Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

ARONSOHN, ZALMAN ISAAC ARONSTAM, NOAH EPHRAIM THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA tiful portraits of women, were great favorites with his contemporaries, and were distinguished by elegant technique and warm colors. ARONSOHN, ZALMAN ISAAC ( pseudonym, S. J. Onoychi), Yiddish novelist, b. Liady, province of Mohilev, Russia, 1876. He made his debut in literature with a Hebrew poem, Hayenuka, published in Hashi-loah ( 1903). Soon, however, he devoted himself exclu-sively to Yiddish literature, and published numerous novels in Yiddish newspapers. A collection of his writ-ings in three volumes was published in Warsaw ( 1909- 10) under the titles Himmel un Erd ( vols. 1- 2) and Reb Elhonon ( vol. 3). Aronsohn reached the climax of his literary endeavors in a series of monologues, Reb Abe ( Warsaw, 1911), a character taken from types of Lithuanian Hasidism. He visited Palestine in 1910; in 1913 he published in the Jüdische Welt an enthusiastic description of the country under the title  Unser Land. He subsequently moved to Tel- Aviv, Palestine. Lit.: Reisen, Ζ., Lexikon fun der Yiddisher Literatur, Presse un Filologie, vol. 1 ( 1926) 119- 22; Eliaschoff, Gekli-bene Schriften, vol. 2 ( 1910) 98- 99. ARONSON, BORIS, painter and scenic designer, b. Nezhin, Ukraine, Russia, 1898. Displaying an inclín-ation for painting since early childhood, he was entered in the Kiev Art School, in 1916, by his father, Rabbi Shelomoh Aronson, later head of a congregation in Tel- Aviv. After completing further studies under Exter and Mashkov, he became costume and scenic designer for the Yiddish Chamber Theatre in Moscow. In 1923, shortly after coming to America, he became a stage designer, in which capacity his variety of con-ception and style received full play. Aronson created settings for plays on both the Yiddish and English stage, including: Dymovs Bronx Express ( 1925); Madirs Tragedy of Nothing ( 1927); Feuchtwangers fud Süss ( 1926- 29); Awake and Sing ( 1935); Three Men on a Horse ( 1935). In 1934 he made the designs for the Radio City Music Hall in New York. After years of endeavor in the theatre, Aronson re-turned to his original medium of expression, painting. His works, exhibited throughout the leading cities of the world, attracted the admiration of the noted critic Waldemar George, who wrote a monograph Boris Aronson et lart du theatre ( Paris, 1928). Aronson is represented by two pictures in the Kiev Museum of Modern Art, and did fifty illustrations for Nikolai Yevreinovs Theatre in Life. In addition, he has writ-ten several critical volumes, including Marc Chagall ( Berlin, 1923); Modern Graphic Art ( Berlin, 1924). Lit.: Theatre Guild Magazine, vol. 8 ( 1931) 26- 30; Whos Who in American Art ( 1936). ARONSON, NAOUM, sculptor, b. Kreslavka, Rus-sia ( now Latvia), 1872. Since he showed interest in wood carvings at an early age, he was sent to the Vilna Art School for training. Struck by the lads great tal-ent, the Minister of Public Instruction offered to send him to an art school in St. Petersburg ( now Lenin-grad). Aronson refused, preferring further instruction in Paris. After a short stay at LÉcole des Arts Decora-tifs, he resolved to study independently. His recognition was immediate. Although molded by the French classic school, the spirit of his work is defin- Naonm Aronson, a prolific Russian whose works have found their principal museums of leading itely Russian. Delving closely into the hearts of the peo-ple of that country, he has portrayed the young, the adolescent and the old with masterful delineation of the soul. His Tolstoi, Russia and Young Russia, the memory of innocent young victims of a revolt, were internationally acclaimed. Many of his strongest creations were devoted to Jew-ish subjects, some of which are: Le Pogrom; the power-ful and original Moses; Bar Mitzvah; Le Prophete; Vieux Juif; The Daughter of fephthah, classical purity of its features; a portrait of Henry Bodenheimer, a member of the Consistoire de Paris; Karl Marx; and Simon Jouchkevitch. His acute comprehension of temperament is clearly illustrated in his Beethoven, Dante, Turgenev, Pasteur; Botha and De Wet, the Boer generals; Delarey and Darby and Joan. Besides his execution marble of beautiful children, which includes such charming studies as the Young Girl, Petit Ange, and Kim, he has done Silence Mystique, Peace, several poses of Eve. Aronson is rated by some as the most significant modern Russian sculptor and one of the most preemi-nent artists of modern times. His works are to be found in the museums of France, England, Russia, Germany and the United States. In appreciation of his merit, the French government appointed him a chevalier of the Legion of Honor. He is one of the founders of the So-ciété des Amis de la Musique Juive, in Paris. Lit.: Bnai Brith Magazine, April, 1931, The Craftsman, October, 1910 and April, 1912; Frank, The Worlds Work, October, 1913. ARONSTAM, NOAH EPHRAIM, physician, b. Libau, Latvia, 1872. He was graduated from the Libau Gymnasium in 1888, and then took graduate work at the University of Berlin. He came to the United States and settled in Detroit, Mich. He became professor of dermatology and venereal diseases at the Michigan College of Medicine and Surgery, and was co- founder of the Maimonides Society of Detroit, the membership of which is composed of Jewish physicians. Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
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The Devil and the Jews: The Medieval Conception of the Jew and Its Relation to Modern Anti-Semitism
The medieval conception of the Jew as devil – literally and figuratively – is the subject of this classic work, first issued in 1943. The full dimension of the diabolization of the Jew is presented through document, analysis, and illustration. It is a chilling study but an exceedingly important one.

The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 1
This is the first volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See second and third volumes here). It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

New Heart, New Spirit: Biblical Humanism for Modern Israel
New Heart, New Spirit confronts the ethical and moral values of the Bible in the context of the critical situation that Israel and Zionism are facing. It is an outcry and a challenge to the xenophobic movements focused on “holy wars,” power, land, and blood.

ADULT EDUCATION IN CRISIS SITUATIONS


Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

From Diplomacy to Resistance: A History of Jewish Palestine, 1939-1945
The Second World War was a crucial period in the history of Jewish Palestine. Between 1939 and 1945, the Zionist movement and Jewish Palestine underwent considerable transformation. This carefully documented work recounts the events of that period of time.

Studies in History (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXIII)
This anthology contains such articles as The Holy Congregation in Jerusalem by S. Safrai, Persecutions and Maryrdom in Hadrian's Days by M. D. Herr, The Imperial Court-Jew Wolf Werthheimer as Dimlomatic Mediator by B. Mevorah, To whom did Mendelssohn Reply in his Jerusalem , by Jacob Katz, Caesar: An Economic Biography and its Political Significance by I. Shatzman and others.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
The JPS Torah Commentary series guides readers through the words and ideas of the Torah. Each volume is the work of a scholar who stands at the pinnacle of his field.

The End of Time
A stunning departure from the polemics and social criticism that have made Horowitz one of our most controversial public intellectuals, The End of Time is a wide ranging, unflinching and lyrical meditation on subjects ranging from what parents inadvertently teach us in their deaths, to the forbidding reality of the cancer ward and the way in which figures like Mohammed Atta use death to become gods of their own mad creation.

Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew
Renewing the Covenant presents the first systematic statement of theology since Abraham J. Heschel set forth his distinctive, comprehensive philosophy of Judaism. This unique book will long be discussed by thoughtful readers.

JPS Bible Commentary: Esther
In this latest addition to the Jewish Publication Society's commentary series, the reader will further be reworded with many productive and original insights: in this particular case on the background of the feast of Purim.

The Jews Among the Greeks and Romans
The book is a study of the contribution of the Jews to the modern civilization. The Romans and Greeks were originators of a great many elements of our civilization, but the Jews' impact was no less real or lasting. There was a time when Greek and Roman and Jew were in free contact. The results of this contact the author skillfully explores.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 8
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Volume 2, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The End of Time
A stunning departure from the polemics and social criticism that have made Horowitz one of our most controversial public intellectuals, The End of Time is a wide ranging, unflinching and lyrical meditation on subjects ranging from what parents inadvertently teach us in their deaths, to the forbidding reality of the cancer ward and the way in which figures like Mohammed Atta use death to become gods of their own mad creation.

Judaism and the Origins of Christianity
A massive collection of scholarship of the author who has pioneered new understanding of the Jewish background of early Christianity.

The Other War: Israelis, Palestinians and the Struggle for Media Supremacy
Stephanie Gutmann, who covered the second intifada, documents in her book, 'The Other War,' how Israel, in spite of — or maybe because of — its strength as a democracy nearly always loses the battle for soft and sympathetic minds. — The Washington Times

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
The JPS Torah Commentary series guides readers through the words and ideas of the Torah. Each volume is the work of a scholar who stands at the pinnacle of his field.

JPS Torah Commentary: Numbers
Commentary on the Torah' forth book by one of the most insteresting modern Jewish thinkers.

BOOKS OF KINGS


Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 4
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MEDICINE AND MEDICAL ETHICS IN MEDIEVAL AND EARLY MODERN SPAIN


History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 1: From the Beginning until the Death of Alexander I (1825)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The first volume contains the history of the Jews of Russia and Poland from its beginnings until 1825.

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the “Geschichte der Juden,” the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition
Interactive edition of one of the most important Biblical Hebrew grammar ever published in English.

Studia Biblica Vol. 1
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Judaism as a Civilization: Toward a Reconstruction of American-Jewish Life
Judaism as a Civilization remains one of the most original and thought-provoking contributions toward creating a comprehensive program for creative Jewish life. In this seminal work, Kaplan offers his now famous concept of Judaism as an evolving religious civilization.

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THE CONCILIATOR


Candles in the Night: Jewish Tales by Gentile Authors
To keep aglow the candles of human sympathy, the editor has compiled nearly a thousand items of significant non-Jewish literary and historical expression about the Jews. This volume includes twenty-three short stories and episodes from fourteen different national literatures.

The Battle for Jerusalem: June 5-7,1967
Enhanced by fascinating photographs and an epilogue tracing the subsequent lives and military careers of the key participants, Rabinovich's gripping narrative brings the reader to the scene of this brilliant military victory and emotional reunion of a people with their sacred city.

The Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This acclaimed new translation of the Torah--the Holy Scriptures of the Jewish people,--was prepared according to the Masoretic Text by the Jewish Publication Society (Philadelphia), world s oldest Jewish book publisher. Electronic version of it, which is a searchable replica of the printed version was prepared by Varda Books in 2002, with all the latest corrections and revisions having been incorporated.

MEDICINE AND MEDICAL ETHICS IN MEDIEVAL AND EARLY MODERN SPAIN


Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide
This is hard-core serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

The Sephardi Legacy II


The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 9
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): DEUTERONOMY
Electronic edition of one of the author's finest achievements.

THE BOOK OF JUDGES


Ahad Ha-Am Asher Ginzberg: A Biography
Ahad Ha-Am's “spiritual Zionism” is still as capable, as it was fifty years ago, of giving inspiration and guidance to a large segment of the Jewry.

Early History of the Alphabet
A most enjoyable and informative book. . . an excellent introduction to epigraphy and paleography of ancient Semitic languages . . . contains a wealth of information compiled into a simple to understand format.

Volume 6, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 9
A comprehensive study of the Jews in this kingdom from the massacres of 1391 to the Expulsion.

Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.
This book deals with the efforts of American Jews - through their overseas aid organization, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee - to come the aid of European Jewry in the crucial prewar decade, 1929-1939.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI AND JONAH
For all the talk about Bible being a source of Western ethics, Mitchell's is one of the very few books extant that pays more then a lip service to this concept.

Studies in Mishnaic Hebrew (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVII)
The twenty-two articles in this collection represent the latest results of the research into Mishnaic Hebrew that is conducted in Israel.

Does God Belong in the Bedroom?
In Does God Belong in the Bedroom? Rabbi Michael Gold turns to the Torah, the wisdom of the rabbis of the Talmud, the Midrash, and other classic Jewish sources. More than a study of texts, the book presents readers with a frank and honest approach to sexual ethics.

Tanakh: Interactive Hebrew Bible
Cross-platform, interactive, new electronic edition of the Leningrad Codex, the oldest complete manuscript of the Hebrew Bible.