Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

[ 485] THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA ation ( Isaiah xl- lxvi) ( London, 1872), and in Isaiah of Jerusalem in the Authorized English Version ( Isaiah i- xxxix) ( London, 1883). The mission of an intellectual liberator which Arnold imposed upon himself will explain the kinship which he, felt to two of his greatest heroes— Heine and Spinoza. To them he devoted his two most masterly essays. From Heine he derived many ideas— possibly also his cue about Hebraism and Hellenism— and the irony with which he attacked the idols of his day. Taking Heines prose poem  Lay a sword on my coffin, for I was ever a brave soldier in the Liberation War of hu-manity. . . . I am the flame, I am the sword as his theme, Arnold in his  Heinrich Lleine ( Essays in Crit-icism, London, 1865) points out the complete justice of Heines claim.  No account of Heine is complete which does not notice the Jewish element in him, and he devotes a good portion of his essay to the elabora-tion of this thesis. In  The Bishop and the Philoso-pher ( Essays in Criticism, 2nd ed., London, 1869, un-der the title  Spinoza and the Bible) Arnold replied to Colensos attack on the Pentateuch, and recom-mended Spinoza to the attention of the bishop as a model critic of the Bible. In his essay  A Word about Spinoza he gave a summary of the Tractatus Theol-oglco- Politicus, a treatise on Church and State. In Macmillans Magazine ( vol. 7, February, 1863, pp. 327- 36) he published a sympathetic review of Dr. Stanleys Lectures on the Jewish Church. Of his poems, two are of Jewish significance:  Heines Grave and  Rachel I, II, III ( three son-nets on the French tragedienne) ( in New Poems, Lon-don, 1867; 2nd ed., London, 1868).  Heines Grave is Arnolds most successful effort in lyrical metre with-out rhyme, and T. Watts- Dunton places it on the level of excellence attained by Arnold in his Sohrab and Rustum and Thyrsis ( an elegiac poem on Arthur Hugh Clough). E. D. COLEMAN. Lit.: Dictionary of National Biography, Supplement, vol. 22, pp. 70- 75; Orrick, J. B.,  Hebraism and Hellenism,, in The New Adelphi, vol. 2 ( September, 1928) 50- 56; Jacobs, Joseph, Literary Studies ( 1895) 75- 94; Newman, L. I., and Morris, R. B.,  The Jewish Interests of Matthew Arnold, in American Hebrew, Dec. 22, 1922, p. 185; Kallen, Η. M.,  Hebraism and Current Tendencies in Philosophy, in Judaism at Bay ( 1932) 7- 15; Jewish Chron-icle ( London) May 23, 1884, p. 9, and supplement of same date, p. 2; ibid., April 20, 1888, p. 5. ARNOLD, WILLIAM ROSENZWEIG, orien-talist, b. Beirut, Syria, 1872, of Jewish parentage; cl. Cambridge, Mass., 1929. He was educated at Ohio Wesleyan University, at the Union Theological Semi-nary in New York, and at Columbia University, where he received the Ph. D. degree in 1896. In 1896 he be-came curator of the department of antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Arts of New York city. From 1903 to 1922 he was professor of Hebrew language and literature at Andover Theological Seminary, and in 1922 he became professor of Hebrew and other Ori-ental languages at Harvard University. In the same year he was elected president of the Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis. He published: Ancient Baby- Ionian Temple Records in Columbia University Library ( 1896); The Divine Name in Exodus 3: 14 ( 1905); The Rhythms of the Ancient Hebrews ( 1908); The Mean-ing of the Hebrew Word Bithron in II Sam. 2: 39 The ( 1911); ( 1912); Arnon, now known as Seil el- Mojib, where it flows into the Dead Sea The Passover Papyrus Ephocl and Ark ( 1917). from Elephantine ARNON, a river and valley east of the Dead Sea; it was formerly the northern boundary of the land of Moab. Its present name is Se  il el- Mojib. The river is mentioned by the name of Arnon also in the Mesha in-scription ( line 26). ARNSTEIN, VON, a Vienna Jewish family of bankers. The founder of the family, Isaac Arnstein ( 1682- 1774), became wealthy as the court purveyor of Emperor Charles VI. Both his sons were made mem-bers of the nobility toward the close of the 18th cent. ARNSTEIN, BENEDICT DAVID VON, drama-tist, b. Vienna, 1765; d. Vienna, 1841. He was the grandson of the banker Isaac Arnstein, in whose bank he was at first employed. Later he undertook extensive trips abroad, and after his return devoted himself to literature. In addition to contributions to periodical publications, he wrote several dramas, including Eine jüdische Familienscene bey Erblickung die Freyheiten ( Vienna, 1782), and Dramatische ( Vienna, 1787). The former was the first work of an Austrian Jew composed in High German. Lit.: Bato, Ludwig, Die Juden im alten Wien 199; Wurzbach Biographisches Lexikon, 69. ARNSTEIN, FANNY VON, philanthropist, b. Berlin, 1757; d. Vienna, 1818. She was the daughter of Daniel Itzig, Berlin banker, and wife of Baron Nathan von Arnstein. A woman of remarkable wit and charm, ARNOLD, WILLIAM ROSENZWEIG ARNSTEIN, FANNY VON Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

Jews, Arabs, Turks
Select essays on Middle Eastern history dealing with Israel, Egypt and Turkey with a focus on politics and cultural relations of Jews, Arabs, and Turks.

Islam Unveiled
In Islam Unveiled, Robert Spencer dares to face the hard questions about what the Islamic religion actually teaches — and the potentially ominous implications of those teachings for the future of both the Muslim world and the West.

History of the Jews, Vol. 4: From the Rise of the Kabbala (1270 C.E.) to the Permanent Settlement of the Marranos in Holland (1618 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fourth volume covers the period from the rise of the Kabbala to the permanent settlement of the Marranos in Holland.

Hellenism
This book is intended for those interested in the conflict of Judaism with the culture of the ancient world and its impact on the Jewish life of today.

TestBook3
Short Description

MEDICINE AND MEDICAL ETHICS IN MEDIEVAL AND EARLY MODERN SPAIN


TestBook4


The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 8
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy
The fifth and final JPS commentary on the last book of the Torah.

Tractate Sanhedrin: Commentary and Study Guide
SANHEDRIN (“ Court”): Name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmudim. It stands fourth in the order Nezikin in most editions, and is divided into eleven chapters containing seventy-one paragraphs in all. It treats chiefly of courts and their powers, of qualifications for the office of judge, and of legal procedure and criminal law.

The Third Pillar
Through slow and difficult years of impassioned creative effort, the author has summed up, distilled, symbolized the incomparable tragedy of Jewish people into an essentially poetic form that is clear with a great intellectual clarity, as well as majestic with the grandeur of the theme he treats.

Luah Hashannah 5778
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 5
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8
The history of three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia: Castellón de la Plana, Burriana, Villarreal.

Religion and Zionism First Encounters


To Dwell in Unity: The Jewish Federation Movement in America Since 1960
The 1960s and 1970s were years of turbulent events and historic changes for the Jewish federations of North America. The book▓s title was chosen because unity is the hallmark of the federations. It is this unity that has pervaded the many federation developments in the historic and dramatic years of the 1960s, 1970s, and early 1980s.

AN EMPIRE IN THE HOLY LAND


Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Jobs (in 2 volumes)
Electronic edition of the massive commentary on the Book of Job.

Jewish Post-Biblical History through Great Personalities: From Jochanan ben Zakkai Through Moses Mendelssohn
In this book the effort has been to select from the pages of post-Biblical Jewish history the outstanding personalities, to present the life and work of each in such a way as to illustrate the spirit of Judaism in his time, and, in doing this, to analyze and systematize the complex and abstract subject matter so that it may offer the fewest difficulties to the pupil's mind.

The Bunker
The book tells a story of seven Jews who succeeded in escaping the massacre of Jews that followed the Warsaw uprising in 1944. From about September 1944 until January 1945 the author lived with six others in a bunker under inconceivable conditions. Yet they survived. How they managed this is told in The Bunker.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 5
wert

Pirke de-Rabbi Eliezer
Kabbalistic midrashic work on Genesis, part of Exodus, and a few sentences of Numbers ascribed to R. Eliezer b. Hyrcanus.

The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

Don Isaac Abravanel: Statesman and Philosopher
The story of an extraordinary personality in the history of the Jewish people. Abravanel symbolizes a life of a true son of G-d s chosen people.

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Studies in Bible I (Scripta Hierosolymitana VIII)
Publication of the Hebrew University, Jerusalem

Zionism at the UN: A Diary of the First Days
This book records in diary form the events the author was involved in as an emissary of the Political Department of the Jewish Agency for Palestine to the United Nations Conference, meeting in San Francisco in the late spring and early summer of 1945. The demand for a Jewish state on the official level was first made clear at this conference.

The Mystical Element in Judaism
An alternative to Gershom Scholem's view of Kabbalah by one of the greatest Jewish thinkers; a succinct yet much revealing introduction to Jewish mysticism.

Studies in Jewish Education XIII: Modes of Educational Translation
This volume is concerned with the possibility of “translating” insights derived from areas of knowledge sometimes thought to be outside the purview of education – to issues and problems on the agenda of educational thinkers, researchers and practitioners.

Rabad of Posquieres: A Twelfth-Century Talmudist
This biographical treatise captures the personality of Rabbad of Posquieres or Rabbi Abraham ben David – one of the most creative talmudic scholars of the twelfth century, chronicles his role in the intellectual history of the Jews in southern France during the twelfth century, and outlines his influence on subsequent generations.

Sunset Possibilities and Other Poems
Continuing the high standards of the JPS Jewish Poetry Series, this volume presents poems that have become twentieth-century classics. Included are eighty poems printed in English and Hebrew on facing pages.

Sunset Possibilities and Other Poems
Continuing the high standards of the JPS Jewish Poetry Series, this volume presents poems that have become twentieth-century classics. Included are eighty poems printed in English and Hebrew on facing pages.

History of the Jews, Vol. 1: From the Earliest Period to the Death of Simon the Maccabee (135 B.C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The first volume covers the period from the entry of Israelite tribes into the land of Canaan to the settlement of the Judeans in Egypt.

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the “Geschichte der Juden,” the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 11
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Jesus
A compelling biography of Jesus of Nazareth, written by eminent Jewish scholar of the Second Temple and Early Christianity.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 6
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.3
sadf

Legends of the Jews
A most remarkable and comprehensive compilation of stories connected to the Hebrew Bible drawn largely on Jewish lore and tradition. It is an indispensable reference on that body of literature known as Midrash, the imaginative retelling and elaboration on Bible stories in which mythological tales about demons and magic co-exist with moralistic stories about the piety of the patriarchs.

JPS Bible Commentary: Haftarot
The most recent addition to the JPS Bible Commentary series covers the varied selections from the Nevi'im that comprise the haftarot, chanted on Sabbaths and holy days in synagogues.

Chess in Jewish History and Hebrew Literature
This book deals with the origins of chess from before 500 A.D. and its appearance in Jewish sources and literature until the middle of the 19th century.

Hellenism
This book is intended for those interested in the conflict of Judaism with the culture of the ancient world and its impact on the Jewish life of today.

Tractate Berakhos & Tamid v. I: Commentary and Study Guide
Master A Mesikta Series is a perfect perfect companion for the study of Talmud. Designed for those who already know something, the series provides important background information on Talmud and clarifies its content using outlines, elucidations of its text and commentaries: it explains the sequence of Talmud's texts, overviews discussed topics, zooms in on how aggadic portions of Talmud interact with its legal discussions, and much more...

Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition
Interactive edition of one of the most important Biblical Hebrew grammar ever published in English.

Two Portuguese Exiles in Castile: Dom David Negro and Dom Isaac Abravanel. Hispania Judaica, v. 10
The book contains more than 30 documents related to Portuguese Jewry in general and David Negro and Isaac Abravanel in particular.

JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy
The fifth and final JPS commentary on the last book of the Torah.

Aspects of the Jewish Economic History
A survey of the far-ranging Jewish contribution to economic progress of the Western world.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Exodus
The Book of Exodus sets before us, as the Hebrews of later ages told it, and in the vivid, picturesque style which the best Jewish historians could always command, the story of the deliverance from Egypt.

Tractate Berakhos II: Commentary and Study Guide
The guide to how Rabbis formulated their decrees and delt with changing conditions after the destruction of the Second Temple and the fall of Betar.