Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety Page 8...

Original and interesting study of the meaning of piety amoung observant Jews of the late Second Temple period.

8 SOME TYPES OF it is active, and not passive. 1 As, according to the critics, the date of the composition of Ps. 145  was very near the Maccabean rising, the Asideans of that period were also most probably men practising loving- kindness towards their fellow men. 2 The pious or holy men appear also3 in the Psalms of Solomon as οk uσιοι which Greek word is in the LXX the translation of חסיד in the biblical Psalms; a special chapter will be devoted to the establishment of their religious character. In rabbinic literature חסיד appears in connexion with Hillel4 who died about the year 1: ‘ When once the elders ( scholars) went into the house of the family of Gadia in Jericho, and a heavenly voice came forth and said to them, “ There is among you a man worthy of the holy spirit, 1 So also in the explanation in Sifré Deut. 49: מה הקב’’ ה נקרא צדיק שנאמר צדיק ה בכל דרביו אף אתה הוי צדיק, מה הקב ה נקרא הסיד . שנאמר וחסיד בכל מעשיו אף אתה הוי חסיד 2 1 Macc. 2. 42; 7. 13 describes them as men of valour who were devoted to the law. This is all the information that we have; undoubtedly too little to justify the various theories about the relations of the Asideans to the Essenes, or the ascription to them of Enoch, the Book of Jubilees and other books, persistently advocated without a shadow of evidence in the sources. The identification of the Hasidim with the Essenes advanced again by Weinstein, Beiträge zur Geschichte der Essäer, Vienna, 1892, 13 ff. 61, 67, requires, owing to the unscientific nature of his arguments, no lengthy refutation. He starts from a corrupt reading in Sifré Num. 78, 20 a, , הם חסרים ממי ילנדו והוא חסר למי ילמד, באו חסרים ללחמוד אצל חסר where the parallel, quoted by Friedmann, in Mekhil. 18. 27, 60 b: הם בקשו את הרב ויעבץ בקש חכמה , shows that the correct reading is not חסידים , but חסרים and חסר , meaning lacking. On such evidence is based also his derivation of the Essenes from the Rechabites in 1 Chron. 2. 55.  See also Z. Frankel in his Zeitschrift für die relig. Interessen des Judenthums, III, 1846, 449 ff., and below; Asidaeans in Encycl. Biblica, Foakes Jackson and Kirsopp Lake, Beginnings of Christianity, I, 88– 9. 3 See Sirach 39. 24 compared with Hos. 14. 10. 4 Baraitha jer. Sotah IX, 24 b. 29; Cant. r. 8. 9. 3; Tos. Sotah 13. 3; b. 48 b: מעשה שנכנסו זקיניס אצל בית גדיא ביריחו ויצתה בת קול ואמרה להן יש ביניכם אדם אחד ראוי לרות הקודש אלא שאין הדור כדיי ונתנו עיניהן . בהלל הזקן. וכשמת היו אומריפ עליו הוי עניו חסיד תלמידו של עןרא Tos. has הי עניו הי חסיד , b. הי חסיד הי עניו , Cant. . הא   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C

Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety


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Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageContentsPreface. SOME TYPES OF JEWISH-PALESTINIAN PIETY FROM 70 B.C.E. TO 70 C.E.
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