Volume 5, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

GODEFROI GODOWSKY THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA [ 8] just what they understood by these expressions, and the problem is complicated by the fact that the Hebrew expression ( 0th) which they used means both  letter and  word. The so- called twelve- letter name, for in-stance, may be the Priestly Blessing ( Num. 6: 24- 26), which contains twelve words in addition to the three Tetragrammatons. According to the Cabalists, the other many- lettered names of God were formed by combinations of the letters of the divine name or of three verses of the Bible ( Ex. 14: 19- 21). The Cabalists added one new divine name, En Sof,  the Infinite. This was also given to the first of the Sefiroth, or divine emanations. They also discussed at length the rank and meaning of the divine names mentioned in the Bible. The highest place was assigned to the name Ehyeh ( I Am), the explanation of the Tetragrammaton given in Ex. 3: 14. The use of the various divine names was held to be the means by which the world had been created, and various mystics were credited with having produced living animals by pronouncing these names in the proper manner. In the Middle Ages there arose stories of the Golem, in which an image of clay was brought to life by means of a gold plate bearing the name of God, and placed in its mouth. Toward the end of the Middle Ages certain indi-viduals received the title of Baal Shem ( Master of the Name), because they were believed to have acquired the knowledge of the proper pronunciation of the Name of God, and were thereby able to work miracles. The earliest of these wonder- workers was Benjamin ben Zerah ( 11th cent.); the most famous, Israel ben Eliezer, the founder of Hasidism ( 1700- 60); the last, Elijah Gutmacher ( 1796- 1874). See also: BAAL SHEM; JEHOVAH; YAHVEH. SIMON COHEN. Lit.: Hastings, J., Dictionary of the Bible, vol. 2 ( 1919) 198- 200; Jewish Encyclopedia, vol. 9, pp. 160- 65; Marmor-stein, Α., The Old Rabbinic Doctrine of God, I: The Names and Attributes of God ( 1927); Blau, Ludwig, Das altjü-dische Zauberwesen ( 1898); Driver, in Studia Bíblica, vol. 1 ( 1885). GODEFROI, MICHAEL H., jurist, b. Amster-dam, The Netherlands, 1814; d. Würzburg, Germany, 1882. At the age of thirty- two he was appointed judge in northern Holland, where he worked out a new judicial code which was unanimously adopted by the government. In recognition of his services the king made him minister of justice ( the first time a Jew of Holland had filled a cabinet position) and decorated him with the Order of the Lion ( 1860). He was a member of the States General for thirty-three years. Godefroi was an ardent defender of Jewish rights. Due to his efforts the government deferred the conclusion of a commercial treaty with Switzerland until civic equality was granted to the Jews there; for the same reason, a contemplated treaty between Holland and Roumania was not concluded. He fought against the proselytizing missionaries of Amsterdam. He was president of the Jewish consistory and a mem-ber of the Institut zur Förderung Israelitischer Litera-tur. GODFRID, JUAN, Argentine congressman, b. Súnchales, Santa Fe, Argentina, 1891. He studied law Juan Godfrid at the University of Buenos Aires, and was also accred-ited as a public accountant. Godfrid became a mem-ber of the Democratic Progressive Party in 1918 and entered actively into politics. In 1931 he was elected deputy to the provincial legislature of Santa Fe. From 1934 to 1938 he represented the province in the national congress, where he sponsored impor-tant banking and monetary legislation. WOLFF GODFRID, his brother ( b. Landskrunien, Ukraine, 1878), was known as a communal worker. At the age of eleven he came with his parents among the first Jewish colonists in Súnchales. He settled in Rosario in 1901, heading the Asociación Israelita de Beneficencia from 1911 to 1920. In 1921 he removed to Buenos Aires, where he was president of the Jew-ish hospital ( 1939- ). GODOWSKY, LEOPOLD, pianist and composer, b. Vilna, Russia, 1870; d. New York city, 1938. He studied the piano first at the Berlin Hochschule, then with Saint- Saens in Paris. In 1884, he toured the United States as a prodigy. After his second Ameri-can tour, in 1890, he joined the faculty of the Broad Street Conservatory in Philadelphia. From 1894 to 1900, he was in charge of the piano department of the Chicago Conservatory. In 1900, he returned to Ber-lin, making a successful debut there. For the next nine years he concertized extensively throughout the world, achieving a position of unquestioned distinc-tion among the concert pianists of the time. He com-bined an extraordinary technique with erudition. His playing was never sensational or electrifying; it had deeper musical values, depending for its appeal on its penetrating comprehension of the subtlest inten-tions of the composer. In 1909, he became director of the Master School of Piano Playing at the Imperial Conservatory in Vienna. In 1914, he returned to the United States, where he established his home permanently. For the next two decades, he was prominent in the triple role of teacher, concert pianist and composer. Toward Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU  | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO |  GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS  | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageAssociate Editors and Contributors of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIACONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME FIVERules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsDedication PageGOD - IZS ( V )AAR - AZU ( I )BAA - CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

The Third Pillar
Through slow and difficult years of impassioned creative effort, the author has summed up, distilled, symbolized the incomparable tragedy of Jewish people into an essentially poetic form that is clear with a great intellectual clarity, as well as majestic with the grandeur of the theme he treats.

Islam Unveiled
In Islam Unveiled, Robert Spencer dares to face the hard questions about what the Islamic religion actually teaches and the potentially ominous implications of those teachings for the future of both the Muslim world and the West.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 1
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. This first volume of the two-volume set takes the story down to the middle of the thirteen century in Castile.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part II): from Noah to Abraham
By extending his method of exegesis in this volume to another section of the Torah, Cassuto indirectly buttressed his theories with new evidence of the inherent rightness of his approach.

( )
.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 7
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): NUMBERS
A major work of interpretation, which served--according to Baruch Levin's own words--as anchor and compass for his Anchor Bible commentary on Numbers.

Amulets and Magic Bowls: Aramaic Incantations of the Late Antiquity
The book contains the texts of all the legible amulets in Aramaic known today as well as 13 unpublished till now bowls. Their study allows us to peak into the religious feelings and practices of common people in the Talmudic period. The book contains a wealth of new material for the history of magic in the Middle East.

Mystic Tales from the Zohar
A translation of eight of the most interesting narratives found in the Zohar. In addition, the book contains a comprehensive introduction, a glossary, notes, and a bibliography.

The Birobidzhan Affair: A Yiddish Writer in Siberia
The Birobidzhan Affair is the autobiography, a chronicle of heart-rending events recounting Emiot's eight years at hard labor in various work camps in Siberia. Poignant, remarkably understated in tone, it provides evidence of his travails as a Jewish victim of the bitter bureaucracy that was Stalinist Russia.

TestBook3
Short Description

Kiddush Ha-Shem: An Epic of 1648
One of the earliest historical novels in modern Yiddish literature, Kiddush ha-Shem is a story of Jewish martyrdom during the Chmelnitsky uprising in mid-17th century Ukraine and Poland.

Hanukkah: The Feast of Lights
There is a glamour and mystery about the Feast of Lights. Miss Solis-Cohen takes up the challenge of Hanukkah to the modern Jew and tries to explain it. The book will appeal to adults and to children, to those who seek knowledge on the holiday's origin and history.

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
The JPS Torah Commentary series guides readers through the words and ideas of the Torah. Each volume is the work of a scholar who stands at the pinnacle of his field.

Religion and Zionism First Encounters


Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law
First published in 1966, Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law is an unusual biography. It was written by a son about his father, by an interpreter of economics about an interpreter of rabbinics. It is done with obvious charm, with deep affection for the subject, and yet with surprising objectivity.

Volume 9, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Two Portuguese Exiles in Castile: Dom David Negro and Dom Isaac Abravanel. Hispania Judaica, v. 10
The book contains more than 30 documents related to Portuguese Jewry in general and David Negro and Isaac Abravanel in particular.

By Design: science search for God
The book introduces and summarizes two contemporary movements science and religion dialogue and intelligent design . After reading By Design we understand how what was once a battleground between God and science can now become a meeting ground.

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part II): from Noah to Abraham
By extending his method of exegesis in this volume to another section of the Torah, Cassuto indirectly buttressed his theories with new evidence of the inherent rightness of his approach.

Ahad Ha-Am Asher Ginzberg: A Biography
Ahad Ha-Am's spiritual Zionism is still as capable, as it was fifty years ago, of giving inspiration and guidance to a large segment of the Jewry.

Engendering Judaism: An Inclusive Theology and Ethics
A pioneering work on what it means to engender Jewish tradition, that is, how women s full inclusion can and must transform our understanding and practice of Jewish law, prayer, sexuality, and marriage. It challenges both mainstream Judaism and feminist dogma, and speaks across the movements as well as to Christian theologians and feminists.

Thesaurus of the Medieaval Hebrew Poetry, in 4 volumes
Lists 35,000 poems and prayers culled from printed and manuscript sources (many from Cairo Genizah) and their variations, i.e. almost every Hebrew poem and its variations composed after canonization of the Hebrew Bible until 18th c.e.... with listings of sacred poetry reaching into the 20th century.

Ideology and Settlement
The first deep and detailed research conducted on the subject of carrying out of the policies and enterprises of the JNF in the years prior to World War I.

Christianity and Judaism: Two Covenants
A great historian of Jewish religion analyzes the conflictual relationship between Christianity and Judaism.

Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel
Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaam as tribulaoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.3
sadf

Pirke de-Rabbi Eliezer
Kabbalistic midrashic work on Genesis, part of Exodus, and a few sentences of Numbers ascribed to R. Eliezer b. Hyrcanus.

The Jewish Encyclopedia
The monumental 12-volume work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America, written by more than 400 contributors from all over the world--many considered the founding fathers of their respective disciplines,--The Jewish Encyclopedia remains a standard requirement for any collection of Judaica. Each of its 12 volumes was re-cr

Like a Reed: the Message of the Mezuza
A thoughtful reminder of what is really important in life.

Does God Belong in the Bedroom?
In Does God Belong in the Bedroom? Rabbi Michael Gold turns to the Torah, the wisdom of the rabbis of the Talmud, the Midrash, and other classic Jewish sources. More than a study of texts, the book presents readers with a frank and honest approach to sexual ethics.

The House of Nasi: The Duke of Naxos
Joseph Nasi, Duke of Naxos, Lord of Tiberias, was a Marrano or converse, knighted by Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, a jousting partner of Emperor Maximillian, and a court advisor to Suleiman the Magnificent. During his astonishing life as a statesman, financier, and philanthropist in sixteenth-century Europe, he moved across the continent from Antwerp to Paris, to Naples, to Rome, and from there to Constantinople, where he reembraced Judaism.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 3
asdf

The Responsa Literature
An interesting presentation of an extraordinary type of correspondence between communities and foremost Jewish authorities during the past fifteen hundred years by which social, economic and religious problems were discussed and solved.

Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety
Original and interesting study of the meaning of piety amoung observant Jews of the late Second Temple period.

Matters of Life and Death
Incredible medical breakthroughs of today, like genetic engineering, in-vitro fertilization, and cloning, as well as the ability and choice to prolong life force us as Jews and human beings to struggle with the dilemmas posed by modern medicine. How does one decide which treatments to accept as appropriate and which not? Jewish law and ethics, as Dr. Elliot Dorff points out, which stem from the ancient teachings of the Talmud, do not directly address these modern issues, but the Jewish tradition

Smoke Over Birkenau
The astonishing stories in Smoke Over Birkenau tell of the women who lived and suffered alongside Liana Millu during her months in the concentration camp.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 10
qwer

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 5
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM


To Dwell in Unity: The Jewish Federation Movement in America Since 1960
The 1960s and 1970s were years of turbulent events and historic changes for the Jewish federations of North America. The book▓s title was chosen because unity is the hallmark of the federations. It is this unity that has pervaded the many federation developments in the historic and dramatic years of the 1960s, 1970s, and early 1980s.

The Emergence of Conservative Judaism: The Historical School in 19th Century America
The book begins with description of the early decades of the past century, when American Judaism was still the expression of a religiously united community, and then probes the tensions and new forms of Jewish institutional and personal practice as they resulted from the needs of Jewish experience and from contact with American tradition, ideas and events.

ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM


Volume 6, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Chapters on Jewish Literature
The twenty-five short chapters on Jewish Literature open with the fall of Jerusalem in the year 70 of the current era, and end with the death of Moses Mendelssohn in 1786. This book has been compiled with the definite aim of providing an elementary manual of Jewish literature both for home and school use.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.
This is the third and final volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica, in 5 volumes
This five-volume set represents the finest work of the late nineteenth century Biblical scholarship.

The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch: Eight Lectures
Although originally published more then 50 years ago, this little Cassuto's book is still probably the best, most focused attack on Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis and a powerful defense of the integrity of the biblical text.