Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

ARONSOHN, ZALMAN ISAAC ARONSTAM, NOAH EPHRAIM THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA tiful portraits of women, were great favorites with his contemporaries, and were distinguished by elegant technique and warm colors. ARONSOHN, ZALMAN ISAAC ( pseudonym, S. J. Onoychi), Yiddish novelist, b. Liady, province of Mohilev, Russia, 1876. He made his debut in literature with a Hebrew poem, Hayenuka, published in Hashi-loah ( 1903). Soon, however, he devoted himself exclu-sively to Yiddish literature, and published numerous novels in Yiddish newspapers. A collection of his writ-ings in three volumes was published in Warsaw ( 1909- 10) under the titles Himmel un Erd ( vols. 1- 2) and Reb Elhonon ( vol. 3). Aronsohn reached the climax of his literary endeavors in a series of monologues, Reb Abe ( Warsaw, 1911), a character taken from types of Lithuanian Hasidism. He visited Palestine in 1910; in 1913 he published in the Jüdische Welt an enthusiastic description of the country under the title  Unser Land. He subsequently moved to Tel- Aviv, Palestine. Lit.: Reisen, Ζ., Lexikon fun der Yiddisher Literatur, Presse un Filologie, vol. 1 ( 1926) 119- 22; Eliaschoff, Gekli-bene Schriften, vol. 2 ( 1910) 98- 99. ARONSON, BORIS, painter and scenic designer, b. Nezhin, Ukraine, Russia, 1898. Displaying an inclín-ation for painting since early childhood, he was entered in the Kiev Art School, in 1916, by his father, Rabbi Shelomoh Aronson, later head of a congregation in Tel- Aviv. After completing further studies under Exter and Mashkov, he became costume and scenic designer for the Yiddish Chamber Theatre in Moscow. In 1923, shortly after coming to America, he became a stage designer, in which capacity his variety of con-ception and style received full play. Aronson created settings for plays on both the Yiddish and English stage, including: Dymovs Bronx Express ( 1925); Madirs Tragedy of Nothing ( 1927); Feuchtwangers fud Süss ( 1926- 29); Awake and Sing ( 1935); Three Men on a Horse ( 1935). In 1934 he made the designs for the Radio City Music Hall in New York. After years of endeavor in the theatre, Aronson re-turned to his original medium of expression, painting. His works, exhibited throughout the leading cities of the world, attracted the admiration of the noted critic Waldemar George, who wrote a monograph Boris Aronson et lart du theatre ( Paris, 1928). Aronson is represented by two pictures in the Kiev Museum of Modern Art, and did fifty illustrations for Nikolai Yevreinovs Theatre in Life. In addition, he has writ-ten several critical volumes, including Marc Chagall ( Berlin, 1923); Modern Graphic Art ( Berlin, 1924). Lit.: Theatre Guild Magazine, vol. 8 ( 1931) 26- 30; Whos Who in American Art ( 1936). ARONSON, NAOUM, sculptor, b. Kreslavka, Rus-sia ( now Latvia), 1872. Since he showed interest in wood carvings at an early age, he was sent to the Vilna Art School for training. Struck by the lads great tal-ent, the Minister of Public Instruction offered to send him to an art school in St. Petersburg ( now Lenin-grad). Aronson refused, preferring further instruction in Paris. After a short stay at LÉcole des Arts Decora-tifs, he resolved to study independently. His recognition was immediate. Although molded by the French classic school, the spirit of his work is defin- Naonm Aronson, a prolific Russian whose works have found their principal museums of leading itely Russian. Delving closely into the hearts of the peo-ple of that country, he has portrayed the young, the adolescent and the old with masterful delineation of the soul. His Tolstoi, Russia and Young Russia, the memory of innocent young victims of a revolt, were internationally acclaimed. Many of his strongest creations were devoted to Jew-ish subjects, some of which are: Le Pogrom; the power-ful and original Moses; Bar Mitzvah; Le Prophete; Vieux Juif; The Daughter of fephthah, classical purity of its features; a portrait of Henry Bodenheimer, a member of the Consistoire de Paris; Karl Marx; and Simon Jouchkevitch. His acute comprehension of temperament is clearly illustrated in his Beethoven, Dante, Turgenev, Pasteur; Botha and De Wet, the Boer generals; Delarey and Darby and Joan. Besides his execution marble of beautiful children, which includes such charming studies as the Young Girl, Petit Ange, and Kim, he has done Silence Mystique, Peace, several poses of Eve. Aronson is rated by some as the most significant modern Russian sculptor and one of the most preemi-nent artists of modern times. His works are to be found in the museums of France, England, Russia, Germany and the United States. In appreciation of his merit, the French government appointed him a chevalier of the Legion of Honor. He is one of the founders of the So-ciété des Amis de la Musique Juive, in Paris. Lit.: Bnai Brith Magazine, April, 1931, The Craftsman, October, 1910 and April, 1912; Frank, The Worlds Work, October, 1913. ARONSTAM, NOAH EPHRAIM, physician, b. Libau, Latvia, 1872. He was graduated from the Libau Gymnasium in 1888, and then took graduate work at the University of Berlin. He came to the United States and settled in Detroit, Mich. He became professor of dermatology and venereal diseases at the Michigan College of Medicine and Surgery, and was co- founder of the Maimonides Society of Detroit, the membership of which is composed of Jewish physicians. Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
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The Jews of Arab Lands in Modern Times
Norman A. Stillman continues the saga he so eloquently began in his first volume, The Jews of Arab Lands, up through the dramatic events of the twentieth century. This book focuses on the forces, events, and personalities that over the past 150 years have shaped the Jewish communities of the Arab world.

Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew
Renewing the Covenant presents the first systematic statement of theology since Abraham J. Heschel set forth his distinctive, comprehensive philosophy of Judaism. This unique book will long be discussed by thoughtful readers.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ezra and Nehemiah
A commentary on one of the most interesting for the modern reader books of the Bible.

Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

Islam Unveiled
In Islam Unveiled, Robert Spencer dares to face the hard questions about what the Islamic religion actually teaches — and the potentially ominous implications of those teachings for the future of both the Muslim world and the West.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Chronicles
The author of this interesting work, has little sympathy with that subjective criticism which prescribes beforehand an author's scheme of composition and then regards all contrary to this scheme as interpolations or supplements.

Judaism and the Origins of Christianity
A massive collection of scholarship of the author who has pioneered new understanding of the Jewish background of early Christianity.

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By Design: science search for God
The book introduces and summarizes two contemporary movements science and religion dialogue and intelligent design . After reading By Design we understand how what was once a battleground between God and science can now become a meeting ground.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (1825–1894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

Engendering Judaism: An Inclusive Theology and Ethics
A pioneering work on what it means to engender Jewish tradition, that is, how women s full inclusion can and must transform our understanding and practice of Jewish law, prayer, sexuality, and marriage. It challenges both mainstream Judaism and feminist dogma, and speaks across the movements as well as to Christian theologians and feminists.

ADULT EDUCATION IN CRISIS SITUATIONS


Jews, Arabs, Turks
Select essays on Middle Eastern history dealing with Israel, Egypt and Turkey with a focus on politics and cultural relations of Jews, Arabs, and Turks.

Studies in Bible I (Scripta Hierosolymitana VIII)
Publication of the Hebrew University, Jerusalem

Bernard Revel: Builder of American Jewish Orthodoxy
A biography of and assesment of ideas of one of the major personalities of American Jewish Orthodoxy.

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament
Madden's work constitutes . . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past. Michael Avi-Yonah Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah
One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.

Volume 6, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Chess in Jewish History and Hebrew Literature
This book deals with the origins of chess from before 500 A.D. and its appearance in Jewish sources and literature until the middle of the 19th century.

Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

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My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.
This book deals with the efforts of American Jews - through their overseas aid organization, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee - to come the aid of European Jewry in the crucial prewar decade, 1929-1939.

Jewish Pioneers and Patriots
In Jewish Pioneers and Patriots, Lee M. Friedman has unearthed an amazing store of fresh information about the connections of the Jews with America from the times even before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth down to the first World War.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 6
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament
Madden's work constitutes . . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past. Michael Avi-Yonah Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

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Maimonides: Torah and Philosophic Quest
In this original study, noted scholar and theologian David Hartman discusses the relation between Maimonides' halakhic writings and The Guide of the Perplexed. This pioneering work earned Dr. Hartman a National Jewish Book Award for a book on Jewish thought.

The Commentary of R. Samuel Ben Meir Rashbam on Qoheleth


The Ambivalent American Jew: Politics, Religion, and Family in American Jewish Life
This book depicts the evolution of American Judaism from its European roots illustrating this theme by focusing on special segments of the community and on Jewish political liberalism, the great effort of American Jews to reshape their political environment to minimize the survival-integration tension.

Life, Liberty and the Defense of Dignity: The Challenge for Bioethics
Thoughful, often profound writting about the limits of science and the limits of life, about what makes us human and gives us human dignity.

The Jews of Egypt: From Ramses II to Emperor Hadrian
This is the story of the adventures and misadventures of the Jewish people in the land of Egypt – shrouded in the mists of biblical history under the Pharaohs; the strange intermezzo of the Jewish mercenary detachment on the island of Elephantine on the upper Nile; the apogee of Jewish culture under the Ptolemies; and, finally, the Jewish community's rapid decline and catastrophic disappearance under Roman rule.

Maimonides
The first of a series of books dealing with “Jewish Worthies,” this volume presents the biography of, perhaps, the most famous Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages with special regard to the general history of the period at which he lived.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 10
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

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Studies in Jewish Education XII: The Hebrew Language in the Era of Globalization
This volume of the Studies in Jewish Education examines the place of the Hebrew language today.

Religion and Zionism First Encounters


The Ambivalent American Jew: Politics, Religion, and Family in American Jewish Life
This book depicts the evolution of American Judaism from its European roots illustrating this theme by focusing on special segments of the community and on Jewish political liberalism, the great effort of American Jews to reshape their political environment to minimize the survival-integration tension.

Succeeding at Jewish Education: How One Synagogue Made It Work
Joseph Reimer uses his experience and talent as an ethnographer to bring to life the drama of one synagogue's struggle to make Jewish education work. As a result of his classroom observations Reimer comes away with important insights into what makes Jewish education succeed.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. I
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The first volume covers the folklore ranging from the creation of man to the heirship of Jacob.

Don Isaac Abravanel: Statesman and Philosopher
The story of an extraordinary personality in the history of the Jewish people. Abravanel symbolizes a life of a true son of G-d s chosen people.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 5
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Bunker
The book tells a story of seven Jews who succeeded in escaping the massacre of Jews that followed the Warsaw uprising in 1944. From about September 1944 until January 1945 the author lived with six others in a bunker under inconceivable conditions. Yet they survived. How they managed this is told in The Bunker.

History of the Jews, Vol. 5: From the Chmielnicki Persecution of the Jews in Poland (1648 C.E.) to the Present Time (1870 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fifth volume covers the period from the Chmielnicki Persecution of the Jews in Poland to the Present Time.

Amulets and Magic Bowls: Aramaic Incantations of the Late Antiquity
The book contains the texts of all the legible amulets in Aramaic known today as well as 13 unpublished till now bowls. Their study allows us to peak into the religious feelings and practices of common people in the Talmudic period. The book contains a wealth of new material for the history of magic in the Middle East.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.2
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Studies in Jewish Education X: In Search of Jewish Paideia : Directions in the Philosophy of the Jewish Education
The 10th volume of Studies in Jewish Education reflects the commitment of the Hebrew University in general, and of the Melton Centre in particular, to reflection and research on issues pertaining to Jewish education. The essays and articles appearing in this volume represent the summary of a conference held in honor of Prof. Michael Rosenak on the occasion of his retirement after 33 years of research and teaching at the Melton Centre.

R. Juspa, Shammash of Warmaisa (Worms)


Meeting of Cultures and Clash of Cultures


Ruby of Cochin: An Indian Jewish Woman Remembers
This book is a Cochin cake, full of secret goodies and unexpected surprises and mysterious tastes, exotic and familiar. Each story told by Ruby Daniel reveals the unique way of life of the Cochin Jews and preserves it for future generations.