Volume 5, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Associate Editors and Contributors of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA AMERICANA: CARL ALPERT Managing Editor, New Palestine, Washington; National President, Young Judea DAVID LANDMAN Former Editor, Brown Daily Herald BERNARD POSTAL Director of Public Relations, Bnai Brith; former editor, Seven Arts Syndicate BIBLE: ROBERT GORDIS Associate Professor, Biblical Exegesis, Jewish Theological Seminary of America HISTORY: JACOB LESTSCHINSKY Director, Department of Economics and Statis-tics, Institute of Jewish Affairs, New York JEWISH LITERATURE: LEON NEMOY Curator, Hebrew and Arabic Literature, Yale University RABBINICS: SAMUEL BELKIN Assistant Professor, Rabbinics and Hellenistic Literature, Yeshiva College SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS: A. G. DUKER Managing Editor, Contemporary Jewish Record CONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME FIVE FANNY R. ADLERSTEIN, New York Director, Public Relations, Joint Distribution Committee CHANOCH ALBECK, Jerusalem Professor of Talmud, Hebrew Uni-versity WILLIAM F. ALBRIGHT, Baltimore Professor of Semitic Languages, Johns Hopkins University CARL ALPERT, Washington, D. C. Managing Editor,  New Palestine MAX ARZT, Brooklyn Rabbi, Lecturer in Practical The-ology, Jewish Theological Semi-nary, New York ISAAC L. ASOFSKY, New York Executive, Jewish Social Service Association SAMUEL ATLAS, London Author, Lecturer LIBBY BENEDICT, New York Writer and Editorial Assistant NORMAN BENTWICH, Jerusalem Professor of International Relations, Hebrew University; former Attor-ney- General, Palestine BENJAMIN BERNFELD, Brooklyn Rabbi ANNA BETTELHEIM, New York Editorial Assistant HUGO BIEBER, New York Historian and Critic SHELDON H. BLANK, Cincinnati Professor of Bible, Hebrew Union College JOSHUA BLOCH, New York Chief, Jewish Division, New York Public Library PHILIP D. BOOKSTABER, Harris-burg, Pa. Rabbi, Congregation Ohev Sholom ABRAHAM JAKOB BRAWER, Jerusa-lem Historian, Cartographer, Author ROSE MARGOLIS BRODSKY, New York Social Worker UMBERTO CASSUTO, Rome Rabbi and Historian SASCHA CHARLES, New York Teacher and Writer ISRAEL S. CHIPKIN, New York Director, Jewish Education Associa-tion SIMON COHEN, Brooklyn Director of Research HEINRICH Α. COHN, London Rabbi MARCUS COHN, Basel, Switzerland Jurist SAMUEL S. COHON, Cincinnati Professor of Theology, Hebrew Union College OVADIA DAVID, New York Research Worker BENJAMIN DE CASSERES, New York Author and Columnist PAUL DE KRUIF, Holland, Mich. Writer OLIN DOWNES, New York Music Critic,  New York Times WALTER DUCAT, New York Research Worker DAVID DUCKOR, New York Research Worker ISMAR ELBOGEN, New York Research Professor, Jewish Theo-logical Seminary, Jewish Institute of Religion, Dropsie College and Hebrew Union College DAVID EWEN, Brooklyn Music Critic and Historian EZEKIEL MOSES EZEKIEL ( de-ceased) Former Professor in Hebrew and Semitics, University of Bombay ABRAHAM J. FELDMAN, Hartford, Conn. Rabbi, Congregation Beth Israel MORRIS M. FEUERLICHT, Indian-apolis Rabbi, Indianapolis Hebrew Congre-gation JEROME D. FOLKMAN, Grand Rapids, Mich. Rabbi G. GEORGE Fox, Chicago Rabbi, South Shore Temple MOSES Z. R. FRANK, New York Journalist CLARENCE I. FREED, New York Writer and Linguist MORITZ FREIER, London Rabbi and Author HUGO FUCHS, Buenos Aires Rabbi HELMUT GALLINER, New York Editorial Assistant B. BENEDICT GLAZER, New York Associate Rabbi, Congregation Emanu- El ABRAHAM GOLDBERG, New York Zionist and Writer MEYER GOLDBERG, New York Talmud Scholar and Writer HIRSCH LOEB GORDON, New York Physician and Author WILLIAM GREEN, Washington, D. C. President, American Federation of Labor Continued on next pageAAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO  | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageAssociate Editors and Contributors of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIACONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME FIVERules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsDedication PageGOD - IZS ( V )AAR - AZU ( I )BAA - CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

A Guide to Jewish Religious Practice
This is the most detailed and comprehensive guide to Jewish practice for home and synagogue, written in the spirit of Modern Orthodox and Conservative movements.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
Few books oner such a variety of interest or embrace material of such deep significance as Ezra and Nehemiah do. The teaching of these books is of especial value in reference to the faithfulness of the divine promise, the discipline of disappointment, the hallowing of common life, and the preparation for the messianic age.

History of the Jews in Aragon. Hispania Judaica, v. 1
More than 3,500 regesta in French, and original documents mostly from the Archivo General de la Corona de Aragon, in Barcelona.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI AND JONAH
For all the talk about Bible being a source of Western ethics, Mitchell's is one of the very few books extant that pays more then a lip service to this concept.

THE BOOK OF JUDGES


Early History of the Alphabet
A most enjoyable and informative book. . . an excellent introduction to epigraphy and paleography of ancient Semitic languages . . . contains a wealth of information compiled into a simple to understand format.

What is Jewish Literature?
What Is Jewish Literature? is a richly thoughtful analysis and comprehensive overview of what defines Jewish literature. It is an international collection, an enduring contribution to the literary resource for the those who strive to appreciate, evaluate, and understand the varied riches of Jewish writing.

STUDIES IN JEWISH EDUCATION III: Teacher, Teaching, and Community
Deals with concrete issues of the teaching process in schools.

Studies in Jewish Education V: Teaching Classical Jewish Texts
This volume is dedicated to issues arising in the process of teaching classical Jewish texts.

Maimonides
The first of a series of books dealing with “Jewish Worthies,” this volume presents the biography of, perhaps, the most famous Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages with special regard to the general history of the period at which he lived.

ADULT EDUCATION IN CRISIS SITUATIONS


Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law
First published in 1966, Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law is an unusual biography. It was written by a son about his father, by an interpreter of economics about an interpreter of rabbinics. It is done with obvious charm, with deep affection for the subject, and yet with surprising objectivity.

Jesus
A compelling biography of Jesus of Nazareth, written by eminent Jewish scholar of the Second Temple and Early Christianity.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ecclesiastes
A straightforward, engaging commentary on the Book of Kohelet.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah
One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.

Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

The Shema: Spirituality and Law in Judaism
The Shema has been described as the central watchword of Jewish faith. The book represents an extensive commentary on the words of the Shema, drawing upon the wide range of traditional sources and the author's own reflections.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 1
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. This first volume of the two-volume set takes the story down to the middle of the thirteen century in Castile.

Literary Studies In The Hebrew Bible Form And Content
This volume focuses on some major issues in biblical research. In the studies collected in this volume, the author aims at highlighting salient literary modes which can be identified the books of the Hebrew Bible.

Kiddush Ha-Shem: An Epic of 1648
One of the earliest historical novels in modern Yiddish literature, Kiddush ha-Shem is a story of Jewish martyrdom during the Chmelnitsky uprising in mid-17th century Ukraine and Poland.

Hebrew: The Eternal Language
The extraordinary story of the Hebrew language is the subject of this book.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Isaiah I-XXVII
In religion, as elsewhere, great personalities count first, and it is the privilege of a student of the Book of Isaiah to come face to face with one, if not two, such personalities...

Palestine in the 18th Century


Studia Biblica Vol. 1
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History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the “Geschichte der Juden,” the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

Violence and Defense in the Jewish Experience
Violence has always existed, and the Jews have been its victims for thousands of years in all parts of the world and in all periods of history. The book presents the fruits of the colloquium on Violence and Defense in Jewish History held in Tel-Aviv in 1974.

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

Defenses of the Imagination: Jewish Writers and Historical Crisis
A carefully selected set of critical and biographical essays that offer analyses of a spectrum of poems, stories, historical and critical works by selected Jewish writers, who witnessed the presence of humanistic values in the most ghastly historical circumstances of the twentieth century.

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish interpreters (in 2 vols.)
Collection of printed texts and MSS. by Jewish commentators on the 53rd Chapter of Isaiah, brought together by AD. Nubauer and translated with assistance of S.R.Driver.

Life, Liberty and the Defense of Dignity: The Challenge for Bioethics
Thoughful, often profound writting about the limits of science and the limits of life, about what makes us human and gives us human dignity.

and Hannah wept: Infertility, Adoption, and the Jewish Couple
The definitive work on Judaism s approach to infertility, pregnancy loss, and adoption.

History of the Jews, Vol. 1: From the Earliest Period to the Death of Simon the Maccabee (135 B.C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The first volume covers the period from the entry of Israelite tribes into the land of Canaan to the settlement of the Judeans in Egypt.

Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel
Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): PROVERBS
... the crown belongs to Crawford H. Toy's voluminous interpretation of the book of Proverbs --Rudolf Smend, from Wisdom in Ancient Israel , Cambridge, 1997.

The Goddess Anath
A major contribution to Ugaritic scholarship, The Goddess Anath--Cassuto's work on Canaanite Epics of the Patriarchal Age--is a classic authored by one of the greatest Bible scholars.

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the “Geschichte der Juden,” the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 3
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Ideology and Settlement
The first deep and detailed research conducted on the subject of carrying out of the policies and enterprises of the JNF in the years prior to World War I.

History of the Jews in Aragon. Hispania Judaica, v. 1
More than 3,500 regesta in French, and original documents mostly from the Archivo General de la Corona de Aragon, in Barcelona.

Jewish Cooking Around the World: Gourmet and Holiday Recipes
The book presents a variety of recipes from foreign countries and recipes for the Sabbath and festivals, all complying with the Jewish dietary laws. Every recipe has been tested by the author.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 7
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 7
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
The JPS Torah Commentary series guides readers through the words and ideas of the Torah. Each volume is the work of a scholar who stands at the pinnacle of his field.

MEDICINE AND MEDICAL ETHICS IN MEDIEVAL AND EARLY MODERN SPAIN


Ezra Studies


The International Critical Commentary (ICC): PROVERBS
... the crown belongs to Crawford H. Toy's voluminous interpretation of the book of Proverbs --Rudolf Smend, from Wisdom in Ancient Israel , Cambridge, 1997.

The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish interpreters (in 2 vols.)
Collection of printed texts and MSS. by Jewish commentators on the 53rd Chapter of Isaiah, brought together by AD. Nubauer and translated with assistance of S.R.Driver.

A Grammar of Mishnaic Hebrew
More than any other, this book makes the subject is accessible to scholars who are not fluent in modern Hebrew.