Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety Page 13...

Original and interesting study of the meaning of piety amoung observant Jews of the late Second Temple period.

JEWISH- PALESTINIAN PIETY 13 One of Hillel’s few sentences preserved also emphasizes the importance of humility: 1 ‘ My humiliation is my elevation, my elevation is my humiliation’. The verbal nouns of the IVth form may, as the verb itself, be transitive, and mean the placing high or low of Hillel by others. And the sentence may, as also the whole context suggests, reflect his own experience, when, during the first years of his stay in Jerusalem, he was probably placed, in the school of Shema ‛ yah and Abtalyon, in the last row of the disciples; 2 and again, when, after his abilities and his knowledge had been recognized, he was raised to the presidency of the Beth- din. Or the IVth form of the verbs may be intransitive, and, as criticism by the proselyte Akylas of the reward, promised in Deut. 10. 18  to the proselyte ( Gen. r. 70, 5 and parallels; Bacher, Tannaiten I2, 106. 2), resemble those of Shammai and Hillel; אמרו אלולי אריכטת פנים שהאריך רבי יהושע עם עקילס היה חוזר לסורו וקרא עליו טוב ארך אפים מגבור , R. Joshua’s patient argument is described as slowness to anger, as in Prov. 16. 32.  And the prospects held out by Moses to Hobab inNum. 10. 29,  ‘ for the Lord hath spoken good concerning Israel’, are interpreted in Sifré Num. 78, 21 a thus: God has ordered Israel to do good to proselytes, and to deal with them ענוה , gently, humbly. Here mere patience cannot be meant, as Hobab had not yet refused to go with the Israelites. A curious meaning of ענוותנזת is to be found in Gittin 56 a in the report about the sacrifice for the emperor, the refusal of which on account of its blemish was the immediate cause of the revolution in 66. A certain bar- Kamsa had, in order to revenge himself on the rabbis, deliberately caused the blemish. When the rabbis suggested that, for the sake of peace, the animal should exceptionally be offered, R. Zekhariah b. Abkulos objected, as some might infer that such a sacrifice was permissible. Others advised that, in order to prevent information, bar- Kamsa should be killed; but R. Zekhariah objected, as it might lead to the error that one who caused a blemish on a sacrifice might be put to death. R. Johanan ( in the name of R. José b. Halaftha, Tos. Shabb. 16. 7) remarked: ענוותנותו של רבי זכריה בן אבקולס חחריבה את ביתנו ושרפה את היכלנו והגלתנו מארצנו , the too great consideration of R. Zekhariah destroyed our House, burnt our Temple, and exiled us from our land ( cf. J. Q. R., VIII, 1896, 232 bottom). 1 Lev. r. 1. 5; Bacher, Tannaiten I, 6. 1: השפלתי היא הגבהתי הנבהתי היא השפלתי , cf. ‛ Erub. 13b. 2 Hull. 137 b; Menah. 29 b, Rabbinovicz, and J. Q. R., IX, 1897, 701.   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C

Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety


About Book Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageContentsPreface. SOME TYPES OF JEWISH-PALESTINIAN PIETY FROM 70 B.C.E. TO 70 C.E.
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