Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study...

This is "hard-core" serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

Preface In my twenty years as a yeshiva menahel I measured the success of a school by two yardsticks: How did it increase Torah values in its student body and how successful was it in inculcating in its graduates the need to make Torah study a lifelong pursuit, Yet even yeshivos who meet these standards have many alumni who do not continue their  learning once they have left the sacred halls of the Yeshiva. This is certainly the case with regard to the study of Gmara. There are many reasons why former yeshiva students do not study Gmara. Some have not mastered the ability to study a Talmudic text on their own. Others need direction in understanding rishonim and achar-onim. Still others are unable to derive on their own the fullness of a sugya or the significance of aggadita. Finally, there are those who are truly capable of all of the above but do not learn because of their business and professional obligations. Because of the foregoing some people shy away from learning Gmara while others dutifully study Gmara but do not find any real satisfaction. This work is intended to meet the needs of these groupings. Herein, the student is given a summary outline which crystalizes the salient points of the daf and is excellent for review. Where appropriate, back-ground material is introduced. The analysis of the commentaries are outlined and explained. The sequence analysis of the aggadita is illumin-ated. Finally, overviews serve to give the reader a broad understanding of the underpinnings of the halakha. The sefer has been written primarily for those with a background in Gmara and rishonim. The level of material is intermediate to advanced although the cumbersome shaklah vtaryia has been omitted. ( Never-theless, anyone wishing to study the Gmara— even in translation— can derive a great deal of information and insight from this work.) The treatise is not meant to be a substitute for Talmud. Rather, it is written v

Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide


About Book Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide

Front Matter Title Page Copyright Page Dedication Page PrefacePreface to the Second EditionTable of Contents Contents Introduction KEY TO SYMBOLS AND TRANSLITERATIONTa'anis: Chapter OneSECTION ASuggestion for StudySummary OutlineMishna 2aMishna 5aMishna 10aSummary Outline: 2aG'maraOverviewThe Halakhic Justification in Praying for RainPraying for Rain Within the Scheme of Modern PhysicsThe Duality of Models in JudaismRain and the actions of manSummary Outline 2b & 3aAnalysis: 2b-3aImport of Halakha I'Moshe MiSinaiSummary Outline: 4a & bChartAnalysisSummary Outline: Jerusalem Talmud 1:1, 1:2Announcing Jerusalem Talmud (Jerusalem Talmud (1:1)AnalysisSummary Outline: 3 a & b; Jerusalem TalmudMentioning the Attributes of Tal and Ruchos (Winds)Babylonian TalmudJerusalem TalmudAnalysisSummary Outline: 3bOne Who Forgets to Say During Rainy Season Jerusalem Talmud (1:1)AnalysisSequence Analysis: 3b-4a Comparison of Rain to Torah; Vegetation to ManSequence Analysis: 7aBuilding of a Proper Talmid ChakhamAggadita: 4aYoung Talmid ChakhamAnalysisAggadita: 4aSummary Outline: 4bAnalysisSummary Outline/Rishonim: 4b, 6a, 10aHalakha With Regard to Sh'elah and HazkarahAnalysisChart and Analysis: 4b, 6a, 10aDates for Beginning Sh'elah in our TimesAnalysisSummary Outline: 14bNinveh: RainAnalysisOverviewRelationship Between Hazkarah and Sh'elahSignificance of TalTal Should be recited on Yom TovHow could Tal be significant if it need not be recited?The Talmudim Argue as to Whether Tal is WithheldDifference Between Tal and Tal Shel BrakhaTal is Ontologically Greater than GeshemA Deeper Understanding of Tal and its Relation to the Yamim TovimTannaim Dispute the Dates of the MabulMann first fell on 16 lyarRelationship Between Tal and MannThe Characteristic of Nisan is ChesedTal and PesachSECTION BSequence AnalysisR. Yitzchak's StatementsAnalysis:Summary Outline: 6a&bYoreh and MalkoshThe Timetable for the Three Rainfalls of YorehHalakhic Function of the Three RainfallsSummary Outline: 6bAnalysisIntroductionSummary Outline: 7a-8a The Exaltedness of Rainy Daysand the Reasons Rain is WithheldSequence Analysis: 7a-8b OverviewExaltedness of RainReasons for Rain:Summary Outline/Sequence Analysis: 7b-8aReasons Rain is Withheld and RemediesAdvanced AnalysisSequence Analysis: 8a&bBarekh AlenuSequence Analysis: 8b-9bContinuation of Correspondence Between Sequence ofMa'amarim and the Sh'moneh EsrehCorrespondence Between Attributes and SupplicationSECTION CIntroductionSummary Outline: 10a&bY'chidimMishna:G'maraAnalysisAggadita: 10b-11a Communal ResponsibilitySummary Outline: 11a, 22bStatus of FastingSummary Outline: 11b-12b General Laws of FastingAnalysisTa'anis Sha'osAnalysisParameters for Anenu during a Ta'anis Sha'osKabbalas Ta'anisAnalysis of & Summary Outline: 12aUntil when can he eat?AnalysisSECTION DSummary Outline:12bSecond [Middle] Series of FastsMishnaG'maraSummary Outline: 13a&bWashing on Fast DaysAdvanced AnalysisAnalysis: RishonimSummary Outline:13bAnnenuAnalysisSummary Outline: 14aPregnant and Nursing MothersAnalysisSummary Outline: 14a-15aAnalysis: 14bSummary Outline: 14bAnalysisTa'anis: Chapter Two IntroductionSummary Outline: 15a-16aMishnaG'maraSummary Outline: 15a&b, 16a, 19a 23a, y. Ta'anis 2:1Procedure for a Ta'anis TzibburOverviewTwo Approaches to PrayerChuni Ha'Magal approached God through StrengthPrayer From Strength is not for EveryoneA Clue is to be found in Chuni's PrayerChuni's lineage and the importance of z'khus avosSummary Outline: 15aEarnestness of the T'shuvah of NinvehJerusalem TalmudBabylonian TalmudOverviewT'shuvah of NinvehThe Need for FastingAggadita: 15aAdmonishmentSummary Outline: 15a, 16a&b, 24a,25aHalakhic Qualifications of a Sh'liach TzibburAggadita: Jerusalem TalmudGod's Choice for Sh'liach TzibburAnalysisAggadita: 10b, 12b, 15a, 25b, y. Ta'anis 2:1Not Allowing Routine to Become RutImportance of RoteOvercoming RoteSummary Outline and Analysis: 15a, 16b, 17aAdditional Six BrakhosAnalysisThe Basis of the Rambam-Rashi DisputeSummary Outline and Analysis: 15a, 16b, 17aRelationship Between Shofar and BrakhaOverviewCorrespondence of the Seven Brakhosto the Seven Mystical SpheresAnalysis: 26aTwenty Four BlessingsTorah ReadingM'gilas Ta'anisSummary Out l ine: 15b 17b?18b, 12aMishna (15b)G'mara (17b-18b) Analysis: 17b?18bStatus of Chanukah and Purim in Light of the Suspension of M'gilas Ta'anis Summary Outline: Mishna 15b, 18b, 12aMishna 15bAnalysisSummary Outline: Jerusalem TalmudTorah Reading when Fasting Occurs on Rosh ChodeshJerusalem Talmud AnalysisBackground InformationAdditional Fast Days Mentioned in the Shulchan ArukhTa'anis: Chapter Three IntroductionSuggestions for StudySummary OutlineReasons For Which to Fast/BlowChatzotzeros/or ShofarPARAMETERS OF DEVERNumber of deaths needed for it to be declared deverTime ParameterWho is counted in the number of deaths?PARAMETERS OF MAPOLESCondition of buildingsNumber of houses which must collapse for it to be classified mapolesCROUPDefinitionNumber of deaths necessary for it to be declared croupChart: 17bIntroduction to AnalysisChatzotzerosAnalysisMasri'inMasri'in MiyadMasri'in b'khol makomSummary OutlineMasri'inAnalysisMasri'in b'ShabbosAnalysisMasri'in b'Shabbos Why is masri'in mentioned in this case and not Fasting?Praying on Shabbos for those who are endangeredWhy do we no longer blow shofar or chatzotzeros on Fast days?Summary Outline: 19a&bAnalysisSummary Outline: Mishna 19a, 25b-26a, 10bMishnaG'mara: 25bOverviewRelationship Between the Stature of the Leaderand that of the Congregation with Regard to Prayers for Rain Rain falls solely due to the merit/need of an individualRain falls solely on the merit of the tzaddikLeader requires humility; but rain falls in his meritLeader requires congregationCongregation and Leader require Righteous personCongregation serves as a negative forceAggadita: 19b-12a Nakdimon b. GuryonSequence Analysis: 20b-22aFor Whom the Walls StandA dilapidated wall will not cave in on the righteousRighteous people need not be of rabbinic descentThe merit of ordinary people.Aggadita: 20a&bThings Are Not Always the Way They SeemAggadita: 20bR. Ada b. Ahava's LongevityAggadita: 20bR. Huna and Communal ResponsibilityAggadita: 21aLeaving Yeshiva: llfah and R.YochananAnalysisMoralAggadita: 21aNachum Ish Gam Zu: What is Good?Aggadita: 20bNot Praying for an Abundance of Blessing:Israel and the DiasporaAggadita: 21b & 22aAba Umnah The Heavenly Academy and Engendering Peace Aggadita 22b, 23a, 25b & 9bBlessed RainsAggadita: 23aChuni: Companionship and EffectivenessChanan ha'Nechbah: The Righteous Must be ImploredSequence Analysis: 23b-24a Summary Outline: 23b-24a R. Yosi of YokeresAggaditaR. ManiR. Eliezer b. BirsahSummary Outline: 24b-25a AnalysisSummary OutlineAnalysisAggadita: 25 bR. Eliezer and R. AkivaTa'anis: Chapter FourIntroductionSummary Outline: 26, 17aKohanimMishnaG'mara Status of a kohen who drinks wineKohanim: HaircutsAnalysisBirkas KohanimOn mincha of Fast DaysOn mincha of Yom KippurOn mincha of a half-day FastSummary Outline: 26a, 27a-28a Mishmaros and Ma'amadosDefinition of MishmarosDefinition of and reason for ma'amadosWhat did the ma'amad do?Torah ReadingSituations in which ma'amados are abrogatedAnalysisOn the origin of Mishmaros The composition of the ma'amadosWhat did the yisraelim of the ma'amad doThe Number of prayers recited by the ma'amadTorah ReadingRegarding the suspension of ma'amados as per [29&30]Regarding [29 & 30]: What was suspended when there was noma'amad? On a day of korban eitzim,who did not have ma'amadRe: NeilahNeilah on the Four Fast DaysNeilah on Rain FastsNeilah outside IsraelNeilah on Sundays and FridaysOverview of Ma'amadosSummary Outline: 26a, 28a&bKorban EitzimAnalysisSummary Outline: Rosh Hashanah 18bThe Four FastsWhich dates of the months mentioned by Zekharia are the fasts to beheld?Regarding the Universality of these FastsOverview17 TAMMUZ9 AVFAST OF GEDALIA10 TEVESSummary Outline: 26, 28b17 Tammuz9 AvSignificance of TimeLaws of the Days Preceding 9 AvMonth of AvWeek of 9 AvAnalysisWashing clothes during the week of 9 AvClothes washed before week of 9 AvWashing in Babylonia/DiasporaDefinition of GihutzDoes [10b] mean Babylonia specifically or the whole Diaspora?Clothes which were previously washed but not wornHair cutting during the week of 9 AvWashing one's body during the week of 9 AvMaking new clothesWashing if 9 Av falls on ThursdaySummary Outline: 30aLast Meal before 9 AvProhibitions of 9 AvAnalysis: 30aLast MealShnei tavshilinDefinition and parameters of shnei tavshilinSeudah hamafsekesEating MeatEat Salted meat/unfermented wine for seudah hamafsekesPoskim: Re: Seudah hamafsekesCustoms of seudah hamafsekesAnalysisWashing Erev 9 Av during/after the seudah hamafsekesNot wearing shoesConjugal Relations if 9 Av falls on ShabbosLast meal when 9 Av falls out on Shabbos or SundaySummary Outline: 30aWashing on 9 AvAnalysisTorah Study on and before 9 AvWhat may be studiedMa'avir SidrahT'hiliTorah study on the eve of 9 AvManner of studyStudying with children9 Av which falls on SundayT'fillahHavdalaMilahSick Person Seder HayomSummary OutlineNachemAnalysisWhere in sh'moneh esreh is nachem recited? If one erred and forgot to say nachem in I'Y'rushalayimOne who fasts on 10 AvSummary OutlineMishnaG'maraOverviewSiyumBack Matter Appendix IR. Meir, Rav and R. Huna I'Shitasam
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