Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

ALLENTOWN ALLIANCE THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA [ 188] 9th), 1917. On his entry into Jerusalem he was greeted by Jews as their liberator from the Turkish yoke. Allenby was at first not sympathetic toward the Zionist claims on Palestine and toward the policy of the British government as set forth in the Balfour Dec-laration. Indeed, it was with some difficulty that Weiz-mann succeeded in persuading him to join in the laying of the foundation- stone of the Hebrew University on Mt. Scopus in Jerusalem. Later, however, he became more favorably inclined toward Zionist ideas, and on the occasion of the opening of the Hebrew University in 1925 he gave enthusiastic expression to this change in his views. The Jews repeatedly manifested their gratitude to Allenby for his liberation of Palestine. In Tel- Aviv there is a street named after him. ALLENTOWN, city and county- seat of Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, with a population of 100,000 ( 1939), of which about 2,500 are Jews. A few Sephardic Jews came to Allentown as early as about 1830, but did not remain as a permanent group. In the 1840 s about a dozen families, including those of Henry Schurman and Theodore Weil, came from Baden, Ger-many, and organized the first Jewish congregation; in 1850 they rented a hall for the purpose of conducting religious services. Polish, Roumanian, Russian and Lithuanian Jews began to settle in Allentown in the late 1860 s. Allentown has five synagogues: Agudas Achim ( Or-thodox, 1894), Rabbi Solomon Krevsky; Keneseth Israel ( Reform, 1903), Rabbi Harry N. Caplan; Con-gregations Sons of Israel ( Orthodox, 1907), Rabbi Solo-mon Krevsky; Shaari Sholem ( Orthodox, 1917); and Temple Beth- El ( Conservative, 1930), Rabbi Harry W. Katchen. The Jewish Welfare Agency, a group of volunteer women workers for the purpose of ad-ministering relief to local needy families, was or-ganized in 1913. The Jewish Community Center of Allentown was organized in 1918, and by 1939 had a membership of 1,200. In 1928 it erected a new building, which has served as a meeting- place for all the Jewish organiza-tions as well as for a number of non- Jewish groups. The Center maintains a program of educational, social, cultural and athletic activities, conducts a School for Jewish Education, and handles all problems dealing with transients and refugees. GEORGE FELDMAN ALLGEMEINE ZEITUNG DES JUDENTUMS, German Jewish weekly periodical founded by Ludwig Philippson in 1837, and published originally in Leipzig and later in Berlin. Founded as an impartial organ de-voted to all Jewish interests, it at first advocated a moderate historical reform of Judaism as a revealed religion. Philippson edited the periodical until his death in 1889; from 1890 to 1909 it was edited by Gustav Karpeles, and from 1910 to 1919 Ludwig Geiger di-rected its editorial policy. Under Karpeles and Geiger it became the most outspoken liberal Jewish weekly in Germany. It ceased publication in 1921. The Allgemeine Zeitung des Judentums was one of the first Jewish periodicals of Central and Western Eu-rope. For many years it exercised great influence in other European countries, especially those of Eastern Europe. It played a prominent role in the struggle of the Jews of Germany for civic emancipation, and was instrumental in the founding of the Institut zur Ford-erung der israelitischen Literatur in 1853, of the Bibel-anstalt für Israeliten, and of the Lehranstalt für die Wissenschaft des Judentums in Berlin, a training school for liberal rabbis. It was of great influence in promot-ing a knowledge and appreciation of Judaism and its history and in fostering the inner religious and com-munal life of the German Jews. Lit.: Kayserling, Μ., Ludwig Philippson ( Allgemeine Zeitung des Judentums, Philippson, Martin, Neueste Geschichte des vol. 1, pp. 185- 91. ALLIANCE ISRAELITE UNIVERSELLE, inter-national Jewish organization with headquarters in Paris, France. The Alliance Israelite Universelle was launched in May, 1860, by seventeen Jewish citizens of Paris who, influenced by such events as the Damascus affair and the Mortara case, came to feel acutely that there was need for a central body authorized to speak and act for the Jews of the world in matters affecting their common interests. These interests included not only concern with legally guaranteed immunity from persecution but also the promotion of education and benevolence for the benefit of backward sections of the Jewish people. A call to the Jews of all countries was issued, announcing the creation of the new so-ciety and inviting all to join who believed  that it would be an honor to their religion, a lesson for the nations, a step forward for humanity, a triumph of truth and reason, to see the union of all the living forces of Judaism, which, though small in numbers, is great in its love and desire for good. This call was signed by Rabbi Aristide Astruc; Isidore Cahen, pro-fessor at the Paris Rabbinical Seminary; Jules Car-vallo, civil engineer; Narcisse Leven, lawyer; Professor Eugen Manuel; and Charles Netter, a merchant. Their appeal was well received, but the immediate response, outside of France, Italy, and Algiers, consisted of little more than polite words of praise. In some quarters there was outspoken opposition. Before the end of 1860 the society had 850 members, of whom all but 20 per cent were from France. In 1862 it had 1,100 members; in 1864, over 2,800; in 1870, twelve thousand; in 1875, twenty thousand; in 1885, thirty thousand; in 1939, over forty thousand. The German section, which was disbanded in 1912, had about eighteen thousand members. The aims of the Alliance are: ( 1) to defend the civil and religious liberties of persecuted Jewish groups; ( 2) to alleviate the distress of certain Jewish groups in times of disaster; ( 3) to furnish educational oppor-tunities to certain backward Jewish groups; ( 4) to grant financial aid to certain Jewish publications; ( 5) to bring about world- wide cooperation of the Jewish people for the accomplishment of these aims. The administration is in the hands of a Central Committee of sixty members, who serve as execu-tives for terms of nine years. About one half of the Central Committee reside in Paris. The Austrian and the German sections were autonomous. In Austria the society was at the outset suspected of having designs against the government. The Czarist regime also classed it as a political movement and banned it. Through the channels of international diplomacy the Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 1
This is the first volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See second and third volumes here). It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 9
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

THE BOOK OF JUDGES


Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. II
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The second volume covers Jacob and the kidskins, the passage through the Red Sea, the judgment of Solomon, and other stories.

A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, in 3 Volumes
Henry Charles Lea s three-volume The History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages (sold as a set only) is widely regarded by scholars in the field as one of the outstanding works of scholarship on the subject.

Early History of the Alphabet
A most enjoyable and informative book. . . an excellent introduction to epigraphy and paleography of ancient Semitic languages . . . contains a wealth of information compiled into a simple to understand format.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI AND JONAH
For all the talk about Bible being a source of Western ethics, Mitchell's is one of the very few books extant that pays more then a lip service to this concept.

Ezra Studies


The Jewish Encyclopedia, Index Volume
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Violence and Defense in the Jewish Experience
Violence has always existed, and the Jews have been its victims for thousands of years in all parts of the world and in all periods of history. The book presents the fruits of the colloquium on Violence and Defense in Jewish History held in Tel-Aviv in 1974.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 1
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. This first volume of the two-volume set takes the story down to the middle of the thirteen century in Castile.

Studies in the History of the Jews in Old Poland (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVIII)
The twenty-one studies on the Jews of Old Poland here collected explore many hitherto uncharted aspects of Jewish life and experience in the Polish-Luthuanian Commonwealth.

Studies in Jewish Education X: In Search of Jewish Paideia : Directions in the Philosophy of the Jewish Education
The 10th volume of Studies in Jewish Education reflects the commitment of the Hebrew University in general, and of the Melton Centre in particular, to reflection and research on issues pertaining to Jewish education. The essays and articles appearing in this volume represent the summary of a conference held in honor of Prof. Michael Rosenak on the occasion of his retirement after 33 years of research and teaching at the Melton Centre.

The Jew in the Literature of England
The Jew in the Literature of England sums up a history of the Jew as he was reflected in the literature of a civilization. Modder's sense of incident and detail, his command of a whole literature, his capacity to develop the social history that underpins literature make his study both absorbing and illuminating.

Luah Hashanah 5775
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Daniel
The very detailed handling of the original languages of Daniel (Hebrew and Aramaic) and frequent references to scholarly works in Latin, French, and German make this the commentary for scholars.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (Electronic Edition in 12 v. plus index, il)
Electronic edition of the most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Volume 8, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Lost Love: The Untold Story of Henrietta Szold
The book tells the story of Henrietta Szold s lost love through her correspondence with Louis Ginzberg and a previously unpublished private journal.

R. Juspa, Shammash of Warmaisa (Worms)


The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

Tractate Sanhedrin: Commentary and Study Guide
SANHEDRIN (“ Court”): Name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmudim. It stands fourth in the order Nezikin in most editions, and is divided into eleven chapters containing seventy-one paragraphs in all. It treats chiefly of courts and their powers, of qualifications for the office of judge, and of legal procedure and criminal law.

Studies in Jewish Education XII: The Hebrew Language in the Era of Globalization
This volume of the Studies in Jewish Education examines the place of the Hebrew language today.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 2
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Violence and Defense in the Jewish Experience
Violence has always existed, and the Jews have been its victims for thousands of years in all parts of the world and in all periods of history. The book presents the fruits of the colloquium on Violence and Defense in Jewish History held in Tel-Aviv in 1974.

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.

Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

The Devil and the Jews: The Medieval Conception of the Jew and Its Relation to Modern Anti-Semitism
The medieval conception of the Jew as devil – literally and figuratively – is the subject of this classic work, first issued in 1943. The full dimension of the diabolization of the Jew is presented through document, analysis, and illustration. It is a chilling study but an exceedingly important one.

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
The JPS Torah Commentary series guides readers through the words and ideas of the Torah. Each volume is the work of a scholar who stands at the pinnacle of his field.

MEDICINE AND MEDICAL ETHICS IN MEDIEVAL AND EARLY MODERN SPAIN


Ideology and Settlement
The first deep and detailed research conducted on the subject of carrying out of the policies and enterprises of the JNF in the years prior to World War I.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 5
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Jewish Cooking Around the World: Gourmet and Holiday Recipes
The book presents a variety of recipes from foreign countries and recipes for the Sabbath and festivals, all complying with the Jewish dietary laws. Every recipe has been tested by the author.

Luah Hashannah 5778
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

Literary Studies In The Hebrew Bible Form And Content
This volume focuses on some major issues in biblical research. In the studies collected in this volume, the author aims at highlighting salient literary modes which can be identified the books of the Hebrew Bible.

Luah HaShanah 5776
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The House of Nasi: The Duke of Naxos
Joseph Nasi, Duke of Naxos, Lord of Tiberias, was a Marrano or “converse,” knighted by Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, a jousting partner of Emperor Maximillian, and a court advisor to Suleiman the Magnificent. During his astonishing life as a statesman, financier, and philanthropist in sixteenth-century Europe, he moved across the continent from Antwerp to Paris, to Naples, to Rome, and from there to Constantinople, where he reembraced Judaism.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 4
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Smoke Over Birkenau
The astonishing stories in Smoke Over Birkenau tell of the women who lived and suffered alongside Liana Millu during her months in the concentration camp.

Studies in Jewish Education V: Teaching Classical Jewish Texts
This volume is dedicated to issues arising in the process of teaching classical Jewish texts.

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Legends of the Bible
This is storytelling with a grain of salt and a lot of wit; tales springing from the antiquity of oral tradition, told with sheer delight in the glory of a book transformed by a hundred generations whose daily thoughts and deeds were transformed by The Book.

Magic Spells and Formulae: Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity
Following the publication of Amulets and Magic Bowls , several new magic texts were made available to the authors. Presented in the same scholarly manner,this is a valuable insight into the religious life and practices of common people in the Talmudic period.

History of the Jews, Vol. 2: From the Reign of Hyrcanus (135 B.C.E.) to the Completion of the Babylonian Talmud (500 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The second volume covers the period from the reign of Hyrcanus to the completion of the Babylonian Talmud.

Encyclopedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archæology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible (in 4 volumes)
New electronic edition of classic four-volume Bible-focused encyclopedia supplied with sophisticated navigation, single-click lookup of original Hebrew text, and copy/paste functionality that comes with automatically generated bibliography.

A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, in 3 Volumes
Henry Charles Lea s three-volume The History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages (sold as a set only) is widely regarded by scholars in the field as one of the outstanding works of scholarship on the subject.

Jewish History: An Essay in the Philosophy of History
This essay exhibits in a remarkably striking way the author's art of making “all things seem fresh and new, important and attractive.” The author attempts, for the first time, a psychologic characterization of Jewish history. He endeavors to demonstrate the inner connection between events, and develop the ideas that underlie them.

Jewish History: An Essay in the Philosophy of History
This essay exhibits in a remarkably striking way the author's art of making “all things seem fresh and new, important and attractive.” The author attempts, for the first time, a psychologic characterization of Jewish history. He endeavors to demonstrate the inner connection between events, and develop the ideas that underlie them.

Studia Biblica Vol. 1
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Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.