Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study...

This is "hard-core" serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

MASTER• A• MESIKHTA• SERIES TRACTATE TAANIS COMMENTARY AND STUDY GUIDE NACHMAN COHEN TORAH LISHMAH INSTITUTE New York 1984- 5744

Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide


About Book Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide

Front Matter Title Page Copyright Page Dedication Page PrefacePreface to the Second EditionTable of Contents Contents Introduction KEY TO SYMBOLS AND TRANSLITERATIONTa'anis: Chapter OneSECTION ASuggestion for StudySummary OutlineMishna 2aMishna 5aMishna 10aSummary Outline: 2aG'maraOverviewThe Halakhic Justification in Praying for RainPraying for Rain Within the Scheme of Modern PhysicsThe Duality of Models in JudaismRain and the actions of manSummary Outline 2b & 3aAnalysis: 2b-3aImport of Halakha I'Moshe MiSinaiSummary Outline: 4a & bChartAnalysisSummary Outline: Jerusalem Talmud 1:1, 1:2Announcing Jerusalem Talmud (Jerusalem Talmud (1:1)AnalysisSummary Outline: 3 a & b; Jerusalem TalmudMentioning the Attributes of Tal and Ruchos (Winds)Babylonian TalmudJerusalem TalmudAnalysisSummary Outline: 3bOne Who Forgets to Say During Rainy Season Jerusalem Talmud (1:1)AnalysisSequence Analysis: 3b-4a Comparison of Rain to Torah; Vegetation to ManSequence Analysis: 7aBuilding of a Proper Talmid ChakhamAggadita: 4aYoung Talmid ChakhamAnalysisAggadita: 4aSummary Outline: 4bAnalysisSummary Outline/Rishonim: 4b, 6a, 10aHalakha With Regard to Sh'elah and HazkarahAnalysisChart and Analysis: 4b, 6a, 10aDates for Beginning Sh'elah in our TimesAnalysisSummary Outline: 14bNinveh: RainAnalysisOverviewRelationship Between Hazkarah and Sh'elahSignificance of TalTal Should be recited on Yom TovHow could Tal be significant if it need not be recited?The Talmudim Argue as to Whether Tal is WithheldDifference Between Tal and Tal Shel BrakhaTal is Ontologically Greater than GeshemA Deeper Understanding of Tal and its Relation to the Yamim TovimTannaim Dispute the Dates of the MabulMann first fell on 16 lyarRelationship Between Tal and MannThe Characteristic of Nisan is ChesedTal and PesachSECTION BSequence AnalysisR. Yitzchak's StatementsAnalysis:Summary Outline: 6a&bYoreh and MalkoshThe Timetable for the Three Rainfalls of YorehHalakhic Function of the Three RainfallsSummary Outline: 6bAnalysisIntroductionSummary Outline: 7a-8a The Exaltedness of Rainy Daysand the Reasons Rain is WithheldSequence Analysis: 7a-8b OverviewExaltedness of RainReasons for Rain:Summary Outline/Sequence Analysis: 7b-8aReasons Rain is Withheld and RemediesAdvanced AnalysisSequence Analysis: 8a&bBarekh AlenuSequence Analysis: 8b-9bContinuation of Correspondence Between Sequence ofMa'amarim and the Sh'moneh EsrehCorrespondence Between Attributes and SupplicationSECTION CIntroductionSummary Outline: 10a&bY'chidimMishna:G'maraAnalysisAggadita: 10b-11a Communal ResponsibilitySummary Outline: 11a, 22bStatus of FastingSummary Outline: 11b-12b General Laws of FastingAnalysisTa'anis Sha'osAnalysisParameters for Anenu during a Ta'anis Sha'osKabbalas Ta'anisAnalysis of & Summary Outline: 12aUntil when can he eat?AnalysisSECTION DSummary Outline:12bSecond [Middle] Series of FastsMishnaG'maraSummary Outline: 13a&bWashing on Fast DaysAdvanced AnalysisAnalysis: RishonimSummary Outline:13bAnnenuAnalysisSummary Outline: 14aPregnant and Nursing MothersAnalysisSummary Outline: 14a-15aAnalysis: 14bSummary Outline: 14bAnalysisTa'anis: Chapter Two IntroductionSummary Outline: 15a-16aMishnaG'maraSummary Outline: 15a&b, 16a, 19a 23a, y. Ta'anis 2:1Procedure for a Ta'anis TzibburOverviewTwo Approaches to PrayerChuni Ha'Magal approached God through StrengthPrayer From Strength is not for EveryoneA Clue is to be found in Chuni's PrayerChuni's lineage and the importance of z'khus avosSummary Outline: 15aEarnestness of the T'shuvah of NinvehJerusalem TalmudBabylonian TalmudOverviewT'shuvah of NinvehThe Need for FastingAggadita: 15aAdmonishmentSummary Outline: 15a, 16a&b, 24a,25aHalakhic Qualifications of a Sh'liach TzibburAggadita: Jerusalem TalmudGod's Choice for Sh'liach TzibburAnalysisAggadita: 10b, 12b, 15a, 25b, y. Ta'anis 2:1Not Allowing Routine to Become RutImportance of RoteOvercoming RoteSummary Outline and Analysis: 15a, 16b, 17aAdditional Six BrakhosAnalysisThe Basis of the Rambam-Rashi DisputeSummary Outline and Analysis: 15a, 16b, 17aRelationship Between Shofar and BrakhaOverviewCorrespondence of the Seven Brakhosto the Seven Mystical SpheresAnalysis: 26aTwenty Four BlessingsTorah ReadingM'gilas Ta'anisSummary Out l ine: 15b 17b?18b, 12aMishna (15b)G'mara (17b-18b) Analysis: 17b?18bStatus of Chanukah and Purim in Light of the Suspension of M'gilas Ta'anis Summary Outline: Mishna 15b, 18b, 12aMishna 15bAnalysisSummary Outline: Jerusalem TalmudTorah Reading when Fasting Occurs on Rosh ChodeshJerusalem Talmud AnalysisBackground InformationAdditional Fast Days Mentioned in the Shulchan ArukhTa'anis: Chapter Three IntroductionSuggestions for StudySummary OutlineReasons For Which to Fast/BlowChatzotzeros/or ShofarPARAMETERS OF DEVERNumber of deaths needed for it to be declared deverTime ParameterWho is counted in the number of deaths?PARAMETERS OF MAPOLESCondition of buildingsNumber of houses which must collapse for it to be classified mapolesCROUPDefinitionNumber of deaths necessary for it to be declared croupChart: 17bIntroduction to AnalysisChatzotzerosAnalysisMasri'inMasri'in MiyadMasri'in b'khol makomSummary OutlineMasri'inAnalysisMasri'in b'ShabbosAnalysisMasri'in b'Shabbos Why is masri'in mentioned in this case and not Fasting?Praying on Shabbos for those who are endangeredWhy do we no longer blow shofar or chatzotzeros on Fast days?Summary Outline: 19a&bAnalysisSummary Outline: Mishna 19a, 25b-26a, 10bMishnaG'mara: 25bOverviewRelationship Between the Stature of the Leaderand that of the Congregation with Regard to Prayers for Rain Rain falls solely due to the merit/need of an individualRain falls solely on the merit of the tzaddikLeader requires humility; but rain falls in his meritLeader requires congregationCongregation and Leader require Righteous personCongregation serves as a negative forceAggadita: 19b-12a Nakdimon b. GuryonSequence Analysis: 20b-22aFor Whom the Walls StandA dilapidated wall will not cave in on the righteousRighteous people need not be of rabbinic descentThe merit of ordinary people.Aggadita: 20a&bThings Are Not Always the Way They SeemAggadita: 20bR. Ada b. Ahava's LongevityAggadita: 20bR. Huna and Communal ResponsibilityAggadita: 21aLeaving Yeshiva: llfah and R.YochananAnalysisMoralAggadita: 21aNachum Ish Gam Zu: What is Good?Aggadita: 20bNot Praying for an Abundance of Blessing:Israel and the DiasporaAggadita: 21b & 22aAba Umnah The Heavenly Academy and Engendering Peace Aggadita 22b, 23a, 25b & 9bBlessed RainsAggadita: 23aChuni: Companionship and EffectivenessChanan ha'Nechbah: The Righteous Must be ImploredSequence Analysis: 23b-24a Summary Outline: 23b-24a R. Yosi of YokeresAggaditaR. ManiR. Eliezer b. BirsahSummary Outline: 24b-25a AnalysisSummary OutlineAnalysisAggadita: 25 bR. Eliezer and R. AkivaTa'anis: Chapter FourIntroductionSummary Outline: 26, 17aKohanimMishnaG'mara Status of a kohen who drinks wineKohanim: HaircutsAnalysisBirkas KohanimOn mincha of Fast DaysOn mincha of Yom KippurOn mincha of a half-day FastSummary Outline: 26a, 27a-28a Mishmaros and Ma'amadosDefinition of MishmarosDefinition of and reason for ma'amadosWhat did the ma'amad do?Torah ReadingSituations in which ma'amados are abrogatedAnalysisOn the origin of Mishmaros The composition of the ma'amadosWhat did the yisraelim of the ma'amad doThe Number of prayers recited by the ma'amadTorah ReadingRegarding the suspension of ma'amados as per [29&30]Regarding [29 & 30]: What was suspended when there was noma'amad? On a day of korban eitzim,who did not have ma'amadRe: NeilahNeilah on the Four Fast DaysNeilah on Rain FastsNeilah outside IsraelNeilah on Sundays and FridaysOverview of Ma'amadosSummary Outline: 26a, 28a&bKorban EitzimAnalysisSummary Outline: Rosh Hashanah 18bThe Four FastsWhich dates of the months mentioned by Zekharia are the fasts to beheld?Regarding the Universality of these FastsOverview17 TAMMUZ9 AVFAST OF GEDALIA10 TEVESSummary Outline: 26, 28b17 Tammuz9 AvSignificance of TimeLaws of the Days Preceding 9 AvMonth of AvWeek of 9 AvAnalysisWashing clothes during the week of 9 AvClothes washed before week of 9 AvWashing in Babylonia/DiasporaDefinition of GihutzDoes [10b] mean Babylonia specifically or the whole Diaspora?Clothes which were previously washed but not wornHair cutting during the week of 9 AvWashing one's body during the week of 9 AvMaking new clothesWashing if 9 Av falls on ThursdaySummary Outline: 30aLast Meal before 9 AvProhibitions of 9 AvAnalysis: 30aLast MealShnei tavshilinDefinition and parameters of shnei tavshilinSeudah hamafsekesEating MeatEat Salted meat/unfermented wine for seudah hamafsekesPoskim: Re: Seudah hamafsekesCustoms of seudah hamafsekesAnalysisWashing Erev 9 Av during/after the seudah hamafsekesNot wearing shoesConjugal Relations if 9 Av falls on ShabbosLast meal when 9 Av falls out on Shabbos or SundaySummary Outline: 30aWashing on 9 AvAnalysisTorah Study on and before 9 AvWhat may be studiedMa'avir SidrahT'hiliTorah study on the eve of 9 AvManner of studyStudying with children9 Av which falls on SundayT'fillahHavdalaMilahSick Person Seder HayomSummary OutlineNachemAnalysisWhere in sh'moneh esreh is nachem recited? If one erred and forgot to say nachem in I'Y'rushalayimOne who fasts on 10 AvSummary OutlineMishnaG'maraOverviewSiyumBack Matter Appendix IR. Meir, Rav and R. Huna I'Shitasam
tractate anis commentary study guide page https publishersrow tatractate ta39anis ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks this hard core serious traditional belief that climatic conditions entirely dependent upon deeds people taanis most interesting talmudic tractates explicates principle
eBookshuk Books

The Commentary of R. Samuel Ben Meir Rashbam on Qoheleth


Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

ANCIENT PLACE NAMES IN THE HOLY LAND


Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Volume 2, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Literary Studies In The Hebrew Bible Form And Content
This volume focuses on some major issues in biblical research. In the studies collected in this volume, the author aims at highlighting salient literary modes which can be identified the books of the Hebrew Bible.

The Return of Anti-Semitism
An anti-Semitic contamination is now world-wide. This sad truth is brilliantly evoked in Gabriel Schoenfeld's important study. Necessary reading. --Elie Wiesel

Maimonides: Torah and Philosophic Quest
In this original study, noted scholar and theologian David Hartman discusses the relation between Maimonides' halakhic writings and The Guide of the Perplexed. This pioneering work earned Dr. Hartman a National Jewish Book Award for a book on Jewish thought.

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 4
asdf

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 2
qwer

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 6
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 12
asdf

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Daniel
The very detailed handling of the original languages of Daniel (Hebrew and Aramaic) and frequent references to scholarly works in Latin, French, and German make this the commentary for scholars.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 8
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

A Commentary on the Book of Exodus
The last of the commentaries rendered into English, this Cassuto's work ranks among the finest modern contributions to the treasury of Biblical learning.

By Design: science search for God
The book introduces and summarizes two contemporary movements science and religion dialogue and intelligent design . After reading By Design we understand how what was once a battleground between God and science can now become a meeting ground.

History of the Jews, Vol. 4: From the Rise of the Kabbala (1270 C.E.) to the Permanent Settlement of the Marranos in Holland (1618 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fourth volume covers the period from the rise of the Kabbala to the permanent settlement of the Marranos in Holland.

A Guide to Jewish Religious Practice
This is the most detailed and comprehensive guide to Jewish practice for home and synagogue, written in the spirit of Modern Orthodox and Conservative movements.

Divine Law in Human Hands
A revealing look at the reciprocal relationship between the Halakha as an abstract system and the realities of the Jewish life.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 12
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Spanish-Portuguese Synagogue Music


The International Critical Commentary (ICC): NUMBERS
A major work of interpretation, which served--according to Baruch Levin's own words--as “anchor and compass” for his Anchor Bible commentary on Numbers.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI AND JONAH
For all the talk about Bible being a source of Western ethics, Mitchell's is one of the very few books extant that pays more then a lip service to this concept.

Community and Polity: The Organizational Dynamics Of American Jewry (Revised and Updated Edition)
Community and Polity explores in depth the developments in the American Jewish community in the post-WWII period. Like the first edition, it is designed to serve two purposes: to provide a basic survey of the structure and functions of the American Jewish community and to suggest how that community should be understood as a polity that is not a state but is no less real from a political perspective.

Legends of the Bible
This is storytelling with a grain of salt and a lot of wit; tales springing from the antiquity of oral tradition, told with sheer delight in the glory of a book transformed by a hundred generations whose daily thoughts and deeds were transformed by The Book.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

Blessed is the Match: The Story of Jewish Resistance
This book is a classic account of Jewish tragedy, faith, hope, and triumph. Published originally in 1947, it is one of the first works to deal with the horrors and the heroism of the Holocaust years.

Studies in Jewish Education X: In Search of Jewish Paideia : Directions in the Philosophy of the Jewish Education
The 10th volume of Studies in Jewish Education reflects the commitment of the Hebrew University in general, and of the Melton Centre in particular, to reflection and research on issues pertaining to Jewish education. The essays and articles appearing in this volume represent the summary of a conference held in honor of Prof. Michael Rosenak on the occasion of his retirement after 33 years of research and teaching at the Melton Centre.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. I.
This is the first volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Studies in Mishnaic Hebrew (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVII)
The twenty-two articles in this collection represent the latest results of the research into Mishnaic Hebrew that is conducted in Israel.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Chronicles
The author of this interesting work, has little sympathy with that subjective criticism which prescribes beforehand an author's scheme of composition and then regards all contrary to this scheme as interpolations or supplements.

Знакомься: Еврейский Народ
Еврейская вера родилась в свете пылающего куста, который почти угас за долгую ночь Голокоста. “Знакомься: еврейский народ” содержит удивительную историю евреев, их веры и традиций, а также влияния их на формирование нашего сегодняшнего мира.

A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law
First published in 1966, Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law is an unusual biography. It was written by a son about his father, by an interpreter of economics about an interpreter of rabbinics. It is done with obvious charm, with deep affection for the subject, and yet with surprising objectivity.

The Path of the Upright: Mesillat Yesharim
The Path of the Upright, Rabbi Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto's guide to the perfection of human soul, stands on its own as one of the most influential and inspirational ethical works in Judaism. In this work, the author probes every aspect of the human personality and offers advice on ways to overcome its weaknesses. The Path of the Upright: Messillat Yesharim is a bilingual edition in Hebrew and English.

The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish interpreters (in 2 vols.)
Collection of printed texts and MSS. by Jewish commentators on the 53rd Chapter of Isaiah, brought together by AD. Nubauer and translated with assistance of S.R.Driver.

The Jews of Egypt: From Ramses II to Emperor Hadrian
This is the story of the adventures and misadventures of the Jewish people in the land of Egypt – shrouded in the mists of biblical history under the Pharaohs; the strange intermezzo of the Jewish mercenary detachment on the island of Elephantine on the upper Nile; the apogee of Jewish culture under the Ptolemies; and, finally, the Jewish community's rapid decline and catastrophic disappearance under Roman rule.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

Studies in Jewish Education IV: Curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew
The present volume, the fourth in the series Studies in Jewish Education, is dedicated to the subject of curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew.

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

BOOKS OF KINGS


Studies in Jewish Education XII: The Hebrew Language in the Era of Globalization
This volume of the Studies in Jewish Education examines the place of the Hebrew language today.

The Anti-Chomsky Reader
Provocative essays that analyze Noam Chomsky's intellectual and political career: coverage includes Chomsky's contribution to linguistics, his hatred of Israel, gloating reaction to the September 11 attacks, as well as his collaboration with Holocaust revisionists, apologies Pol Pot, and others.

History of the Jewish People
... a single volume (containing) the multitude of details of nearly 40 centuries of Jewish history (provided) with conciseness, clarity, and completeness. . . entire work is informed by a broad philosophic grasp of the subject, a rare balance and objectivity of treatment, and a warm love for the Jewish people and its heritage. Robert Gordis Encyclopaedia Judaica

The Bunker
The book tells a story of seven Jews who succeeded in escaping the massacre of Jews that followed the Warsaw uprising in 1944. From about September 1944 until January 1945 the author lived with six others in a bunker under inconceivable conditions. Yet they survived. How they managed this is told in The Bunker.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (1825–1894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

Studies in Jewish Education VIII: Teaching Classical Rabbinic Texts
THIS VOLUME FOCUSES ON THE PROBLEMS OF TEACHING CLASSICAL RABBINIC TEXTS.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 1
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.