Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

[ 485] THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA ation ( Isaiah xl- lxvi) ( London, 1872), and in Isaiah of Jerusalem in the Authorized English Version ( Isaiah i- xxxix) ( London, 1883). The mission of an intellectual liberator which Arnold imposed upon himself will explain the kinship which he, felt to two of his greatest heroes— Heine and Spinoza. To them he devoted his two most masterly essays. From Heine he derived many ideas— possibly also his cue about Hebraism and Hellenism— and the irony with which he attacked the idols of his day. Taking Heines prose poem  Lay a sword on my coffin, for I was ever a brave soldier in the Liberation War of hu-manity. . . . I am the flame, I am the sword as his theme, Arnold in his  Heinrich Lleine ( Essays in Crit-icism, London, 1865) points out the complete justice of Heines claim.  No account of Heine is complete which does not notice the Jewish element in him, and he devotes a good portion of his essay to the elabora-tion of this thesis. In  The Bishop and the Philoso-pher ( Essays in Criticism, 2nd ed., London, 1869, un-der the title  Spinoza and the Bible) Arnold replied to Colensos attack on the Pentateuch, and recom-mended Spinoza to the attention of the bishop as a model critic of the Bible. In his essay  A Word about Spinoza he gave a summary of the Tractatus Theol-oglco- Politicus, a treatise on Church and State. In Macmillans Magazine ( vol. 7, February, 1863, pp. 327- 36) he published a sympathetic review of Dr. Stanleys Lectures on the Jewish Church. Of his poems, two are of Jewish significance:  Heines Grave and  Rachel I, II, III ( three son-nets on the French tragedienne) ( in New Poems, Lon-don, 1867; 2nd ed., London, 1868).  Heines Grave is Arnolds most successful effort in lyrical metre with-out rhyme, and T. Watts- Dunton places it on the level of excellence attained by Arnold in his Sohrab and Rustum and Thyrsis ( an elegiac poem on Arthur Hugh Clough). E. D. COLEMAN. Lit.: Dictionary of National Biography, Supplement, vol. 22, pp. 70- 75; Orrick, J. B.,  Hebraism and Hellenism,, in The New Adelphi, vol. 2 ( September, 1928) 50- 56; Jacobs, Joseph, Literary Studies ( 1895) 75- 94; Newman, L. I., and Morris, R. B.,  The Jewish Interests of Matthew Arnold, in American Hebrew, Dec. 22, 1922, p. 185; Kallen, Η. M.,  Hebraism and Current Tendencies in Philosophy, in Judaism at Bay ( 1932) 7- 15; Jewish Chron-icle ( London) May 23, 1884, p. 9, and supplement of same date, p. 2; ibid., April 20, 1888, p. 5. ARNOLD, WILLIAM ROSENZWEIG, orien-talist, b. Beirut, Syria, 1872, of Jewish parentage; cl. Cambridge, Mass., 1929. He was educated at Ohio Wesleyan University, at the Union Theological Semi-nary in New York, and at Columbia University, where he received the Ph. D. degree in 1896. In 1896 he be-came curator of the department of antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Arts of New York city. From 1903 to 1922 he was professor of Hebrew language and literature at Andover Theological Seminary, and in 1922 he became professor of Hebrew and other Ori-ental languages at Harvard University. In the same year he was elected president of the Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis. He published: Ancient Baby- Ionian Temple Records in Columbia University Library ( 1896); The Divine Name in Exodus 3: 14 ( 1905); The Rhythms of the Ancient Hebrews ( 1908); The Mean-ing of the Hebrew Word Bithron in II Sam. 2: 39 The ( 1911); ( 1912); Arnon, now known as Seil el- Mojib, where it flows into the Dead Sea The Passover Papyrus Ephocl and Ark ( 1917). from Elephantine ARNON, a river and valley east of the Dead Sea; it was formerly the northern boundary of the land of Moab. Its present name is Se  il el- Mojib. The river is mentioned by the name of Arnon also in the Mesha in-scription ( line 26). ARNSTEIN, VON, a Vienna Jewish family of bankers. The founder of the family, Isaac Arnstein ( 1682- 1774), became wealthy as the court purveyor of Emperor Charles VI. Both his sons were made mem-bers of the nobility toward the close of the 18th cent. ARNSTEIN, BENEDICT DAVID VON, drama-tist, b. Vienna, 1765; d. Vienna, 1841. He was the grandson of the banker Isaac Arnstein, in whose bank he was at first employed. Later he undertook extensive trips abroad, and after his return devoted himself to literature. In addition to contributions to periodical publications, he wrote several dramas, including Eine jüdische Familienscene bey Erblickung die Freyheiten ( Vienna, 1782), and Dramatische ( Vienna, 1787). The former was the first work of an Austrian Jew composed in High German. Lit.: Bato, Ludwig, Die Juden im alten Wien 199; Wurzbach Biographisches Lexikon, 69. ARNSTEIN, FANNY VON, philanthropist, b. Berlin, 1757; d. Vienna, 1818. She was the daughter of Daniel Itzig, Berlin banker, and wife of Baron Nathan von Arnstein. A woman of remarkable wit and charm, ARNOLD, WILLIAM ROSENZWEIG ARNSTEIN, FANNY VON Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
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Volume 2, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Israel and the Nations
Israel and the Nations is a handbook of Jewish apologetics. The author's primary goal was to put together all the arguments of Jew-baiting and to explain their nature and origin. This work is a source of information and reference for all those who are in quest of enlightenment.

Smoke Over Birkenau
The astonishing stories in Smoke Over Birkenau tell of the women who lived and suffered alongside Liana Millu during her months in the concentration camp.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah
One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.

Volume 9, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Volume 6, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 7
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Studies in Bible II (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXI)
The seventeen articles in this collection, present a true sense of the Jerusalem School of Biblical scholarship with its commitment to united the unique heritage of Jewish learning with the methodology and accomplishments of modern biblical research.

Early History of the Alphabet
A most enjoyable and informative book. . . an excellent introduction to epigraphy and paleography of ancient Semitic languages . . . contains a wealth of information compiled into a simple to understand format.

Sunset Possibilities and Other Poems
Continuing the high standards of the JPS Jewish Poetry Series, this volume presents poems that have become twentieth-century classics. Included are eighty poems printed in English and Hebrew on facing pages.

Lost Love: The Untold Story of Henrietta Szold
The book tells the story of Henrietta Szold s lost love through her correspondence with Louis Ginzberg and a previously unpublished private journal.

A Grammar of Mishnaic Hebrew
More than any other, this book makes the subject is accessible to scholars who are not fluent in modern Hebrew.

Studies in Jewish Education XII: The Hebrew Language in the Era of Globalization
This volume of the Studies in Jewish Education examines the place of the Hebrew language today.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 12
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Studies in Jewish Education VII: The Beginnings of Jewish Educational Institutions
ORIGINS: THE BEGINNINGS OF JEWISH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law
First published in 1966, Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law is an unusual biography. It was written by a son about his father, by an interpreter of economics about an interpreter of rabbinics. It is done with obvious charm, with deep affection for the subject, and yet with surprising objectivity.

THE ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF JUDAEA
A broad survey of economic and political conditions in Judaea after Destruction of the Second Temple.

The Book of Delight and Other Papers
The book contains eight chapters of an absorbing text, including The Book of Delight, A Visit to Hebron, Medieval Mayfaring, and Marriages Are Made in Heaven.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 11
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Blessed is the Match: The Story of Jewish Resistance
This book is a classic account of Jewish tragedy, faith, hope, and triumph. Published originally in 1947, it is one of the first works to deal with the horrors and the heroism of the Holocaust years.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 3
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JEWS, JUDAISM AND THE CLASSICAL WORLD
English edition of the work for which G. Alon received prestigious Israel Prize. Anyone interested in the origin of the modern Jewish law and the history of the Second Temple must read this book.

Bernard Revel: Builder of American Jewish Orthodoxy
A biography of and assesment of ideas of one of the major personalities of American Jewish Orthodoxy.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 1
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature
This extraordinary volume is framed by two major original essays by the editors. Through sixteen unusual selections from ancient and medieval Hebrew texts, sensitively rendered into English prose, it reveals facets of the Jewish experience and tradition that would otherwise remain unknown.

Ideology and Settlement
The first deep and detailed research conducted on the subject of carrying out of the policies and enterprises of the JNF in the years prior to World War I.

My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.
This book deals with the efforts of American Jews - through their overseas aid organization, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee - to come the aid of European Jewry in the crucial prewar decade, 1929-1939.

The Responsa Literature
An interesting presentation of an extraordinary type of correspondence between communities and foremost Jewish authorities during the past fifteen hundred years by which social, economic and religious problems were discussed and solved.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Judges
The commentary, which pays a close attention to early history of social and religious life of Israel.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ecclesiastes
A straightforward, engaging commentary on the Book of Kohelet.

A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

Studies in Aggadah and Folk-Literature (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXII)
With the acception of one article, Tales of the Sage by Uffenheimer, which concerns with Biblical exegesis, all other contributions approach their material from literary perspective or as a part of investigation into their history.

The House of Nasi: The Duke of Naxos
Joseph Nasi, Duke of Naxos, Lord of Tiberias, was a Marrano or “converse,” knighted by Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, a jousting partner of Emperor Maximillian, and a court advisor to Suleiman the Magnificent. During his astonishing life as a statesman, financier, and philanthropist in sixteenth-century Europe, he moved across the continent from Antwerp to Paris, to Naples, to Rome, and from there to Constantinople, where he reembraced Judaism.

Life, Liberty and the Defense of Dignity: The Challenge for Bioethics
Thoughful, often profound writting about the limits of science and the limits of life, about what makes us human and gives us human dignity.

Tractate Berakhos & Tamid v. I: Commentary and Study Guide
Master A Mesikta Series is a perfect perfect companion for the study of Talmud. Designed for those who already know something, the series provides important background information on Talmud and clarifies its content using outlines, elucidations of its text and commentaries: it explains the sequence of Talmud's texts, overviews discussed topics, zooms in on how aggadic portions of Talmud interact with its legal discussions, and much more...

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion and Law. Vol. III
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. In the third volume The Keepers of the Threshold, the Bird-Sanctuary, The Silent Widow, and other stories are discussed.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 7
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The International Critical Commentary (ICC): DEUTERONOMY
Electronic edition of one of the author's finest achievements.

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Studia Biblica Vol. 1
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Jerusalem Curiosities
This volume not only seeks to provide pleasurable reading but also enables the reader to grasp Jerusalem's unique role in the history of mankind. Those who read this book will encounter Jerusalem with eyes that see and hearts that understand.

The Third Pillar
Through slow and difficult years of impassioned creative effort, the author has summed up, distilled, symbolized the incomparable tragedy of Jewish people into an essentially poetic form that is clear with a great intellectual clarity, as well as majestic with the grandeur of the theme he treats.

Studies in Jewish Education I: Theory and Research
The focus of this volume is the state of the Jewish educational research and its impact on practice.

Maimonides: Torah and Philosophic Quest
In this original study, noted scholar and theologian David Hartman discusses the relation between Maimonides' halakhic writings and The Guide of the Perplexed. This pioneering work earned Dr. Hartman a National Jewish Book Award for a book on Jewish thought.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (1825–1894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

The Anti-Chomsky Reader
Provocative essays that analyze Noam Chomsky's intellectual and political career: coverage includes Chomsky's contribution to linguistics, his hatred of Israel, gloating reaction to the September 11 attacks, as well as his collaboration with Holocaust revisionists, apologies Pol Pot, and others.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 8
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

ADULT EDUCATION IN CRISIS SITUATIONS


Mekhilta de-Rabbi Ishmael (3 vols.)
An electronic edition of JPS's original 3-volume set, based on manuscript and early editions.

Between East and West: A History of the Jews of North Africa
This book is a valuable contribution to our understanding of “the forgotten million” that once comprised the great Jewish communities of North Africa. It covers a period of more than two thousand years in the history of those communities.