington, D. C. Director, Public Relations, Bnai Brith SAMUEL RABINOWITZ, New York Social Worker JACOB S. RAISIN, Charleston, S. C. Rabbi, Congregation Beth Elohim MORDCHE SEW- WOLF RAPOPORT ( deceased) Rabbi SAUL RASKIN, New York Artist HIRSCHEL REVEL, New York Instructor, Yeshiva College CHARLES REZNIKOFF, New York Writer and Editorial Assistant NATHAN RICARDO, New York Journalist PAUL RIEGER ( deceased) Rabbi S. A. ROCHLIN, Johannesburg Editor LOUIS ROSENBERG, Winnipeg Agricultural Economist and Author ABRAM L. SACHAR, Champaign, Ill. Director, Bnai Brith Hillel Foun-dation ANATOL SAFANOV, New York Research WorkerAAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO  | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS  | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageAssociate Editors and Contributors of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIACONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME FIVERules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsDedication PageGOD - IZS ( V )AAR - AZU ( I )BAA - CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

Pirke de-Rabbi Eliezer
Kabbalistic midrashic work on Genesis, part of Exodus, and a few sentences of Numbers ascribed to R. Eliezer b. Hyrcanus.

Pirke de-Rabbi Eliezer
Kabbalistic midrashic work on Genesis, part of Exodus, and a few sentences of Numbers ascribed to R. Eliezer b. Hyrcanus.

Jewish Contributions to Civilization: An Estimate
Joseph Jacobs was a thinker and writer of unusual breadth and versatility. Among the subjects to which he gave his attention was the comparative distribution of Jewish ability, as the result of researches he had undertaken in association with Sir Francis Galton. The present work was the natural outcome of these studies.

Studies in Jewish Education VII: The Beginnings of Jewish Educational Institutions
ORIGINS: THE BEGINNINGS OF JEWISH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Jewish Influence on Christian Reform Movements
This work is a study of a few typical “Reform Movements” or heresies in the history of Catholicism during the Middle Ages and of Protestantism during the Reformation era. It has been undertaken with a view to describing and analyzing the contributions by Jews and Judaism to the rise and development of these movements.

Luah Hashanah 5774
United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism's official calendar for the Jewish year. It is intended to guide congregations and individuals through the liturgy during the Jewish year 5774.

The Bunker
The book tells a story of seven Jews who succeeded in escaping the massacre of Jews that followed the Warsaw uprising in 1944. From about September 1944 until January 1945 the author lived with six others in a bunker under inconceivable conditions. Yet they survived. How they managed this is told in The Bunker.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 2
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. The second volume of Professor Baer s monumental work tells the tragic story of the dissolution of the great Spanish Jewish community.

Islam Unveiled
In Islam Unveiled, Robert Spencer dares to face the hard questions about what the Islamic religion actually teaches — and the potentially ominous implications of those teachings for the future of both the Muslim world and the West.

Studies in Jewish Education IX: Understanding the Bible in Our Time
The ninth volume of Studies in Jewish Education examines issues relating to Biblical research and instruction.

History of the Jews, Vol. 1: From the Earliest Period to the Death of Simon the Maccabee (135 B.C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The first volume covers the period from the entry of Israelite tribes into the land of Canaan to the settlement of the Judeans in Egypt.

What is Jewish Literature?
What Is Jewish Literature? is a richly thoughtful analysis and comprehensive overview of what defines Jewish literature. It is an international collection, an enduring contribution to the literary resource for the those who strive to appreciate, evaluate, and understand the varied riches of Jewish writing.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 11
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ecclesiastes
A straightforward, engaging commentary on the Book of Kohelet.

Chess in Jewish History and Hebrew Literature
This book deals with the origins of chess from before 500 A.D. and its appearance in Jewish sources and literature until the middle of the 19th century.

Tractate Rosh Hashana
For those who wish to go beyond superficial, Master A Mesikta Series is a perfect companion for the study of Talmud. The series provides important background information on Talmud and clarifies its content by focusing on controversies that give it such a power. Using outlines, elucidations, pointed comments, explanations of the sequence, topic overviews, and highlighting the interaction between aggadic portions and legal discussions, the author enables a student to rapidly master material

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Chronicles
The author of this interesting work, has little sympathy with that subjective criticism which prescribes beforehand an author's scheme of composition and then regards all contrary to this scheme as interpolations or supplements.

Tales of Sendebar
Translated from original Hebrew version of the SEVEN SAGES, this collection of fascinating stories--based on unpublished manuscripts--makes available the complete English translation of Mishle Sendebar, the Hebrew version of an enormously popular medieval romance which originated in the East and was subsequently transmitted westward.

The Jew in the Literature of England
The Jew in the Literature of England sums up a history of the Jew as he was reflected in the literature of a civilization. Modder's sense of incident and detail, his command of a whole literature, his capacity to develop the social history that underpins literature make his study both absorbing and illuminating.

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Hellenism
This book is intended for those interested in the conflict of Judaism with the culture of the ancient world and its impact on the Jewish life of today.

New Heart, New Spirit: Biblical Humanism for Modern Israel
New Heart, New Spirit confronts the ethical and moral values of the Bible in the context of the critical situation that Israel and Zionism are facing. It is an outcry and a challenge to the xenophobic movements focused on “holy wars,” power, land, and blood.

Selected Poems of Jehudah Halevi
The gift of song, cherished and tended as it was by the Spanish Jews of the Middle Ages, reached its highest development in the poems of Jehudah Halevi. His love poems are made of dew and fire. But in his poems to Zion there is no such combination of a poet's ordinary artifices. It is his soul that is the instrument—and on his heartstrings is played the song of Israel's hope.

Violence and Defense in the Jewish Experience
Violence has always existed, and the Jews have been its victims for thousands of years in all parts of the world and in all periods of history. The book presents the fruits of the colloquium on Violence and Defense in Jewish History held in Tel-Aviv in 1974.

Succeeding at Jewish Education: How One Synagogue Made It Work
Joseph Reimer uses his experience and talent as an ethnographer to bring to life the drama of one synagogue's struggle to make Jewish education work. As a result of his classroom observations Reimer comes away with important insights into what makes Jewish education succeed.

The Ambivalent American Jew: Politics, Religion, and Family in American Jewish Life
This book depicts the evolution of American Judaism from its European roots illustrating this theme by focusing on special segments of the community and on Jewish political liberalism, the great effort of American Jews to reshape their political environment to minimize the survival-integration tension.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 10
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Spain, the Jews, and Franco
The role played by Spain during World War II regarding the Jews has long been a matter of controversy. This volume, first published in Hebrew to wide acclaim seeks to set the record straight. It offers a full and objective account of the rescue of Jewish refugees from Nazi-occupied countries by the Franco regime.

THE EVOLUTION OF EXODUS TRADITION
A comprehensive literary inquiry into a history of the Exodus tradition as it has evolved through time. The book examines the narrative of Exodus, compares it to biblical sources as well as to information provided in Apocryphic, Pseudepigrahic, Hellenistic and Midrashic documents.

Islam Unveiled
In Islam Unveiled, Robert Spencer dares to face the hard questions about what the Islamic religion actually teaches — and the potentially ominous implications of those teachings for the future of both the Muslim world and the West.

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

The Ambivalent American Jew: Politics, Religion, and Family in American Jewish Life
This book depicts the evolution of American Judaism from its European roots illustrating this theme by focusing on special segments of the community and on Jewish political liberalism, the great effort of American Jews to reshape their political environment to minimize the survival-integration tension.

Hebrew-English Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This is a Study Edition of the traditional Masoretic text placed next to the classic word-for-word Jewish translation by JPS; it features the most authoritative Hebrew text - based on the Leningrad Codex - complete with cantillation marks, vocalization and verse numbers.

The Path of the Upright: Mesillat Yesharim
The Path of the Upright, Rabbi Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto's guide to the perfection of human soul, stands on its own as one of the most influential and inspirational ethical works in Judaism. In this work, the author probes every aspect of the human personality and offers advice on ways to overcome its weaknesses. The Path of the Upright: Messillat Yesharim is a bilingual edition in Hebrew and English.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS
An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

Studies in Jewish Education VI: Teaching Jewish Values
The emphasis of this volume is on teaching of Jewish values and the development of the curriculum.

JPS Bible Commentary: Haftarot
The most recent addition to the JPS Bible Commentary series covers the varied selections from the Nevi'im that comprise the haftarot, chanted on Sabbaths and holy days in synagogues.

The Emergence of Conservative Judaism: The Historical School in 19th Century America
The book begins with description of the early decades of the past century, when American Judaism was still the expression of a religiously united community, and then probes the tensions and new forms of Jewish institutional and personal practice as they resulted from the needs of Jewish experience and from contact with American tradition, ideas and events.

Two Portuguese Exiles in Castile: Dom David Negro and Dom Isaac Abravanel. Hispania Judaica, v. 10
The book contains more than 30 documents related to Portuguese Jewry in general and David Negro and Isaac Abravanel in particular.

Israel and the Nations
Israel and the Nations is a handbook of Jewish apologetics. The author's primary goal was to put together all the arguments of Jew-baiting and to explain their nature and origin. This work is a source of information and reference for all those who are in quest of enlightenment.

The Third Pillar
Through slow and difficult years of impassioned creative effort, the author has summed up, distilled, symbolized the incomparable tragedy of Jewish people into an essentially poetic form that is clear with a great intellectual clarity, as well as majestic with the grandeur of the theme he treats.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.

Maimonides: Torah and Philosophic Quest
In this original study, noted scholar and theologian David Hartman discusses the relation between Maimonides' halakhic writings and The Guide of the Perplexed. This pioneering work earned Dr. Hartman a National Jewish Book Award for a book on Jewish thought.

The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 2/3
The second and third volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See first volume here) It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

Topics In Hebrew and Semitic Linguistics


Tosefta Ki-Fshutah, 12 vols.
The most important work of the 20th century giant of Talmudic scholarship.

The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish interpreters (in 2 vols.)
Collection of printed texts and MSS. by Jewish commentators on the 53rd Chapter of Isaiah, brought together by AD. Nubauer and translated with assistance of S.R.Driver.

The Sephardi Legacy II