Volume 1, The Universal Jewish...

Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Associate Editors and Contributors of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA BIBLE: ROBERT GORDIS Lecturer, Biblical Exegesis, Jewish Theological Seminary of America HISTORY: JACOB LESTSCHINSKY Economist, Department of Statistics of the American Jewish Congress HARRY S. LINFIELD Director, Jewish Statistical Bureau JEWISH LITERATURE: LEON NEMOY Curator, Hebrew and Arabic Literature, Yale University RABBINICS: SAMUEL BELKIN Assistant Professor, Rabbinics and Hellenistic Literature, Yeshiva College SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS: A. G . DUKER Managing Editor, Contemporary Jewish Record CONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONE I. A. ABBADY, Jerusalem Author and Journalist ELKAN NATHAN ADLER, London Writer and Librarian MICHAEL ADLER, London Author and Rabbi WILLIAM F. ALBRIGHT, Baltimore, Md. Professor of Semitic Languages, Johns Hopkins University DAVID ALEXANDER, Akron, O. Rabbi, Akron Hebrew Congregation NACHMAN S. ARNOFF, New York Rabbi and Research Worker SIEGFRIED ASCHNER, Berlin Author and Educator FRITZ BAER, Jerusalem Prof. of History, Hebrew University DAVID HARTWIG BANETH, Jerusalem Librarian, Hebrew University Η. I. BARRON, New York Instructor, Graduate School for Jew-ish Social Work NORMAN BENTWICH, Jerusalem Professor of International Relations, Hebrew University; formerly Attor-ney- General of Palestine SOL BERNSTEIN, New York Research Worker SHELDON H . BLANK, Cincinnati, O. Prof. of Bible, Hebrew Union College JOSHUA BLOCH, New York Bibliographer and Librarian WALTER HART BLUMENTHAL, New York Author and Editor MOSES BUTTENWIESER ( deceased) Former Professor of Bible, Hebrew Union College HANANE M. CAISERMAN, Montreal Secretary, Canadian Jewish Congress UMBERTO CASSUTO, Florence, Italy Rabbi and Educator ABRAHAM COHEN, Birmingham, Eng. Rabbi and Writer SIMON COHEN, Brooklyn, N. Y. Director of Research MARCUS COHN, Basel, Switzerland Jurist WILLY COHN, Breslau, Germany Author SAMUEL S. COHON, Cincinnati, O. Professor of Theology, Hebrew Union College EDWARD D. COLEMAN ( deceased) Former Librarian, American Jewish Historical Society FREDERICK A. DOPPELT, Elmira, N. Y. Rabbi, High St. Temple BERNARD DRACHMAN, New York President of the Jewish Sabbath Alli-ance of America ABRAHAM G. DUKER, New York Managing Editor,  Contemporary Jew-ish Record ISMAR ELBOGEN, New York Former Professor, Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judentums, Berlin; Research Professor at the Jewish Theological Seminary, the Jewish In-stitute of Religion, and the Hebrew Union College I. ELEAZARI- VOLCANI, Palestine Director, Agricultural Experiment Sta-tion at Athlit Louis EPSTEIN, Brookline, Mass. Rabbi, Author and Talmudic Scholar JOSHUA FINKEL, New York Author and Editor HENRY M. FISHER, Atlantic City, N. J. Rabbi, Congregation Beth Israel F. FOAKES- JACKSON, New York Professor of Christian Institutions, Union Theological Seminary CLARENCE I. FREED, New York Writer and Linguist SOLOMON B. FREEHOF, Pittsburgh, Pa. Rabbi, Congregation Rodef Shalom ALBERT M. FRIEDENBERG, New York Secretary, American Jewish Historical Society MOSES GASTER ( deceased) Scholar and Author MOSES GINSBURGER, Strasbourg, France Author, Librarian and Professor NELSON GLUECK, Cincinnati, O. Archeologist and Educator JACQUES GOLDBERG, Paris Journalist MORRIS GOLDBERG, New York Journalist and Educator FELIX GOLDMANN, Leipzig, Germany Rabbi ISRAEL GOLDSTEIN, New York Rabbi, Bnai Jeshurun Congregation PAUL GOODMAN, London Historian and Author ROBERT GORDIS, Rockaway Park, N. Y. Lecturer on Bible Exegesis, Jewish Theological Seminary of America RICHARD J. Η GOTTHEIL ( deceased) Former Professor, Columbia University SIMON GREENBERG, Philadelphia, Pa. Rabbi, Har Zion Temple ALFRED GROTTE, Breslau, Germany Specialist on Synagogue Architecture ISRAEL GÜNZIG, Antwerp, Belgium Rabbi and Author JULIUS GUTTMANN, Berlin Former Professor, Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judentums; Author MOSES HADAS, New York Assistant Professor of Greek and Latin, Columbia University FRANK H. HANKINS, Northampton Professor of Sociology, Smith College GEORGE S. HELLMAN, New York Art Critic and Editor GEORGE HERLITZ, Berlin, Germany Co- editor- in- chief,  Jüdisches Lexikon PAUL HIRSCHLER, Budapest, Hungary Rabbi Continued on next page AAR- AZU | BAA- CAN | CAN- EDU | EDU- GNO | GOD- IZS | JAB- LEX | LEX- MOS | MOS- PRO | PRO- SPE | SPI- ZYL

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterHalf Title PageCopyright PageCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME ONEDedication PageSponsors, Friends, and Co-Workers of THE UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA PrefaceRules Governing Transliterations, Citations, Spelling of Proper Names, and AbbreviationsAAR - AZU ( I )BAA-CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )INDEX TO GUIDE
volume universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks created reform rabbis scholars many whom escaped from nazi germany exhibits unique sensitivity forms anti semitic agitation malice makes every effort find allies among others especially christians forge shield people face coming catastrophe
eBookshuk Books

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 6
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The Return of Anti-Semitism
An anti-Semitic contamination is now world-wide. This sad truth is brilliantly evoked in Gabriel Schoenfeld's important study. Necessary reading. --Elie Wiesel

JPS Hebrew-English (Jewish Bible) Tanakh
A true searchable (offline -- English only; in optional online mode -- both English and Hebrew) replica (including Biblical Hebrew vowel and cantillation marks) of the original 2nd printed edition. It is a MUST for any serious student of The Holy Scriptures and perfect a participant in Bible-study groups.

The Bunker
The book tells a story of seven Jews who succeeded in escaping the massacre of Jews that followed the Warsaw uprising in 1944. From about September 1944 until January 1945 the author lived with six others in a bunker under inconceivable conditions. Yet they survived. How they managed this is told in The Bunker.

Christianity and Judaism: Two Covenants
A great historian of Jewish religion analyzes the conflictual relationship between Christianity and Judaism.

JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy
The fifth and final JPS commentary on the last book of the Torah.

Studies in Bible II (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXI)
The seventeen articles in this collection, present a true sense of the Jerusalem School of Biblical scholarship with its commitment to united the unique heritage of Jewish learning with the methodology and accomplishments of modern biblical research.

Studies in Israel Legislative Problems (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXII)
An impressive collection of thoughts on major legal problems facing Israel, a country where the law is at a transitional stage and in the process of continous growth.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 3
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Chess in Jewish History and Hebrew Literature
This book deals with the origins of chess from before 500 A.D. and its appearance in Jewish sources and literature until the middle of the 19th century.

Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.

Studies in Jewish Education IV: Curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew
The present volume, the fourth in the series Studies in Jewish Education, is dedicated to the subject of curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Isaiah I-XXVII
In religion, as elsewhere, great personalities count first, and it is the privilege of a student of the Book of Isaiah to come face to face with one, if not two, such personalities...

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 3
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The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 1
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Book of Pogroms (in Russian)
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A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 1
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. This first volume of the two-volume set takes the story down to the middle of the thirteen century in Castile.

The Responsa Literature
An interesting presentation of an extraordinary type of correspondence between communities and foremost Jewish authorities during the past fifteen hundred years by which social, economic and religious problems were discussed and solved.

ADULT EDUCATION IN CRISIS SITUATIONS


The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 11
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ecclesiastes
A straightforward, engaging commentary on the Book of Kohelet.

Pirke de-Rabbi Eliezer
Kabbalistic midrashic work on Genesis, part of Exodus, and a few sentences of Numbers ascribed to R. Eliezer b. Hyrcanus.

The Gate Behind the Wall: A Pilgrimage to Jerusalem
When Samuel Heilman took a sabbatical from teaching sociology to spend time in Jerusalem, he did not know that it would become a personal pilgrimage. What had begun by engaging the social scientist in me would end by awakening the Jew, Heilman writes.

R. Juspa, Shammash of Warmaisa (Worms)


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History of the Jewish People
... a single volume (containing) the multitude of details of nearly 40 centuries of Jewish history (provided) with conciseness, clarity, and completeness. . . entire work is informed by a broad philosophic grasp of the subject, a rare balance and objectivity of treatment, and a warm love for the Jewish people and its heritage. Robert Gordis Encyclopaedia Judaica

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 5
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The International Critical Commentary (ICC): ESTHER
Extraodinary book which retained its freshness and technical insight after almost a century of existance.

Studies in Mishnaic Hebrew (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVII)
The twenty-two articles in this collection represent the latest results of the research into Mishnaic Hebrew that is conducted in Israel.

Tractate Sanhedrin: Commentary and Study Guide
SANHEDRIN (“ Court”): Name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmudim. It stands fourth in the order Nezikin in most editions, and is divided into eleven chapters containing seventy-one paragraphs in all. It treats chiefly of courts and their powers, of qualifications for the office of judge, and of legal procedure and criminal law.

The Conversos of Majorca. Hispania Judaica, v. 5
Life and death in a crypto-Jewish community of Conversos of XVII century Majorca.

The Jews of Egypt: From Ramses II to Emperor Hadrian
This is the story of the adventures and misadventures of the Jewish people in the land of Egypt – shrouded in the mists of biblical history under the Pharaohs; the strange intermezzo of the Jewish mercenary detachment on the island of Elephantine on the upper Nile; the apogee of Jewish culture under the Ptolemies; and, finally, the Jewish community's rapid decline and catastrophic disappearance under Roman rule.

THE BIBLICAL ACCOUNT OF THE CONQUEST OF CANAAN


Topics In Hebrew and Semitic Linguistics


The House of Nasi: The Duke of Naxos
Joseph Nasi, Duke of Naxos, Lord of Tiberias, was a Marrano or “converse,” knighted by Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, a jousting partner of Emperor Maximillian, and a court advisor to Suleiman the Magnificent. During his astonishing life as a statesman, financier, and philanthropist in sixteenth-century Europe, he moved across the continent from Antwerp to Paris, to Naples, to Rome, and from there to Constantinople, where he reembraced Judaism.

Chess in Jewish History and Hebrew Literature
This book deals with the origins of chess from before 500 A.D. and its appearance in Jewish sources and literature until the middle of the 19th century.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, 12 vls. plus Index
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

Jewish Cooking Around the World: Gourmet and Holiday Recipes
The book presents a variety of recipes from foreign countries and recipes for the Sabbath and festivals, all complying with the Jewish dietary laws. Every recipe has been tested by the author.

Nazvanie
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Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

ARAMAIC OSTRACA OF THE FOURTH CENTURY BC FROM IDUMAEA
The 201 of containing in the book Aramaic ostraca dating 361-311 BC are almost exclusive source for the study of the ethnic structure and the economic life for end of the Persian rule in the Land of Israel and the beginning of the Hellenistic period.

The Jewish Encyclopedia, Index Volume
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Conversos of Majorca. Hispania Judaica, v. 5
Life and death in a crypto-Jewish community of Conversos of XVII century Majorca.

Palestine in the 18th Century


JPS Torah Commentary: Exodus
Masterly commentary on the second book of the Bible by eminent Jewish scholar.

The Gate Behind the Wall: A Pilgrimage to Jerusalem
When Samuel Heilman took a sabbatical from teaching sociology to spend time in Jerusalem, he did not know that it would become a personal pilgrimage. What had begun by engaging the social scientist in me would end by awakening the Jew, Heilman writes.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 3
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A Grammar of Samaritan Hebrew
The importance of the Samaritan pronunciation of Hebrew has gained wide acceptance as essential for reaching a correct understanding of the processes that affected the development of the Hebrew language in the late second temple period.

Tales of Sendebar
Translated from original Hebrew version of the SEVEN SAGES, this collection of fascinating stories--based on unpublished manuscripts--makes available the complete English translation of Mishle Sendebar, the Hebrew version of an enormously popular medieval romance which originated in the East and was subsequently transmitted westward.