Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

[ 185] THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA ALJAMA ALKALAI the services was regarded as an act of great merit, many individuals sought to  get an Aliyah; congrega-tions frequently supplemented their revenues by auc-tioning off the Aliyahs to the highest bidder, payment taking place in the form of a sum of money pledged to the congregation. See also: HATHAN BERESHITH; HATHAN TORAH; SHNODERN; TORAH, READING OF. 2. Technical term for the return of the Jews from the Exile to Palestine under Ezra in the 5th cent. B. C. E. In addition, the term Aliyah was often applied to the three pilgrimage festivals, Pesach, Shabuoth and Sukkoth; the pilgrims that went up to Jerusalem to participate in these festivals were designated as  ole re-gel ( those who go up to the festival). In recent years the word Aliyah has been given a new meaning. It was applied to the successive reentries of the Jews of Central and Eastern Europe into Pales-tine in the form of mass immigration after the World War. The Aliyah from 1919 to 1924 was stimulated by the Zionist movement and consisted mostly of pio-neers ( Halutzim) and young idealists. The Aliyah from 1924 on was made up of middle class Jews, fol-lowing upon the industrial debacle in Poland and other Refugee children in Palestine, receiving every opportunity of self- reliance under the auspices of Youth Aliyah countries. The latest Aliyah consists of Jews forced to emigrate from Nazi Germany. An organic part of the general German refugee im-migration into Palestine is the Youth Aliyah, the pur-pose of which is to provide an opportunity for the young Jews of Germany to secure the education and training to fit them for a life of useful activity in Palestine. In 1933- 34 five hundred boys and girls be-tween the ages of fifteen and seventeen were brought there. The movement is sponsored by the Jüdische Jugendhilfe, a federation of all Jewish Youth organi-zations in Germany and is directed by Henrietta Szold, founder and honorary president of Hadassah, which re-solved at its 21st annual convention held in Cleveland ( Nov. 28 to Dec. 1, 1935) to participate actively in the movement as American Agency for the Youth Aliyah. ALJAMA, the official title given the community ( Kehillah) among the Sephardim. See COMMUNITY AND COMMUNAL ORGANIZATION. ALKABETZ, SOLOMON BEN MOSES HA-LEVI, Cabalist, liturgical poet, and Bible commentator, b. at the beginning of the 16th cent., probably in Tur-key; d. Safed, Palestine, about 1580. His early educa- German children, refugees, leaving protection of Youth Aliyah, which also by the American Hadassah tion was received from Joseph Taytazak, famed rabbi and mystic of Salonika. Later he went to Adrianople, where he became intimate with the great Joseph Caro, who regarded him highly for his profound Cabalistic knowledge. Alkabetz relates that one Pentecost night, while at the house of Caro, he was privileged to hear the  maggid or  heavenly mentor of Caro, who ad-vised them to go to Palestine. About 1535 Alkabetz went to Palestine and joined the group of mystics in Safed, where he headed a Ca-balistic academy. His most important pupil was his brother- in- law Moses Cordovero, who recorded how Alkabetz would take his pupils for long walks, during which he would discuss with them the deep secrets of Cabalistic lore and together they would visit the graves of Simeon ben Yohai, the reputed author of the Zohar, and of his son Eleazar. Alkabetz composed many prayers, but is most fa-mous for the poem Lechah Dodi, which eloquently ex-presses the longings of Israel for the promised redemp-tion. This prayer, welcoming the Sabbath as bride, now forms part of the Friday evening ritual. The sim-ple charm and enchanting beauty of this poem were appreciated by Herder and Heine in Germany, and it was translated into many languages; Isaac Luria, the outstanding Cabalist of his age, is said to have pre-ferred it to the poetry of Ibn Gabirol and Ibn Ezra. Besides his liturgical poems, Alkabetz wrote impor-tant exegetical commentaries to Song of Songs, Ruth, and an especially valuable commentary to Esther en-titled Manoth Halevi ( Gifts of the Levite), which he sent to his fiancee as a Purim gift. He composed also commentaries on Psalms, fob, Hosea, and on the Haggadah, and various mystical, liturgical, and homiletical works some of which are extant in manu-script. Alkabetz had one son, Moses, who edited his fathers works after his death. See also: LECHAH DODI. HIRSCHEL REVEL. Lit.: Horodezky, S. Α.,  Rabbi Shelomoh Alkabitz, in Sefer Hashanah Shel Eretz Yisrael Schechter, S., Studies in Judaism, Second Series 213- 15, 219- 20, 222, 227- 28, 233, 237- 40; Schechter, Α., Lectures on Jewish Liturgy ( 1933) 56- 59. ALKALAI, JUDAH BEN SOLOMON HAI, champion of Zionism, b. 1788; d. Jerusalem, 1878. For Chapter Home  | Index AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
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Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 2
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Medieval Ketubot from Sefarad, Hispania Judaica v. 11
A careful examination of legal and historic aspects of 30 ketubots from various medieval Hispanic kingdoms; includes their comparison.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 2
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Esther's Plea
A facinated exploration of the tie-in between hallachic decision making process and politics through the analysis of the disputes of R. Yehoshua and R. Elazar haModi'in in Tractate Megillah.

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A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 1
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. This first volume of the two-volume set takes the story down to the middle of the thirteen century in Castile.

The Emergence of Conservative Judaism: The Historical School in 19th Century America
The book begins with description of the early decades of the past century, when American Judaism was still the expression of a religiously united community, and then probes the tensions and new forms of Jewish institutional and personal practice as they resulted from the needs of Jewish experience and from contact with American tradition, ideas and events.

Medieval Ketubot from Sefarad, Hispania Judaica v. 11
A careful examination of legal and historic aspects of 30 ketubots from various medieval Hispanic kingdoms; includes their comparison.

Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash
The classic work on the field. Not for beginners; for those interested in a more historical and critical study of Talmud and Midrash.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. I.
This is the first volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Ah, Assyria... (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXXIII)
Thirty outstanding papers on Assyrian history and its connection and impact on Biblical Israel.

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 11
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Does God Belong in the Bedroom?
In Does God Belong in the Bedroom? Rabbi Michael Gold turns to the Torah, the wisdom of the rabbis of the Talmud, the Midrash, and other classic Jewish sources. More than a study of texts, the book presents readers with a frank and honest approach to sexual ethics.

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the Geschichte der Juden, the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 1
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Jews Among the Greeks and Romans
The book is a study of the contribution of the Jews to the modern civilization. The Romans and Greeks were originators of a great many elements of our civilization, but the Jews' impact was no less real or lasting. There was a time when Greek and Roman and Jew were in free contact. The results of this contact the author skillfully explores.

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Volume 4, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

Divine Law in Human Hands
A revealing look at the reciprocal relationship between the Halakha as an abstract system and the realities of the Jewish life.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Exodus
The Book of Exodus sets before us, as the Hebrews of later ages told it, and in the vivid, picturesque style which the best Jewish historians could always command, the story of the deliverance from Egypt.

By Design: science search for God
The book introduces and summarizes two contemporary movements science and religion dialogue and intelligent design . After reading By Design we understand how what was once a battleground between God and science can now become a meeting ground.

Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition
Interactive edition of one of the most important Biblical Hebrew grammar ever published in English.

The Jews of Santa Coloma de Queralt. Hispania Judaica, v. 6
A reconstruction of the Jewish life in a small community, on the basis of notary acts found in local archives.

Aspects of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Scripta Hierosolymitana IV)
Ten contributions from various perspectives on this unique find: from the departments of Bible, Archaeology, Hebrew Philology, Linguistics, and Comparative Religion, by E.Y. Kutscher, Yigael Yudin, N. Avigad, Jacob Light, M. H. Segal, Chaim Rabin, Shemaryahu Talmon, Z. Ben-Hayyim, and David Flusser.

ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM


Meeting of Cultures and Clash of Cultures


Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 3
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The End of Time
A stunning departure from the polemics and social criticism that have made Horowitz one of our most controversial public intellectuals, The End of Time is a wide ranging, unflinching and lyrical meditation on subjects ranging from what parents inadvertently teach us in their deaths, to the forbidding reality of the cancer ward and the way in which figures like Mohammed Atta use death to become gods of their own mad creation.

Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

Nazarene Jewish Christianity
A comprehensive study of the immediate heirs of the earliest Jerusalem church.

Chapters on Jewish Literature
The twenty-five short chapters on Jewish Literature open with the fall of Jerusalem in the year 70 of the current era, and end with the death of Moses Mendelssohn in 1786. This book has been compiled with the definite aim of providing an elementary manual of Jewish literature both for home and school use.

Jewish Contributions to Civilization: An Estimate
Joseph Jacobs was a thinker and writer of unusual breadth and versatility. Among the subjects to which he gave his attention was the comparative distribution of Jewish ability, as the result of researches he had undertaken in association with Sir Francis Galton. The present work was the natural outcome of these studies.

Studies in Jewish Education XIII: Modes of Educational Translation
This volume is concerned with the possibility of translating insights derived from areas of knowledge sometimes thought to be outside the purview of education to issues and problems on the agenda of educational thinkers, researchers and practitioners.

Trujillo: A Jewish Community in Extremadura on the Eve of the Expulsion from Spain. Hispania Judaica, v. 2
Based on documents published for the first time, this book reveals the life and surroundings of a community lulled into a false sense of security and endeavouring to build its life in peace while the war against Granada continues.

History of the Jews, Vol. 3: From the Revolt against the Zendik (511 C.E.) to the Capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans (1291 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The third volume covers the period from the revolt against the Zendik to the capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans.

Hebrew-English Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This is a Study Edition of the traditional Masoretic text placed next to the classic word-for-word Jewish translation by JPS; it features the most authoritative Hebrew text - based on the Leningrad Codex - complete with cantillation marks, vocalization and verse numbers.

Literary Studies In The Hebrew Bible Form And Content
This volume focuses on some major issues in biblical research. In the studies collected in this volume, the author aims at highlighting salient literary modes which can be identified the books of the Hebrew Bible.

Jerusalem Curiosities
This volume not only seeks to provide pleasurable reading but also enables the reader to grasp Jerusalem's unique role in the history of mankind. Those who read this book will encounter Jerusalem with eyes that see and hearts that understand.

The Jewish Encyclopedia, Index Volume
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Jesus of Nazareth
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Jew or Juif?: Jews, French Canadians, and Anglo-Canadians, 1759-1914
Michael Brown s landmark study offers an unusual perspective on the origins of Canadian-Jewish assimilation in Anglo-Canada and the fear and insecurity that Canadian Jews experienced under the French Canadians.

The Goddess Anath
A major contribution to Ugaritic scholarship, The Goddess Anath--Cassuto's work on Canaanite Epics of the Patriarchal Age--is a classic authored by one of the greatest Bible scholars.

Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament
Long the standard English work on the subject, now is prepared to work interactively with Hebrew-English Tanakh: the Jewish Bible.

The Jews of Navarre in the Late Middle Ages. Hispania Judaica, v. 4
Documented depiction of the economic activities of the Jews and their work at the service of the Crown in this Christian kingdom.

Education in Israel
Education in Israel gives a full account of the present school system in Israel and should be of interest to educationists of the modern world. For Israel is a microcosm of the modern world.

THE BIBLICAL ACCOUNT OF THE CONQUEST OF CANAAN


Encounter with Emancipation: The German Jews in the United States, 1830-1914
This superbly documented study, enriched by anecdotes and illustrations, portrays the first genuine encounter of Jewish society with emancipation.