Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

ARNSTEIN, FELICIA ARON, HERMANN THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA [ 486] her salon in Vienna was comparable to that of Mme. Récamier in Paris. It was frequented by Theodor Kör-ner, Talleyrand, Wellington, the Schlegel brothers and other notables of the Napoleonic period. She took little pains to defend Jewish interests, but her magnetic per-sonality contributed toward the strengthening of sym-pathy for the Jews. She was active in philanthropic work, collected funds for the construction of a hospital in Vienna, founded the Society of the Friends of Music in Vienna, and organized the nursing of soldiers who were wounded in the Napoleonic wars. Her daughter adopted the Catholic faith and married Baron Pereira, the ancestor of the noble family of Pereira- Arnstein. Lit.: Graffer, Kleine Wiener Memoiren ( 1845) vol. 1, p. 249; vol. 3, p. 247; Glossy, S., and Sauer, H, Grillparzers Briefe und Lagebücher, vol. 2, pp. 175, 186. ARNSTEIN, FELICIA, see ARNSZTAJN, FELICYA. ARNSTEIN, HENRY, chemist and mechanical engineer, b. New York city, 1886; d. Philadelphia, 1934. He was graduated from the University of Budapest, the University of Berlin and the University of Heidelberg. From 1908 to 1913 he was associated with the Krupp A. G., of Essen, Germany. Following this, he came to New York as chief chemist and plant manager of the Fleischmann Yeast Company and the American Dia-malt Company. In 1919 he resigned from these posi-tions and entered private practice in San Francisco as a consulting engineer; two years later he transferred his field of operations to Philadelphia, where he remained until his death. Arnstein was a designer of plants for many of the largest chemical firms in North and South America. He served as a technical adviser to the governments of Cuba, Argentine and Pernambuco, Brazil. A widely re-cognized authority on fermentation and distillation, he developed many chemical processes, among them the production of alcohol from waste products and the utilization of such alcohol for motor fuel purposes in place of gasoline. He developed processes for the eco-nomic conversion of sawdust into sugar and fuel alco-hol and the processes for the production of compressed yeast from molasses and mineral salts; the first green malt ( diastatic malt) introduced in the United States was developed by him. Arnstein received public com-mendation from numerous governments and was the recipient of medals from the American Association of Engineers and the Engineers Club. Among the many treatises written by him are: The Importance of Yeast as a Medical and Nutritive Synthetically Prepared Pood Materials; Pretenses in Science; and Compressed Yeast By- Product. His book The Utilization of Molasses considered a standard reference work. Lit.: Engineers and Engineering, and 6; United States Daily, Sept. 27 and 30, ARNSTEIN, KARL, engineer, b. Prague, 1887. He is the author of several theoretical works dealing with statics and the theory of solidity, especially as regards the construction of bridges. In 1915 he became chief builder of the Zeppelin works. In addition, he drew the plans for the construction of the famous airship Z, R. Ill ( the Los Angeles), which in 1924 made the first flight over the Atlantic Ocean. Arnstein came to the United States in 1924 to become a director and vice- president of the Goodyear- Zeppelin Co. in Akron, Ohio. He is no longer an adherent of the Jewish faith. Lit.: Singer, S.,  Karl Arnstein, in Das Zelt, Dec, 1924, pp. 332- 33. ARNSTEIN, MARK ( pseudonym, Andrzei Marek), dramatist and theatrical producer, b. Warsaw, 1879. His first successful work for the theatre, Der Ebige Lied, a one- act play based on the life of Jewish workers, was written in 1901; his later plays include Der Wilner Baal- habesl ( Lodz, 1902) and Koroleva Sabat ( Odessa, 1912). Originally produced in Polish and Russian, they were later translated into Yiddish, Hebrew and English. Arnstein first visited the United States in 1914, and two years later helped Nahum Zemach to organize the  Habimah Hebrew theatre. In 1918 he attempted to create a Yiddisn state theatre in Russia. Returning to New York in 1919, he produced several of his comedies for Schwartz at the Irving Place Theatre; in 1921 he began directing the Yiddish Art Theatre of New York. After his return to Poland three years later, Arnstein produced his own Polish translations of An- Skis Dyb-buk, Leivicks Golem ( 1928) and Gordins Mirele ( 1929). In 1918 a volume of his dramatic works appeared in Moscow, and in 1928 two volumes of his one- act plays were published. Arnstein has written es-says, playlets, short stories and poems in Yiddish and Polish. Lit.: Reisen, Zalman, Lexikon fun der Presse un Filologie, vol. 1 ( 1926); Zalman, Lexikon of the Yiddish Theatre, ARNSZTAJN, FELICYA ( née Meyerson), Polish authoress, sister of Emile Meyerson, b. Lublin, 1865. Writing under the pseudonyms Stefan Orlik and Jan Gorecki, she has composed poems, many of which were published in the Warsaw periodical, Izraelita, and dra-mas which were produced on the Polish stage. A vol-ume of her poems, Poezye, appeared in 1895. Her writ-ings are permeated with the spirit of Polish culture; some, however, like the cycle of lyric poems In Tenebris ( 1899), deal with Jewish subjects and reveal her at-tachment to Judaism. ARON HAKODESH, designation for the ark of the Torah; see ARK ( in the synagogue). ARON, HERMANN, electrophysicist, b. Kempen, Germany, 1845; d. Hamburg, Germany, 1913. 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Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
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Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

The Conversos of Majorca. Hispania Judaica, v. 5
Life and death in a crypto-Jewish community of Conversos of XVII century Majorca.

The Third Pillar
Through slow and difficult years of impassioned creative effort, the author has summed up, distilled, symbolized the incomparable tragedy of Jewish people into an essentially poetic form that is clear with a great intellectual clarity, as well as majestic with the grandeur of the theme he treats.

Palestine in the 18th Century


Come Under the Wings: A Midrash on Ruth
Grace Goldin makes the character of Ruth more vivid in her poetry. Two classical idioms, that of the Jewish imagination, and that of English verse, are strikingly joined in the book.

Does God Belong in the Bedroom?
In Does God Belong in the Bedroom? Rabbi Michael Gold turns to the Torah, the wisdom of the rabbis of the Talmud, the Midrash, and other classic Jewish sources. More than a study of texts, the book presents readers with a frank and honest approach to sexual ethics.

Encounter with Emancipation: The German Jews in the United States, 1830-1914
This superbly documented study, enriched by anecdotes and illustrations, portrays the first genuine encounter of Jewish society with emancipation.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ecclesiastes
A straightforward, engaging commentary on the Book of Kohelet.

The Pharisees: The Sociological Background of Their Faith (2 volume-set)
The Pharisees constituted a religious Order of singular influence in the history of civilization. Judaism, Christianity, and Mohammedanism all derive from this ancient Palestinian Society. This book uncovers the origins and fundamental aspects of Pharisees' faith from sociological point of view.

Studies in Aggadah and Folk-Literature (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXII)
With the acception of one article, Tales of the Sage by Uffenheimer, which concerns with Biblical exegesis, all other contributions approach their material from literary perspective or as a part of investigation into their history.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.2
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The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

The Shema: Spirituality and Law in Judaism
The Shema has been described as the central watchword of Jewish faith. The book represents an extensive commentary on the words of the Shema, drawing upon the wide range of traditional sources and the author's own reflections.

Nazvanie
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The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Isaiah I-XXVII
In religion, as elsewhere, great personalities count first, and it is the privilege of a student of the Book of Isaiah to come face to face with one, if not two, such personalities...

MEDICINE AND MEDICAL ETHICS IN MEDIEVAL AND EARLY MODERN SPAIN


Volume 9, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch: Eight Lectures
Although originally published more then 50 years ago, this little Cassuto's book is still probably the best, most focused attack on Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis and a powerful defense of the integrity of the biblical text.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 9
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Israel and the Nations
Israel and the Nations is a handbook of Jewish apologetics. The author's primary goal was to put together all the arguments of Jew-baiting and to explain their nature and origin. This work is a source of information and reference for all those who are in quest of enlightenment.

The Emergence of Conservative Judaism: The Historical School in 19th Century America
The book begins with description of the early decades of the past century, when American Judaism was still the expression of a religiously united community, and then probes the tensions and new forms of Jewish institutional and personal practice as they resulted from the needs of Jewish experience and from contact with American tradition, ideas and events.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 8
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Between East and West: A History of the Jews of North Africa
This book is a valuable contribution to our understanding of “the forgotten million” that once comprised the great Jewish communities of North Africa. It covers a period of more than two thousand years in the history of those communities.

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
The JPS Torah Commentary series guides readers through the words and ideas of the Torah. Each volume is the work of a scholar who stands at the pinnacle of his field.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v.4
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The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Exodus
The Book of Exodus sets before us, as the Hebrews of later ages told it, and in the vivid, picturesque style which the best Jewish historians could always command, the story of the deliverance from Egypt.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 6
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Volume 10, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Volume 6, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Studies in Jewish Education VII: The Beginnings of Jewish Educational Institutions
ORIGINS: THE BEGINNINGS OF JEWISH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 1
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

Jews, Pagans and Christians In Conflict
A fresh look at the propaganda wars between Jews and Pagans as well as Christians and Pagans during the first centuries of the common era.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Jobs (in 2 volumes)
Electronic edition of the massive commentary on the Book of Job.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol.II.
The second volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

JPS Bible Commentary: Esther
In this latest addition to the Jewish Publication Society's commentary series, the reader will further be reworded with many productive and original insights: in this particular case on the background of the feast of Purim.

The Sephardi Legacy II


Jesus
A compelling biography of Jesus of Nazareth, written by eminent Jewish scholar of the Second Temple and Early Christianity.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.
This is the third and final volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

The Return of Anti-Semitism
An anti-Semitic contamination is now world-wide. This sad truth is brilliantly evoked in Gabriel Schoenfeld's important study. Necessary reading. --Elie Wiesel

Jew or Juif?: Jews, French Canadians, and Anglo-Canadians, 1759-1914
Michael Brown s landmark study offers an unusual perspective on the origins of Canadian-Jewish assimilation in Anglo-Canada and the fear and insecurity that Canadian Jews experienced under the French Canadians.

Sacred Fragments: Recovering Theology for the Modern Jew
Winner of the National Jewish Book Award, this book will be a stimulating and rewarding step to exploring and restoring Jewish theology – and faith – at a time when belief is continually challenged and yet so very needed.

The Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This acclaimed new translation of the Torah--the Holy Scriptures of the Jewish people,--was prepared according to the Masoretic Text by the Jewish Publication Society (Philadelphia), world s oldest Jewish book publisher. Electronic version of it, which is a searchable replica of the printed version was prepared by Varda Books in 2002, with all the latest corrections and revisions having been incorporated.

The Other War: Israelis, Palestinians and the Struggle for Media Supremacy
Stephanie Gutmann, who covered the second intifada, documents in her book, 'The Other War,' how Israel, in spite of — or maybe because of — its strength as a democracy nearly always loses the battle for soft and sympathetic minds. — The Washington Times

Aspects of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Scripta Hierosolymitana IV)
Ten contributions from various perspectives on this unique find: from the departments of Bible, Archaeology, Hebrew Philology, Linguistics, and Comparative Religion, by E.Y. Kutscher, Yigael Yudin, N. Avigad, Jacob Light, M. H. Segal, Chaim Rabin, Shemaryahu Talmon, Z. Ben-Hayyim, and David Flusser.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

Studies in the History of the Jews in Old Poland (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVIII)
The twenty-one studies on the Jews of Old Poland here collected explore many hitherto uncharted aspects of Jewish life and experience in the Polish-Luthuanian Commonwealth.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS
An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

To Dwell in Unity: The Jewish Federation Movement in America Since 1960
The 1960s and 1970s were years of turbulent events and historic changes for the Jewish federations of North America. The book▓s title was chosen because unity is the hallmark of the federations. It is this unity that has pervaded the many federation developments in the historic and dramatic years of the 1960s, 1970s, and early 1980s.