Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

ARNHEΜ ARNOLD, MATTHEW rabbi of the Beth Hamidrash in Glogau; this position he held until 1860. Arnheim was an excellent Hebrew stylist; he wrote a Hebrew grammar and numerous articles. Lit.: Rosin, David,  Die Zunzschc Bibel, in Monats-schrift für die Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums ( 1894) 508; Fünn, S. J., Keneseth Yisrael ( 1886- 90) 156. ARNHEM, capital of the province of Geldern, Hol-land, situated on the right bank of the Rhine. The earliest allusion to the Jews of Arnhem is made in 1348, the year of the Black Death. About the middle of the 15th cent. a Jew was appointed municipal physi-cian. In 1450, on Ash Wednesday, it is reported that a Jew was baptized. In the years immediately following, oppressive restrictions were imposed on the Jews: they were ordered to wear the yellow badge and to place a similar mark on their meats; they were forbidden to take interest, or to make any loans at all to Christians. For about a hundred years nothing is heard of them; the oppression of the rulers probably drove them out of Holland. Then in 1663 there is record of a decree that the Jews of Arnhem be entirely excluded from the meat industry. In 1737, however, they were granted substan-tial political and civil rights, and in 1755 were allotted a tract of 4,000 square feet for a cemetery. Ten years later a synagogue with an approved constitution was officially incorporated. Since about 1898 the Jewish population of the city, numbering approximately 1,400 out of a total population of 84,000, has remained prac-tically stationary. The meat trade and retail dry goods trade engage a large part of the community. An out-standing Jewish personality of the 19th cent, in Arnhem was Israel Waterman, leader of the Reform Movement among the Dutch Jews. ARNHOLD, EDUARD, industrialist, b. Dessau, Germany, 1849; d. Berlin, 1925. Through his manage-ment of the well- known coal firm of Caesar Wollheim, Arnhold controlled a considerable portion of the Upper Silesian mining industry, of which he organized the coal output. In addition, he wielded great power in the ma-chinery and chemical industries, and was considered a specialist in transportation. His cooperation on the central committee of the Reichsbank, in the Berlin chamber of commerce, in the imperial economic coun-cil, and in the administrative council of the German railroad association served the public interests. The German government consulted him repeatedly as an economic expert. Even in imperial Germany he was appointed a member of the Prussian House of Lords and an honorary member of the academy of arts in Berlin. His private collection of paintings was admired as one of the most important private galleries in the entire world of art. Lit.: Arnhold, Eduard, ein Gedenkbuch ( privately printed, 1928); Degener, Wer ists ( 1928). ARNHOLD, GEORG, banker and consul, brother of Eduard, b. Dessau, Germany, 1859; d. Dresden, Germany, 1926. He was the senior partner of the old-established banking firm of Arnhold Bros, in Dresden ( this was merged with the Dresden Bank in 1938). He performed great services in behalf of the economic life of Saxony, and various brewery and china interests were united under his control. He was active also in social welfare work, having established in Dresden the THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA [ 484] central peoples kitchens and a swimming- pool. Arn-hold, who was one of the first pacifists, joined a peace society as early as the end of the 19th cent. and gave it his energetic support. ARNOLD, MATTHEW ( 1822- 88), son of the famous headmaster of Rugby ( Dr. Thomas Arnold), poet, critic of letters and religion, and Η. M. layman inspector of schools for the Education Department, from 1851 to 1886, for the Westminster district of London. In this latter capacity he inspected the Jew-ish schools. At the May, 1884, banquet of the Jews Free School, as one of the speakers, he took occasion to praise the educational standard of the Jewish schools and to point out the cultural value of the study of the Hebrew language in any scheme of secular education. His friendship with the Rothschilds and the Monte-fiores, particularly Lady Rothschild ( nee Louisa Montefiore), niece of Sir Moses Montefiore and wife of Sir Anthony de Rothschild, and through them with the intellectual elite of London Jewry, began in the early days of Sir Anthonys presidency of the Jews Free School and continued , during the entire incum-bency of his educational post. Arnolds correspondence with Lady Rothschild during the years 1863 to 1874, almost as great in number as to any of his immediate family, is published in his Letters. The chief Jewish interest of Arnold consists in the fact that he put into circulation a certain number of new and striking ideas and expressions about the role of Israel in the worlds cultural history. Besides, he did this in unforgettable, almost lyrical prose, and in new words and phrases, in the coining of which he was a master. That which Israel stood for in history he termed Hebraism. As applied by him, Hebraism is that mode of human thought and action of which the an-cient Hebrew is taken as the type; the moral, as op-posed to the intellectual, theory of life ( see his  He-braism and Hellenism in Culture and Anarchy, Lon-don, 1869).  The uppermost idea with Hellenism is to see things as they are; the uppermost idea with He-braism is conduct and obedience. . . . The Jew stood for the beauty of holiness; the Greek for the holiness of beauty. . . . The governing idea of Hellenism is spontaneity of conscience; that of Hebraism, strictness of conscience. In his Literature and Dogma ( London, 1873) his God and the Bible ( London, 1875) he continued this interpretation, positing the following propositions: 1. No people ever stressed as strongly as did Israel that conduct is all- important, in an age when none of its contemporaries was concerned with it; 2. Israel uniquely conceived God not as a person but as an  Eternal power, not ourselves, which makes for right-eousness; he further maintained that the English nation is so constituted that it can be brought to a more philosophical conception of religion through Ju-daism and its phenomena rather than through Hellen-ism, and that Puritanism is Hebraism in action, which came about as a protest against the  unrighteous con-duct of the pre- Cromwellian era. His enthusiasm for the Bible as literature and as a guide to right  conduct led him to edit the two portions of the book Isaiah, with prefaces and notes. He did this in A Bible Read-ing: for Schools; the Great Prophecy Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament
Long the standard English work on the subject, now is prepared to work interactively with Hebrew-English Tanakh: the Jewish Bible.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (1825–1894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

A Grammar of Mishnaic Hebrew
More than any other, this book makes the subject is accessible to scholars who are not fluent in modern Hebrew.

Tractate Bava Basra I: Commentary and Study Guide
The third of the three Talmudic tractates of the order Neziḳin, dealing with man's responsibilities and rights as the owner of property, of a house or field. The tractate is divided into ten chapters, the contents of which may be described as follows: (1) Regulations relating to property held by more than one owner (ch. i.); (2) responsibilities of an owner of property with regard to that of his neighbor (ch. ii.); (3) established rights of ownership and rights connected with property

Succeeding at Jewish Education: How One Synagogue Made It Work
Joseph Reimer uses his experience and talent as an ethnographer to bring to life the drama of one synagogue's struggle to make Jewish education work. As a result of his classroom observations Reimer comes away with important insights into what makes Jewish education succeed.

Jesus of Nazareth
asdf

Luah Hashannah 5778
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

The Conversos of Majorca. Hispania Judaica, v. 5
Life and death in a crypto-Jewish community of Conversos of XVII century Majorca.

The Shema: Spirituality and Law in Judaism
The Shema has been described as the central watchword of Jewish faith. The book represents an extensive commentary on the words of the Shema, drawing upon the wide range of traditional sources and the author's own reflections.

Judaism and the Origins of Christianity
A massive collection of scholarship of the author who has pioneered new understanding of the Jewish background of early Christianity.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 3
asdf

Hanukkah: The Feast of Lights
There is a glamour and mystery about the Feast of Lights. Miss Solis-Cohen takes up the challenge of Hanukkah to the modern Jew and tries to explain it. The book will appeal to adults and to children, to those who seek knowledge on the holiday's origin and history.

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. I
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The first volume covers the folklore ranging from the creation of man to the heirship of Jacob.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 12
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Succeeding at Jewish Education: How One Synagogue Made It Work
Joseph Reimer uses his experience and talent as an ethnographer to bring to life the drama of one synagogue's struggle to make Jewish education work. As a result of his classroom observations Reimer comes away with important insights into what makes Jewish education succeed.

Amulets and Magic Bowls: Aramaic Incantations of the Late Antiquity
The book contains the texts of all the legible amulets in Aramaic known today as well as 13 unpublished till now bowls. Their study allows us to peak into the religious feelings and practices of common people in the Talmudic period. The book contains a wealth of new material for the history of magic in the Middle East.

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

A Commentary on the Book of Exodus
The last of the commentaries rendered into English, this Cassuto's work ranks among the finest modern contributions to the treasury of Biblical learning.

Zionism at the UN: A Diary of the First Days
This book records in diary form the events the author was involved in as an emissary of the Political Department of the Jewish Agency for Palestine to the United Nations Conference, meeting in San Francisco in the late spring and early summer of 1945. The demand for a Jewish state on the official level was first made clear at this conference.

The Goddess Anath
A major contribution to Ugaritic scholarship, The Goddess Anath--Cassuto's work on Canaanite Epics of the Patriarchal Age--is a classic authored by one of the greatest Bible scholars.

Chapters on Jewish Literature
The twenty-five short chapters on Jewish Literature open with the fall of Jerusalem in the year 70 of the current era, and end with the death of Moses Mendelssohn in 1786. This book has been compiled with the definite aim of providing an elementary manual of Jewish literature both for home and school use.

Studies in Mishnaic Hebrew (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVII)
The twenty-two articles in this collection represent the latest results of the research into Mishnaic Hebrew that is conducted in Israel.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.
This is the third and final volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Mekhilta de-Rabbi Ishmael (3 vols.)
An electronic edition of JPS's original 3-volume set, based on manuscript and early editions.

The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch: Eight Lectures
Although originally published more then 50 years ago, this little Cassuto's book is still probably the best, most focused attack on Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis and a powerful defense of the integrity of the biblical text.

The Birobidzhan Affair: A Yiddish Writer in Siberia
The Birobidzhan Affair is the autobiography, “a chronicle of heart-rending events” recounting Emiot's eight years at hard labor in various work camps in Siberia. Poignant, remarkably understated in tone, it provides evidence of his travails as a Jewish victim of the bitter bureaucracy that was Stalinist Russia.

A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 10
qwer

Trujillo: A Jewish Community in Extremadura on the Eve of the Expulsion from Spain. Hispania Judaica, v. 2
Based on documents published for the first time, this book reveals the life and surroundings of a community lulled into a false sense of security and endeavouring to build its life in peace while the war against Granada continues.

Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law
First published in 1966, Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law is an unusual biography. It was written by a son about his father, by an interpreter of economics about an interpreter of rabbinics. It is done with obvious charm, with deep affection for the subject, and yet with surprising objectivity.

Amulets and Magic Bowls: Aramaic Incantations of the Late Antiquity
The book contains the texts of all the legible amulets in Aramaic known today as well as 13 unpublished till now bowls. Their study allows us to peak into the religious feelings and practices of common people in the Talmudic period. The book contains a wealth of new material for the history of magic in the Middle East.

Studies in Jewish Education XII: The Hebrew Language in the Era of Globalization
This volume of the Studies in Jewish Education examines the place of the Hebrew language today.

Luah Hashanah 5774
United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism's official calendar for the Jewish year. It is intended to guide congregations and individuals through the liturgy during the Jewish year 5774.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 2
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Exodus
The Book of Exodus sets before us, as the Hebrews of later ages told it, and in the vivid, picturesque style which the best Jewish historians could always command, the story of the deliverance from Egypt.

Medieval Ketubot from Sefarad, Hispania Judaica v. 11
A careful examination of legal and historic aspects of 30 ketubots from various medieval Hispanic kingdoms; includes their comparison.

Volume 8, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The Third Pillar
Through slow and difficult years of impassioned creative effort, the author has summed up, distilled, symbolized the incomparable tragedy of Jewish people into an essentially poetic form that is clear with a great intellectual clarity, as well as majestic with the grandeur of the theme he treats.

The Return of Anti-Semitism
An anti-Semitic contamination is now world-wide. This sad truth is brilliantly evoked in Gabriel Schoenfeld's important study. Necessary reading. --Elie Wiesel

Divine Law in Human Hands
A revealing look at the reciprocal relationship between the Halakha as an abstract system and the realities of the Jewish life.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 12
asdf

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 2
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish interpreters (in 2 vols.)
Collection of printed texts and MSS. by Jewish commentators on the 53rd Chapter of Isaiah, brought together by AD. Nubauer and translated with assistance of S.R.Driver.

JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy
The fifth and final JPS commentary on the last book of the Torah.

Luah Hashanah 5777
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

The Birobidzhan Affair: A Yiddish Writer in Siberia
The Birobidzhan Affair is the autobiography, “a chronicle of heart-rending events” recounting Emiot's eight years at hard labor in various work camps in Siberia. Poignant, remarkably understated in tone, it provides evidence of his travails as a Jewish victim of the bitter bureaucracy that was Stalinist Russia.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): NUMBERS
A major work of interpretation, which served--according to Baruch Levin's own words--as “anchor and compass” for his Anchor Bible commentary on Numbers.