Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

ARNHEΜ ARNOLD, MATTHEW rabbi of the Beth Hamidrash in Glogau; this position he held until 1860. Arnheim was an excellent Hebrew stylist; he wrote a Hebrew grammar and numerous articles. Lit.: Rosin, David,  Die Zunzschc Bibel, in Monats-schrift für die Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums ( 1894) 508; Fünn, S. J., Keneseth Yisrael ( 1886- 90) 156. ARNHEM, capital of the province of Geldern, Hol-land, situated on the right bank of the Rhine. The earliest allusion to the Jews of Arnhem is made in 1348, the year of the Black Death. About the middle of the 15th cent. a Jew was appointed municipal physi-cian. In 1450, on Ash Wednesday, it is reported that a Jew was baptized. In the years immediately following, oppressive restrictions were imposed on the Jews: they were ordered to wear the yellow badge and to place a similar mark on their meats; they were forbidden to take interest, or to make any loans at all to Christians. For about a hundred years nothing is heard of them; the oppression of the rulers probably drove them out of Holland. Then in 1663 there is record of a decree that the Jews of Arnhem be entirely excluded from the meat industry. In 1737, however, they were granted substan-tial political and civil rights, and in 1755 were allotted a tract of 4,000 square feet for a cemetery. Ten years later a synagogue with an approved constitution was officially incorporated. Since about 1898 the Jewish population of the city, numbering approximately 1,400 out of a total population of 84,000, has remained prac-tically stationary. The meat trade and retail dry goods trade engage a large part of the community. An out-standing Jewish personality of the 19th cent, in Arnhem was Israel Waterman, leader of the Reform Movement among the Dutch Jews. ARNHOLD, EDUARD, industrialist, b. Dessau, Germany, 1849; d. Berlin, 1925. Through his manage-ment of the well- known coal firm of Caesar Wollheim, Arnhold controlled a considerable portion of the Upper Silesian mining industry, of which he organized the coal output. In addition, he wielded great power in the ma-chinery and chemical industries, and was considered a specialist in transportation. His cooperation on the central committee of the Reichsbank, in the Berlin chamber of commerce, in the imperial economic coun-cil, and in the administrative council of the German railroad association served the public interests. The German government consulted him repeatedly as an economic expert. Even in imperial Germany he was appointed a member of the Prussian House of Lords and an honorary member of the academy of arts in Berlin. His private collection of paintings was admired as one of the most important private galleries in the entire world of art. Lit.: Arnhold, Eduard, ein Gedenkbuch ( privately printed, 1928); Degener, Wer ists ( 1928). ARNHOLD, GEORG, banker and consul, brother of Eduard, b. Dessau, Germany, 1859; d. Dresden, Germany, 1926. He was the senior partner of the old-established banking firm of Arnhold Bros, in Dresden ( this was merged with the Dresden Bank in 1938). He performed great services in behalf of the economic life of Saxony, and various brewery and china interests were united under his control. He was active also in social welfare work, having established in Dresden the THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA [ 484] central peoples kitchens and a swimming- pool. Arn-hold, who was one of the first pacifists, joined a peace society as early as the end of the 19th cent. and gave it his energetic support. ARNOLD, MATTHEW ( 1822- 88), son of the famous headmaster of Rugby ( Dr. Thomas Arnold), poet, critic of letters and religion, and Η. M. layman inspector of schools for the Education Department, from 1851 to 1886, for the Westminster district of London. In this latter capacity he inspected the Jew-ish schools. At the May, 1884, banquet of the Jews Free School, as one of the speakers, he took occasion to praise the educational standard of the Jewish schools and to point out the cultural value of the study of the Hebrew language in any scheme of secular education. His friendship with the Rothschilds and the Monte-fiores, particularly Lady Rothschild ( nee Louisa Montefiore), niece of Sir Moses Montefiore and wife of Sir Anthony de Rothschild, and through them with the intellectual elite of London Jewry, began in the early days of Sir Anthonys presidency of the Jews Free School and continued , during the entire incum-bency of his educational post. Arnolds correspondence with Lady Rothschild during the years 1863 to 1874, almost as great in number as to any of his immediate family, is published in his Letters. The chief Jewish interest of Arnold consists in the fact that he put into circulation a certain number of new and striking ideas and expressions about the role of Israel in the worlds cultural history. Besides, he did this in unforgettable, almost lyrical prose, and in new words and phrases, in the coining of which he was a master. That which Israel stood for in history he termed Hebraism. As applied by him, Hebraism is that mode of human thought and action of which the an-cient Hebrew is taken as the type; the moral, as op-posed to the intellectual, theory of life ( see his  He-braism and Hellenism in Culture and Anarchy, Lon-don, 1869).  The uppermost idea with Hellenism is to see things as they are; the uppermost idea with He-braism is conduct and obedience. . . . The Jew stood for the beauty of holiness; the Greek for the holiness of beauty. . . . The governing idea of Hellenism is spontaneity of conscience; that of Hebraism, strictness of conscience. In his Literature and Dogma ( London, 1873) his God and the Bible ( London, 1875) he continued this interpretation, positing the following propositions: 1. No people ever stressed as strongly as did Israel that conduct is all- important, in an age when none of its contemporaries was concerned with it; 2. Israel uniquely conceived God not as a person but as an  Eternal power, not ourselves, which makes for right-eousness; he further maintained that the English nation is so constituted that it can be brought to a more philosophical conception of religion through Ju-daism and its phenomena rather than through Hellen-ism, and that Puritanism is Hebraism in action, which came about as a protest against the  unrighteous con-duct of the pre- Cromwellian era. His enthusiasm for the Bible as literature and as a guide to right  conduct led him to edit the two portions of the book Isaiah, with prefaces and notes. He did this in A Bible Read-ing: for Schools; the Great Prophecy Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

Jerusalem Curiosities
This volume not only seeks to provide pleasurable reading but also enables the reader to grasp Jerusalem's unique role in the history of mankind. Those who read this book will encounter Jerusalem with eyes that see and hearts that understand.

The Return of Anti-Semitism
An anti-Semitic contamination is now world-wide. This sad truth is brilliantly evoked in Gabriel Schoenfeld's important study. Necessary reading. --Elie Wiesel

Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature
This extraordinary volume is framed by two major original essays by the editors. Through sixteen unusual selections from ancient and medieval Hebrew texts, sensitively rendered into English prose, it reveals facets of the Jewish experience and tradition that would otherwise remain unknown.

Jewish Contributions to Civilization: An Estimate
Joseph Jacobs was a thinker and writer of unusual breadth and versatility. Among the subjects to which he gave his attention was the comparative distribution of Jewish ability, as the result of researches he had undertaken in association with Sir Francis Galton. The present work was the natural outcome of these studies.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Psalms (in 2 volumes)
asdf

The Responsa Literature
An interesting presentation of an extraordinary type of correspondence between communities and foremost Jewish authorities during the past fifteen hundred years by which social, economic and religious problems were discussed and solved.

Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

Hebrew Ethical Wills
This volume includes specimens which, either as complete texts or as extracts, are representative of the type of literature known as Ethical Wills. The testaments give an intimate insight into the personal religion of Jews and Jewish experience through many centuries.

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

JPS Bible Commentary: Haftarot
The most recent addition to the JPS Bible Commentary series covers the varied selections from the Nevi'im that comprise the haftarot, chanted on Sabbaths and holy days in synagogues.

Hebrew-English Tanakh: the Jewish Bible
Multi-platform, electronic edition of masoretic text of the Holy Scriptures placed next to classic Jewish translation.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 6
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

Literary Studies In The Hebrew Bible Form And Content
This volume focuses on some major issues in biblical research. In the studies collected in this volume, the author aims at highlighting salient literary modes which can be identified the books of the Hebrew Bible.

Mystic Tales from the Zohar
A translation of eight of the most interesting narratives found in the Zohar. In addition, the book contains a comprehensive introduction, a glossary, notes, and a bibliography.

Spain, the Jews, and Franco
The role played by Spain during World War II regarding the Jews has long been a matter of controversy. This volume, first published in Hebrew to wide acclaim seeks to set the record straight. It offers a full and objective account of the rescue of Jewish refugees from Nazi-occupied countries by the Franco regime.

JPS Bible Commentary: Esther
In this latest addition to the Jewish Publication Society's commentary series, the reader will further be reworded with many productive and original insights: in this particular case on the background of the feast of Purim.

A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

Volume 4, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

Judaism as a Civilization: Toward a Reconstruction of American-Jewish Life
Judaism as a Civilization remains one of the most original and thought-provoking contributions toward creating a comprehensive program for creative Jewish life. In this seminal work, Kaplan offers his now famous concept of Judaism as an evolving religious civilization.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): ESTHER
Extraodinary book which retained its freshness and technical insight after almost a century of existance.

Violence and Defense in the Jewish Experience
Violence has always existed, and the Jews have been its victims for thousands of years in all parts of the world and in all periods of history. The book presents the fruits of the colloquium on Violence and Defense in Jewish History held in Tel-Aviv in 1974.

Tractate Bava Basra I: Commentary and Study Guide
The third of the three Talmudic tractates of the order Neziḳin, dealing with man's responsibilities and rights as the owner of property, of a house or field. The tractate is divided into ten chapters, the contents of which may be described as follows: (1) Regulations relating to property held by more than one owner (ch. i.); (2) responsibilities of an owner of property with regard to that of his neighbor (ch. ii.); (3) established rights of ownership and rights connected with property

eLuach
asdfasdf

History of the Jews, Vol. 5: From the Chmielnicki Persecution of the Jews in Poland (1648 C.E.) to the Present Time (1870 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fifth volume covers the period from the Chmielnicki Persecution of the Jews in Poland to the Present Time.

STUDIES IN JEWISH EDUCATION III: Teacher, Teaching, and Community
Deals with concrete issues of the teaching process in schools.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol.II.
The second volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol.II.
The second volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Jews, Pagans and Christians In Conflict
A fresh look at the propaganda wars between Jews and Pagans as well as Christians and Pagans during the first centuries of the common era.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 2
qwer

Mishnayoth


A Commentary on the Book of Exodus
The last of the commentaries rendered into English, this Cassuto's work ranks among the finest modern contributions to the treasury of Biblical learning.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 7
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Jewish Post-Biblical History through Great Personalities: From Jochanan ben Zakkai Through Moses Mendelssohn
In this book the effort has been to select from the pages of post-Biblical Jewish history the outstanding personalities, to present the life and work of each in such a way as to illustrate the spirit of Judaism in his time, and, in doing this, to analyze and systematize the complex and abstract subject matter so that it may offer the fewest difficulties to the pupil's mind.

ARAMAIC OSTRACA OF THE FOURTH CENTURY BC FROM IDUMAEA
The 201 of containing in the book Aramaic ostraca dating 361-311 BC are almost exclusive source for the study of the ethnic structure and the economic life for end of the Persian rule in the Land of Israel and the beginning of the Hellenistic period.

A Catalogue of Fragments of Halakhah and Midrash from the Cairo Genizah
The core of this impressive volume is its catalog of Rabbinica that is accompanied by twelve facsimile pages of representative documents.

Talmud: Mesekhet B'rakhot, in 4 volumes
A Study in the development of the Halakha and Haggadah in the Land of Israel and Babylonia.

Tanakh: Interactive Hebrew Bible
Cross-platform, interactive, new electronic edition of the Leningrad Codex, the oldest complete manuscript of the Hebrew Bible.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part II): from Noah to Abraham
By extending his method of exegesis in this volume to another section of the Torah, Cassuto indirectly buttressed his theories with new evidence of the inherent rightness of his approach.

Tractate Rosh Hashana
For those who wish to go beyond superficial, Master A Mesikta Series is a perfect companion for the study of Talmud. The series provides important background information on Talmud and clarifies its content by focusing on controversies that give it such a power. Using outlines, elucidations, pointed comments, explanations of the sequence, topic overviews, and highlighting the interaction between aggadic portions and legal discussions, the author enables a student to rapidly master material

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

Medieval Ketubot from Sefarad, Hispania Judaica v. 11
A careful examination of legal and historic aspects of 30 ketubots from various medieval Hispanic kingdoms; includes their comparison.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 2
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

A Grammar of Mishnaic Hebrew
More than any other, this book makes the subject is accessible to scholars who are not fluent in modern Hebrew.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 6
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

A Separate Republic
Based on the Libro Grande, which is included in this volume, this authoritative analysis of the Venetian Jewish community of the 17th century gives a snapshot of the political and social structure of the Jews of Venice as they related to the general population of the Venetian Republic of that period and to the ethnic,economic, and religious diversity within their own community.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 4
asdf