Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

ALLIANCE THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA Seal of the Alliance Israelite Universelle, which was founded in 1860 by 17 Frenchmen who were influenced by the Damas-cus affair and the Mortara case en masse has been the concern of the Alliance. An im-pressive demonstration of its capacity for organized re-lief work on a large scale occurred in 1869, when the Jews of Poland and Lithuania were decimated by a famine and epidemic of typhus; it administered emer-gency aid to them along systematic lines; appropriated funds toward the building and operating of orphan-ages; helped to send some of the survivors of the scourge into the interior of Russia for rehabilitation; and transported others to the United States. Eight hundred of the famine sufferers were conveyed overseas under its auspices, thus beginning the Jewish mass mi-gration to the United States. Working conjointly with the Alliance in this relief work were local emergency committees strategically placed at Königsberg, Memel, Coln on Spree, and Berlin. After the Russian pogroms of 1881, when 20,000 Jews fled to Galicia, the Alliance again proved its abil-ity to cope with relief problems of large proportions. It provided for the most pressing needs of the sufferers and helped distribute them to such countries as were able and willing to absorb them. The bulk of the ref-ugees sailed for the United States under the supervi-sion of the Alliance; only small quotas were directed by it to other countries. Associated with the Alliance at this time and sharing equally the heavy burden were the Vienna Israelitische Allianz, the German Grand Lodge of the Independent Order of Bnai Brith, the German section of the Alliance itself, the United He-brew Charities of New York, the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society, and the Board of Delegates of American Israelites. After the Russian pogroms of 1903 and 1905, and the Galician pogroms of 1918 to 1919, the Alliance again functioned prominently in the role of a distributor of relief. In the reconstruction period after the World War it undertook two huge appeals for funds; one, in 1919, for the Jewish orphan homes of Poland and East Galicia; the other, in 1922, for the Jewish famine sufferers in Russia, to send food, clothing, and medical supplies through the Hoover Relief Administration. Continuously during this period it contributed to the expenses of Russian, Hungarian, and Galician students deprived of educational opportunity in their native lands, who were studying in universities and technical schools in Austria, France, Belgium, Germany, and Switzerland. It has repeatedly dispensed relief for the benefit of the Roumanian, Persian, and Moroccan Jews. After the outbreaks in Roumania in 1907, in Casablanca in the same year, and in Fez in 1912 it sent prompt re-lief. It appropriated funds to alleviate the distress of [ 190] the persecuted Christians in the Lebanon, in 1860; the Jewish sufferers in the Constantinople fire disasters of 1874, 1883, and 1911; the Salonika conflagration of 1917; and the Russian Pale conflagrations of 1911. It aided the stranded Jewish war refugees in Turkey in 1876 to 1877, and in the Balkans in 1912. It went to the rescue of the Jewish sufferers in Chios after the earthquake of 1881, and in the famine of 1882 in Asia Minor. It undertook to bring relief to the Jews of Da-mascus in the crisis following in the wake of the Syrian uprisings of 1925 to 1926. A special feature of its work in Morocco has been the training of young moth-ers in hygiene; the installation of a maternity hospital in Marrakesh, the distribution of milk for babies and the creation of a bathing establishment are other; activi-ties which it has maintained there. The Alliance Israelite Universelle has been unrivaled in the important matter of raising the educational level of backward Jews in the various countries. The Bal-kans, North Africa, and the Near East are dotted with educational institutions which it has established and which it operates with great efficiency. These schools have made the Alliance a powerful factor for the dis-semination of modern culture in Oriental countries, particularly among the Jews. It has wrongly been al-leged that the French influence has predominated too strongly and that the specifically French character of the educational work has alienated the students from their native environment; in actuality, however, the purpose of the instruction in the French language was the inculcation of Occidental culture and civilization, and the training of the Jews in the various lands to be loyal and active citizens of their respective countries. The first school was founded in 1862 in Tetuan, Morocco; in 1864 a school was opened in Tangier, and in 1865 in Damascus and Baghdad; in 1867 the school in Adrianople was founded. The total number of schools at the beginning of 1930 was 122, and at the end of 1937 it was ninety- five. The total number of pupils in all the schools was as high as 48,000 ( in 1914); the pupil- enrollment in 1929 was over 40,000, and at the end of 1937 it was 47,822. The instruction has been standardized in accordance with modern pedagogical principles. The curriculum covers the usual elementary subjects. In some of the schools more advanced courses are taught. The Sas-soon College in Baghdad equips its students for the en-trance requirements of universities and to fill executive positions. Many of the schools are liberally subven-tioned by the local Jewish communities. The language of instruction is usually French, but special attention is given to other languages according to local condi-tions. There is no tuition fee for those unable to pay, and the most needy receive free meals. Text- books likewise are furnished free of cost. Non- Jewish pupils are admitted on payment of a fee at a nominal rate. The program of studies is not a stereotyped one to which all the schools of the same general type must adhere, but is modified in matters of detail to suit local customs, laws, and beliefs. Religion and Jewish sub-jects are required courses in all the schools. Certain of the best pupils who express a desire to be-come teachers are sent to France, after a competitive examination, to continue their studies at the teachers seminary known as the École Normale Israelite Orien- Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

To Do the Right and the Good
A thought-provoking examination of Jewish social ethics in relation to the mores of contemporary society. In this book, Rabbi Dorff focuses on the social aspects of the Jewish tradition, while tackling such timely topics as war and peace, poverty, intrafaith and interfaith relations, and forgiveness.

Spain, the Jews, and Franco
The role played by Spain during World War II regarding the Jews has long been a matter of controversy. This volume, first published in Hebrew to wide acclaim seeks to set the record straight. It offers a full and objective account of the rescue of Jewish refugees from Nazi-occupied countries by the Franco regime.

Jews, Arabs, Turks
Select essays on Middle Eastern history dealing with Israel, Egypt and Turkey with a focus on politics and cultural relations of Jews, Arabs, and Turks.

and Hannah wept: Infertility, Adoption, and the Jewish Couple
The definitive work on Judaism s approach to infertility, pregnancy loss, and adoption.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 2
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. The second volume of Professor Baer s monumental work tells the tragic story of the dissolution of the great Spanish Jewish community.

Between East and West: A History of the Jews of North Africa
This book is a valuable contribution to our understanding of “the forgotten million” that once comprised the great Jewish communities of North Africa. It covers a period of more than two thousand years in the history of those communities.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 11

Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature
This extraordinary volume is framed by two major original essays by the editors. Through sixteen unusual selections from ancient and medieval Hebrew texts, sensitively rendered into English prose, it reveals facets of the Jewish experience and tradition that would otherwise remain unknown.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol.II.
The second volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 7
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Reading Guide and Index, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Great introduction to all areas covered by Encyclopedia. All entries are hyperlinked to relevant Encyclopedia articles.

Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS
An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica, in 5 volumes
This five-volume set represents the finest work of the late nineteenth century Biblical scholarship.

Religion and Zionism First Encounters

A comprehensive literary inquiry into a history of the Exodus tradition as it has evolved through time. The book examines the narrative of Exodus, compares it to biblical sources as well as to information provided in Apocryphic, Pseudepigrahic, Hellenistic and Midrashic documents.

Rabad of Posquieres: A Twelfth-Century Talmudist
This biographical treatise captures the personality of Rabbad of Posquieres or Rabbi Abraham ben David – one of the most creative talmudic scholars of the twelfth century, chronicles his role in the intellectual history of the Jews in southern France during the twelfth century, and outlines his influence on subsequent generations.

Succeeding at Jewish Education: How One Synagogue Made It Work
Joseph Reimer uses his experience and talent as an ethnographer to bring to life the drama of one synagogue's struggle to make Jewish education work. As a result of his classroom observations Reimer comes away with important insights into what makes Jewish education succeed.

Legends of the Jews
A most remarkable and comprehensive compilation of stories connected to the Hebrew Bible drawn largely on Jewish lore and tradition. It is an indispensable reference on that body of literature known as Midrash, the imaginative retelling and elaboration on Bible stories in which mythological tales about demons and magic co-exist with moralistic stories about the piety of the patriarchs.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 12
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Jewish Contributions to Civilization: An Estimate
Joseph Jacobs was a thinker and writer of unusual breadth and versatility. Among the subjects to which he gave his attention was the comparative distribution of Jewish ability, as the result of researches he had undertaken in association with Sir Francis Galton. The present work was the natural outcome of these studies.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Exodus
The Book of Exodus sets before us, as the Hebrews of later ages told it, and in the vivid, picturesque style which the best Jewish historians could always command, the story of the deliverance from Egypt.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (1825–1894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

Jewish History: An Essay in the Philosophy of History
This essay exhibits in a remarkably striking way the author's art of making “all things seem fresh and new, important and attractive.” The author attempts, for the first time, a psychologic characterization of Jewish history. He endeavors to demonstrate the inner connection between events, and develop the ideas that underlie them.

The Emergence of Conservative Judaism: The Historical School in 19th Century America
The book begins with description of the early decades of the past century, when American Judaism was still the expression of a religiously united community, and then probes the tensions and new forms of Jewish institutional and personal practice as they resulted from the needs of Jewish experience and from contact with American tradition, ideas and events.

The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish interpreters (in 2 vols.)
Collection of printed texts and MSS. by Jewish commentators on the 53rd Chapter of Isaiah, brought together by AD. Nubauer and translated with assistance of S.R.Driver.

Tractate Berakhos II: Commentary and Study Guide
The guide to how Rabbis formulated their decrees and delt with changing conditions after the destruction of the Second Temple and the fall of Betar.

Come Under the Wings: A Midrash on Ruth
Grace Goldin makes the character of Ruth more vivid in her poetry. Two classical idioms, that of the Jewish imagination, and that of English verse, are strikingly joined in the book.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 12
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 8
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.4

Life, Liberty and the Defense of Dignity: The Challenge for Bioethics
Thoughful, often profound writting about the limits of science and the limits of life, about what makes us human and gives us human dignity.

The 201 of containing in the book Aramaic ostraca dating 361-311 BC are almost exclusive source for the study of the ethnic structure and the economic life for end of the Persian rule in the Land of Israel and the beginning of the Hellenistic period.



Judaism as a Civilization: Toward a Reconstruction of American-Jewish Life
Judaism as a Civilization remains one of the most original and thought-provoking contributions toward creating a comprehensive program for creative Jewish life. In this seminal work, Kaplan offers his now famous concept of Judaism as an evolving religious civilization.

History of the Jews, Vol. 4: From the Rise of the Kabbala (1270 C.E.) to the Permanent Settlement of the Marranos in Holland (1618 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fourth volume covers the period from the rise of the Kabbala to the permanent settlement of the Marranos in Holland.


Short Description

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

Selected Poems of Jehudah Halevi
The gift of song, cherished and tended as it was by the Spanish Jews of the Middle Ages, reached its highest development in the poems of Jehudah Halevi. His love poems are made of dew and fire. But in his poems to Zion there is no such combination of a poet's ordinary artifices. It is his soul that is the instrument—and on his heartstrings is played the song of Israel's hope.

Jewish Cooking Around the World: Gourmet and Holiday Recipes
The book presents a variety of recipes from foreign countries and recipes for the Sabbath and festivals, all complying with the Jewish dietary laws. Every recipe has been tested by the author.

A Treatise on the use of the Tenses in Hebrew
If you work with the Hebrew verbal system, this is a book you *must* have read.

Dawn Over Baghdad
Gripping, up-to-the-minute report on America's most urgent national struggle today, as seen through the eyes of the U.S. servicemen and Iraqis who are trying to make a new country out of the most dangerous place in the world; distinct contrast to the gloomy picture of America's presence in this war zone so often painted by the mainstream media.

Ruby of Cochin: An Indian Jewish Woman Remembers
This book is a Cochin cake, full of secret goodies and unexpected surprises and mysterious tastes, exotic and familiar. Each story told by Ruby Daniel reveals the unique way of life of the Cochin Jews and preserves it for future generations.

Tractate Berakhos II: Commentary and Study Guide
The guide to how Rabbis formulated their decrees and delt with changing conditions after the destruction of the Second Temple and the fall of Betar.

Lost Love: The Untold Story of Henrietta Szold
The book tells the story of Henrietta Szold s lost love through her correspondence with Louis Ginzberg and a previously unpublished private journal.

Studies in Jewish Education VI: Teaching Jewish Values
The emphasis of this volume is on teaching of Jewish values and the development of the curriculum.

Studies in Jewish Education X: In Search of Jewish Paideia : Directions in the Philosophy of the Jewish Education
The 10th volume of Studies in Jewish Education reflects the commitment of the Hebrew University in general, and of the Melton Centre in particular, to reflection and research on issues pertaining to Jewish education. The essays and articles appearing in this volume represent the summary of a conference held in honor of Prof. Michael Rosenak on the occasion of his retirement after 33 years of research and teaching at the Melton Centre.