Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

[ 485] THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA ation ( Isaiah xl- lxvi) ( London, 1872), and in Isaiah of Jerusalem in the Authorized English Version ( Isaiah i- xxxix) ( London, 1883). The mission of an intellectual liberator which Arnold imposed upon himself will explain the kinship which he, felt to two of his greatest heroes— Heine and Spinoza. To them he devoted his two most masterly essays. From Heine he derived many ideas— possibly also his cue about Hebraism and Hellenism— and the irony with which he attacked the idols of his day. Taking Heines prose poem  Lay a sword on my coffin, for I was ever a brave soldier in the Liberation War of hu-manity. . . . I am the flame, I am the sword as his theme, Arnold in his  Heinrich Lleine ( Essays in Crit-icism, London, 1865) points out the complete justice of Heines claim.  No account of Heine is complete which does not notice the Jewish element in him, and he devotes a good portion of his essay to the elabora-tion of this thesis. In  The Bishop and the Philoso-pher ( Essays in Criticism, 2nd ed., London, 1869, un-der the title  Spinoza and the Bible) Arnold replied to Colensos attack on the Pentateuch, and recom-mended Spinoza to the attention of the bishop as a model critic of the Bible. In his essay  A Word about Spinoza he gave a summary of the Tractatus Theol-oglco- Politicus, a treatise on Church and State. In Macmillans Magazine ( vol. 7, February, 1863, pp. 327- 36) he published a sympathetic review of Dr. Stanleys Lectures on the Jewish Church. Of his poems, two are of Jewish significance:  Heines Grave and  Rachel I, II, III ( three son-nets on the French tragedienne) ( in New Poems, Lon-don, 1867; 2nd ed., London, 1868).  Heines Grave is Arnolds most successful effort in lyrical metre with-out rhyme, and T. Watts- Dunton places it on the level of excellence attained by Arnold in his Sohrab and Rustum and Thyrsis ( an elegiac poem on Arthur Hugh Clough). E. D. COLEMAN. Lit.: Dictionary of National Biography, Supplement, vol. 22, pp. 70- 75; Orrick, J. B.,  Hebraism and Hellenism,, in The New Adelphi, vol. 2 ( September, 1928) 50- 56; Jacobs, Joseph, Literary Studies ( 1895) 75- 94; Newman, L. I., and Morris, R. B.,  The Jewish Interests of Matthew Arnold, in American Hebrew, Dec. 22, 1922, p. 185; Kallen, Η. M.,  Hebraism and Current Tendencies in Philosophy, in Judaism at Bay ( 1932) 7- 15; Jewish Chron-icle ( London) May 23, 1884, p. 9, and supplement of same date, p. 2; ibid., April 20, 1888, p. 5. ARNOLD, WILLIAM ROSENZWEIG, orien-talist, b. Beirut, Syria, 1872, of Jewish parentage; cl. Cambridge, Mass., 1929. He was educated at Ohio Wesleyan University, at the Union Theological Semi-nary in New York, and at Columbia University, where he received the Ph. D. degree in 1896. In 1896 he be-came curator of the department of antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Arts of New York city. From 1903 to 1922 he was professor of Hebrew language and literature at Andover Theological Seminary, and in 1922 he became professor of Hebrew and other Ori-ental languages at Harvard University. In the same year he was elected president of the Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis. He published: Ancient Baby- Ionian Temple Records in Columbia University Library ( 1896); The Divine Name in Exodus 3: 14 ( 1905); The Rhythms of the Ancient Hebrews ( 1908); The Mean-ing of the Hebrew Word Bithron in II Sam. 2: 39 The ( 1911); ( 1912); Arnon, now known as Seil el- Mojib, where it flows into the Dead Sea The Passover Papyrus Ephocl and Ark ( 1917). from Elephantine ARNON, a river and valley east of the Dead Sea; it was formerly the northern boundary of the land of Moab. Its present name is Se  il el- Mojib. The river is mentioned by the name of Arnon also in the Mesha in-scription ( line 26). ARNSTEIN, VON, a Vienna Jewish family of bankers. The founder of the family, Isaac Arnstein ( 1682- 1774), became wealthy as the court purveyor of Emperor Charles VI. Both his sons were made mem-bers of the nobility toward the close of the 18th cent. ARNSTEIN, BENEDICT DAVID VON, drama-tist, b. Vienna, 1765; d. Vienna, 1841. He was the grandson of the banker Isaac Arnstein, in whose bank he was at first employed. Later he undertook extensive trips abroad, and after his return devoted himself to literature. In addition to contributions to periodical publications, he wrote several dramas, including Eine jüdische Familienscene bey Erblickung die Freyheiten ( Vienna, 1782), and Dramatische ( Vienna, 1787). The former was the first work of an Austrian Jew composed in High German. Lit.: Bato, Ludwig, Die Juden im alten Wien 199; Wurzbach Biographisches Lexikon, 69. ARNSTEIN, FANNY VON, philanthropist, b. Berlin, 1757; d. Vienna, 1818. She was the daughter of Daniel Itzig, Berlin banker, and wife of Baron Nathan von Arnstein. A woman of remarkable wit and charm, ARNOLD, WILLIAM ROSENZWEIG ARNSTEIN, FANNY VON Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
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Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.3

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
The JPS Torah Commentary series guides readers through the words and ideas of the Torah. Each volume is the work of a scholar who stands at the pinnacle of his field.

History of the Jews, Vol. 3: From the Revolt against the Zendik (511 C.E.) to the Capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans (1291 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The third volume covers the period from the revolt against the Zendik to the capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans.

Aspects of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Scripta Hierosolymitana IV)
Ten contributions from various perspectives on this unique find: from the departments of Bible, Archaeology, Hebrew Philology, Linguistics, and Comparative Religion, by E.Y. Kutscher, Yigael Yudin, N. Avigad, Jacob Light, M. H. Segal, Chaim Rabin, Shemaryahu Talmon, Z. Ben-Hayyim, and David Flusser.

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

Zionism at the UN: A Diary of the First Days
This book records in diary form the events the author was involved in as an emissary of the Political Department of the Jewish Agency for Palestine to the United Nations Conference, meeting in San Francisco in the late spring and early summer of 1945. The demand for a Jewish state on the official level was first made clear at this conference.

Tractate Pesachim: Commentary and Study Guide
Master a Mesikta Series is probably the most advanced commentary and study guide to Talmud available in English. By providing background material, outlining the contents of the Talmud and its commentaries, explaining the sequence of the Talmud,offering overviews of the topics discussed and clarifying the aggadic literature and its interaction with the legal discussions, this series enables the student to focus on the unity of the tractate, and serves as an aid in helping him in its master

Volume 3, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety
Original and interesting study of the meaning of piety amoung observant Jews of the late Second Temple period.

Luah Hashanah 5780

Luah Hashanah 5775
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

The Gate Behind the Wall: A Pilgrimage to Jerusalem
When Samuel Heilman took a sabbatical from teaching sociology to spend time in Jerusalem, he did not know that it would become a personal pilgrimage. What had begun by engaging the social scientist in me would end by awakening the Jew, Heilman writes.

Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide
This is hard-core serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

Coat of Many Cultures: The Story of Joseph in Spanish Literature. 1200-1492
The book presents seven works based on the biblical story. All of these works are unmistakably Spanish, though many of them are also undeniably Jewish or Muslim.

The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

Talmud: Mesekhet B'rakhot, in 4 volumes
A Study in the development of the Halakha and Haggadah in the Land of Israel and Babylonia.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 6
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah
One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion and Law. Vol. III
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. In the third volume The Keepers of the Threshold, the Bird-Sanctuary, The Silent Widow, and other stories are discussed.

Studies in Aggadah and Folk-Literature (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXII)
With the acception of one article, Tales of the Sage by Uffenheimer, which concerns with Biblical exegesis, all other contributions approach their material from literary perspective or as a part of investigation into their history.

Reading Guide and Index, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Great introduction to all areas covered by Encyclopedia. All entries are hyperlinked to relevant Encyclopedia articles.

R. Juspa, Shammash of Warmaisa (Worms)

Don Isaac Abravanel: Statesman and Philosopher
The story of an extraordinary personality in the history of the Jewish people. Abravanel symbolizes a life of a true son of G-d s chosen people.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 9

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.

Talmud: Mesekhet B'rakhot, in 4 volumes
A Study in the development of the Halakha and Haggadah in the Land of Israel and Babylonia.

A compelling biography of Jesus of Nazareth, written by eminent Jewish scholar of the Second Temple and Early Christianity.

Jewish Contributions to Civilization: An Estimate
Joseph Jacobs was a thinker and writer of unusual breadth and versatility. Among the subjects to which he gave his attention was the comparative distribution of Jewish ability, as the result of researches he had undertaken in association with Sir Francis Galton. The present work was the natural outcome of these studies.

The Pharisees: The Sociological Background of Their Faith (2 volume-set)
The Pharisees constituted a religious Order of singular influence in the history of civilization. Judaism, Christianity, and Mohammedanism all derive from this ancient Palestinian Society. This book uncovers the origins and fundamental aspects of Pharisees' faith from sociological point of view.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 10

The Return of Anti-Semitism
An anti-Semitic contamination is now world-wide. This sad truth is brilliantly evoked in Gabriel Schoenfeld's important study. Necessary reading. --Elie Wiesel

Defenses of the Imagination: Jewish Writers and Historical Crisis
A carefully selected set of critical and biographical essays that offer analyses of a spectrum of poems, stories, historical and critical works by selected Jewish writers, who witnessed the presence of humanistic values in the most ghastly historical circumstances of the twentieth century.

A Separate Republic
Based on the Libro Grande, which is included in this volume, this authoritative analysis of the Venetian Jewish community of the 17th century gives a snapshot of the political and social structure of the Jews of Venice as they related to the general population of the Venetian Republic of that period and to the ethnic,economic, and religious diversity within their own community.

JPS Hebrew-English (Jewish Bible) Tanakh
A true searchable (offline -- English only; in optional online mode -- both English and Hebrew) replica (including Biblical Hebrew vowel and cantillation marks) of the original 2nd printed edition. It is a MUST for any serious student of The Holy Scriptures and perfect a participant in Bible-study groups.

The Jews Among the Greeks and Romans
The book is a study of the contribution of the Jews to the modern civilization. The Romans and Greeks were originators of a great many elements of our civilization, but the Jews' impact was no less real or lasting. There was a time when Greek and Roman and Jew were in free contact. The results of this contact the author skillfully explores.

The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch: Eight Lectures
Although originally published more then 50 years ago, this little Cassuto's book is still probably the best, most focused attack on Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis and a powerful defense of the integrity of the biblical text.

Volume 2, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Legends of the Jews
A most remarkable and comprehensive compilation of stories connected to the Hebrew Bible drawn largely on Jewish lore and tradition. It is an indispensable reference on that body of literature known as Midrash, the imaginative retelling and elaboration on Bible stories in which mythological tales about demons and magic co-exist with moralistic stories about the piety of the patriarchs.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

To Dwell in Unity: The Jewish Federation Movement in America Since 1960
The 1960s and 1970s were years of turbulent events and historic changes for the Jewish federations of North America. The book▓s title was chosen because unity is the hallmark of the federations. It is this unity that has pervaded the many federation developments in the historic and dramatic years of the 1960s, 1970s, and early 1980s.

Luah Hashanah 5774
United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism's official calendar for the Jewish year. It is intended to guide congregations and individuals through the liturgy during the Jewish year 5774.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 4
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Jewish Post-Biblical History through Great Personalities: From Jochanan ben Zakkai Through Moses Mendelssohn
In this book the effort has been to select from the pages of post-Biblical Jewish history the outstanding personalities, to present the life and work of each in such a way as to illustrate the spirit of Judaism in his time, and, in doing this, to analyze and systematize the complex and abstract subject matter so that it may offer the fewest difficulties to the pupil's mind.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 1: From the Beginning until the Death of Alexander I (1825)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The first volume contains the history of the Jews of Russia and Poland from its beginnings until 1825.

Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament
Long the standard English work on the subject, now is prepared to work interactively with Hebrew-English Tanakh: the Jewish Bible.


A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah
One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.

Jews, Arabs, Turks
Select essays on Middle Eastern history dealing with Israel, Egypt and Turkey with a focus on politics and cultural relations of Jews, Arabs, and Turks.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI AND JONAH
For all the talk about Bible being a source of Western ethics, Mitchell's is one of the very few books extant that pays more then a lip service to this concept.