Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study...

This is "hard-core" serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

I n t r o d u c t i o n  Everyone talks about the weather, but no one can do a thing about it. This well known maxim is diametrically opposed to the teachings of Judaism. It is the Torahs belief that climactic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of man. The Torah records this correlation in a number of places. In the Kriyas Shema we read— And it shall come to pass, if you hearken diligently to my com-mandments... that I will give you the rain of your land in its due season... and I will send grass in thy fields for thy cattle... Take heed to yourselves, that your heart be not deceived, and you turn aside , and serve other gods, and worship them and the Lords anger be inflamed against you, and He shut up the heaven and there be no rain, and the land yield not its fruit ( Deut. 11: 10- 17). In the beginning of parshas Bchukosai the Torah states— If you walk in my statutes and keep my commandments, and do them; then, I will give you rain in due season, and the land shall yield its increase, and the trees of the land shall yield their fruit ... But if you will not hearken to me, and will not do all these commands... I will make your skies like iron, and your earth like brass: and your strength shall be spent in vain: for your land shall not yield her increase, neither shall the trees of the land yield their fruit ( Leviticus 26). Tractate Taanis explicates this principle. The laws found in this trac-tate, coupled with the aggadic literature are aimed at sensitizing man to the fact that all that befalls him— including  Natural Phenomema ״ — has its source in Heaven, and that God generates events based upon mans Chapter Home  | TOC

Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide


About Book Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide

Front Matter Title Page Copyright Page Dedication Page PrefacePreface to the Second EditionTable of Contents Contents Introduction KEY TO SYMBOLS AND TRANSLITERATIONTa'anis: Chapter OneSECTION ASuggestion for StudySummary OutlineMishna 2aMishna 5aMishna 10aSummary Outline: 2aG'maraOverviewThe Halakhic Justification in Praying for RainPraying for Rain Within the Scheme of Modern PhysicsThe Duality of Models in JudaismRain and the actions of manSummary Outline 2b & 3aAnalysis: 2b-3aImport of Halakha I'Moshe MiSinaiSummary Outline: 4a & bChartAnalysisSummary Outline: Jerusalem Talmud 1:1, 1:2Announcing Jerusalem Talmud (Jerusalem Talmud (1:1)AnalysisSummary Outline: 3 a & b; Jerusalem TalmudMentioning the Attributes of Tal and Ruchos (Winds)Babylonian TalmudJerusalem TalmudAnalysisSummary Outline: 3bOne Who Forgets to Say During Rainy Season Jerusalem Talmud (1:1)AnalysisSequence Analysis: 3b-4a Comparison of Rain to Torah; Vegetation to ManSequence Analysis: 7aBuilding of a Proper Talmid ChakhamAggadita: 4aYoung Talmid ChakhamAnalysisAggadita: 4aSummary Outline: 4bAnalysisSummary Outline/Rishonim: 4b, 6a, 10aHalakha With Regard to Sh'elah and HazkarahAnalysisChart and Analysis: 4b, 6a, 10aDates for Beginning Sh'elah in our TimesAnalysisSummary Outline: 14bNinveh: RainAnalysisOverviewRelationship Between Hazkarah and Sh'elahSignificance of TalTal Should be recited on Yom TovHow could Tal be significant if it need not be recited?The Talmudim Argue as to Whether Tal is WithheldDifference Between Tal and Tal Shel BrakhaTal is Ontologically Greater than GeshemA Deeper Understanding of Tal and its Relation to the Yamim TovimTannaim Dispute the Dates of the MabulMann first fell on 16 lyarRelationship Between Tal and MannThe Characteristic of Nisan is ChesedTal and PesachSECTION BSequence AnalysisR. Yitzchak's StatementsAnalysis:Summary Outline: 6a&bYoreh and MalkoshThe Timetable for the Three Rainfalls of YorehHalakhic Function of the Three RainfallsSummary Outline: 6bAnalysisIntroductionSummary Outline: 7a-8a The Exaltedness of Rainy Daysand the Reasons Rain is WithheldSequence Analysis: 7a-8b OverviewExaltedness of RainReasons for Rain:Summary Outline/Sequence Analysis: 7b-8aReasons Rain is Withheld and RemediesAdvanced AnalysisSequence Analysis: 8a&bBarekh AlenuSequence Analysis: 8b-9bContinuation of Correspondence Between Sequence ofMa'amarim and the Sh'moneh EsrehCorrespondence Between Attributes and SupplicationSECTION CIntroductionSummary Outline: 10a&bY'chidimMishna:G'maraAnalysisAggadita: 10b-11a Communal ResponsibilitySummary Outline: 11a, 22bStatus of FastingSummary Outline: 11b-12b General Laws of FastingAnalysisTa'anis Sha'osAnalysisParameters for Anenu during a Ta'anis Sha'osKabbalas Ta'anisAnalysis of & Summary Outline: 12aUntil when can he eat?AnalysisSECTION DSummary Outline:12bSecond [Middle] Series of FastsMishnaG'maraSummary Outline: 13a&bWashing on Fast DaysAdvanced AnalysisAnalysis: RishonimSummary Outline:13bAnnenuAnalysisSummary Outline: 14aPregnant and Nursing MothersAnalysisSummary Outline: 14a-15aAnalysis: 14bSummary Outline: 14bAnalysisTa'anis: Chapter Two IntroductionSummary Outline: 15a-16aMishnaG'maraSummary Outline: 15a&b, 16a, 19a 23a, y. Ta'anis 2:1Procedure for a Ta'anis TzibburOverviewTwo Approaches to PrayerChuni Ha'Magal approached God through StrengthPrayer From Strength is not for EveryoneA Clue is to be found in Chuni's PrayerChuni's lineage and the importance of z'khus avosSummary Outline: 15aEarnestness of the T'shuvah of NinvehJerusalem TalmudBabylonian TalmudOverviewT'shuvah of NinvehThe Need for FastingAggadita: 15aAdmonishmentSummary Outline: 15a, 16a&b, 24a,25aHalakhic Qualifications of a Sh'liach TzibburAggadita: Jerusalem TalmudGod's Choice for Sh'liach TzibburAnalysisAggadita: 10b, 12b, 15a, 25b, y. Ta'anis 2:1Not Allowing Routine to Become RutImportance of RoteOvercoming RoteSummary Outline and Analysis: 15a, 16b, 17aAdditional Six BrakhosAnalysisThe Basis of the Rambam-Rashi DisputeSummary Outline and Analysis: 15a, 16b, 17aRelationship Between Shofar and BrakhaOverviewCorrespondence of the Seven Brakhosto the Seven Mystical SpheresAnalysis: 26aTwenty Four BlessingsTorah ReadingM'gilas Ta'anisSummary Out l ine: 15b 17b?18b, 12aMishna (15b)G'mara (17b-18b) Analysis: 17b?18bStatus of Chanukah and Purim in Light of the Suspension of M'gilas Ta'anis Summary Outline: Mishna 15b, 18b, 12aMishna 15bAnalysisSummary Outline: Jerusalem TalmudTorah Reading when Fasting Occurs on Rosh ChodeshJerusalem Talmud AnalysisBackground InformationAdditional Fast Days Mentioned in the Shulchan ArukhTa'anis: Chapter Three IntroductionSuggestions for StudySummary OutlineReasons For Which to Fast/BlowChatzotzeros/or ShofarPARAMETERS OF DEVERNumber of deaths needed for it to be declared deverTime ParameterWho is counted in the number of deaths?PARAMETERS OF MAPOLESCondition of buildingsNumber of houses which must collapse for it to be classified mapolesCROUPDefinitionNumber of deaths necessary for it to be declared croupChart: 17bIntroduction to AnalysisChatzotzerosAnalysisMasri'inMasri'in MiyadMasri'in b'khol makomSummary OutlineMasri'inAnalysisMasri'in b'ShabbosAnalysisMasri'in b'Shabbos Why is masri'in mentioned in this case and not Fasting?Praying on Shabbos for those who are endangeredWhy do we no longer blow shofar or chatzotzeros on Fast days?Summary Outline: 19a&bAnalysisSummary Outline: Mishna 19a, 25b-26a, 10bMishnaG'mara: 25bOverviewRelationship Between the Stature of the Leaderand that of the Congregation with Regard to Prayers for Rain Rain falls solely due to the merit/need of an individualRain falls solely on the merit of the tzaddikLeader requires humility; but rain falls in his meritLeader requires congregationCongregation and Leader require Righteous personCongregation serves as a negative forceAggadita: 19b-12a Nakdimon b. GuryonSequence Analysis: 20b-22aFor Whom the Walls StandA dilapidated wall will not cave in on the righteousRighteous people need not be of rabbinic descentThe merit of ordinary people.Aggadita: 20a&bThings Are Not Always the Way They SeemAggadita: 20bR. Ada b. Ahava's LongevityAggadita: 20bR. Huna and Communal ResponsibilityAggadita: 21aLeaving Yeshiva: llfah and R.YochananAnalysisMoralAggadita: 21aNachum Ish Gam Zu: What is Good?Aggadita: 20bNot Praying for an Abundance of Blessing:Israel and the DiasporaAggadita: 21b & 22aAba Umnah The Heavenly Academy and Engendering Peace Aggadita 22b, 23a, 25b & 9bBlessed RainsAggadita: 23aChuni: Companionship and EffectivenessChanan ha'Nechbah: The Righteous Must be ImploredSequence Analysis: 23b-24a Summary Outline: 23b-24a R. Yosi of YokeresAggaditaR. ManiR. Eliezer b. BirsahSummary Outline: 24b-25a AnalysisSummary OutlineAnalysisAggadita: 25 bR. Eliezer and R. AkivaTa'anis: Chapter FourIntroductionSummary Outline: 26, 17aKohanimMishnaG'mara Status of a kohen who drinks wineKohanim: HaircutsAnalysisBirkas KohanimOn mincha of Fast DaysOn mincha of Yom KippurOn mincha of a half-day FastSummary Outline: 26a, 27a-28a Mishmaros and Ma'amadosDefinition of MishmarosDefinition of and reason for ma'amadosWhat did the ma'amad do?Torah ReadingSituations in which ma'amados are abrogatedAnalysisOn the origin of Mishmaros The composition of the ma'amadosWhat did the yisraelim of the ma'amad doThe Number of prayers recited by the ma'amadTorah ReadingRegarding the suspension of ma'amados as per [29&30]Regarding [29 & 30]: What was suspended when there was noma'amad? On a day of korban eitzim,who did not have ma'amadRe: NeilahNeilah on the Four Fast DaysNeilah on Rain FastsNeilah outside IsraelNeilah on Sundays and FridaysOverview of Ma'amadosSummary Outline: 26a, 28a&bKorban EitzimAnalysisSummary Outline: Rosh Hashanah 18bThe Four FastsWhich dates of the months mentioned by Zekharia are the fasts to beheld?Regarding the Universality of these FastsOverview17 TAMMUZ9 AVFAST OF GEDALIA10 TEVESSummary Outline: 26, 28b17 Tammuz9 AvSignificance of TimeLaws of the Days Preceding 9 AvMonth of AvWeek of 9 AvAnalysisWashing clothes during the week of 9 AvClothes washed before week of 9 AvWashing in Babylonia/DiasporaDefinition of GihutzDoes [10b] mean Babylonia specifically or the whole Diaspora?Clothes which were previously washed but not wornHair cutting during the week of 9 AvWashing one's body during the week of 9 AvMaking new clothesWashing if 9 Av falls on ThursdaySummary Outline: 30aLast Meal before 9 AvProhibitions of 9 AvAnalysis: 30aLast MealShnei tavshilinDefinition and parameters of shnei tavshilinSeudah hamafsekesEating MeatEat Salted meat/unfermented wine for seudah hamafsekesPoskim: Re: Seudah hamafsekesCustoms of seudah hamafsekesAnalysisWashing Erev 9 Av during/after the seudah hamafsekesNot wearing shoesConjugal Relations if 9 Av falls on ShabbosLast meal when 9 Av falls out on Shabbos or SundaySummary Outline: 30aWashing on 9 AvAnalysisTorah Study on and before 9 AvWhat may be studiedMa'avir SidrahT'hiliTorah study on the eve of 9 AvManner of studyStudying with children9 Av which falls on SundayT'fillahHavdalaMilahSick Person Seder HayomSummary OutlineNachemAnalysisWhere in sh'moneh esreh is nachem recited? If one erred and forgot to say nachem in I'Y'rushalayimOne who fasts on 10 AvSummary OutlineMishnaG'maraOverviewSiyumBack Matter Appendix IR. Meir, Rav and R. Huna I'Shitasam
tractate anis commentary study guide page https publishersrow tatractate ta39anis ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks this hard core serious traditional belief that climatic conditions entirely dependent upon deeds people taanis most interesting talmudic tractates explicates principle
eBookshuk Books

and Hannah wept: Infertility, Adoption, and the Jewish Couple
The definitive work on Judaism s approach to infertility, pregnancy loss, and adoption.

Hebrew Ethical Wills
This volume includes specimens which, either as complete texts or as extracts, are representative of the type of literature known as Ethical Wills. The testaments give an intimate insight into the personal religion of Jews and Jewish experience through many centuries.

Encyclopedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archæology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible (in 4 volumes)
New electronic edition of classic four-volume Bible-focused encyclopedia supplied with sophisticated navigation, single-click lookup of original Hebrew text, and copy/paste functionality that comes with automatically generated bibliography.

Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide
This is hard-core serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

Rabad of Posquieres: A Twelfth-Century Talmudist
This biographical treatise captures the personality of Rabbad of Posquieres or Rabbi Abraham ben David – one of the most creative talmudic scholars of the twelfth century, chronicles his role in the intellectual history of the Jews in southern France during the twelfth century, and outlines his influence on subsequent generations.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Chronicles
The author of this interesting work, has little sympathy with that subjective criticism which prescribes beforehand an author's scheme of composition and then regards all contrary to this scheme as interpolations or supplements.

Divine Law in Human Hands
A revealing look at the reciprocal relationship between the Halakha as an abstract system and the realities of the Jewish life.

Studies in History (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXIII)
This anthology contains such articles as The Holy Congregation in Jerusalem by S. Safrai, Persecutions and Maryrdom in Hadrian's Days by M. D. Herr, The Imperial Court-Jew Wolf Werthheimer as Dimlomatic Mediator by B. Mevorah, To whom did Mendelssohn Reply in his Jerusalem , by Jacob Katz, Caesar: An Economic Biography and its Political Significance by I. Shatzman and others.

Studies in Bible II (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXI)
The seventeen articles in this collection, present a true sense of the Jerusalem School of Biblical scholarship with its commitment to united the unique heritage of Jewish learning with the methodology and accomplishments of modern biblical research.

Jerusalem Curiosities
This volume not only seeks to provide pleasurable reading but also enables the reader to grasp Jerusalem's unique role in the history of mankind. Those who read this book will encounter Jerusalem with eyes that see and hearts that understand.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)
This is the complete and unabridged electronic edition of the twentieth century finest and most comprehensive Hebrew lexicon available to the English-speaking student of the Hebrew Scriptures.

Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash
The classic work on the field. Not for beginners; for those interested in a more historical and critical study of Talmud and Midrash.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Psalms (in 2 volumes)
asdf

Luah Hashanah 5777
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

Historisch-kritisches Lehrgebäude der hebräischen Sprache (in drei Bänden)
This is the largest compilation of grammatical material for Hebrew Bible.

Studies in Jewish Education V: Teaching Classical Jewish Texts
This volume is dedicated to issues arising in the process of teaching classical Jewish texts.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 6
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 11
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy
The fifth and final JPS commentary on the last book of the Torah.

Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash
The classic work on the field. Not for beginners; for those interested in a more historical and critical study of Talmud and Midrash.

Treatise Ta anit of the Babylonian Talmud: Critically Edited and Provided With A Translation and Notes
This book presents the first critical edition of the Talmudic text based on a minute collation of all the existing manuscripts and early editions of the Talmud itself, as well as of the Mishnah, Tosefta, the numerous halakic and haggadic Midrashim, the Yerushalmi, and the so-called Minor Tractates. The text is translated and elucidated for the benefit of a wider circle of readers, who are not in a position to study the original.

Violence and Defense in the Jewish Experience
Violence has always existed, and the Jews have been its victims for thousands of years in all parts of the world and in all periods of history. The book presents the fruits of the colloquium on Violence and Defense in Jewish History held in Tel-Aviv in 1974.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): SAMUEL I & II
Although there have been other contributions on this subject, this volume still is worth having as it contains most of arguments still serving as a basis for modern Christian mainline (and thus also Jewish Reform) liberalism.

Hebrew-English Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This is a Study Edition of the traditional Masoretic text placed next to the classic word-for-word Jewish translation by JPS; it features the most authoritative Hebrew text - based on the Leningrad Codex - complete with cantillation marks, vocalization and verse numbers.

The Devil and the Jews: The Medieval Conception of the Jew and Its Relation to Modern Anti-Semitism
The medieval conception of the Jew as devil – literally and figuratively – is the subject of this classic work, first issued in 1943. The full dimension of the diabolization of the Jew is presented through document, analysis, and illustration. It is a chilling study but an exceedingly important one.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 6
qwer

Thesaurus of the Medieaval Hebrew Poetry, in 4 volumes
Lists 35,000 poems and prayers culled from printed and manuscript sources (many from Cairo Genizah) and their variations, i.e. almost every Hebrew poem and its variations composed after canonization of the Hebrew Bible until 18th c.e.... with listings of sacred poetry reaching into the 20th century.

Volume 8, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Spain, the Jews, and Franco
The role played by Spain during World War II regarding the Jews has long been a matter of controversy. This volume, first published in Hebrew to wide acclaim seeks to set the record straight. It offers a full and objective account of the rescue of Jewish refugees from Nazi-occupied countries by the Franco regime.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Judges
The commentary, which pays a close attention to early history of social and religious life of Israel.

A Treatise on the use of the Tenses in Hebrew
If you work with the Hebrew verbal system, this is a book you *must* have read.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.3
sadf

History of the Jews, Vol. 6: A Memoir of the Author by Dr. Philipp Bloch, A Chronological Table of Jewish History, An Index to the Whole Work, and Four Maps
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The sixth volume contains a memoir of the author by Dr. Philipp Bloch, a chronological table of Jewish history, an index to the whole work, and four maps.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 1
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 3: From the Accession of Nicholas II until 1916. Bibliography and Index.
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The third and concluding volume deals with the reign of Nicholas II., the last of the Romanovs, and also contains the bibliographical apparatus, the maps, the index, and other supplementary material.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 4
asdf

Luah HaShanah 5776
sdfg

Aspects of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Scripta Hierosolymitana IV)
Ten contributions from various perspectives on this unique find: from the departments of Bible, Archaeology, Hebrew Philology, Linguistics, and Comparative Religion, by E.Y. Kutscher, Yigael Yudin, N. Avigad, Jacob Light, M. H. Segal, Chaim Rabin, Shemaryahu Talmon, Z. Ben-Hayyim, and David Flusser.

Studies in Jewish Education II: Jewish Educational Research in Diaspora
History, trends and problems with the Jewish education in America.

Studies in Aggadah and Folk-Literature (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXII)
With the acception of one article, Tales of the Sage by Uffenheimer, which concerns with Biblical exegesis, all other contributions approach their material from literary perspective or as a part of investigation into their history.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 2
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

The Jews of Charleston: A History of an American Jewish Community
The small group of Jewish inhabitants of Charles Town in South Carolina met in 1750 to organize themselves permanently into a religious community. This book tells that community's story down to the present day. It describes the process of adjustment both of the Jews and their religion.

The Jew in the Literature of England
The Jew in the Literature of England sums up a history of the Jew as he was reflected in the literature of a civilization. Modder's sense of incident and detail, his command of a whole literature, his capacity to develop the social history that underpins literature make his study both absorbing and illuminating.

Hellenism
This book is intended for those interested in the conflict of Judaism with the culture of the ancient world and its impact on the Jewish life of today.

JPS Bible Commentary: Haftarot
The most recent addition to the JPS Bible Commentary series covers the varied selections from the Nevi'im that comprise the haftarot, chanted on Sabbaths and holy days in synagogues.

USCJ eLuah 5776
asdf

The Anti-Chomsky Reader
Provocative essays that analyze Noam Chomsky's intellectual and political career: coverage includes Chomsky's contribution to linguistics, his hatred of Israel, gloating reaction to the September 11 attacks, as well as his collaboration with Holocaust revisionists, apologies Pol Pot, and others.

Collected Writings in Jewish Studies
This collection of articles in Jewish Studies has been authored by, what many consider, the most important scholar of the rabbinic life and literature in the post WWII period.