Volume 5, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Associate Editors and Contributors of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA AMERICANA: CARL ALPERT Managing Editor, New Palestine, Washington; National President, Young Judea DAVID LANDMAN Former Editor, Brown Daily Herald BERNARD POSTAL Director of Public Relations, Bnai Brith; former editor, Seven Arts Syndicate BIBLE: ROBERT GORDIS Associate Professor, Biblical Exegesis, Jewish Theological Seminary of America HISTORY: JACOB LESTSCHINSKY Director, Department of Economics and Statis-tics, Institute of Jewish Affairs, New York JEWISH LITERATURE: LEON NEMOY Curator, Hebrew and Arabic Literature, Yale University RABBINICS: SAMUEL BELKIN Assistant Professor, Rabbinics and Hellenistic Literature, Yeshiva College SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS: A. G. DUKER Managing Editor, Contemporary Jewish Record CONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME FIVE FANNY R. ADLERSTEIN, New York Director, Public Relations, Joint Distribution Committee CHANOCH ALBECK, Jerusalem Professor of Talmud, Hebrew Uni-versity WILLIAM F. ALBRIGHT, Baltimore Professor of Semitic Languages, Johns Hopkins University CARL ALPERT, Washington, D. C. Managing Editor,  New Palestine MAX ARZT, Brooklyn Rabbi, Lecturer in Practical The-ology, Jewish Theological Semi-nary, New York ISAAC L. ASOFSKY, New York Executive, Jewish Social Service Association SAMUEL ATLAS, London Author, Lecturer LIBBY BENEDICT, New York Writer and Editorial Assistant NORMAN BENTWICH, Jerusalem Professor of International Relations, Hebrew University; former Attor-ney- General, Palestine BENJAMIN BERNFELD, Brooklyn Rabbi ANNA BETTELHEIM, New York Editorial Assistant HUGO BIEBER, New York Historian and Critic SHELDON H. BLANK, Cincinnati Professor of Bible, Hebrew Union College JOSHUA BLOCH, New York Chief, Jewish Division, New York Public Library PHILIP D. BOOKSTABER, Harris-burg, Pa. Rabbi, Congregation Ohev Sholom ABRAHAM JAKOB BRAWER, Jerusa-lem Historian, Cartographer, Author ROSE MARGOLIS BRODSKY, New York Social Worker UMBERTO CASSUTO, Rome Rabbi and Historian SASCHA CHARLES, New York Teacher and Writer ISRAEL S. CHIPKIN, New York Director, Jewish Education Associa-tion SIMON COHEN, Brooklyn Director of Research HEINRICH Α. COHN, London Rabbi MARCUS COHN, Basel, Switzerland Jurist SAMUEL S. COHON, Cincinnati Professor of Theology, Hebrew Union College OVADIA DAVID, New York Research Worker BENJAMIN DE CASSERES, New York Author and Columnist PAUL DE KRUIF, Holland, Mich. Writer OLIN DOWNES, New York Music Critic,  New York Times WALTER DUCAT, New York Research Worker DAVID DUCKOR, New York Research Worker ISMAR ELBOGEN, New York Research Professor, Jewish Theo-logical Seminary, Jewish Institute of Religion, Dropsie College and Hebrew Union College DAVID EWEN, Brooklyn Music Critic and Historian EZEKIEL MOSES EZEKIEL ( de-ceased) Former Professor in Hebrew and Semitics, University of Bombay ABRAHAM J. FELDMAN, Hartford, Conn. Rabbi, Congregation Beth Israel MORRIS M. FEUERLICHT, Indian-apolis Rabbi, Indianapolis Hebrew Congre-gation JEROME D. FOLKMAN, Grand Rapids, Mich. Rabbi G. GEORGE Fox, Chicago Rabbi, South Shore Temple MOSES Z. R. FRANK, New York Journalist CLARENCE I. FREED, New York Writer and Linguist MORITZ FREIER, London Rabbi and Author HUGO FUCHS, Buenos Aires Rabbi HELMUT GALLINER, New York Editorial Assistant B. BENEDICT GLAZER, New York Associate Rabbi, Congregation Emanu- El ABRAHAM GOLDBERG, New York Zionist and Writer MEYER GOLDBERG, New York Talmud Scholar and Writer HIRSCH LOEB GORDON, New York Physician and Author WILLIAM GREEN, Washington, D. C. President, American Federation of Labor Continued on next pageAAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO  | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageAssociate Editors and Contributors of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIACONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME FIVERules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsDedication PageGOD - IZS ( V )AAR - AZU ( I )BAA - CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

Smoke Over Birkenau
The astonishing stories in Smoke Over Birkenau tell of the women who lived and suffered alongside Liana Millu during her months in the concentration camp.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS
An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

JPS Bible Commentary: Esther
In this latest addition to the Jewish Publication Society's commentary series, the reader will further be reworded with many productive and original insights: in this particular case on the background of the feast of Purim.

Volume 9, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Studies in Jewish Education V: Teaching Classical Jewish Texts
This volume is dedicated to issues arising in the process of teaching classical Jewish texts.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Psalms (in 2 volumes)
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AN EMPIRE IN THE HOLY LAND


JPS Bible Commentary: Esther
In this latest addition to the Jewish Publication Society's commentary series, the reader will further be reworded with many productive and original insights: in this particular case on the background of the feast of Purim.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 1
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Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law
First published in 1966, Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law is an unusual biography. It was written by a son about his father, by an interpreter of economics about an interpreter of rabbinics. It is done with obvious charm, with deep affection for the subject, and yet with surprising objectivity.

Candles in the Night: Jewish Tales by Gentile Authors
To keep aglow the candles of human sympathy, the editor has compiled nearly a thousand items of significant non-Jewish literary and historical expression about the Jews. This volume includes twenty-three short stories and episodes from fourteen different national literatures.

Studies in Jewish Education XII: The Hebrew Language in the Era of Globalization
This volume of the Studies in Jewish Education examines the place of the Hebrew language today.

Studies in Jewish Education I: Theory and Research
The focus of this volume is the state of the Jewish educational research and its impact on practice.

Like a Reed: the Message of the Mezuza
A thoughtful reminder of what is really important in life.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 1: From the Beginning until the Death of Alexander I (1825)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The first volume contains the history of the Jews of Russia and Poland from its beginnings until 1825.

Lost Love: The Untold Story of Henrietta Szold
The book tells the story of Henrietta Szold s lost love through her correspondence with Louis Ginzberg and a previously unpublished private journal.

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

ANCIENT PLACE NAMES IN THE HOLY LAND


Studies in Jewish Education VII: The Beginnings of Jewish Educational Institutions
ORIGINS: THE BEGINNINGS OF JEWISH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Studies in Jewish Education IX: Understanding the Bible in Our Time
The ninth volume of Studies in Jewish Education examines issues relating to Biblical research and instruction.

Dawn Over Baghdad
Gripping, up-to-the-minute report on America's most urgent national struggle today, as seen through the eyes of the U.S. servicemen and Iraqis who are trying to make a new country out of the most dangerous place in the world; distinct contrast to the gloomy picture of America's presence in this war zone so often painted by the mainstream media.

Studies in Aggadah and Folk-Literature (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXII)
With the acception of one article, Tales of the Sage by Uffenheimer, which concerns with Biblical exegesis, all other contributions approach their material from literary perspective or as a part of investigation into their history.

The Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 9
A comprehensive study of the Jews in this kingdom from the massacres of 1391 to the Expulsion.

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.

Tractate Berakhos II: Commentary and Study Guide
The guide to how Rabbis formulated their decrees and delt with changing conditions after the destruction of the Second Temple and the fall of Betar.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 7
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

A Guide to Jewish Religious Practice
This is the most detailed and comprehensive guide to Jewish practice for home and synagogue, written in the spirit of Modern Orthodox and Conservative movements.

The Third Pillar
Through slow and difficult years of impassioned creative effort, the author has summed up, distilled, symbolized the incomparable tragedy of Jewish people into an essentially poetic form that is clear with a great intellectual clarity, as well as majestic with the grandeur of the theme he treats.

Selected Poems of Jehudah Halevi
The gift of song, cherished and tended as it was by the Spanish Jews of the Middle Ages, reached its highest development in the poems of Jehudah Halevi. His love poems are made of dew and fire. But in his poems to Zion there is no such combination of a poet's ordinary artifices. It is his soul that is the instrument—and on his heartstrings is played the song of Israel's hope.

Studies in History (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXIII)
This anthology contains such articles as The Holy Congregation in Jerusalem by S. Safrai, Persecutions and Maryrdom in Hadrian's Days by M. D. Herr, The Imperial Court-Jew Wolf Werthheimer as Dimlomatic Mediator by B. Mevorah, To whom did Mendelssohn Reply in his Jerusalem , by Jacob Katz, Caesar: An Economic Biography and its Political Significance by I. Shatzman and others.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 7
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Jews, Arabs, Turks
Select essays on Middle Eastern history dealing with Israel, Egypt and Turkey with a focus on politics and cultural relations of Jews, Arabs, and Turks.

AN EMPIRE IN THE HOLY LAND


History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 3: From the Accession of Nicholas II until 1916. Bibliography and Index.
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The third and concluding volume deals with the reign of Nicholas II., the last of the Romanovs, and also contains the bibliographical apparatus, the maps, the index, and other supplementary material.

Collected Writings in Jewish Studies
This collection of articles in Jewish Studies has been authored by, what many consider, the most important scholar of the rabbinic life and literature in the post WWII period.

Coat of Many Cultures: The Story of Joseph in Spanish Literature. 1200-1492
The book presents seven works based on the biblical story. All of these works are unmistakably Spanish, though many of them are also undeniably Jewish or Muslim.

Ah, Assyria... (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXXIII)
Thirty outstanding papers on Assyrian history and its connection and impact on Biblical Israel.

Studies in Hebrew and Ugaritic Psalms
The volume offers a fresh analysis of a central problem of comparative Ugaritic Biblical scholarship: the relationship between biblical psalms and Canaanite literature.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 2
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The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 8
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Luah Hashanah 5774
United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism's official calendar for the Jewish year. It is intended to guide congregations and individuals through the liturgy during the Jewish year 5774.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Mekhilta de-Rabbi Ishmael (3 vols.)
An electronic edition of JPS's original 3-volume set, based on manuscript and early editions.

Jew or Juif?: Jews, French Canadians, and Anglo-Canadians, 1759-1914
Michael Brown s landmark study offers an unusual perspective on the origins of Canadian-Jewish assimilation in Anglo-Canada and the fear and insecurity that Canadian Jews experienced under the French Canadians.

Dawn Over Baghdad
Gripping, up-to-the-minute report on America's most urgent national struggle today, as seen through the eyes of the U.S. servicemen and Iraqis who are trying to make a new country out of the most dangerous place in the world; distinct contrast to the gloomy picture of America's presence in this war zone so often painted by the mainstream media.

Luah Hashannah 5778
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, in 3 Volumes
Henry Charles Lea s three-volume The History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages (sold as a set only) is widely regarded by scholars in the field as one of the outstanding works of scholarship on the subject.

Historisch-kritisches Lehrgebäude der hebräischen Sprache (in drei Bänden)
This is the largest compilation of grammatical material for Hebrew Bible.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (Electronic Edition in 12 v. plus index, il)
Electronic edition of the most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.