Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

[ 487] THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA ARONHOLD, SIEGFRIED H. ARONS, PHILIPP he became a lecturer at the University of Berlin, but soon gave up teaching and devoted himself entirely to practical work in the technics of electricity. He is best known through the Aron Clock Meter, which he in-vented in 1884. This machine automatically measures the flow of electricity by causing the electro- magnetic force set up by a current to affect the rate of an other-wise free pendulum. Aron was a pioneer in wireless telegraphy. As early as the 1880 s he succeeded in sending signals across the Wannsee, and was able to speak over the same distance by means of his  cable probes, short telephones wrapped around with wire spools; he delivered a dis-course on this discovery at the international electrical exposition at Vienna in 1883. He was also one of the first to make a satisfactory incandescent gas light, gave the general formula for the coefficient of elasticity of a crystallizing medium in any direction whatsoever, and wrote numerous papers on such subjects as the micro-phone, accumulators and the effect of atmospheric elec-tricity on cables. Lit.: Dictionary of Applied Physics ( 1922) 1010- 14; Goldstein, E.,  Aus vergangenen Tagen der Berliner physi-kaiischen Gesellschaft, in Naturwissenschaften ( 1925) 40- 41. ARONHOLD, SIEGFRIED HEINRICH, mathe-matician, b. 1819; d. 1884. He received the honorary doctors degree from the University of Königsberg for a work in the field of the theory of forms. In 1852 he became professor at the school of artillery in Berlin. In 1854, following his baptism, he became professor at the Berlin Hochschule, and in 1869 professor at the Univer-sity of Göttingen. His works deal chiefly with algebra and the theory of invariables, in which an important general process bears his name. ARONIN, BEN, author, lawyer and communal leader, b. Sheboygan, Wis., 1904. He began writing poems at the age of twelve, and the maturity of his verse gained it publication in various newspapers and periodicals. His first book, The Lost Tribe, was pub-lished at Chicago in 1934; this was followed a year later by The Moors Gold. Aronin wrote the translations of Hebrew poems for Meyer Waxmans History of Jewish Literature, articles on Biblical interpretation, skits for the stage and radio, and a drama, Falsework, enacting the leading role when it was produced on the stage. Besides the practice of law and his literary activities, Aronin has officiated as rabbi in numerous Illinois pul-pits, lectured before temple forums, university societies and charitable organizations, chiefly on topics relating to Judaism. He is dramatic director at the Chicago College for Jewish Studies and youth adviser for the Chicago Board of Jewish Education. ARONIUS, JULIUS, historian, b. Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany, 1861; d. Berlin, 1893. The Historical Commission for the History of the Jews in Germany entrusted him with the editing of the various docu-ments ( regesta) on the history of the Jews in the Ger-man empire. This work, on which he labored up to his premature death, soon made him known in the Jewish scholarly world. Aronius lived only long enough to see the first five parts of his book; the sixth and last was issued after his death by Dresdner and Lewinski. This book, Re gesten zur Geschichte der Juden und deutschen Reiche bis zum Jahre 1902), was the first collection of this important ma-terial on the history of the Jews in Germany in the Middle Ages. Despite the many errors which it con-tained and which were due to the insufficiency of schol-arly knowledge at the time of its compilation, it still is the best and only collection of this source material. Lit.: Bresslau, Harry, preface to the Regesten; Moise, Repertoire des articles relatifs littérature Juives, parus dans les périodiques ( 1914- 23) 8. ARONS, LEO, Socialist leader and scientist, b. Ber-lin, 1860; d. Berlin, 1919. He invented the  Aronsian tubes, bearing his name, by means of which electrical vibrations are rendered visible. He invented also the quicksilver steam- lamp. His works on the interference lines in the spectrum are important. At the time when his lectureship on the faculty of philosophy at the Uni-versity of Berlin was due to be changed into a regular professorship, the government introduced into the Prussian Diet the  law for the protection of private lec-turers, which later received the designation  Lex Arons. This law was applied only once, i. e. for the re-moval from the university of Arons, who had become persona non grata because of his adherence to Socialism. In his brilliant reply to the written request for the jus-tification of his occupation, on September 15, 1899, he spoke with the greatest eloquence in behalf of the moral autonomy of man and against the constraint of conscience through an appointed authority. His great wealth had early aroused in him a feeling of social responsibility, and the construction of the Ber-lin Trade Union headquarters may be regarded as his personal creation. He wrote on problems relating to schools and education. The most important of these writings is Die preussische Volksschule und ( Berlin, 1905). After indefatigable activity on behalf of the system of cooperatives he was forced to go to Switzerland to seek recovery from a serious illness, but died shortly afterward. Lit.: Einstein, Albert,  Leo Arons als Physiker, in Socialistische Monatshefte, vol. 53 ( 1919) E., Juden als Erfinder und Entdecker ARONS, PHILIPP, artist, b. Berlin, 1821; d. Rin-teln on Weser, Germany, 1902. His small genre pic-tures, horsemen in the manner of Meissonier and beau- Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
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A Separate Republic
Based on the Libro Grande, which is included in this volume, this authoritative analysis of the Venetian Jewish community of the 17th century gives a snapshot of the political and social structure of the Jews of Venice as they related to the general population of the Venetian Republic of that period and to the ethnic,economic, and religious diversity within their own community.

A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

Hanukkah: The Feast of Lights
There is a glamour and mystery about the Feast of Lights. Miss Solis-Cohen takes up the challenge of Hanukkah to the modern Jew and tries to explain it. The book will appeal to adults and to children, to those who seek knowledge on the holiday's origin and history.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 10

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ecclesiastes
A straightforward, engaging commentary on the Book of Kohelet.

Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law
First published in 1966, Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law is an unusual biography. It was written by a son about his father, by an interpreter of economics about an interpreter of rabbinics. It is done with obvious charm, with deep affection for the subject, and yet with surprising objectivity.

Short Description

Pirke de-Rabbi Eliezer
Kabbalistic midrashic work on Genesis, part of Exodus, and a few sentences of Numbers ascribed to R. Eliezer b. Hyrcanus.

The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch: Eight Lectures
Although originally published more then 50 years ago, this little Cassuto's book is still probably the best, most focused attack on Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis and a powerful defense of the integrity of the biblical text.

Jesus of Nazareth

The Jewish Encyclopedia
The monumental 12-volume work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America, written by more than 400 contributors from all over the world--many considered the founding fathers of their respective disciplines,--The Jewish Encyclopedia remains a standard requirement for any collection of  Judaica. Each of its 12 volumes was re-cr

Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew
Renewing the Covenant presents the first systematic statement of theology since Abraham J. Heschel set forth his distinctive, comprehensive philosophy of Judaism. This unique book will long be discussed by thoughtful readers.

Hebrew Ethical Wills
This volume includes specimens which, either as complete texts or as extracts, are representative of the type of literature known as Ethical Wills. The testaments give an intimate insight into the personal religion of Jews and Jewish experience through many centuries.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. I
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The first volume covers the folklore ranging from the creation of man to the heirship of Jacob.

Studies in Jewish Education II: Jewish Educational Research in Diaspora
History, trends and problems with the Jewish education in America.

To Dwell in Unity: The Jewish Federation Movement in America Since 1960
The 1960s and 1970s were years of turbulent events and historic changes for the Jewish federations of North America. The book▓s title was chosen because unity is the hallmark of the federations. It is this unity that has pervaded the many federation developments in the historic and dramatic years of the 1960s, 1970s, and early 1980s.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Judges
The commentary, which pays a close attention to early history of social and religious life of Israel.

The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish interpreters (in 2 vols.)
Collection of printed texts and MSS. by Jewish commentators on the 53rd Chapter of Isaiah, brought together by AD. Nubauer and translated with assistance of S.R.Driver.

La America: The Sephardic Experience in the United States
The story of the Jewish immigration to the United States of the Levantine Sephardim who entered the United States between 1899 and 1925.

Like a Reed: the Message of the Mezuza
A thoughtful reminder of what is really important in life.

Two Portuguese Exiles in Castile: Dom David Negro and Dom Isaac Abravanel. Hispania Judaica, v. 10
The book contains more than 30 documents related to Portuguese Jewry in general and David Negro and Isaac Abravanel in particular.

Studies in Jewish Education XIII: Modes of Educational Translation
This volume is concerned with the possibility of “translating” insights derived from areas of knowledge sometimes thought to be outside the purview of education – to issues and problems on the agenda of educational thinkers, researchers and practitioners.

Hebrew-English Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This is a Study Edition of the traditional Masoretic text placed next to the classic word-for-word Jewish translation by JPS; it features the most authoritative Hebrew text - based on the Leningrad Codex - complete with cantillation marks, vocalization and verse numbers.

Art in Ancient Palestine
The books deals with various aspects of art in ancient Palestine: conquest of the East by Hellenism, Leda sarcophagus, general problems of reconstruction of the past through archaelogy.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 12
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

History of the Jews, Vol. 4: From the Rise of the Kabbala (1270 C.E.) to the Permanent Settlement of the Marranos in Holland (1618 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fourth volume covers the period from the rise of the Kabbala to the permanent settlement of the Marranos in Holland.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 9

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)
This is the complete and unabridged electronic edition of the twentieth century finest and most comprehensive Hebrew lexicon available to the English-speaking student of the Hebrew Scriptures.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 3
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament
Madden's work constitutes . . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past. Michael Avi-Yonah Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

Two Portuguese Exiles in Castile: Dom David Negro and Dom Isaac Abravanel. Hispania Judaica, v. 10
The book contains more than 30 documents related to Portuguese Jewry in general and David Negro and Isaac Abravanel in particular.

Tractate Sanhedrin: Commentary and Study Guide
SANHEDRIN (“ Court”): Name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmudim. It stands fourth in the order Nezikin in most editions, and is divided into eleven chapters containing seventy-one paragraphs in all. It treats chiefly of courts and their powers, of qualifications for the office of judge, and of legal procedure and criminal law.

Rabad of Posquieres: A Twelfth-Century Talmudist
This biographical treatise captures the personality of Rabbad of Posquieres or Rabbi Abraham ben David – one of the most creative talmudic scholars of the twelfth century, chronicles his role in the intellectual history of the Jews in southern France during the twelfth century, and outlines his influence on subsequent generations.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 2
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. The second volume of Professor Baer s monumental work tells the tragic story of the dissolution of the great Spanish Jewish community.

Medieval Ketubot from Sefarad, Hispania Judaica v. 11
A careful examination of legal and historic aspects of 30 ketubots from various medieval Hispanic kingdoms; includes their comparison.

Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide
This is hard-core serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

Defenses of the Imagination: Jewish Writers and Historical Crisis
A carefully selected set of critical and biographical essays that offer analyses of a spectrum of poems, stories, historical and critical works by selected Jewish writers, who witnessed the presence of humanistic values in the most ghastly historical circumstances of the twentieth century.

Smoke Over Birkenau
The astonishing stories in Smoke Over Birkenau tell of the women who lived and suffered alongside Liana Millu during her months in the concentration camp.

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
The JPS Torah Commentary series guides readers through the words and ideas of the Torah. Each volume is the work of a scholar who stands at the pinnacle of his field.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, 12 vls. plus Index
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Jerusalem Curiosities
This volume not only seeks to provide pleasurable reading but also enables the reader to grasp Jerusalem's unique role in the history of mankind. Those who read this book will encounter Jerusalem with eyes that see and hearts that understand.

Studies in Jewish Education XI: Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education
Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education is dedicated to Prof. Michael Rosenak, the founder of the discipline of the Philosophy of Jewish Education.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 4

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.


The Ambivalent American Jew: Politics, Religion, and Family in American Jewish Life
This book depicts the evolution of American Judaism from its European roots illustrating this theme by focusing on special segments of the community and on Jewish political liberalism, the great effort of American Jews to reshape their political environment to minimize the survival-integration tension.

History of the Jews, Vol. 2: From the Reign of Hyrcanus (135 B.C.E.) to the Completion of the Babylonian Talmud (500 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The second volume covers the period from the reign of Hyrcanus to the completion of the Babylonian Talmud.

Jews, Arabs, Turks
Select essays on Middle Eastern history dealing with Israel, Egypt and Turkey with a focus on politics and cultural relations of Jews, Arabs, and Turks.

The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 2/3
The second and third volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See first volume here) It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

Short Description