Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

[ 487] THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA ARONHOLD, SIEGFRIED H. ARONS, PHILIPP he became a lecturer at the University of Berlin, but soon gave up teaching and devoted himself entirely to practical work in the technics of electricity. He is best known through the Aron Clock Meter, which he in-vented in 1884. This machine automatically measures the flow of electricity by causing the electro- magnetic force set up by a current to affect the rate of an other-wise free pendulum. Aron was a pioneer in wireless telegraphy. As early as the 1880 s he succeeded in sending signals across the Wannsee, and was able to speak over the same distance by means of his  cable probes, short telephones wrapped around with wire spools; he delivered a dis-course on this discovery at the international electrical exposition at Vienna in 1883. He was also one of the first to make a satisfactory incandescent gas light, gave the general formula for the coefficient of elasticity of a crystallizing medium in any direction whatsoever, and wrote numerous papers on such subjects as the micro-phone, accumulators and the effect of atmospheric elec-tricity on cables. Lit.: Dictionary of Applied Physics ( 1922) 1010- 14; Goldstein, E.,  Aus vergangenen Tagen der Berliner physi-kaiischen Gesellschaft, in Naturwissenschaften ( 1925) 40- 41. ARONHOLD, SIEGFRIED HEINRICH, mathe-matician, b. 1819; d. 1884. He received the honorary doctors degree from the University of Königsberg for a work in the field of the theory of forms. In 1852 he became professor at the school of artillery in Berlin. In 1854, following his baptism, he became professor at the Berlin Hochschule, and in 1869 professor at the Univer-sity of Göttingen. His works deal chiefly with algebra and the theory of invariables, in which an important general process bears his name. ARONIN, BEN, author, lawyer and communal leader, b. Sheboygan, Wis., 1904. He began writing poems at the age of twelve, and the maturity of his verse gained it publication in various newspapers and periodicals. His first book, The Lost Tribe, was pub-lished at Chicago in 1934; this was followed a year later by The Moors Gold. Aronin wrote the translations of Hebrew poems for Meyer Waxmans History of Jewish Literature, articles on Biblical interpretation, skits for the stage and radio, and a drama, Falsework, enacting the leading role when it was produced on the stage. Besides the practice of law and his literary activities, Aronin has officiated as rabbi in numerous Illinois pul-pits, lectured before temple forums, university societies and charitable organizations, chiefly on topics relating to Judaism. He is dramatic director at the Chicago College for Jewish Studies and youth adviser for the Chicago Board of Jewish Education. ARONIUS, JULIUS, historian, b. Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany, 1861; d. Berlin, 1893. The Historical Commission for the History of the Jews in Germany entrusted him with the editing of the various docu-ments ( regesta) on the history of the Jews in the Ger-man empire. This work, on which he labored up to his premature death, soon made him known in the Jewish scholarly world. Aronius lived only long enough to see the first five parts of his book; the sixth and last was issued after his death by Dresdner and Lewinski. This book, Re gesten zur Geschichte der Juden und deutschen Reiche bis zum Jahre 1902), was the first collection of this important ma-terial on the history of the Jews in Germany in the Middle Ages. Despite the many errors which it con-tained and which were due to the insufficiency of schol-arly knowledge at the time of its compilation, it still is the best and only collection of this source material. Lit.: Bresslau, Harry, preface to the Regesten; Moise, Repertoire des articles relatifs littérature Juives, parus dans les périodiques ( 1914- 23) 8. ARONS, LEO, Socialist leader and scientist, b. Ber-lin, 1860; d. Berlin, 1919. He invented the  Aronsian tubes, bearing his name, by means of which electrical vibrations are rendered visible. He invented also the quicksilver steam- lamp. His works on the interference lines in the spectrum are important. At the time when his lectureship on the faculty of philosophy at the Uni-versity of Berlin was due to be changed into a regular professorship, the government introduced into the Prussian Diet the  law for the protection of private lec-turers, which later received the designation  Lex Arons. This law was applied only once, i. e. for the re-moval from the university of Arons, who had become persona non grata because of his adherence to Socialism. In his brilliant reply to the written request for the jus-tification of his occupation, on September 15, 1899, he spoke with the greatest eloquence in behalf of the moral autonomy of man and against the constraint of conscience through an appointed authority. His great wealth had early aroused in him a feeling of social responsibility, and the construction of the Ber-lin Trade Union headquarters may be regarded as his personal creation. He wrote on problems relating to schools and education. The most important of these writings is Die preussische Volksschule und ( Berlin, 1905). After indefatigable activity on behalf of the system of cooperatives he was forced to go to Switzerland to seek recovery from a serious illness, but died shortly afterward. Lit.: Einstein, Albert,  Leo Arons als Physiker, in Socialistische Monatshefte, vol. 53 ( 1919) E., Juden als Erfinder und Entdecker ARONS, PHILIPP, artist, b. Berlin, 1821; d. Rin-teln on Weser, Germany, 1902. His small genre pic-tures, horsemen in the manner of Meissonier and beau- Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
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The Battle for Jerusalem: June 5-7,1967
Enhanced by fascinating photographs and an epilogue tracing the subsequent lives and military careers of the key participants, Rabinovich's gripping narrative brings the reader to the scene of this brilliant military victory and emotional reunion of a people with their sacred city.

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Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel
Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 3: From the Accession of Nicholas II until 1916. Bibliography and Index.
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The third and concluding volume deals with the reign of Nicholas II., the last of the Romanovs, and also contains the bibliographical apparatus, the maps, the index, and other supplementary material.

Judaism and the Origins of Christianity
A massive collection of scholarship of the author who has pioneered new understanding of the Jewish background of early Christianity.

ARAMAIC OSTRACA OF THE FOURTH CENTURY BC FROM IDUMAEA
The 201 of containing in the book Aramaic ostraca dating 361-311 BC are almost exclusive source for the study of the ethnic structure and the economic life for end of the Persian rule in the Land of Israel and the beginning of the Hellenistic period.

The Anti-Chomsky Reader
Provocative essays that analyze Noam Chomsky's intellectual and political career: coverage includes Chomsky's contribution to linguistics, his hatred of Israel, gloating reaction to the September 11 attacks, as well as his collaboration with Holocaust revisionists, apologies Pol Pot, and others.

Mystic Tales from the Zohar
A translation of eight of the most interesting narratives found in the Zohar. In addition, the book contains a comprehensive introduction, a glossary, notes, and a bibliography.

What is Jewish Literature?
What Is Jewish Literature? is a richly thoughtful analysis and comprehensive overview of what defines Jewish literature. It is an international collection, an enduring contribution to the literary resource for the those who strive to appreciate, evaluate, and understand the varied riches of Jewish writing.

A Guide to Jewish Religious Practice
This is the most detailed and comprehensive guide to Jewish practice for home and synagogue, written in the spirit of Modern Orthodox and Conservative movements.

The Devil and the Jews: The Medieval Conception of the Jew and Its Relation to Modern Anti-Semitism
The medieval conception of the Jew as devil – literally and figuratively – is the subject of this classic work, first issued in 1943. The full dimension of the diabolization of the Jew is presented through document, analysis, and illustration. It is a chilling study but an exceedingly important one.

Jewish Pioneers and Patriots
In Jewish Pioneers and Patriots, Lee M. Friedman has unearthed an amazing store of fresh information about the connections of the Jews with America from the times even before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth down to the first World War.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 10
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

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The Bunker
The book tells a story of seven Jews who succeeded in escaping the massacre of Jews that followed the Warsaw uprising in 1944. From about September 1944 until January 1945 the author lived with six others in a bunker under inconceivable conditions. Yet they survived. How they managed this is told in The Bunker.

Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

Lost Love: The Untold Story of Henrietta Szold
The book tells the story of Henrietta Szold s lost love through her correspondence with Louis Ginzberg and a previously unpublished private journal.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ezra and Nehemiah
A commentary on one of the most interesting for the modern reader books of the Bible.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ezra and Nehemiah
A commentary on one of the most interesting for the modern reader books of the Bible.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 1
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Studies in the History of the Jews in Old Poland (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVIII)
The twenty-one studies on the Jews of Old Poland here collected explore many hitherto uncharted aspects of Jewish life and experience in the Polish-Luthuanian Commonwealth.

Encyclopedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archæology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible (in 4 volumes)
New electronic edition of classic four-volume Bible-focused encyclopedia supplied with sophisticated navigation, single-click lookup of original Hebrew text, and copy/paste functionality that comes with automatically generated bibliography.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 4
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Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 5
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.4
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A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah
One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

Studies in Bible II (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXI)
The seventeen articles in this collection, present a true sense of the Jerusalem School of Biblical scholarship with its commitment to united the unique heritage of Jewish learning with the methodology and accomplishments of modern biblical research.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 12
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Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (Electronic Edition in 12 v. plus index, il)
Electronic edition of the most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS
An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

Volume 7, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

JPS Hebrew-English (Jewish Bible) Tanakh
A true searchable (offline -- English only; in optional online mode -- both English and Hebrew) replica (including Biblical Hebrew vowel and cantillation marks) of the original 2nd printed edition. It is a MUST for any serious student of The Holy Scriptures and perfect a participant in Bible-study groups.

Blessed is the Match: The Story of Jewish Resistance
This book is a classic account of Jewish tragedy, faith, hope, and triumph. Published originally in 1947, it is one of the first works to deal with the horrors and the heroism of the Holocaust years.

Mekhilta de-Rabbi Ishmael (3 vols.)
An electronic edition of JPS's original 3-volume set, based on manuscript and early editions.

Hebrew-English Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This is a Study Edition of the traditional Masoretic text placed next to the classic word-for-word Jewish translation by JPS; it features the most authoritative Hebrew text - based on the Leningrad Codex - complete with cantillation marks, vocalization and verse numbers.

Legends of the Jews
A most remarkable and comprehensive compilation of stories connected to the Hebrew Bible drawn largely on Jewish lore and tradition. It is an indispensable reference on that body of literature known as Midrash, the imaginative retelling and elaboration on Bible stories in which mythological tales about demons and magic co-exist with moralistic stories about the piety of the patriarchs.

Aspects of the Jewish Economic History
A survey of the far-ranging Jewish contribution to economic progress of the Western world.

The Commentary of R. Samuel Ben Meir Rashbam on Qoheleth


Ideology and Settlement
The first deep and detailed research conducted on the subject of carrying out of the policies and enterprises of the JNF in the years prior to World War I.

STUDIES IN JEWISH EDUCATION III: Teacher, Teaching, and Community
Deals with concrete issues of the teaching process in schools.

Matters of Life and Death
Incredible medical breakthroughs of today, like genetic engineering, in-vitro fertilization, and cloning, as well as the ability and choice to prolong life force us as Jews and human beings to struggle with the dilemmas posed by modern medicine. How does one decide which treatments to accept as appropriate and which not? Jewish law and ethics, as Dr. Elliot Dorff points out, which stem from the ancient teachings of the Talmud, do not directly address these modern issues, but the Jewish tradition

A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

Jewish Post-Biblical History through Great Personalities: From Jochanan ben Zakkai Through Moses Mendelssohn
In this book the effort has been to select from the pages of post-Biblical Jewish history the outstanding personalities, to present the life and work of each in such a way as to illustrate the spirit of Judaism in his time, and, in doing this, to analyze and systematize the complex and abstract subject matter so that it may offer the fewest difficulties to the pupil's mind.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 3
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Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.4
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Jews, Arabs, Turks
Select essays on Middle Eastern history dealing with Israel, Egypt and Turkey with a focus on politics and cultural relations of Jews, Arabs, and Turks.

Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

Nazarene Jewish Christianity
A comprehensive study of the immediate heirs of the earliest Jerusalem church.