Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

ARNSTEIN, FELICIA ARON, HERMANN THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA [ 486] her salon in Vienna was comparable to that of Mme. Récamier in Paris. It was frequented by Theodor Kör-ner, Talleyrand, Wellington, the Schlegel brothers and other notables of the Napoleonic period. She took little pains to defend Jewish interests, but her magnetic per-sonality contributed toward the strengthening of sym-pathy for the Jews. She was active in philanthropic work, collected funds for the construction of a hospital in Vienna, founded the Society of the Friends of Music in Vienna, and organized the nursing of soldiers who were wounded in the Napoleonic wars. Her daughter adopted the Catholic faith and married Baron Pereira, the ancestor of the noble family of Pereira- Arnstein. Lit.: Graffer, Kleine Wiener Memoiren ( 1845) vol. 1, p. 249; vol. 3, p. 247; Glossy, S., and Sauer, H, Grillparzers Briefe und Lagebücher, vol. 2, pp. 175, 186. ARNSTEIN, FELICIA, see ARNSZTAJN, FELICYA. ARNSTEIN, HENRY, chemist and mechanical engineer, b. New York city, 1886; d. Philadelphia, 1934. He was graduated from the University of Budapest, the University of Berlin and the University of Heidelberg. From 1908 to 1913 he was associated with the Krupp A. G., of Essen, Germany. Following this, he came to New York as chief chemist and plant manager of the Fleischmann Yeast Company and the American Dia-malt Company. In 1919 he resigned from these posi-tions and entered private practice in San Francisco as a consulting engineer; two years later he transferred his field of operations to Philadelphia, where he remained until his death. Arnstein was a designer of plants for many of the largest chemical firms in North and South America. He served as a technical adviser to the governments of Cuba, Argentine and Pernambuco, Brazil. A widely re-cognized authority on fermentation and distillation, he developed many chemical processes, among them the production of alcohol from waste products and the utilization of such alcohol for motor fuel purposes in place of gasoline. He developed processes for the eco-nomic conversion of sawdust into sugar and fuel alco-hol and the processes for the production of compressed yeast from molasses and mineral salts; the first green malt ( diastatic malt) introduced in the United States was developed by him. Arnstein received public com-mendation from numerous governments and was the recipient of medals from the American Association of Engineers and the Engineers Club. Among the many treatises written by him are: The Importance of Yeast as a Medical and Nutritive Synthetically Prepared Pood Materials; Pretenses in Science; and Compressed Yeast By- Product. His book The Utilization of Molasses considered a standard reference work. Lit.: Engineers and Engineering, and 6; United States Daily, Sept. 27 and 30, ARNSTEIN, KARL, engineer, b. Prague, 1887. He is the author of several theoretical works dealing with statics and the theory of solidity, especially as regards the construction of bridges. In 1915 he became chief builder of the Zeppelin works. In addition, he drew the plans for the construction of the famous airship Z, R. Ill ( the Los Angeles), which in 1924 made the first flight over the Atlantic Ocean. Arnstein came to the United States in 1924 to become a director and vice- president of the Goodyear- Zeppelin Co. in Akron, Ohio. He is no longer an adherent of the Jewish faith. Lit.: Singer, S.,  Karl Arnstein, in Das Zelt, Dec, 1924, pp. 332- 33. ARNSTEIN, MARK ( pseudonym, Andrzei Marek), dramatist and theatrical producer, b. Warsaw, 1879. His first successful work for the theatre, Der Ebige Lied, a one- act play based on the life of Jewish workers, was written in 1901; his later plays include Der Wilner Baal- habesl ( Lodz, 1902) and Koroleva Sabat ( Odessa, 1912). Originally produced in Polish and Russian, they were later translated into Yiddish, Hebrew and English. Arnstein first visited the United States in 1914, and two years later helped Nahum Zemach to organize the  Habimah Hebrew theatre. In 1918 he attempted to create a Yiddisn state theatre in Russia. Returning to New York in 1919, he produced several of his comedies for Schwartz at the Irving Place Theatre; in 1921 he began directing the Yiddish Art Theatre of New York. After his return to Poland three years later, Arnstein produced his own Polish translations of An- Skis Dyb-buk, Leivicks Golem ( 1928) and Gordins Mirele ( 1929). In 1918 a volume of his dramatic works appeared in Moscow, and in 1928 two volumes of his one- act plays were published. Arnstein has written es-says, playlets, short stories and poems in Yiddish and Polish. Lit.: Reisen, Zalman, Lexikon fun der Presse un Filologie, vol. 1 ( 1926); Zalman, Lexikon of the Yiddish Theatre, ARNSZTAJN, FELICYA ( née Meyerson), Polish authoress, sister of Emile Meyerson, b. Lublin, 1865. Writing under the pseudonyms Stefan Orlik and Jan Gorecki, she has composed poems, many of which were published in the Warsaw periodical, Izraelita, and dra-mas which were produced on the Polish stage. A vol-ume of her poems, Poezye, appeared in 1895. Her writ-ings are permeated with the spirit of Polish culture; some, however, like the cycle of lyric poems In Tenebris ( 1899), deal with Jewish subjects and reveal her at-tachment to Judaism. ARON HAKODESH, designation for the ark of the Torah; see ARK ( in the synagogue). ARON, HERMANN, electrophysicist, b. Kempen, Germany, 1845; d. Hamburg, Germany, 1913. In 1876 Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
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From Diplomacy to Resistance: A History of Jewish Palestine, 1939-1945
The Second World War was a crucial period in the history of Jewish Palestine. Between 1939 and 1945, the Zionist movement and Jewish Palestine underwent considerable transformation. This carefully documented work recounts the events of that period of time.

The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

The Responsa Literature
An interesting presentation of an extraordinary type of correspondence between communities and foremost Jewish authorities during the past fifteen hundred years by which social, economic and religious problems were discussed and solved.

The Jews of Egypt: From Ramses II to Emperor Hadrian
This is the story of the adventures and misadventures of the Jewish people in the land of Egypt – shrouded in the mists of biblical history under the Pharaohs; the strange intermezzo of the Jewish mercenary detachment on the island of Elephantine on the upper Nile; the apogee of Jewish culture under the Ptolemies; and, finally, the Jewish community's rapid decline and catastrophic disappearance under Roman rule.

and Hannah wept: Infertility, Adoption, and the Jewish Couple
The definitive work on Judaism s approach to infertility, pregnancy loss, and adoption.

Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

Encyclopedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archæology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible (in 4 volumes)
New electronic edition of classic four-volume Bible-focused encyclopedia supplied with sophisticated navigation, single-click lookup of original Hebrew text, and copy/paste functionality that comes with automatically generated bibliography.

History of the Jews, Vol. 1: From the Earliest Period to the Death of Simon the Maccabee (135 B.C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The first volume covers the period from the entry of Israelite tribes into the land of Canaan to the settlement of the Judeans in Egypt.

Kiddush Ha-Shem: An Epic of 1648
One of the earliest historical novels in modern Yiddish literature, Kiddush ha-Shem is a story of Jewish martyrdom during the Chmelnitsky uprising in mid-17th century Ukraine and Poland.

Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel
Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish interpreters (in 2 vols.)
Collection of printed texts and MSS. by Jewish commentators on the 53rd Chapter of Isaiah, brought together by AD. Nubauer and translated with assistance of S.R.Driver.

Tractate Rosh Hashana
For those who wish to go beyond superficial, Master A Mesikta Series is a perfect companion for the study of Talmud. The series provides important background information on Talmud and clarifies its content by focusing on controversies that give it such a power. Using outlines, elucidations, pointed comments, explanations of the sequence, topic overviews, and highlighting the interaction between aggadic portions and legal discussions, the author enables a student to rapidly master material

History of the Jews, Vol. 2: From the Reign of Hyrcanus (135 B.C.E.) to the Completion of the Babylonian Talmud (500 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The second volume covers the period from the reign of Hyrcanus to the completion of the Babylonian Talmud.

STUDIES IN JEWISH EDUCATION III: Teacher, Teaching, and Community
Deals with concrete issues of the teaching process in schools.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): SAMUEL I & II
Although there have been other contributions on this subject, this volume still is worth having as it contains most of arguments still serving as a basis for modern Christian mainline (and thus also Jewish Reform) liberalism.

Jews, Arabs, Turks
Select essays on Middle Eastern history dealing with Israel, Egypt and Turkey with a focus on politics and cultural relations of Jews, Arabs, and Turks.

Tractate Pesachim: Commentary and Study Guide
Master a Mesikta Series is probably the most advanced commentary and study guide to Talmud available in English. By providing background material, outlining the contents of the Talmud and its commentaries, explaining the sequence of the Talmud,offering overviews of the topics discussed and clarifying the aggadic literature and its interaction with the legal discussions, this series enables the student to focus on the unity of the tractate, and serves as an aid in helping him in its master

Maimonides
The first of a series of books dealing with “Jewish Worthies,” this volume presents the biography of, perhaps, the most famous Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages with special regard to the general history of the period at which he lived.

History of the Jews, Vol. 2: From the Reign of Hyrcanus (135 B.C.E.) to the Completion of the Babylonian Talmud (500 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The second volume covers the period from the reign of Hyrcanus to the completion of the Babylonian Talmud.

Smoke Over Birkenau
The astonishing stories in Smoke Over Birkenau tell of the women who lived and suffered alongside Liana Millu during her months in the concentration camp.

JPS Bible Commentary: Esther
In this latest addition to the Jewish Publication Society's commentary series, the reader will further be reworded with many productive and original insights: in this particular case on the background of the feast of Purim.

Volume 8, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 7
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The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Isaiah I-XXVII
In religion, as elsewhere, great personalities count first, and it is the privilege of a student of the Book of Isaiah to come face to face with one, if not two, such personalities...

Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition
Interactive edition of one of the most important Biblical Hebrew grammar ever published in English.

Esther's Plea
A facinated exploration of the tie-in between hallachic decision making process and politics through the analysis of the disputes of R. Yehoshua and R. Elazar haModi'in in Tractate Megillah.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 10
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Biblical and Oriental Studies (2 volumes)
Two-volume set of U. Cassuto's Biblical and Ancient Oriental Texts essays.

Topics In Hebrew and Semitic Linguistics


Islam Unveiled
In Islam Unveiled, Robert Spencer dares to face the hard questions about what the Islamic religion actually teaches — and the potentially ominous implications of those teachings for the future of both the Muslim world and the West.

Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

Encounter with Emancipation: The German Jews in the United States, 1830-1914
This superbly documented study, enriched by anecdotes and illustrations, portrays the first genuine encounter of Jewish society with emancipation.

Literary Studies In The Hebrew Bible Form And Content
This volume focuses on some major issues in biblical research. In the studies collected in this volume, the author aims at highlighting salient literary modes which can be identified the books of the Hebrew Bible.

Aspects of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Scripta Hierosolymitana IV)
Ten contributions from various perspectives on this unique find: from the departments of Bible, Archaeology, Hebrew Philology, Linguistics, and Comparative Religion, by E.Y. Kutscher, Yigael Yudin, N. Avigad, Jacob Light, M. H. Segal, Chaim Rabin, Shemaryahu Talmon, Z. Ben-Hayyim, and David Flusser.

THE EVOLUTION OF EXODUS TRADITION
A comprehensive literary inquiry into a history of the Exodus tradition as it has evolved through time. The book examines the narrative of Exodus, compares it to biblical sources as well as to information provided in Apocryphic, Pseudepigrahic, Hellenistic and Midrashic documents.

Hebrew: The Eternal Language
The extraordinary story of the Hebrew language is the subject of this book.

Luah Hashanah 5779
Hebrew Calendar for the year 5779

Luah HaShanah 5776
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The Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This acclaimed new translation of the Torah--the Holy Scriptures of the Jewish people,--was prepared according to the Masoretic Text by the Jewish Publication Society (Philadelphia), world s oldest Jewish book publisher. Electronic version of it, which is a searchable replica of the printed version was prepared by Varda Books in 2002, with all the latest corrections and revisions having been incorporated.

Studies in Bible II (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXI)
The seventeen articles in this collection, present a true sense of the Jerusalem School of Biblical scholarship with its commitment to united the unique heritage of Jewish learning with the methodology and accomplishments of modern biblical research.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 12
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Come Under the Wings: A Midrash on Ruth
Grace Goldin makes the character of Ruth more vivid in her poetry. Two classical idioms, that of the Jewish imagination, and that of English verse, are strikingly joined in the book.

The Jews of Navarre in the Late Middle Ages. Hispania Judaica, v. 4
Documented depiction of the economic activities of the Jews and their work at the service of the Crown in this Christian kingdom.

Ah, Assyria... (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXXIII)
Thirty outstanding papers on Assyrian history and its connection and impact on Biblical Israel.

Luah Hashanah 5775
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.3
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Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew
Renewing the Covenant presents the first systematic statement of theology since Abraham J. Heschel set forth his distinctive, comprehensive philosophy of Judaism. This unique book will long be discussed by thoughtful readers.

Maimonides
The first of a series of books dealing with “Jewish Worthies,” this volume presents the biography of, perhaps, the most famous Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages with special regard to the general history of the period at which he lived.

The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 2/3
The second and third volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See first volume here) It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.