Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

ALLENTOWN ALLIANCE THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA [ 188] 9th), 1917. On his entry into Jerusalem he was greeted by Jews as their liberator from the Turkish yoke. Allenby was at first not sympathetic toward the Zionist claims on Palestine and toward the policy of the British government as set forth in the Balfour Dec-laration. Indeed, it was with some difficulty that Weiz-mann succeeded in persuading him to join in the laying of the foundation- stone of the Hebrew University on Mt. Scopus in Jerusalem. Later, however, he became more favorably inclined toward Zionist ideas, and on the occasion of the opening of the Hebrew University in 1925 he gave enthusiastic expression to this change in his views. The Jews repeatedly manifested their gratitude to Allenby for his liberation of Palestine. In Tel- Aviv there is a street named after him. ALLENTOWN, city and county- seat of Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, with a population of 100,000 ( 1939), of which about 2,500 are Jews. A few Sephardic Jews came to Allentown as early as about 1830, but did not remain as a permanent group. In the 1840 s about a dozen families, including those of Henry Schurman and Theodore Weil, came from Baden, Ger-many, and organized the first Jewish congregation; in 1850 they rented a hall for the purpose of conducting religious services. Polish, Roumanian, Russian and Lithuanian Jews began to settle in Allentown in the late 1860 s. Allentown has five synagogues: Agudas Achim ( Or-thodox, 1894), Rabbi Solomon Krevsky; Keneseth Israel ( Reform, 1903), Rabbi Harry N. Caplan; Con-gregations Sons of Israel ( Orthodox, 1907), Rabbi Solo-mon Krevsky; Shaari Sholem ( Orthodox, 1917); and Temple Beth- El ( Conservative, 1930), Rabbi Harry W. Katchen. The Jewish Welfare Agency, a group of volunteer women workers for the purpose of ad-ministering relief to local needy families, was or-ganized in 1913. The Jewish Community Center of Allentown was organized in 1918, and by 1939 had a membership of 1,200. In 1928 it erected a new building, which has served as a meeting- place for all the Jewish organiza-tions as well as for a number of non- Jewish groups. The Center maintains a program of educational, social, cultural and athletic activities, conducts a School for Jewish Education, and handles all problems dealing with transients and refugees. GEORGE FELDMAN ALLGEMEINE ZEITUNG DES JUDENTUMS, German Jewish weekly periodical founded by Ludwig Philippson in 1837, and published originally in Leipzig and later in Berlin. Founded as an impartial organ de-voted to all Jewish interests, it at first advocated a moderate historical reform of Judaism as a revealed religion. Philippson edited the periodical until his death in 1889; from 1890 to 1909 it was edited by Gustav Karpeles, and from 1910 to 1919 Ludwig Geiger di-rected its editorial policy. Under Karpeles and Geiger it became the most outspoken liberal Jewish weekly in Germany. It ceased publication in 1921. The Allgemeine Zeitung des Judentums was one of the first Jewish periodicals of Central and Western Eu-rope. For many years it exercised great influence in other European countries, especially those of Eastern Europe. It played a prominent role in the struggle of the Jews of Germany for civic emancipation, and was instrumental in the founding of the Institut zur Ford-erung der israelitischen Literatur in 1853, of the Bibel-anstalt für Israeliten, and of the Lehranstalt für die Wissenschaft des Judentums in Berlin, a training school for liberal rabbis. It was of great influence in promot-ing a knowledge and appreciation of Judaism and its history and in fostering the inner religious and com-munal life of the German Jews. Lit.: Kayserling, Μ., Ludwig Philippson ( Allgemeine Zeitung des Judentums, Philippson, Martin, Neueste Geschichte des vol. 1, pp. 185- 91. ALLIANCE ISRAELITE UNIVERSELLE, inter-national Jewish organization with headquarters in Paris, France. The Alliance Israelite Universelle was launched in May, 1860, by seventeen Jewish citizens of Paris who, influenced by such events as the Damascus affair and the Mortara case, came to feel acutely that there was need for a central body authorized to speak and act for the Jews of the world in matters affecting their common interests. These interests included not only concern with legally guaranteed immunity from persecution but also the promotion of education and benevolence for the benefit of backward sections of the Jewish people. A call to the Jews of all countries was issued, announcing the creation of the new so-ciety and inviting all to join who believed  that it would be an honor to their religion, a lesson for the nations, a step forward for humanity, a triumph of truth and reason, to see the union of all the living forces of Judaism, which, though small in numbers, is great in its love and desire for good. This call was signed by Rabbi Aristide Astruc; Isidore Cahen, pro-fessor at the Paris Rabbinical Seminary; Jules Car-vallo, civil engineer; Narcisse Leven, lawyer; Professor Eugen Manuel; and Charles Netter, a merchant. Their appeal was well received, but the immediate response, outside of France, Italy, and Algiers, consisted of little more than polite words of praise. In some quarters there was outspoken opposition. Before the end of 1860 the society had 850 members, of whom all but 20 per cent were from France. In 1862 it had 1,100 members; in 1864, over 2,800; in 1870, twelve thousand; in 1875, twenty thousand; in 1885, thirty thousand; in 1939, over forty thousand. The German section, which was disbanded in 1912, had about eighteen thousand members. The aims of the Alliance are: ( 1) to defend the civil and religious liberties of persecuted Jewish groups; ( 2) to alleviate the distress of certain Jewish groups in times of disaster; ( 3) to furnish educational oppor-tunities to certain backward Jewish groups; ( 4) to grant financial aid to certain Jewish publications; ( 5) to bring about world- wide cooperation of the Jewish people for the accomplishment of these aims. The administration is in the hands of a Central Committee of sixty members, who serve as execu-tives for terms of nine years. About one half of the Central Committee reside in Paris. The Austrian and the German sections were autonomous. In Austria the society was at the outset suspected of having designs against the government. The Czarist regime also classed it as a political movement and banned it. Through the channels of international diplomacy the Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

JEWS, JUDAISM AND THE CLASSICAL WORLD
English edition of the work for which G. Alon received prestigious Israel Prize. Anyone interested in the origin of the modern Jewish law and the history of the Second Temple must read this book.

To Do the Right and the Good
A thought-provoking examination of Jewish social ethics in relation to the mores of contemporary society. In this book, Rabbi Dorff focuses on the social aspects of the Jewish tradition, while tackling such timely topics as war and peace, poverty, intrafaith and interfaith relations, and forgiveness.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 9
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The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Psalms (in 2 volumes)
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Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide
This is hard-core serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.

Islam Unveiled
In Islam Unveiled, Robert Spencer dares to face the hard questions about what the Islamic religion actually teaches and the potentially ominous implications of those teachings for the future of both the Muslim world and the West.

Studies in Jewish Education X: In Search of Jewish Paideia : Directions in the Philosophy of the Jewish Education
The 10th volume of Studies in Jewish Education reflects the commitment of the Hebrew University in general, and of the Melton Centre in particular, to reflection and research on issues pertaining to Jewish education. The essays and articles appearing in this volume represent the summary of a conference held in honor of Prof. Michael Rosenak on the occasion of his retirement after 33 years of research and teaching at the Melton Centre.

The Anti-Chomsky Reader
Provocative essays that analyze Noam Chomsky's intellectual and political career: coverage includes Chomsky's contribution to linguistics, his hatred of Israel, gloating reaction to the September 11 attacks, as well as his collaboration with Holocaust revisionists, apologies Pol Pot, and others.

Sacred Fragments: Recovering Theology for the Modern Jew
Winner of the National Jewish Book Award, this book will be a stimulating and rewarding step to exploring and restoring Jewish theology and faith at a time when belief is continually challenged and yet so very needed.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Exodus
The Book of Exodus sets before us, as the Hebrews of later ages told it, and in the vivid, picturesque style which the best Jewish historians could always command, the story of the deliverance from Egypt.

Coat of Many Cultures: The Story of Joseph in Spanish Literature. 1200-1492
The book presents seven works based on the biblical story. All of these works are unmistakably Spanish, though many of them are also undeniably Jewish or Muslim.

Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the Geschichte der Juden, the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

Studies in Jewish Education XI: Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education
Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education is dedicated to Prof. Michael Rosenak, the founder of the discipline of the Philosophy of Jewish Education.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 4
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AN EMPIRE IN THE HOLY LAND


Jewish Cooking Around the World: Gourmet and Holiday Recipes
The book presents a variety of recipes from foreign countries and recipes for the Sabbath and festivals, all complying with the Jewish dietary laws. Every recipe has been tested by the author.

Tales of Sendebar
Translated from original Hebrew version of the SEVEN SAGES, this collection of fascinating stories--based on unpublished manuscripts--makes available the complete English translation of Mishle Sendebar, the Hebrew version of an enormously popular medieval romance which originated in the East and was subsequently transmitted westward.

Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature
This extraordinary volume is framed by two major original essays by the editors. Through sixteen unusual selections from ancient and medieval Hebrew texts, sensitively rendered into English prose, it reveals facets of the Jewish experience and tradition that would otherwise remain unknown.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Maimonides
The first of a series of books dealing with Jewish Worthies, this volume presents the biography of, perhaps, the most famous Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages with special regard to the general history of the period at which he lived.

Israel and the Nations
Israel and the Nations is a handbook of Jewish apologetics. The author's primary goal was to put together all the arguments of Jew-baiting and to explain their nature and origin. This work is a source of information and reference for all those who are in quest of enlightenment.

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): ESTHER
Extraodinary book which retained its freshness and technical insight after almost a century of existance.

Hebrew-English Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This is a Study Edition of the traditional Masoretic text placed next to the classic word-for-word Jewish translation by JPS; it features the most authoritative Hebrew text - based on the Leningrad Codex - complete with cantillation marks, vocalization and verse numbers.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.

The Sephardi Legacy II


Volume 9, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Judges
The commentary, which pays a close attention to early history of social and religious life of Israel.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 2
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Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 12
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Sacred Fragments: Recovering Theology for the Modern Jew
Winner of the National Jewish Book Award, this book will be a stimulating and rewarding step to exploring and restoring Jewish theology and faith at a time when belief is continually challenged and yet so very needed.

Early History of the Alphabet
A most enjoyable and informative book. . . an excellent introduction to epigraphy and paleography of ancient Semitic languages . . . contains a wealth of information compiled into a simple to understand format.

Jewish History: An Essay in the Philosophy of History
This essay exhibits in a remarkably striking way the author's art of making all things seem fresh and new, important and attractive. The author attempts, for the first time, a psychologic characterization of Jewish history. He endeavors to demonstrate the inner connection between events, and develop the ideas that underlie them.

The House of Nasi: The Duke of Naxos
Joseph Nasi, Duke of Naxos, Lord of Tiberias, was a Marrano or converse, knighted by Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, a jousting partner of Emperor Maximillian, and a court advisor to Suleiman the Magnificent. During his astonishing life as a statesman, financier, and philanthropist in sixteenth-century Europe, he moved across the continent from Antwerp to Paris, to Naples, to Rome, and from there to Constantinople, where he reembraced Judaism.

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MEDICINE AND MEDICAL ETHICS IN MEDIEVAL AND EARLY MODERN SPAIN


The Commentary of R. Samuel Ben Meir Rashbam on Qoheleth


The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 6
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.

JPS Hebrew-English (Jewish Bible) Tanakh
A true searchable (offline -- English only; in optional online mode -- both English and Hebrew) replica (including Biblical Hebrew vowel and cantillation marks) of the original 2nd printed edition. It is a MUST for any serious student of The Holy Scriptures and perfect a participant in Bible-study groups.

Does God Belong in the Bedroom?
In Does God Belong in the Bedroom? Rabbi Michael Gold turns to the Torah, the wisdom of the rabbis of the Talmud, the Midrash, and other classic Jewish sources. More than a study of texts, the book presents readers with a frank and honest approach to sexual ethics.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Chronicles
The author of this interesting work, has little sympathy with that subjective criticism which prescribes beforehand an author's scheme of composition and then regards all contrary to this scheme as interpolations or supplements.

Israel and the Nations
Israel and the Nations is a handbook of Jewish apologetics. The author's primary goal was to put together all the arguments of Jew-baiting and to explain their nature and origin. This work is a source of information and reference for all those who are in quest of enlightenment.

Medieval Ketubot from Sefarad, Hispania Judaica v. 11
A careful examination of legal and historic aspects of 30 ketubots from various medieval Hispanic kingdoms; includes their comparison.

Defenses of the Imagination: Jewish Writers and Historical Crisis
A carefully selected set of critical and biographical essays that offer analyses of a spectrum of poems, stories, historical and critical works by selected Jewish writers, who witnessed the presence of humanistic values in the most ghastly historical circumstances of the twentieth century.