Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study...

This is "hard-core" serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.



Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide


About Book Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide

Front Matter Title Page Copyright Page Dedication Page PrefacePreface to the Second EditionTable of Contents Contents Introduction KEY TO SYMBOLS AND TRANSLITERATIONTa'anis: Chapter OneSECTION ASuggestion for StudySummary OutlineMishna 2aMishna 5aMishna 10aSummary Outline: 2aG'maraOverviewThe Halakhic Justification in Praying for RainPraying for Rain Within the Scheme of Modern PhysicsThe Duality of Models in JudaismRain and the actions of manSummary Outline 2b & 3aAnalysis: 2b-3aImport of Halakha I'Moshe MiSinaiSummary Outline: 4a & bChartAnalysisSummary Outline: Jerusalem Talmud 1:1, 1:2Announcing Jerusalem Talmud (Jerusalem Talmud (1:1)AnalysisSummary Outline: 3 a & b; Jerusalem TalmudMentioning the Attributes of Tal and Ruchos (Winds)Babylonian TalmudJerusalem TalmudAnalysisSummary Outline: 3bOne Who Forgets to Say During Rainy Season Jerusalem Talmud (1:1)AnalysisSequence Analysis: 3b-4a Comparison of Rain to Torah; Vegetation to ManSequence Analysis: 7aBuilding of a Proper Talmid ChakhamAggadita: 4aYoung Talmid ChakhamAnalysisAggadita: 4aSummary Outline: 4bAnalysisSummary Outline/Rishonim: 4b, 6a, 10aHalakha With Regard to Sh'elah and HazkarahAnalysisChart and Analysis: 4b, 6a, 10aDates for Beginning Sh'elah in our TimesAnalysisSummary Outline: 14bNinveh: RainAnalysisOverviewRelationship Between Hazkarah and Sh'elahSignificance of TalTal Should be recited on Yom TovHow could Tal be significant if it need not be recited?The Talmudim Argue as to Whether Tal is WithheldDifference Between Tal and Tal Shel BrakhaTal is Ontologically Greater than GeshemA Deeper Understanding of Tal and its Relation to the Yamim TovimTannaim Dispute the Dates of the MabulMann first fell on 16 lyarRelationship Between Tal and MannThe Characteristic of Nisan is ChesedTal and PesachSECTION BSequence AnalysisR. Yitzchak's StatementsAnalysis:Summary Outline: 6a&bYoreh and MalkoshThe Timetable for the Three Rainfalls of YorehHalakhic Function of the Three RainfallsSummary Outline: 6bAnalysisIntroductionSummary Outline: 7a-8a The Exaltedness of Rainy Daysand the Reasons Rain is WithheldSequence Analysis: 7a-8b OverviewExaltedness of RainReasons for Rain:Summary Outline/Sequence Analysis: 7b-8aReasons Rain is Withheld and RemediesAdvanced AnalysisSequence Analysis: 8a&bBarekh AlenuSequence Analysis: 8b-9bContinuation of Correspondence Between Sequence ofMa'amarim and the Sh'moneh EsrehCorrespondence Between Attributes and SupplicationSECTION CIntroductionSummary Outline: 10a&bY'chidimMishna:G'maraAnalysisAggadita: 10b-11a Communal ResponsibilitySummary Outline: 11a, 22bStatus of FastingSummary Outline: 11b-12b General Laws of FastingAnalysisTa'anis Sha'osAnalysisParameters for Anenu during a Ta'anis Sha'osKabbalas Ta'anisAnalysis of & Summary Outline: 12aUntil when can he eat?AnalysisSECTION DSummary Outline:12bSecond [Middle] Series of FastsMishnaG'maraSummary Outline: 13a&bWashing on Fast DaysAdvanced AnalysisAnalysis: RishonimSummary Outline:13bAnnenuAnalysisSummary Outline: 14aPregnant and Nursing MothersAnalysisSummary Outline: 14a-15aAnalysis: 14bSummary Outline: 14bAnalysisTa'anis: Chapter Two IntroductionSummary Outline: 15a-16aMishnaG'maraSummary Outline: 15a&b, 16a, 19a 23a, y. Ta'anis 2:1Procedure for a Ta'anis TzibburOverviewTwo Approaches to PrayerChuni Ha'Magal approached God through StrengthPrayer From Strength is not for EveryoneA Clue is to be found in Chuni's PrayerChuni's lineage and the importance of z'khus avosSummary Outline: 15aEarnestness of the T'shuvah of NinvehJerusalem TalmudBabylonian TalmudOverviewT'shuvah of NinvehThe Need for FastingAggadita: 15aAdmonishmentSummary Outline: 15a, 16a&b, 24a,25aHalakhic Qualifications of a Sh'liach TzibburAggadita: Jerusalem TalmudGod's Choice for Sh'liach TzibburAnalysisAggadita: 10b, 12b, 15a, 25b, y. Ta'anis 2:1Not Allowing Routine to Become RutImportance of RoteOvercoming RoteSummary Outline and Analysis: 15a, 16b, 17aAdditional Six BrakhosAnalysisThe Basis of the Rambam-Rashi DisputeSummary Outline and Analysis: 15a, 16b, 17aRelationship Between Shofar and BrakhaOverviewCorrespondence of the Seven Brakhosto the Seven Mystical SpheresAnalysis: 26aTwenty Four BlessingsTorah ReadingM'gilas Ta'anisSummary Out l ine: 15b 17b?18b, 12aMishna (15b)G'mara (17b-18b) Analysis: 17b?18bStatus of Chanukah and Purim in Light of the Suspension of M'gilas Ta'anis Summary Outline: Mishna 15b, 18b, 12aMishna 15bAnalysisSummary Outline: Jerusalem TalmudTorah Reading when Fasting Occurs on Rosh ChodeshJerusalem Talmud AnalysisBackground InformationAdditional Fast Days Mentioned in the Shulchan ArukhTa'anis: Chapter Three IntroductionSuggestions for StudySummary OutlineReasons For Which to Fast/BlowChatzotzeros/or ShofarPARAMETERS OF DEVERNumber of deaths needed for it to be declared deverTime ParameterWho is counted in the number of deaths?PARAMETERS OF MAPOLESCondition of buildingsNumber of houses which must collapse for it to be classified mapolesCROUPDefinitionNumber of deaths necessary for it to be declared croupChart: 17bIntroduction to AnalysisChatzotzerosAnalysisMasri'inMasri'in MiyadMasri'in b'khol makomSummary OutlineMasri'inAnalysisMasri'in b'ShabbosAnalysisMasri'in b'Shabbos Why is masri'in mentioned in this case and not Fasting?Praying on Shabbos for those who are endangeredWhy do we no longer blow shofar or chatzotzeros on Fast days?Summary Outline: 19a&bAnalysisSummary Outline: Mishna 19a, 25b-26a, 10bMishnaG'mara: 25bOverviewRelationship Between the Stature of the Leaderand that of the Congregation with Regard to Prayers for Rain Rain falls solely due to the merit/need of an individualRain falls solely on the merit of the tzaddikLeader requires humility; but rain falls in his meritLeader requires congregationCongregation and Leader require Righteous personCongregation serves as a negative forceAggadita: 19b-12a Nakdimon b. GuryonSequence Analysis: 20b-22aFor Whom the Walls StandA dilapidated wall will not cave in on the righteousRighteous people need not be of rabbinic descentThe merit of ordinary people.Aggadita: 20a&bThings Are Not Always the Way They SeemAggadita: 20bR. Ada b. Ahava's LongevityAggadita: 20bR. Huna and Communal ResponsibilityAggadita: 21aLeaving Yeshiva: llfah and R.YochananAnalysisMoralAggadita: 21aNachum Ish Gam Zu: What is Good?Aggadita: 20bNot Praying for an Abundance of Blessing:Israel and the DiasporaAggadita: 21b & 22aAba Umnah The Heavenly Academy and Engendering Peace Aggadita 22b, 23a, 25b & 9bBlessed RainsAggadita: 23aChuni: Companionship and EffectivenessChanan ha'Nechbah: The Righteous Must be ImploredSequence Analysis: 23b-24a Summary Outline: 23b-24a R. Yosi of YokeresAggaditaR. ManiR. Eliezer b. BirsahSummary Outline: 24b-25a AnalysisSummary OutlineAnalysisAggadita: 25 bR. Eliezer and R. AkivaTa'anis: Chapter FourIntroductionSummary Outline: 26, 17aKohanimMishnaG'mara Status of a kohen who drinks wineKohanim: HaircutsAnalysisBirkas KohanimOn mincha of Fast DaysOn mincha of Yom KippurOn mincha of a half-day FastSummary Outline: 26a, 27a-28a Mishmaros and Ma'amadosDefinition of MishmarosDefinition of and reason for ma'amadosWhat did the ma'amad do?Torah ReadingSituations in which ma'amados are abrogatedAnalysisOn the origin of Mishmaros The composition of the ma'amadosWhat did the yisraelim of the ma'amad doThe Number of prayers recited by the ma'amadTorah ReadingRegarding the suspension of ma'amados as per [29&30]Regarding [29 & 30]: What was suspended when there was noma'amad? On a day of korban eitzim,who did not have ma'amadRe: NeilahNeilah on the Four Fast DaysNeilah on Rain FastsNeilah outside IsraelNeilah on Sundays and FridaysOverview of Ma'amadosSummary Outline: 26a, 28a&bKorban EitzimAnalysisSummary Outline: Rosh Hashanah 18bThe Four FastsWhich dates of the months mentioned by Zekharia are the fasts to beheld?Regarding the Universality of these FastsOverview17 TAMMUZ9 AVFAST OF GEDALIA10 TEVESSummary Outline: 26, 28b17 Tammuz9 AvSignificance of TimeLaws of the Days Preceding 9 AvMonth of AvWeek of 9 AvAnalysisWashing clothes during the week of 9 AvClothes washed before week of 9 AvWashing in Babylonia/DiasporaDefinition of GihutzDoes [10b] mean Babylonia specifically or the whole Diaspora?Clothes which were previously washed but not wornHair cutting during the week of 9 AvWashing one's body during the week of 9 AvMaking new clothesWashing if 9 Av falls on ThursdaySummary Outline: 30aLast Meal before 9 AvProhibitions of 9 AvAnalysis: 30aLast MealShnei tavshilinDefinition and parameters of shnei tavshilinSeudah hamafsekesEating MeatEat Salted meat/unfermented wine for seudah hamafsekesPoskim: Re: Seudah hamafsekesCustoms of seudah hamafsekesAnalysisWashing Erev 9 Av during/after the seudah hamafsekesNot wearing shoesConjugal Relations if 9 Av falls on ShabbosLast meal when 9 Av falls out on Shabbos or SundaySummary Outline: 30aWashing on 9 AvAnalysisTorah Study on and before 9 AvWhat may be studiedMa'avir SidrahT'hiliTorah study on the eve of 9 AvManner of studyStudying with children9 Av which falls on SundayT'fillahHavdalaMilahSick Person Seder HayomSummary OutlineNachemAnalysisWhere in sh'moneh esreh is nachem recited? If one erred and forgot to say nachem in I'Y'rushalayimOne who fasts on 10 AvSummary OutlineMishnaG'maraOverviewSiyumBack Matter Appendix IR. Meir, Rav and R. Huna I'Shitasam
tractate anis commentary study guide page https publishersrow tatractate ta39anis ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks this hard core serious traditional belief that climatic conditions entirely dependent upon deeds people taanis most interesting talmudic tractates explicates principle
eBookshuk Books

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS
An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

From Diplomacy to Resistance: A History of Jewish Palestine, 1939-1945
The Second World War was a crucial period in the history of Jewish Palestine. Between 1939 and 1945, the Zionist movement and Jewish Palestine underwent considerable transformation. This carefully documented work recounts the events of that period of time.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion and Law. Vol. III
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. In the third volume The Keepers of the Threshold, the Bird-Sanctuary, The Silent Widow, and other stories are discussed.

Coat of Many Cultures: The Story of Joseph in Spanish Literature. 1200-1492
The book presents seven works based on the biblical story. All of these works are unmistakably Spanish, though many of them are also undeniably Jewish or Muslim.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Isaiah I-XXVII
In religion, as elsewhere, great personalities count first, and it is the privilege of a student of the Book of Isaiah to come face to face with one, if not two, such personalities...

Sunset Possibilities and Other Poems
Continuing the high standards of the JPS Jewish Poetry Series, this volume presents poems that have become twentieth-century classics. Included are eighty poems printed in English and Hebrew on facing pages.

Jewish History: An Essay in the Philosophy of History
This essay exhibits in a remarkably striking way the author's art of making “all things seem fresh and new, important and attractive.” The author attempts, for the first time, a psychologic characterization of Jewish history. He endeavors to demonstrate the inner connection between events, and develop the ideas that underlie them.

Volume 9, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 8
qwer

Magic Spells and Formulae: Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity
Following the publication of Amulets and Magic Bowls , several new magic texts were made available to the authors. Presented in the same scholarly manner,this is a valuable insight into the religious life and practices of common people in the Talmudic period.

TestBook4


The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol.II.
The second volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

ANCIENT PLACE NAMES IN THE HOLY LAND


The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 2/3
The second and third volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See first volume here) It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

JPS Bible Commentary: Haftarot
The most recent addition to the JPS Bible Commentary series covers the varied selections from the Nevi'im that comprise the haftarot, chanted on Sabbaths and holy days in synagogues.

Selected Poems of Jehudah Halevi
The gift of song, cherished and tended as it was by the Spanish Jews of the Middle Ages, reached its highest development in the poems of Jehudah Halevi. His love poems are made of dew and fire. But in his poems to Zion there is no such combination of a poet's ordinary artifices. It is his soul that is the instrument—and on his heartstrings is played the song of Israel's hope.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 2
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch: Eight Lectures
Although originally published more then 50 years ago, this little Cassuto's book is still probably the best, most focused attack on Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis and a powerful defense of the integrity of the biblical text.

Engendering Judaism: An Inclusive Theology and Ethics
A pioneering work on what it means to engender Jewish tradition, that is, how women s full inclusion can and must transform our understanding and practice of Jewish law, prayer, sexuality, and marriage. It challenges both mainstream Judaism and feminist dogma, and speaks across the movements as well as to Christian theologians and feminists.

Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

History of the Jews in Aragon. Hispania Judaica, v. 1
More than 3,500 regesta in French, and original documents mostly from the Archivo General de la Corona de Aragon, in Barcelona.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Chronicles
The author of this interesting work, has little sympathy with that subjective criticism which prescribes beforehand an author's scheme of composition and then regards all contrary to this scheme as interpolations or supplements.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 8
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Studies in Jewish Education XI: Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education
Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education is dedicated to Prof. Michael Rosenak, the founder of the discipline of the Philosophy of Jewish Education.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI AND JONAH
For all the talk about Bible being a source of Western ethics, Mitchell's is one of the very few books extant that pays more then a lip service to this concept.

Jerusalem Curiosities
This volume not only seeks to provide pleasurable reading but also enables the reader to grasp Jerusalem's unique role in the history of mankind. Those who read this book will encounter Jerusalem with eyes that see and hearts that understand.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 7
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament
Madden's work constitutes . . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past. Michael Avi-Yonah Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

TestBook3
Short Description

Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 1
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. This first volume of the two-volume set takes the story down to the middle of the thirteen century in Castile.

THE CONCILIATOR


The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Amos and Hosea
The author has taken up in connection with the first two of the immortal Twelve, many questions that concern just as closely the prophetic books. It is especially felt in the Introduction; in fact Harper's introduction to Amos and Hosea is really an introduction to Prophecy as such.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Amos and Hosea
The author has taken up in connection with the first two of the immortal Twelve, many questions that concern just as closely the prophetic books. It is especially felt in the Introduction; in fact Harper's introduction to Amos and Hosea is really an introduction to Prophecy as such.

The Goddess Anath
A major contribution to Ugaritic scholarship, The Goddess Anath--Cassuto's work on Canaanite Epics of the Patriarchal Age--is a classic authored by one of the greatest Bible scholars.

Ezra Studies


The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 10
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part II): from Noah to Abraham
By extending his method of exegesis in this volume to another section of the Torah, Cassuto indirectly buttressed his theories with new evidence of the inherent rightness of his approach.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 11
qerer

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 9
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

The Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This acclaimed new translation of the Torah--the Holy Scriptures of the Jewish people,--was prepared according to the Masoretic Text by the Jewish Publication Society (Philadelphia), world s oldest Jewish book publisher. Electronic version of it, which is a searchable replica of the printed version was prepared by Varda Books in 2002, with all the latest corrections and revisions having been incorporated.

History of the Jews, Vol. 3: From the Revolt against the Zendik (511 C.E.) to the Capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans (1291 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The third volume covers the period from the revolt against the Zendik to the capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Daniel
The very detailed handling of the original languages of Daniel (Hebrew and Aramaic) and frequent references to scholarly works in Latin, French, and German make this the commentary for scholars.

The Shema: Spirituality and Law in Judaism
The Shema has been described as the central watchword of Jewish faith. The book represents an extensive commentary on the words of the Shema, drawing upon the wide range of traditional sources and the author's own reflections.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Isaiah I-XXVII
In religion, as elsewhere, great personalities count first, and it is the privilege of a student of the Book of Isaiah to come face to face with one, if not two, such personalities...

The Conversos of Majorca. Hispania Judaica, v. 5
Life and death in a crypto-Jewish community of Conversos of XVII century Majorca.

The Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This acclaimed new translation of the Torah--the Holy Scriptures of the Jewish people,--was prepared according to the Masoretic Text by the Jewish Publication Society (Philadelphia), world s oldest Jewish book publisher. Electronic version of it, which is a searchable replica of the printed version was prepared by Varda Books in 2002, with all the latest corrections and revisions having been incorporated.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. II
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The second volume covers Jacob and the kidskins, the passage through the Red Sea, the judgment of Solomon, and other stories.

Rabad of Posquieres: A Twelfth-Century Talmudist
This biographical treatise captures the personality of Rabbad of Posquieres or Rabbi Abraham ben David – one of the most creative talmudic scholars of the twelfth century, chronicles his role in the intellectual history of the Jews in southern France during the twelfth century, and outlines his influence on subsequent generations.