Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study...

This is "hard-core" serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

ישיבת נרישדאל N E R I S R A E L R A B B I N I C A L C O L L E GE MT. WILSON LANE / BALTIMORE, MARYLAND 21208 / 484- 7200 ix

Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide


About Book Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide

Front Matter Title Page Copyright Page Dedication Page PrefacePreface to the Second EditionTable of Contents Contents Introduction KEY TO SYMBOLS AND TRANSLITERATIONTa'anis: Chapter OneSECTION ASuggestion for StudySummary OutlineMishna 2aMishna 5aMishna 10aSummary Outline: 2aG'maraOverviewThe Halakhic Justification in Praying for RainPraying for Rain Within the Scheme of Modern PhysicsThe Duality of Models in JudaismRain and the actions of manSummary Outline 2b & 3aAnalysis: 2b-3aImport of Halakha I'Moshe MiSinaiSummary Outline: 4a & bChartAnalysisSummary Outline: Jerusalem Talmud 1:1, 1:2Announcing Jerusalem Talmud (Jerusalem Talmud (1:1)AnalysisSummary Outline: 3 a & b; Jerusalem TalmudMentioning the Attributes of Tal and Ruchos (Winds)Babylonian TalmudJerusalem TalmudAnalysisSummary Outline: 3bOne Who Forgets to Say During Rainy Season Jerusalem Talmud (1:1)AnalysisSequence Analysis: 3b-4a Comparison of Rain to Torah; Vegetation to ManSequence Analysis: 7aBuilding of a Proper Talmid ChakhamAggadita: 4aYoung Talmid ChakhamAnalysisAggadita: 4aSummary Outline: 4bAnalysisSummary Outline/Rishonim: 4b, 6a, 10aHalakha With Regard to Sh'elah and HazkarahAnalysisChart and Analysis: 4b, 6a, 10aDates for Beginning Sh'elah in our TimesAnalysisSummary Outline: 14bNinveh: RainAnalysisOverviewRelationship Between Hazkarah and Sh'elahSignificance of TalTal Should be recited on Yom TovHow could Tal be significant if it need not be recited?The Talmudim Argue as to Whether Tal is WithheldDifference Between Tal and Tal Shel BrakhaTal is Ontologically Greater than GeshemA Deeper Understanding of Tal and its Relation to the Yamim TovimTannaim Dispute the Dates of the MabulMann first fell on 16 lyarRelationship Between Tal and MannThe Characteristic of Nisan is ChesedTal and PesachSECTION BSequence AnalysisR. Yitzchak's StatementsAnalysis:Summary Outline: 6a&bYoreh and MalkoshThe Timetable for the Three Rainfalls of YorehHalakhic Function of the Three RainfallsSummary Outline: 6bAnalysisIntroductionSummary Outline: 7a-8a The Exaltedness of Rainy Daysand the Reasons Rain is WithheldSequence Analysis: 7a-8b OverviewExaltedness of RainReasons for Rain:Summary Outline/Sequence Analysis: 7b-8aReasons Rain is Withheld and RemediesAdvanced AnalysisSequence Analysis: 8a&bBarekh AlenuSequence Analysis: 8b-9bContinuation of Correspondence Between Sequence ofMa'amarim and the Sh'moneh EsrehCorrespondence Between Attributes and SupplicationSECTION CIntroductionSummary Outline: 10a&bY'chidimMishna:G'maraAnalysisAggadita: 10b-11a Communal ResponsibilitySummary Outline: 11a, 22bStatus of FastingSummary Outline: 11b-12b General Laws of FastingAnalysisTa'anis Sha'osAnalysisParameters for Anenu during a Ta'anis Sha'osKabbalas Ta'anisAnalysis of & Summary Outline: 12aUntil when can he eat?AnalysisSECTION DSummary Outline:12bSecond [Middle] Series of FastsMishnaG'maraSummary Outline: 13a&bWashing on Fast DaysAdvanced AnalysisAnalysis: RishonimSummary Outline:13bAnnenuAnalysisSummary Outline: 14aPregnant and Nursing MothersAnalysisSummary Outline: 14a-15aAnalysis: 14bSummary Outline: 14bAnalysisTa'anis: Chapter Two IntroductionSummary Outline: 15a-16aMishnaG'maraSummary Outline: 15a&b, 16a, 19a 23a, y. Ta'anis 2:1Procedure for a Ta'anis TzibburOverviewTwo Approaches to PrayerChuni Ha'Magal approached God through StrengthPrayer From Strength is not for EveryoneA Clue is to be found in Chuni's PrayerChuni's lineage and the importance of z'khus avosSummary Outline: 15aEarnestness of the T'shuvah of NinvehJerusalem TalmudBabylonian TalmudOverviewT'shuvah of NinvehThe Need for FastingAggadita: 15aAdmonishmentSummary Outline: 15a, 16a&b, 24a,25aHalakhic Qualifications of a Sh'liach TzibburAggadita: Jerusalem TalmudGod's Choice for Sh'liach TzibburAnalysisAggadita: 10b, 12b, 15a, 25b, y. Ta'anis 2:1Not Allowing Routine to Become RutImportance of RoteOvercoming RoteSummary Outline and Analysis: 15a, 16b, 17aAdditional Six BrakhosAnalysisThe Basis of the Rambam-Rashi DisputeSummary Outline and Analysis: 15a, 16b, 17aRelationship Between Shofar and BrakhaOverviewCorrespondence of the Seven Brakhosto the Seven Mystical SpheresAnalysis: 26aTwenty Four BlessingsTorah ReadingM'gilas Ta'anisSummary Out l ine: 15b 17b?18b, 12aMishna (15b)G'mara (17b-18b) Analysis: 17b?18bStatus of Chanukah and Purim in Light of the Suspension of M'gilas Ta'anis Summary Outline: Mishna 15b, 18b, 12aMishna 15bAnalysisSummary Outline: Jerusalem TalmudTorah Reading when Fasting Occurs on Rosh ChodeshJerusalem Talmud AnalysisBackground InformationAdditional Fast Days Mentioned in the Shulchan ArukhTa'anis: Chapter Three IntroductionSuggestions for StudySummary OutlineReasons For Which to Fast/BlowChatzotzeros/or ShofarPARAMETERS OF DEVERNumber of deaths needed for it to be declared deverTime ParameterWho is counted in the number of deaths?PARAMETERS OF MAPOLESCondition of buildingsNumber of houses which must collapse for it to be classified mapolesCROUPDefinitionNumber of deaths necessary for it to be declared croupChart: 17bIntroduction to AnalysisChatzotzerosAnalysisMasri'inMasri'in MiyadMasri'in b'khol makomSummary OutlineMasri'inAnalysisMasri'in b'ShabbosAnalysisMasri'in b'Shabbos Why is masri'in mentioned in this case and not Fasting?Praying on Shabbos for those who are endangeredWhy do we no longer blow shofar or chatzotzeros on Fast days?Summary Outline: 19a&bAnalysisSummary Outline: Mishna 19a, 25b-26a, 10bMishnaG'mara: 25bOverviewRelationship Between the Stature of the Leaderand that of the Congregation with Regard to Prayers for Rain Rain falls solely due to the merit/need of an individualRain falls solely on the merit of the tzaddikLeader requires humility; but rain falls in his meritLeader requires congregationCongregation and Leader require Righteous personCongregation serves as a negative forceAggadita: 19b-12a Nakdimon b. GuryonSequence Analysis: 20b-22aFor Whom the Walls StandA dilapidated wall will not cave in on the righteousRighteous people need not be of rabbinic descentThe merit of ordinary people.Aggadita: 20a&bThings Are Not Always the Way They SeemAggadita: 20bR. Ada b. Ahava's LongevityAggadita: 20bR. Huna and Communal ResponsibilityAggadita: 21aLeaving Yeshiva: llfah and R.YochananAnalysisMoralAggadita: 21aNachum Ish Gam Zu: What is Good?Aggadita: 20bNot Praying for an Abundance of Blessing:Israel and the DiasporaAggadita: 21b & 22aAba Umnah The Heavenly Academy and Engendering Peace Aggadita 22b, 23a, 25b & 9bBlessed RainsAggadita: 23aChuni: Companionship and EffectivenessChanan ha'Nechbah: The Righteous Must be ImploredSequence Analysis: 23b-24a Summary Outline: 23b-24a R. Yosi of YokeresAggaditaR. ManiR. Eliezer b. BirsahSummary Outline: 24b-25a AnalysisSummary OutlineAnalysisAggadita: 25 bR. Eliezer and R. AkivaTa'anis: Chapter FourIntroductionSummary Outline: 26, 17aKohanimMishnaG'mara Status of a kohen who drinks wineKohanim: HaircutsAnalysisBirkas KohanimOn mincha of Fast DaysOn mincha of Yom KippurOn mincha of a half-day FastSummary Outline: 26a, 27a-28a Mishmaros and Ma'amadosDefinition of MishmarosDefinition of and reason for ma'amadosWhat did the ma'amad do?Torah ReadingSituations in which ma'amados are abrogatedAnalysisOn the origin of Mishmaros The composition of the ma'amadosWhat did the yisraelim of the ma'amad doThe Number of prayers recited by the ma'amadTorah ReadingRegarding the suspension of ma'amados as per [29&30]Regarding [29 & 30]: What was suspended when there was noma'amad? On a day of korban eitzim,who did not have ma'amadRe: NeilahNeilah on the Four Fast DaysNeilah on Rain FastsNeilah outside IsraelNeilah on Sundays and FridaysOverview of Ma'amadosSummary Outline: 26a, 28a&bKorban EitzimAnalysisSummary Outline: Rosh Hashanah 18bThe Four FastsWhich dates of the months mentioned by Zekharia are the fasts to beheld?Regarding the Universality of these FastsOverview17 TAMMUZ9 AVFAST OF GEDALIA10 TEVESSummary Outline: 26, 28b17 Tammuz9 AvSignificance of TimeLaws of the Days Preceding 9 AvMonth of AvWeek of 9 AvAnalysisWashing clothes during the week of 9 AvClothes washed before week of 9 AvWashing in Babylonia/DiasporaDefinition of GihutzDoes [10b] mean Babylonia specifically or the whole Diaspora?Clothes which were previously washed but not wornHair cutting during the week of 9 AvWashing one's body during the week of 9 AvMaking new clothesWashing if 9 Av falls on ThursdaySummary Outline: 30aLast Meal before 9 AvProhibitions of 9 AvAnalysis: 30aLast MealShnei tavshilinDefinition and parameters of shnei tavshilinSeudah hamafsekesEating MeatEat Salted meat/unfermented wine for seudah hamafsekesPoskim: Re: Seudah hamafsekesCustoms of seudah hamafsekesAnalysisWashing Erev 9 Av during/after the seudah hamafsekesNot wearing shoesConjugal Relations if 9 Av falls on ShabbosLast meal when 9 Av falls out on Shabbos or SundaySummary Outline: 30aWashing on 9 AvAnalysisTorah Study on and before 9 AvWhat may be studiedMa'avir SidrahT'hiliTorah study on the eve of 9 AvManner of studyStudying with children9 Av which falls on SundayT'fillahHavdalaMilahSick Person Seder HayomSummary OutlineNachemAnalysisWhere in sh'moneh esreh is nachem recited? If one erred and forgot to say nachem in I'Y'rushalayimOne who fasts on 10 AvSummary OutlineMishnaG'maraOverviewSiyumBack Matter Appendix IR. Meir, Rav and R. Huna I'Shitasam
tractate anis commentary study guide page https publishersrow tatractate ta39anis ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks this hard core serious traditional belief that climatic conditions entirely dependent upon deeds people taanis most interesting talmudic tractates explicates principle
eBookshuk Books

ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM


The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol.II.
The second volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
Few books oner such a variety of interest or embrace material of such deep significance as Ezra and Nehemiah do. The teaching of these books is of especial value in reference to the faithfulness of the divine promise, the discipline of disappointment, the hallowing of common life, and the preparation for the messianic age.

The Jewish Encyclopedia, Index Volume
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

BOOKS OF KINGS


The End of Time
A stunning departure from the polemics and social criticism that have made Horowitz one of our most controversial public intellectuals, The End of Time is a wide ranging, unflinching and lyrical meditation on subjects ranging from what parents inadvertently teach us in their deaths, to the forbidding reality of the cancer ward and the way in which figures like Mohammed Atta use death to become gods of their own mad creation.

Conversos and the Inquisition in Jaén. Hispania Judaica, v. 7
Description of the fate of the Conversos in the Kingdom of Jaén at the hands of the Inquisition Tribunal which operated there for 43 years, from 1483 until 1526.

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

Studies in Jewish Education IX: Understanding the Bible in Our Time
The ninth volume of Studies in Jewish Education examines issues relating to Biblical research and instruction.

Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law
First published in 1966, Louis Ginzberg: Keeper of the Law is an unusual biography. It was written by a son about his father, by an interpreter of economics about an interpreter of rabbinics. It is done with obvious charm, with deep affection for the subject, and yet with surprising objectivity.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
Few books oner such a variety of interest or embrace material of such deep significance as Ezra and Nehemiah do. The teaching of these books is of especial value in reference to the faithfulness of the divine promise, the discipline of disappointment, the hallowing of common life, and the preparation for the messianic age.

Sacred Fragments: Recovering Theology for the Modern Jew
Winner of the National Jewish Book Award, this book will be a stimulating and rewarding step to exploring and restoring Jewish theology – and faith – at a time when belief is continually challenged and yet so very needed.

ADULT EDUCATION IN CRISIS SITUATIONS


The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 8
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.

Early History of the Alphabet
A most enjoyable and informative book. . . an excellent introduction to epigraphy and paleography of ancient Semitic languages . . . contains a wealth of information compiled into a simple to understand format.

History of the Jews in Aragon. Hispania Judaica, v. 1
More than 3,500 regesta in French, and original documents mostly from the Archivo General de la Corona de Aragon, in Barcelona.

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): NUMBERS
A major work of interpretation, which served--according to Baruch Levin's own words--as “anchor and compass” for his Anchor Bible commentary on Numbers.

Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew
Renewing the Covenant presents the first systematic statement of theology since Abraham J. Heschel set forth his distinctive, comprehensive philosophy of Judaism. This unique book will long be discussed by thoughtful readers.

Tractate Berakhos II: Commentary and Study Guide
The guide to how Rabbis formulated their decrees and delt with changing conditions after the destruction of the Second Temple and the fall of Betar.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, 12 vls. plus Index
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

MEDICINE AND MEDICAL ETHICS IN MEDIEVAL AND EARLY MODERN SPAIN


Spain, the Jews, and Franco
The role played by Spain during World War II regarding the Jews has long been a matter of controversy. This volume, first published in Hebrew to wide acclaim seeks to set the record straight. It offers a full and objective account of the rescue of Jewish refugees from Nazi-occupied countries by the Franco regime.

Tractate Pesachim: Commentary and Study Guide
Master a Mesikta Series is probably the most advanced commentary and study guide to Talmud available in English. By providing background material, outlining the contents of the Talmud and its commentaries, explaining the sequence of the Talmud,offering overviews of the topics discussed and clarifying the aggadic literature and its interaction with the legal discussions, this series enables the student to focus on the unity of the tractate, and serves as an aid in helping him in its master

Studies in Jewish Education XI: Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education
Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education is dedicated to Prof. Michael Rosenak, the founder of the discipline of the Philosophy of Jewish Education.

To Do the Right and the Good
A thought-provoking examination of Jewish social ethics in relation to the mores of contemporary society. In this book, Rabbi Dorff focuses on the social aspects of the Jewish tradition, while tackling such timely topics as war and peace, poverty, intrafaith and interfaith relations, and forgiveness.

Jew or Juif?: Jews, French Canadians, and Anglo-Canadians, 1759-1914
Michael Brown s landmark study offers an unusual perspective on the origins of Canadian-Jewish assimilation in Anglo-Canada and the fear and insecurity that Canadian Jews experienced under the French Canadians.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): NUMBERS
A major work of interpretation, which served--according to Baruch Levin's own words--as “anchor and compass” for his Anchor Bible commentary on Numbers.

R. Juspa, Shammash of Warmaisa (Worms)


The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 1
This is the first volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See second and third volumes here). It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

Luah Hashanah 5777
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

Notes on the Hebrew Text and the Topography of the Book of Samuel
Electronic edition of one of the most influential books ever written about the Bible; S.R. Driver's meticulously detailed reconstruction and analysis of Samuel has remained vital for over a century.

A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

Topics In Hebrew and Semitic Linguistics


The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 1
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

A Grammar of Mishnaic Hebrew
More than any other, this book makes the subject is accessible to scholars who are not fluent in modern Hebrew.

Volume 3, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Studies in Bible I (Scripta Hierosolymitana VIII)
Publication of the Hebrew University, Jerusalem

Education in Israel
Education in Israel gives a full account of the present school system in Israel and should be of interest to educationists of the modern world. For Israel is a microcosm of the modern world.

Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament
Long the standard English work on the subject, now is prepared to work interactively with Hebrew-English Tanakh: the Jewish Bible.

The Jews of Charleston: A History of an American Jewish Community
The small group of Jewish inhabitants of Charles Town in South Carolina met in 1750 to organize themselves permanently into a religious community. This book tells that community's story down to the present day. It describes the process of adjustment both of the Jews and their religion.

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.

Legends of the Jews
A most remarkable and comprehensive compilation of stories connected to the Hebrew Bible drawn largely on Jewish lore and tradition. It is an indispensable reference on that body of literature known as Midrash, the imaginative retelling and elaboration on Bible stories in which mythological tales about demons and magic co-exist with moralistic stories about the piety of the patriarchs.

Life, Liberty and the Defense of Dignity: The Challenge for Bioethics
Thoughful, often profound writting about the limits of science and the limits of life, about what makes us human and gives us human dignity.

The Path of the Upright: Mesillat Yesharim
The Path of the Upright, Rabbi Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto's guide to the perfection of human soul, stands on its own as one of the most influential and inspirational ethical works in Judaism. In this work, the author probes every aspect of the human personality and offers advice on ways to overcome its weaknesses. The Path of the Upright: Messillat Yesharim is a bilingual edition in Hebrew and English.

Divine Law in Human Hands
A revealing look at the reciprocal relationship between the Halakha as an abstract system and the realities of the Jewish life.

Jesus
A compelling biography of Jesus of Nazareth, written by eminent Jewish scholar of the Second Temple and Early Christianity.

The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 1
This is the first volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See second and third volumes here). It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

The Jews Among the Greeks and Romans
The book is a study of the contribution of the Jews to the modern civilization. The Romans and Greeks were originators of a great many elements of our civilization, but the Jews' impact was no less real or lasting. There was a time when Greek and Roman and Jew were in free contact. The results of this contact the author skillfully explores.