Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

ALLENTOWN ALLIANCE THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA [ 188] 9th), 1917. On his entry into Jerusalem he was greeted by Jews as their liberator from the Turkish yoke. Allenby was at first not sympathetic toward the Zionist claims on Palestine and toward the policy of the British government as set forth in the Balfour Dec-laration. Indeed, it was with some difficulty that Weiz-mann succeeded in persuading him to join in the laying of the foundation- stone of the Hebrew University on Mt. Scopus in Jerusalem. Later, however, he became more favorably inclined toward Zionist ideas, and on the occasion of the opening of the Hebrew University in 1925 he gave enthusiastic expression to this change in his views. The Jews repeatedly manifested their gratitude to Allenby for his liberation of Palestine. In Tel- Aviv there is a street named after him. ALLENTOWN, city and county- seat of Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, with a population of 100,000 ( 1939), of which about 2,500 are Jews. A few Sephardic Jews came to Allentown as early as about 1830, but did not remain as a permanent group. In the 1840 s about a dozen families, including those of Henry Schurman and Theodore Weil, came from Baden, Ger-many, and organized the first Jewish congregation; in 1850 they rented a hall for the purpose of conducting religious services. Polish, Roumanian, Russian and Lithuanian Jews began to settle in Allentown in the late 1860 s. Allentown has five synagogues: Agudas Achim ( Or-thodox, 1894), Rabbi Solomon Krevsky; Keneseth Israel ( Reform, 1903), Rabbi Harry N. Caplan; Con-gregations Sons of Israel ( Orthodox, 1907), Rabbi Solo-mon Krevsky; Shaari Sholem ( Orthodox, 1917); and Temple Beth- El ( Conservative, 1930), Rabbi Harry W. Katchen. The Jewish Welfare Agency, a group of volunteer women workers for the purpose of ad-ministering relief to local needy families, was or-ganized in 1913. The Jewish Community Center of Allentown was organized in 1918, and by 1939 had a membership of 1,200. In 1928 it erected a new building, which has served as a meeting- place for all the Jewish organiza-tions as well as for a number of non- Jewish groups. The Center maintains a program of educational, social, cultural and athletic activities, conducts a School for Jewish Education, and handles all problems dealing with transients and refugees. GEORGE FELDMAN ALLGEMEINE ZEITUNG DES JUDENTUMS, German Jewish weekly periodical founded by Ludwig Philippson in 1837, and published originally in Leipzig and later in Berlin. Founded as an impartial organ de-voted to all Jewish interests, it at first advocated a moderate historical reform of Judaism as a revealed religion. Philippson edited the periodical until his death in 1889; from 1890 to 1909 it was edited by Gustav Karpeles, and from 1910 to 1919 Ludwig Geiger di-rected its editorial policy. Under Karpeles and Geiger it became the most outspoken liberal Jewish weekly in Germany. It ceased publication in 1921. The Allgemeine Zeitung des Judentums was one of the first Jewish periodicals of Central and Western Eu-rope. For many years it exercised great influence in other European countries, especially those of Eastern Europe. It played a prominent role in the struggle of the Jews of Germany for civic emancipation, and was instrumental in the founding of the Institut zur Ford-erung der israelitischen Literatur in 1853, of the Bibel-anstalt für Israeliten, and of the Lehranstalt für die Wissenschaft des Judentums in Berlin, a training school for liberal rabbis. It was of great influence in promot-ing a knowledge and appreciation of Judaism and its history and in fostering the inner religious and com-munal life of the German Jews. Lit.: Kayserling, Μ., Ludwig Philippson ( Allgemeine Zeitung des Judentums, Philippson, Martin, Neueste Geschichte des vol. 1, pp. 185- 91. ALLIANCE ISRAELITE UNIVERSELLE, inter-national Jewish organization with headquarters in Paris, France. The Alliance Israelite Universelle was launched in May, 1860, by seventeen Jewish citizens of Paris who, influenced by such events as the Damascus affair and the Mortara case, came to feel acutely that there was need for a central body authorized to speak and act for the Jews of the world in matters affecting their common interests. These interests included not only concern with legally guaranteed immunity from persecution but also the promotion of education and benevolence for the benefit of backward sections of the Jewish people. A call to the Jews of all countries was issued, announcing the creation of the new so-ciety and inviting all to join who believed  that it would be an honor to their religion, a lesson for the nations, a step forward for humanity, a triumph of truth and reason, to see the union of all the living forces of Judaism, which, though small in numbers, is great in its love and desire for good. This call was signed by Rabbi Aristide Astruc; Isidore Cahen, pro-fessor at the Paris Rabbinical Seminary; Jules Car-vallo, civil engineer; Narcisse Leven, lawyer; Professor Eugen Manuel; and Charles Netter, a merchant. Their appeal was well received, but the immediate response, outside of France, Italy, and Algiers, consisted of little more than polite words of praise. In some quarters there was outspoken opposition. Before the end of 1860 the society had 850 members, of whom all but 20 per cent were from France. In 1862 it had 1,100 members; in 1864, over 2,800; in 1870, twelve thousand; in 1875, twenty thousand; in 1885, thirty thousand; in 1939, over forty thousand. The German section, which was disbanded in 1912, had about eighteen thousand members. The aims of the Alliance are: ( 1) to defend the civil and religious liberties of persecuted Jewish groups; ( 2) to alleviate the distress of certain Jewish groups in times of disaster; ( 3) to furnish educational oppor-tunities to certain backward Jewish groups; ( 4) to grant financial aid to certain Jewish publications; ( 5) to bring about world- wide cooperation of the Jewish people for the accomplishment of these aims. The administration is in the hands of a Central Committee of sixty members, who serve as execu-tives for terms of nine years. About one half of the Central Committee reside in Paris. The Austrian and the German sections were autonomous. In Austria the society was at the outset suspected of having designs against the government. The Czarist regime also classed it as a political movement and banned it. Through the channels of international diplomacy the Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

The Devil and the Jews: The Medieval Conception of the Jew and Its Relation to Modern Anti-Semitism
The medieval conception of the Jew as devil literally and figuratively is the subject of this classic work, first issued in 1943. The full dimension of the diabolization of the Jew is presented through document, analysis, and illustration. It is a chilling study but an exceedingly important one.

Tanakh: Interactive Hebrew Bible
Cross-platform, interactive, new electronic edition of the Leningrad Codex, the oldest complete manuscript of the Hebrew Bible.

Religion and Zionism First Encounters


The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 3
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ezra and Nehemiah
A commentary on one of the most interesting for the modern reader books of the Bible.

The Sages -- Their Concepts and Beliefs
...an indespensable book for all those who are curious to know how the rabbis of the Talmud handled philosophical and theological issues. It has few peers. --David Weiss Halivni

Jew or Juif?: Jews, French Canadians, and Anglo-Canadians, 1759-1914
Michael Brown s landmark study offers an unusual perspective on the origins of Canadian-Jewish assimilation in Anglo-Canada and the fear and insecurity that Canadian Jews experienced under the French Canadians.

The Conversos of Majorca. Hispania Judaica, v. 5
Life and death in a crypto-Jewish community of Conversos of XVII century Majorca.

The Gate Behind the Wall: A Pilgrimage to Jerusalem
When Samuel Heilman took a sabbatical from teaching sociology to spend time in Jerusalem, he did not know that it would become a personal pilgrimage. What had begun by engaging the social scientist in me would end by awakening the Jew, Heilman writes.

ARAMAIC OSTRACA OF THE FOURTH CENTURY BC FROM IDUMAEA
The 201 of containing in the book Aramaic ostraca dating 361-311 BC are almost exclusive source for the study of the ethnic structure and the economic life for end of the Persian rule in the Land of Israel and the beginning of the Hellenistic period.

Luah Hashanah 5774
United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism's official calendar for the Jewish year. It is intended to guide congregations and individuals through the liturgy during the Jewish year 5774.

Conversos and the Inquisition in Jaén. Hispania Judaica, v. 7
Description of the fate of the Conversos in the Kingdom of Jaén at the hands of the Inquisition Tribunal which operated there for 43 years, from 1483 until 1526.

Tractate Pesachim: Commentary and Study Guide
Master a Mesikta Series is probably the most advanced commentary and study guide to Talmud available in English. By providing background material, outlining the contents of the Talmud and its commentaries, explaining the sequence of the Talmud,offering overviews of the topics discussed and clarifying the aggadic literature and its interaction with the legal discussions, this series enables the student to focus on the unity of the tractate, and serves as an aid in helping him in its master

The Gate Behind the Wall: A Pilgrimage to Jerusalem
When Samuel Heilman took a sabbatical from teaching sociology to spend time in Jerusalem, he did not know that it would become a personal pilgrimage. What had begun by engaging the social scientist in me would end by awakening the Jew, Heilman writes.

( )
.

JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy
The fifth and final JPS commentary on the last book of the Torah.

Rabad of Posquieres: A Twelfth-Century Talmudist
This biographical treatise captures the personality of Rabbad of Posquieres or Rabbi Abraham ben David one of the most creative talmudic scholars of the twelfth century, chronicles his role in the intellectual history of the Jews in southern France during the twelfth century, and outlines his influence on subsequent generations.

History of the Jews, Vol. 5: From the Chmielnicki Persecution of the Jews in Poland (1648 C.E.) to the Present Time (1870 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fifth volume covers the period from the Chmielnicki Persecution of the Jews in Poland to the Present Time.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 2
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. The second volume of Professor Baer s monumental work tells the tragic story of the dissolution of the great Spanish Jewish community.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.

A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, in 3 Volumes
Henry Charles Lea s three-volume The History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages (sold as a set only) is widely regarded by scholars in the field as one of the outstanding works of scholarship on the subject.

The Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 9
A comprehensive study of the Jews in this kingdom from the massacres of 1391 to the Expulsion.

Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

Luah HaShanah 5776
sdfg

Studies in Jewish Education XII: The Hebrew Language in the Era of Globalization
This volume of the Studies in Jewish Education examines the place of the Hebrew language today.

Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide
This is hard-core serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 1
qwer

Does God Belong in the Bedroom?
In Does God Belong in the Bedroom? Rabbi Michael Gold turns to the Torah, the wisdom of the rabbis of the Talmud, the Midrash, and other classic Jewish sources. More than a study of texts, the book presents readers with a frank and honest approach to sexual ethics.

Studies in Jewish Education IV: Curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew
The present volume, the fourth in the series Studies in Jewish Education, is dedicated to the subject of curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew.

A Grammar of Mishnaic Hebrew
More than any other, this book makes the subject is accessible to scholars who are not fluent in modern Hebrew.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion and Law. Vol. III
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. In the third volume The Keepers of the Threshold, the Bird-Sanctuary, The Silent Widow, and other stories are discussed.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. II
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The second volume covers Jacob and the kidskins, the passage through the Red Sea, the judgment of Solomon, and other stories.

Studies in Jewish Education II: Jewish Educational Research in Diaspora
History, trends and problems with the Jewish education in America.

Encounter with Emancipation: The German Jews in the United States, 1830-1914
This superbly documented study, enriched by anecdotes and illustrations, portrays the first genuine encounter of Jewish society with emancipation.

The Jews of Yugoslavia: A Quest for Community
This work is a pioneer study of a little-known part of the modern Jewish world that is at once unique and a microcosm of European Jewry as a whole. The story of the Jews of Yugoslavia can be seen as a quest for community, to forge a unity of communal purpose and endeavor.

Dona Gracia of the House of Nasi
The noted historian Cecil Roth presents the first full-length biography of Dona Gracia in the English language. Banker, diplomat, philanthropist, defender of her people and promoter of its culture, she was revered by her sixteenth-century contemporaries and earned the highest esteem among Jewish historians in succeeding generations.

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

A Separate Republic
Based on the Libro Grande, which is included in this volume, this authoritative analysis of the Venetian Jewish community of the 17th century gives a snapshot of the political and social structure of the Jews of Venice as they related to the general population of the Venetian Republic of that period and to the ethnic,economic, and religious diversity within their own community.

Jesus of Nazareth
asdf

Legends of the Bible
This is storytelling with a grain of salt and a lot of wit; tales springing from the antiquity of oral tradition, told with sheer delight in the glory of a book transformed by a hundred generations whose daily thoughts and deeds were transformed by The Book.

Lost Love: The Untold Story of Henrietta Szold
The book tells the story of Henrietta Szold s lost love through her correspondence with Louis Ginzberg and a previously unpublished private journal.

Hebrew-English Tanakh: the Jewish Bible
Multi-platform, electronic edition of masoretic text of the Holy Scriptures placed next to classic Jewish translation.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 6
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah
This fine commentary is based closely on the author's original Hebrew commentary (Am Oved, 1992), with some revision and expansion.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. I.
This is the first volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Volume 2, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 7
qwer

Does God Belong in the Bedroom?
In Does God Belong in the Bedroom? Rabbi Michael Gold turns to the Torah, the wisdom of the rabbis of the Talmud, the Midrash, and other classic Jewish sources. More than a study of texts, the book presents readers with a frank and honest approach to sexual ethics.