Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

ARNSTEIN, FELICIA ARON, HERMANN THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA [ 486] her salon in Vienna was comparable to that of Mme. Récamier in Paris. It was frequented by Theodor Kör-ner, Talleyrand, Wellington, the Schlegel brothers and other notables of the Napoleonic period. She took little pains to defend Jewish interests, but her magnetic per-sonality contributed toward the strengthening of sym-pathy for the Jews. She was active in philanthropic work, collected funds for the construction of a hospital in Vienna, founded the Society of the Friends of Music in Vienna, and organized the nursing of soldiers who were wounded in the Napoleonic wars. Her daughter adopted the Catholic faith and married Baron Pereira, the ancestor of the noble family of Pereira- Arnstein. Lit.: Graffer, Kleine Wiener Memoiren ( 1845) vol. 1, p. 249; vol. 3, p. 247; Glossy, S., and Sauer, H, Grillparzers Briefe und Lagebücher, vol. 2, pp. 175, 186. ARNSTEIN, FELICIA, see ARNSZTAJN, FELICYA. ARNSTEIN, HENRY, chemist and mechanical engineer, b. New York city, 1886; d. Philadelphia, 1934. He was graduated from the University of Budapest, the University of Berlin and the University of Heidelberg. From 1908 to 1913 he was associated with the Krupp A. G., of Essen, Germany. Following this, he came to New York as chief chemist and plant manager of the Fleischmann Yeast Company and the American Dia-malt Company. In 1919 he resigned from these posi-tions and entered private practice in San Francisco as a consulting engineer; two years later he transferred his field of operations to Philadelphia, where he remained until his death. Arnstein was a designer of plants for many of the largest chemical firms in North and South America. He served as a technical adviser to the governments of Cuba, Argentine and Pernambuco, Brazil. A widely re-cognized authority on fermentation and distillation, he developed many chemical processes, among them the production of alcohol from waste products and the utilization of such alcohol for motor fuel purposes in place of gasoline. He developed processes for the eco-nomic conversion of sawdust into sugar and fuel alco-hol and the processes for the production of compressed yeast from molasses and mineral salts; the first green malt ( diastatic malt) introduced in the United States was developed by him. Arnstein received public com-mendation from numerous governments and was the recipient of medals from the American Association of Engineers and the Engineers Club. Among the many treatises written by him are: The Importance of Yeast as a Medical and Nutritive Synthetically Prepared Pood Materials; Pretenses in Science; and Compressed Yeast By- Product. His book The Utilization of Molasses considered a standard reference work. Lit.: Engineers and Engineering, and 6; United States Daily, Sept. 27 and 30, ARNSTEIN, KARL, engineer, b. Prague, 1887. He is the author of several theoretical works dealing with statics and the theory of solidity, especially as regards the construction of bridges. In 1915 he became chief builder of the Zeppelin works. In addition, he drew the plans for the construction of the famous airship Z, R. Ill ( the Los Angeles), which in 1924 made the first flight over the Atlantic Ocean. Arnstein came to the United States in 1924 to become a director and vice- president of the Goodyear- Zeppelin Co. in Akron, Ohio. He is no longer an adherent of the Jewish faith. Lit.: Singer, S.,  Karl Arnstein, in Das Zelt, Dec, 1924, pp. 332- 33. ARNSTEIN, MARK ( pseudonym, Andrzei Marek), dramatist and theatrical producer, b. Warsaw, 1879. His first successful work for the theatre, Der Ebige Lied, a one- act play based on the life of Jewish workers, was written in 1901; his later plays include Der Wilner Baal- habesl ( Lodz, 1902) and Koroleva Sabat ( Odessa, 1912). Originally produced in Polish and Russian, they were later translated into Yiddish, Hebrew and English. Arnstein first visited the United States in 1914, and two years later helped Nahum Zemach to organize the  Habimah Hebrew theatre. In 1918 he attempted to create a Yiddisn state theatre in Russia. Returning to New York in 1919, he produced several of his comedies for Schwartz at the Irving Place Theatre; in 1921 he began directing the Yiddish Art Theatre of New York. After his return to Poland three years later, Arnstein produced his own Polish translations of An- Skis Dyb-buk, Leivicks Golem ( 1928) and Gordins Mirele ( 1929). In 1918 a volume of his dramatic works appeared in Moscow, and in 1928 two volumes of his one- act plays were published. Arnstein has written es-says, playlets, short stories and poems in Yiddish and Polish. Lit.: Reisen, Zalman, Lexikon fun der Presse un Filologie, vol. 1 ( 1926); Zalman, Lexikon of the Yiddish Theatre, ARNSZTAJN, FELICYA ( née Meyerson), Polish authoress, sister of Emile Meyerson, b. Lublin, 1865. Writing under the pseudonyms Stefan Orlik and Jan Gorecki, she has composed poems, many of which were published in the Warsaw periodical, Izraelita, and dra-mas which were produced on the Polish stage. A vol-ume of her poems, Poezye, appeared in 1895. Her writ-ings are permeated with the spirit of Polish culture; some, however, like the cycle of lyric poems In Tenebris ( 1899), deal with Jewish subjects and reveal her at-tachment to Judaism. ARON HAKODESH, designation for the ark of the Torah; see ARK ( in the synagogue). ARON, HERMANN, electrophysicist, b. Kempen, Germany, 1845; d. Hamburg, Germany, 1913. In 1876 Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

Studies in Aggadah and Folk-Literature (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXII)
With the acception of one article, Tales of the Sage by Uffenheimer, which concerns with Biblical exegesis, all other contributions approach their material from literary perspective or as a part of investigation into their history.

Jewish Contributions to Civilization: An Estimate
Joseph Jacobs was a thinker and writer of unusual breadth and versatility. Among the subjects to which he gave his attention was the comparative distribution of Jewish ability, as the result of researches he had undertaken in association with Sir Francis Galton. The present work was the natural outcome of these studies.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Chronicles
The author of this interesting work, has little sympathy with that subjective criticism which prescribes beforehand an author's scheme of composition and then regards all contrary to this scheme as interpolations or supplements.

Hebrew: The Eternal Language
The extraordinary story of the Hebrew language is the subject of this book.

Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament
Long the standard English work on the subject, now is prepared to work interactively with Hebrew-English Tanakh: the Jewish Bible.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 1
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Come Under the Wings: A Midrash on Ruth
Grace Goldin makes the character of Ruth more vivid in her poetry. Two classical idioms, that of the Jewish imagination, and that of English verse, are strikingly joined in the book.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.1
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Hebrew Ethical Wills
This volume includes specimens which, either as complete texts or as extracts, are representative of the type of literature known as Ethical Wills. The testaments give an intimate insight into the personal religion of Jews and Jewish experience through many centuries.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 3
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The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 8
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 1
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. This first volume of the two-volume set takes the story down to the middle of the thirteen century in Castile.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

Dona Gracia of the House of Nasi
The noted historian Cecil Roth presents the first full-length biography of Dona Gracia in the English language. Banker, diplomat, philanthropist, defender of her people and promoter of its culture, she was revered by her sixteenth-century contemporaries and earned the highest esteem among Jewish historians in succeeding generations.

JPS Torah Commentary: Exodus
Masterly commentary on the second book of the Bible by eminent Jewish scholar.

Studies in Jewish Education IX: Understanding the Bible in Our Time
The ninth volume of Studies in Jewish Education examines issues relating to Biblical research and instruction.

Tractate Berakhos & Tamid v. I: Commentary and Study Guide
Master A Mesikta Series is a perfect perfect companion for the study of Talmud. Designed for those who already know something, the series provides important background information on Talmud and clarifies its content using outlines, elucidations of its text and commentaries: it explains the sequence of Talmud's texts, overviews discussed topics, zooms in on how aggadic portions of Talmud interact with its legal discussions, and much more...

A Separate Republic
Based on the Libro Grande, which is included in this volume, this authoritative analysis of the Venetian Jewish community of the 17th century gives a snapshot of the political and social structure of the Jews of Venice as they related to the general population of the Venetian Republic of that period and to the ethnic,economic, and religious diversity within their own community.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 2
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. The second volume of Professor Baer s monumental work tells the tragic story of the dissolution of the great Spanish Jewish community.

Studies in Jewish Education V: Teaching Classical Jewish Texts
This volume is dedicated to issues arising in the process of teaching classical Jewish texts.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.
This is the third and final volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (18251894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 10
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The Emergence of Conservative Judaism: The Historical School in 19th Century America
The book begins with description of the early decades of the past century, when American Judaism was still the expression of a religiously united community, and then probes the tensions and new forms of Jewish institutional and personal practice as they resulted from the needs of Jewish experience and from contact with American tradition, ideas and events.

THE EVOLUTION OF EXODUS TRADITION
A comprehensive literary inquiry into a history of the Exodus tradition as it has evolved through time. The book examines the narrative of Exodus, compares it to biblical sources as well as to information provided in Apocryphic, Pseudepigrahic, Hellenistic and Midrashic documents.

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The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)
This is the complete and unabridged electronic edition of the twentieth century finest and most comprehensive Hebrew lexicon available to the English-speaking student of the Hebrew Scriptures.

Like a Reed: the Message of the Mezuza
A thoughtful reminder of what is really important in life.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part II): from Noah to Abraham
By extending his method of exegesis in this volume to another section of the Torah, Cassuto indirectly buttressed his theories with new evidence of the inherent rightness of his approach.

Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash
The classic work on the field. Not for beginners; for those interested in a more historical and critical study of Talmud and Midrash.

Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature
This extraordinary volume is framed by two major original essays by the editors. Through sixteen unusual selections from ancient and medieval Hebrew texts, sensitively rendered into English prose, it reveals facets of the Jewish experience and tradition that would otherwise remain unknown.

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

A History of the Jewish People in the Time of Jesus Christ (in 5 vols.)
The most valuable general modern work (on the subject) . . . Encyclopedia Britannica

Hebrew Ethical Wills
This volume includes specimens which, either as complete texts or as extracts, are representative of the type of literature known as Ethical Wills. The testaments give an intimate insight into the personal religion of Jews and Jewish experience through many centuries.

The Book of Pogroms (in Russian)
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Talmud Yerushalmi: A Concordance of Amoraic Terms, Expressions and Phrases, in 3 vols.
A concordance of Amoraic terminology in Talmud Yerushalmi designed to assist to come much closer to the original text of the Yerushalmi and to its accurate interpretation.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.

The Bunker
The book tells a story of seven Jews who succeeded in escaping the massacre of Jews that followed the Warsaw uprising in 1944. From about September 1944 until January 1945 the author lived with six others in a bunker under inconceivable conditions. Yet they survived. How they managed this is told in The Bunker.

Don Isaac Abravanel: Statesman and Philosopher
The story of an extraordinary personality in the history of the Jewish people. Abravanel symbolizes a life of a true son of G-d s chosen people.

Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.

Judaism and the Origins of Christianity
A massive collection of scholarship of the author who has pioneered new understanding of the Jewish background of early Christianity.

Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8
The history of three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia: Castellón de la Plana, Burriana, Villarreal.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 3
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

JPS Hebrew-English (Jewish Bible) Tanakh
A true searchable (offline -- English only; in optional online mode -- both English and Hebrew) replica (including Biblical Hebrew vowel and cantillation marks) of the original 2nd printed edition. It is a MUST for any serious student of The Holy Scriptures and perfect a participant in Bible-study groups.

Aspects of the Jewish Economic History
A survey of the far-ranging Jewish contribution to economic progress of the Western world.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.3
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History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament
Madden's work constitutes . . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past. Michael Avi-Yonah Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy
The fifth and final JPS commentary on the last book of the Torah.

Kiddush Ha-Shem: An Epic of 1648
One of the earliest historical novels in modern Yiddish literature, Kiddush ha-Shem is a story of Jewish martyrdom during the Chmelnitsky uprising in mid-17th century Ukraine and Poland.