Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

[ 197] THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA ALNAQUA ALPHABET ALNAQUA, ISRAEL BEN JOSEPH, see ALNA-KAWA, ISRAEL BEN JOSEPH. ALOE, LOUIS P., public official and civic leader, b. St. Louis, 1867; d. St. Louis, 1929. Devoting his career to civic affairs, he first won public distinction in guiding the St. Louis Board of Freeholders, of which he was an elected member, in the drafting of that citys charter in 1914. Three years later, as acting mayor of St. Louis, he appointed twenty- eight draft boards, and was selected by President Wilson as a member of the District Board of Appeals. Re- elected in 1919, Aloe served two terms as presi-dent of the St. Louis Board of Aldermen. In addition to other noteworthy accomplishments while in office, he had a major role in the drafting and passage of an $ 87,000,000 bond issue in 1923, which incorporated a building plan of civic improvement on a scale never attempted before by any city in the United States. Aloe was a member of the Republican City Commit-tee of St. Louis and served as the delegate- at- large from Missouri to the Republican Convention in Cleve-land, in 1924, which nominated Calvin Coolidge for the presidency. He directed an investigation of the citys milk supply, and sponsored and assisted in the es-tablishment of free baby clinics and psychiatric clinics under city control. To commemorate his distinctive services to St. Louis, a centrally located park was offi-cially named Aloe Plaza one year after his death. ALONSO, HERNANDO, early inhabitant of Mex-ico and conquistador, d. 1528. He was a native of the County of Niebla, Spain, and practised the trade of smith or iron- worker. In 1520, when he was in his sixties, he came to Mexico from Cuba. For several months he was engaged on the construction of the thirteen brigantines which Cortes, the famous con-queror, ordered to be built at Texcuco. For five years thereafter Alonso fought in many arduous campaigns against the Aztecs in behalf of Cortes. He was awarded tracts of land at Actopan, a place sixty miles north of Mexico City, where he raised cattle for meat supply. Alonso appears to have been a respected and trusted citizen of Mexico City when he was suddenly de-nounced as a Jewish heretic, thrown into prison, con-demned to the stake and burnt to death by order of the chief inquisitor, Friar Vicente de Santa Maria, at Santiago, Mexico City, in 1528. The alleged offence was that he had twice baptized a child, the second time according to the ritual of the Mosaic law. Lit.: Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society, No. 31, pp. 9- 25. ALPERSON, MORDECAI ( MARCO), colonizer and writer, b. near Kamenetz- Podolsk, Russia, 1867. He received a Talmudical and secular education, and engaged in various business enterprises. In 1891 he emigrated to Argentina, where he participated in the founding of the colony Mauricio. There he became an ardent advocate of Jewish agricultural colonization. In 1911 he wrote a brochure on the history of the Jewish Colonization Association in Argentina; this he later ex-panded into a three- volume work, Kolonie Mauricio ( Buenos Aires, 1922; reprinted Berlin, 1923, in Yiddish under the title 30 Yor in Argentine- Memuaren fun a Yiddishen Kolonist, with an introduction by H. D. Nomberg). This book, and his other writings on agriculture and colonization, show considerable crea-tive talent and lucidity of style, and were well received by the critics. He wrote also a number of sketches and narratives dealing with the life of the Jewish colonists in Argentina, and contributed to the weekly Der Ver-teidiger, published in Mauricio, and to the Yiddish press of Argentina. ALPHA MU SIGMA FRATERNITY, see FRA-TERNITIES. ALPHA EPSILON PHI SORORITY, see SORO-RITIES. ALPHA EPSILON PI FRATERNITY, see FRATERNITIES. ALPHA OMEGA FRATERNITY, see FRATERNI-TIES. ALPHABET. Table of Contents: I. History. II. Pronunciation. III. Consonants and Vowels. IV. Forms of the Letters. V. The Letters as Numerals. VI. Relations to Other Alphabets. VII. Tables. I. History. The development of writing can be divided into five separate stages. The first is that in which each word is represented by a drawing of the object to which it refers, as in the pictograph writing of the American Indians; the number of symbols used is as many as that of the ideas. The second is when the symbols are conventionalized into forms that only remotely resemble the pictures ( ideographs), as in Chi-nese writing, the number of symbols running into thou-sands. The third is where each symbol indicates not a whole word but a syllable, as in Assyrian and Egyp-tian writings; the number of symbols is thus reduced to a few hundreds. The fourth is where the symbols represent consonants, leaving the vowels to be under-stood; and the fifth and final stage is where each vowel and consonant receives a symbol of its own. Only the last two stages, when the number of symbols is reduced to approximately thirty, can be regarded as truly al-phabetic. The purpose of this article is to trace the history of the Hebrew alphabet in its relationship to previous and later forms of writing. It is a familiar fact that all of the alphabet symbols of the Western world are derived from the Roman al-phabet, which in turn is derived from that of the Greeks. Greek tradition ascribes the origin of their own writing to Cadmus the Phoenician. Cadmus is merely the Hebrew word Kadmi,  the man from the East; and the Phoenicians, the great trading people of the ancient world, were the logical vehicle for the introduction of a new and advanced form of writing. Up until modern times, however, there was great dis-agreement as to whether the alphabet was original with the Phoenicians, or whether they had taken it from some other people, and if so from whom. Claims of priority in alphabetic writing were made for the Egyptians, the Syrians, the Cretans ( who had in fact an entirely unique alphabet, which has not yet been deciphered) and other peoples of the Mediterranean Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

THE CONCILIATOR


The Jews of Charleston: A History of an American Jewish Community
The small group of Jewish inhabitants of Charles Town in South Carolina met in 1750 to organize themselves permanently into a religious community. This book tells that community's story down to the present day. It describes the process of adjustment both of the Jews and their religion.

History of the Jews, Vol. 2: From the Reign of Hyrcanus (135 B.C.E.) to the Completion of the Babylonian Talmud (500 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The second volume covers the period from the reign of Hyrcanus to the completion of the Babylonian Talmud.

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 12
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Bernard Revel: Builder of American Jewish Orthodoxy
A biography of and assesment of ideas of one of the major personalities of American Jewish Orthodoxy.

Notes on the Hebrew Text and the Topography of the Book of Samuel
Electronic edition of one of the most influential books ever written about the Bible; S.R. Driver's meticulously detailed reconstruction and analysis of Samuel has remained vital for over a century.

Zionism at the UN: A Diary of the First Days
This book records in diary form the events the author was involved in as an emissary of the Political Department of the Jewish Agency for Palestine to the United Nations Conference, meeting in San Francisco in the late spring and early summer of 1945. The demand for a Jewish state on the official level was first made clear at this conference.

The Jew in the Literature of England
The Jew in the Literature of England sums up a history of the Jew as he was reflected in the literature of a civilization. Modder's sense of incident and detail, his command of a whole literature, his capacity to develop the social history that underpins literature make his study both absorbing and illuminating.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 1
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. This first volume of the two-volume set takes the story down to the middle of the thirteen century in Castile.

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

eLuach
asdfasdf

Legends of the Bible
This is storytelling with a grain of salt and a lot of wit; tales springing from the antiquity of oral tradition, told with sheer delight in the glory of a book transformed by a hundred generations whose daily thoughts and deeds were transformed by The Book.

Smoke Over Birkenau
The astonishing stories in Smoke Over Birkenau tell of the women who lived and suffered alongside Liana Millu during her months in the concentration camp.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v.4
wert

Topics In Hebrew and Semitic Linguistics


Hanukkah: The Feast of Lights
There is a glamour and mystery about the Feast of Lights. Miss Solis-Cohen takes up the challenge of Hanukkah to the modern Jew and tries to explain it. The book will appeal to adults and to children, to those who seek knowledge on the holiday's origin and history.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): DEUTERONOMY
Electronic edition of one of the author's finest achievements.

Judaism and the Origins of Christianity
A massive collection of scholarship of the author who has pioneered new understanding of the Jewish background of early Christianity.

By Design: science search for God
The book introduces and summarizes two contemporary movements science and religion dialogue and intelligent design . After reading By Design we understand how what was once a battleground between God and science can now become a meeting ground.

The Bunker
The book tells a story of seven Jews who succeeded in escaping the massacre of Jews that followed the Warsaw uprising in 1944. From about September 1944 until January 1945 the author lived with six others in a bunker under inconceivable conditions. Yet they survived. How they managed this is told in The Bunker.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 12
asdf

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 1
qwer

A History of the Jewish People in the Time of Jesus Christ (in 5 vols.)
The most valuable general modern work (on the subject) . . . Encyclopedia Britannica

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 3
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Studia Biblica Vol. 1
asdf

Tales of Sendebar
Translated from original Hebrew version of the SEVEN SAGES, this collection of fascinating stories--based on unpublished manuscripts--makes available the complete English translation of Mishle Sendebar, the Hebrew version of an enormously popular medieval romance which originated in the East and was subsequently transmitted westward.

Studies in Jewish Education VIII: Teaching Classical Rabbinic Texts
THIS VOLUME FOCUSES ON THE PROBLEMS OF TEACHING CLASSICAL RABBINIC TEXTS.

Engendering Judaism: An Inclusive Theology and Ethics
A pioneering work on what it means to engender Jewish tradition, that is, how women s full inclusion can and must transform our understanding and practice of Jewish law, prayer, sexuality, and marriage. It challenges both mainstream Judaism and feminist dogma, and speaks across the movements as well as to Christian theologians and feminists.

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

To Dwell in Unity: The Jewish Federation Movement in America Since 1960
The 1960s and 1970s were years of turbulent events and historic changes for the Jewish federations of North America. The book▓s title was chosen because unity is the hallmark of the federations. It is this unity that has pervaded the many federation developments in the historic and dramatic years of the 1960s, 1970s, and early 1980s.

The Ambivalent American Jew: Politics, Religion, and Family in American Jewish Life
This book depicts the evolution of American Judaism from its European roots illustrating this theme by focusing on special segments of the community and on Jewish political liberalism, the great effort of American Jews to reshape their political environment to minimize the survival-integration tension.

ADULT EDUCATION IN CRISIS SITUATIONS


The International Critical Commentary (ICC): DEUTERONOMY
Electronic edition of one of the author's finest achievements.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (1825–1894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 7
qwer

Meeting of Cultures and Clash of Cultures


Studies in Jewish Education V: Teaching Classical Jewish Texts
This volume is dedicated to issues arising in the process of teaching classical Jewish texts.

The Ambivalent American Jew: Politics, Religion, and Family in American Jewish Life
This book depicts the evolution of American Judaism from its European roots illustrating this theme by focusing on special segments of the community and on Jewish political liberalism, the great effort of American Jews to reshape their political environment to minimize the survival-integration tension.

Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature
This extraordinary volume is framed by two major original essays by the editors. Through sixteen unusual selections from ancient and medieval Hebrew texts, sensitively rendered into English prose, it reveals facets of the Jewish experience and tradition that would otherwise remain unknown.

Volume 6, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Blessed is the Match: The Story of Jewish Resistance
This book is a classic account of Jewish tragedy, faith, hope, and triumph. Published originally in 1947, it is one of the first works to deal with the horrors and the heroism of the Holocaust years.

Ah, Assyria... (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXXIII)
Thirty outstanding papers on Assyrian history and its connection and impact on Biblical Israel.

Trujillo: A Jewish Community in Extremadura on the Eve of the Expulsion from Spain. Hispania Judaica, v. 2
Based on documents published for the first time, this book reveals the life and surroundings of a community lulled into a false sense of security and endeavouring to build its life in peace while the war against Granada continues.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): NUMBERS
A major work of interpretation, which served--according to Baruch Levin's own words--as “anchor and compass” for his Anchor Bible commentary on Numbers.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 5
sdf

THE EIGHT CHAPTERS OF MAIMONIDES ON ETHICS


Tales of Sendebar
Translated from original Hebrew version of the SEVEN SAGES, this collection of fascinating stories--based on unpublished manuscripts--makes available the complete English translation of Mishle Sendebar, the Hebrew version of an enormously popular medieval romance which originated in the East and was subsequently transmitted westward.