Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

[ 487] THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA ARONHOLD, SIEGFRIED H. ARONS, PHILIPP he became a lecturer at the University of Berlin, but soon gave up teaching and devoted himself entirely to practical work in the technics of electricity. He is best known through the Aron Clock Meter, which he in-vented in 1884. This machine automatically measures the flow of electricity by causing the electro- magnetic force set up by a current to affect the rate of an other-wise free pendulum. Aron was a pioneer in wireless telegraphy. As early as the 1880 s he succeeded in sending signals across the Wannsee, and was able to speak over the same distance by means of his  cable probes, short telephones wrapped around with wire spools; he delivered a dis-course on this discovery at the international electrical exposition at Vienna in 1883. He was also one of the first to make a satisfactory incandescent gas light, gave the general formula for the coefficient of elasticity of a crystallizing medium in any direction whatsoever, and wrote numerous papers on such subjects as the micro-phone, accumulators and the effect of atmospheric elec-tricity on cables. Lit.: Dictionary of Applied Physics ( 1922) 1010- 14; Goldstein, E.,  Aus vergangenen Tagen der Berliner physi-kaiischen Gesellschaft, in Naturwissenschaften ( 1925) 40- 41. ARONHOLD, SIEGFRIED HEINRICH, mathe-matician, b. 1819; d. 1884. He received the honorary doctors degree from the University of Königsberg for a work in the field of the theory of forms. In 1852 he became professor at the school of artillery in Berlin. In 1854, following his baptism, he became professor at the Berlin Hochschule, and in 1869 professor at the Univer-sity of Göttingen. His works deal chiefly with algebra and the theory of invariables, in which an important general process bears his name. ARONIN, BEN, author, lawyer and communal leader, b. Sheboygan, Wis., 1904. He began writing poems at the age of twelve, and the maturity of his verse gained it publication in various newspapers and periodicals. His first book, The Lost Tribe, was pub-lished at Chicago in 1934; this was followed a year later by The Moors Gold. Aronin wrote the translations of Hebrew poems for Meyer Waxmans History of Jewish Literature, articles on Biblical interpretation, skits for the stage and radio, and a drama, Falsework, enacting the leading role when it was produced on the stage. Besides the practice of law and his literary activities, Aronin has officiated as rabbi in numerous Illinois pul-pits, lectured before temple forums, university societies and charitable organizations, chiefly on topics relating to Judaism. He is dramatic director at the Chicago College for Jewish Studies and youth adviser for the Chicago Board of Jewish Education. ARONIUS, JULIUS, historian, b. Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany, 1861; d. Berlin, 1893. The Historical Commission for the History of the Jews in Germany entrusted him with the editing of the various docu-ments ( regesta) on the history of the Jews in the Ger-man empire. This work, on which he labored up to his premature death, soon made him known in the Jewish scholarly world. Aronius lived only long enough to see the first five parts of his book; the sixth and last was issued after his death by Dresdner and Lewinski. This book, Re gesten zur Geschichte der Juden und deutschen Reiche bis zum Jahre 1902), was the first collection of this important ma-terial on the history of the Jews in Germany in the Middle Ages. Despite the many errors which it con-tained and which were due to the insufficiency of schol-arly knowledge at the time of its compilation, it still is the best and only collection of this source material. Lit.: Bresslau, Harry, preface to the Regesten; Moise, Repertoire des articles relatifs littérature Juives, parus dans les périodiques ( 1914- 23) 8. ARONS, LEO, Socialist leader and scientist, b. Ber-lin, 1860; d. Berlin, 1919. He invented the  Aronsian tubes, bearing his name, by means of which electrical vibrations are rendered visible. He invented also the quicksilver steam- lamp. His works on the interference lines in the spectrum are important. At the time when his lectureship on the faculty of philosophy at the Uni-versity of Berlin was due to be changed into a regular professorship, the government introduced into the Prussian Diet the  law for the protection of private lec-turers, which later received the designation  Lex Arons. This law was applied only once, i. e. for the re-moval from the university of Arons, who had become persona non grata because of his adherence to Socialism. In his brilliant reply to the written request for the jus-tification of his occupation, on September 15, 1899, he spoke with the greatest eloquence in behalf of the moral autonomy of man and against the constraint of conscience through an appointed authority. His great wealth had early aroused in him a feeling of social responsibility, and the construction of the Ber-lin Trade Union headquarters may be regarded as his personal creation. He wrote on problems relating to schools and education. The most important of these writings is Die preussische Volksschule und ( Berlin, 1905). After indefatigable activity on behalf of the system of cooperatives he was forced to go to Switzerland to seek recovery from a serious illness, but died shortly afterward. Lit.: Einstein, Albert,  Leo Arons als Physiker, in Socialistische Monatshefte, vol. 53 ( 1919) E., Juden als Erfinder und Entdecker ARONS, PHILIPP, artist, b. Berlin, 1821; d. Rin-teln on Weser, Germany, 1902. His small genre pic-tures, horsemen in the manner of Meissonier and beau- Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

Luah Hashanah 5777
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

The Sages -- Their Concepts and Beliefs
...an indespensable book for all those who are curious to know how the rabbis of the Talmud handled philosophical and theological issues. It has few peers. --David Weiss Halivni

Mishnayoth


History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (18251894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

The Emergence of Conservative Judaism: The Historical School in 19th Century America
The book begins with description of the early decades of the past century, when American Judaism was still the expression of a religiously united community, and then probes the tensions and new forms of Jewish institutional and personal practice as they resulted from the needs of Jewish experience and from contact with American tradition, ideas and events.

Volume 9, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

A Catalogue of Fragments of Halakhah and Midrash from the Cairo Genizah
The core of this impressive volume is its catalog of Rabbinica that is accompanied by twelve facsimile pages of representative documents.

AN EMPIRE IN THE HOLY LAND


The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ecclesiastes
A straightforward, engaging commentary on the Book of Kohelet.

A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

The Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 9
A comprehensive study of the Jews in this kingdom from the massacres of 1391 to the Expulsion.

Collected Writings in Jewish Studies
This collection of articles in Jewish Studies has been authored by, what many consider, the most important scholar of the rabbinic life and literature in the post WWII period.

Art in Ancient Palestine
The books deals with various aspects of art in ancient Palestine: conquest of the East by Hellenism, Leda sarcophagus, general problems of reconstruction of the past through archaelogy.

Hebrew: The Eternal Language
The extraordinary story of the Hebrew language is the subject of this book.

JPS Torah Commentary: Exodus
Masterly commentary on the second book of the Bible by eminent Jewish scholar.

Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (18251894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

Dona Gracia of the House of Nasi
The noted historian Cecil Roth presents the first full-length biography of Dona Gracia in the English language. Banker, diplomat, philanthropist, defender of her people and promoter of its culture, she was revered by her sixteenth-century contemporaries and earned the highest esteem among Jewish historians in succeeding generations.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 9
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Volume 10, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): SAMUEL I & II
Although there have been other contributions on this subject, this volume still is worth having as it contains most of arguments still serving as a basis for modern Christian mainline (and thus also Jewish Reform) liberalism.

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The House of Nasi: The Duke of Naxos
Joseph Nasi, Duke of Naxos, Lord of Tiberias, was a Marrano or converse, knighted by Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, a jousting partner of Emperor Maximillian, and a court advisor to Suleiman the Magnificent. During his astonishing life as a statesman, financier, and philanthropist in sixteenth-century Europe, he moved across the continent from Antwerp to Paris, to Naples, to Rome, and from there to Constantinople, where he reembraced Judaism.

Lost Love: The Untold Story of Henrietta Szold
The book tells the story of Henrietta Szold s lost love through her correspondence with Louis Ginzberg and a previously unpublished private journal.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.

TestEdGu


Community and Polity: The Organizational Dynamics Of American Jewry (Revised and Updated Edition)
Community and Polity explores in depth the developments in the American Jewish community in the post-WWII period. Like the first edition, it is designed to serve two purposes: to provide a basic survey of the structure and functions of the American Jewish community and to suggest how that community should be understood as a polity that is not a state but is no less real from a political perspective.

Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament
Long the standard English work on the subject, now is prepared to work interactively with Hebrew-English Tanakh: the Jewish Bible.

Tractate Rosh Hashana
For those who wish to go beyond superficial, Master A Mesikta Series is a perfect companion for the study of Talmud. The series provides important background information on Talmud and clarifies its content by focusing on controversies that give it such a power. Using outlines, elucidations, pointed comments, explanations of the sequence, topic overviews, and highlighting the interaction between aggadic portions and legal discussions, the author enables a student to rapidly master material

Volume 10, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

A Catalogue of Fragments of Halakhah and Midrash from the Cairo Genizah
The core of this impressive volume is its catalog of Rabbinica that is accompanied by twelve facsimile pages of representative documents.

Magic Spells and Formulae: Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity
Following the publication of Amulets and Magic Bowls , several new magic texts were made available to the authors. Presented in the same scholarly manner,this is a valuable insight into the religious life and practices of common people in the Talmudic period.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 6
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ANCIENT PLACE NAMES IN THE HOLY LAND


Legends of the Jews
A most remarkable and comprehensive compilation of stories connected to the Hebrew Bible drawn largely on Jewish lore and tradition. It is an indispensable reference on that body of literature known as Midrash, the imaginative retelling and elaboration on Bible stories in which mythological tales about demons and magic co-exist with moralistic stories about the piety of the patriarchs.

The Birobidzhan Affair: A Yiddish Writer in Siberia
The Birobidzhan Affair is the autobiography, a chronicle of heart-rending events recounting Emiot's eight years at hard labor in various work camps in Siberia. Poignant, remarkably understated in tone, it provides evidence of his travails as a Jewish victim of the bitter bureaucracy that was Stalinist Russia.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 12
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Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

Ideology and Settlement
The first deep and detailed research conducted on the subject of carrying out of the policies and enterprises of the JNF in the years prior to World War I.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 1
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Tractate Pesachim: Commentary and Study Guide
Master a Mesikta Series is probably the most advanced commentary and study guide to Talmud available in English. By providing background material, outlining the contents of the Talmud and its commentaries, explaining the sequence of the Talmud,offering overviews of the topics discussed and clarifying the aggadic literature and its interaction with the legal discussions, this series enables the student to focus on the unity of the tractate, and serves as an aid in helping him in its master

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): DEUTERONOMY
Electronic edition of one of the author's finest achievements.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.
This is the third and final volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide
This is hard-core serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament
Madden's work constitutes . . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past. Michael Avi-Yonah Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the Geschichte der Juden, the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

ARAMAIC OSTRACA OF THE FOURTH CENTURY BC FROM IDUMAEA
The 201 of containing in the book Aramaic ostraca dating 361-311 BC are almost exclusive source for the study of the ethnic structure and the economic life for end of the Persian rule in the Land of Israel and the beginning of the Hellenistic period.

The Return of Anti-Semitism
An anti-Semitic contamination is now world-wide. This sad truth is brilliantly evoked in Gabriel Schoenfeld's important study. Necessary reading. --Elie Wiesel

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the Geschichte der Juden, the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

Art in Ancient Palestine
The books deals with various aspects of art in ancient Palestine: conquest of the East by Hellenism, Leda sarcophagus, general problems of reconstruction of the past through archaelogy.