Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety Page 14...

Original and interesting study of the meaning of piety amoung observant Jews of the late Second Temple period.

14 SOME TYPES OF the statements of other scholars suggest, 1 may refer to Hillel’s own choice of a humble place or of a front seat among the scholars, reflecting his modesty or his pride. Or the first person of the suffix may not refer to his own experience at all, but only be his literary formulation of a rule and a sentence. In any case, his words state that humiliation or humility is merely an external experience that does not affect the soul of a man or his own estimation of the incident; for he may feel inwardly elevated, when outwardly he is placed low, or distinction or pride may be felt by his inner self a degradation or shame. The standard by which such outward experience is measured is that of the humble stoic. And with this may be connected another meaning of Hillel’s epithet עניו  , suggested by ben- Zoma’s rendering of the same word in Num. 12. 3  by 2 , עלוב ‘ Who is the most submissive of all? He who is as submissive as our master Moses was, as it says, And the man Moses was very submissive.’ He heard himself abused by his sister and his brother, and said nothing, following the principle of those described in the well- known Baraitha: 3 ‘ To such as are humiliated, but humiliate not, hear themselves reviled, but reply not, do all from love, and rejoice at their sufferings,Judges 5. 31  applies: Those who love Him ( God) are as the sun, when he goeth forth in his might.’ We have no knowledge of actual insults by words or actions against 1 Lev. r. 1. 5; ARN. 25, 41 a; 2 ARN. 22, 23 b, R. Akiba in the name of Simeon b. ‛ Azzai ( see Bacher, I, 413. 1), in commenting on Prov. 25. 7: כי טוב אמר לך עלה הנה מהשפילך לפני נדיב אשר ראו עיניך , says, Withdraw from thy place two or three seats and sit down, till thou art told to go higher up; but go not too high up, in order not to be told to go down. It is better that they tell thee, Come up, come up, than that they should tell thee, Go down, go down; and so Hillel said, & c. 2 ARN. 23, 38 a; Bacher I, 427. 5: איזהו עלוב שבעלובים זה שהוא עלוב . כמשה רבינו שנאמר והאיש משה ענו מאד 3 Shabb. 88 b: תנו רבנן עלובין ואינן עולבין שומעין חרפתן ואינן משבין עושין מאהבה ושסחין ביסודין עליהן הכתוב אומר ואהביו כצאת השמש . בגבורתו   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C

Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety


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Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageContentsPreface. SOME TYPES OF JEWISH-PALESTINIAN PIETY FROM 70 B.C.E. TO 70 C.E.
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