Three Jewish Communities in Medieval...

The history of three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia: Castellón de la Plana, Burriana, Villarreal.



Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8


About Book Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8

Front Matter Front Flap Half Title Page Editorial BoardTitle Page CopyrightDedication Table of Contents PREFACE ABBREVIATIONSINTRODUCTIONGEOGRAPHICAL, CHRONOLOGICAL AND DOCUMENTARYLIMITSSOURCESPublished documents and RegestaUnpublished DocumentsCritical BibliographyMETHODOLOGYContents PART I - THE JEWISH ALJAMA OF CASTELLON1. HISTORICAL SURVEYTHE MUSLIM ERATHE RECONQUISTA AND THE REPOPULATION OF CASTELLONTHE LORD'S DOMAIN OF CASTELLON AND THE JEWSCASTELLON, ROYAL TOWN: THE JEWSTHE RIOTS OF 1391: CONVERSOSJEWS IN CASTELLON IN THE EARLY 15TH CENTURYTHE TRASTAMARA DYNASTY IN THE KINGDOM OF ARAGON: FERNANDO I AND THE JEWSALFONSO V AND THE REORGANIZATION OF THE JEWISH COMMUNITYPROBLEMS OF SUPPLY: KASHER MEATSTONING OF THE JEWS DURING HOLY WEEKOTHER INTERVENTIONS OF THE BAILE GENERALTHE EXPULSION OF THE JEWS IN 14922. THE JEWISH COMMUNITY: ITS DEMOGRAPHY, ECONOMY AND INSTITUTIONSDEMOGRAPHYJEWISH FAMILIES AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPSPROPERTYTown PropertyCountry PropertyTypes of LandsJewish Rural PropertyTAXESJEWISH LESSEES OF THE IGLESIA MAJOR AND THE OBRA PIA D'EN LORENÇ MARTORELLPROFESSIONS AND TRADESJEWISH MONEYLENDERS AND BROKERSOATHS OF JEWISH MONEYLENDERS AND BROKERSTHE JEWISH QUARTERThe QuarterThe SynagoguesThe CemeteryThe Butcher's ShopDOCUMENTS1 Castellon, 13392 Castellon, 13393 Catellon, 12 December 13394 19 November 13415 20 May 13646 28 May 13647 12 August 13648 14 August 13649 1364/65 Payment of interests to Içach Avinaçara. 10 1364/65 Journeys to Castellon to obtain a postponement on a loan. 11 1364/65 Payment of interests to Izac Avinaçara.12 1366/67 Na (A)Bella, Jewess of Castellon, loans 80 florins to the municipality of Villarreal.13 1366/67 Davino, Jew of Castellon, obtains money for the municipality of Villarreal.14 1366/67 Payment of the Castellon Jew Salamo Lobell, for his brokerage, for obtaining a loan of 3,000 ss. for the municipality of Villarreal.15 1371List of the Jews of the Castellon aljama, with their properties and peita.16 Castellon, February 138317 4 May 138718 Barcelona, 12 August 139019 Barcelona, 19 August 139020 Saragossa, 16 January 139121 Castellon, 14 July 139122 Castellon, 18 July 139123 Castellon, 19 July 139124 Castellon, 20 July 139125 Castellon, 26 July 139126 Castellon, 28 July 139127 Castellon, 31 July 139128 Castellon, 4 August 139129 5 January 139330 Saragossa, 9 February 140031 Maella, 29 July 140432 11 October 141633 18 July 141734 19 October 142135 23 June 142336 9 June 142737 10 June 142738 17 June 142739 22 June 142740 25 July 142741 6 July 142942 1429-1497 List of the censos paid by the Jews of Castellon to the Obra Pia d'en Lorenç Martorell.43 27 June 143044 26 January 143245 1432 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon and their purchases and sales.46 143(3?) List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon, with their property and peita.47 1449/50 With relation to certain brokerages, the Jew Astruch convokes the Sindic of Villarreal to appear before the Cort of the Governor of Castellon.48 1449/50 The same affair as in the previous document.49 15 May 145050 1450 Payments of costs to a Jurat of Villarreal for travelling to Castellon in order to reach an agreement with Astruch.51 23 August 145152 20 November 145153 1455 — 1459 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon and their purchases and sales.54 28 September 146055 1460/61 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon and their purchases and sales.56 26 December 146157 1462 List of the aljama of Castellon, with tehir goods and peita.58 14 October 146859 14 October 146860 1468 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon, with their property and peita.61 1469-1471 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon, and their purchases and sales.62 24 December 147063 15 December 147164 30 May 147265 20 May 147366 3 July 147367 19 July 147368 1473 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon, with their property and peita.69 9 February 147670 22 May 147671 29 June 147772 1479 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon with their property and peita.73 1480-1484 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon with their purchases and sales.74 1485 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon with their property and peita.75 6 July 148876 23 February 149077 1490 The Maestre Racional, as censal of the butcher's shop of the Jewish aljama of Castellon de la Plana, receives the sum of 9 dineros.78 Castellon, 149279 8 May 149280 6 June 149281 1 July 149282 19 July 149283 27 July 149284 1492 The tax of 9 diners ground rent to which the butcher's shop of the Jews of Castellon was subject, is no longer paid.85 1492 The ground rent of 2 diners to which the Scola Vella of the Castellon aljama was subject is no longer paid. It is considered derelict.86 1492 The butcher's shop of the Jews of Castellon is considered derelict, since the 8 sous of ground rent formerly paid by the Jewish dyer are no longer collected.PART II - THE JEWISH ALJAMA OF BURRIANA1. THE LEGAL POSITION OF THEJEWS IN BURRIANATHE STATUS OF THE JEWSTHE 1391 MASSACRES AND THEIR AFTERMATH2. THE ALJAMA AND THE JUDERIATHE ALJAMA AND ITS OFFICERSPHYSICIANSRELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONSTHE JUDERIAA DEMOGRAPHIC OUTLINE3. THE JEWS, THE AUTHORITIES AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITIESJEWS FROM BURRIANA BEFORE THE BAILE'S TRIBUNALJEWS IN THE CORT DEL JUSTICIADOCUMENTS1 Barcelona, 24 July 13262 Barcelona, 19 November 13263 Burriana, 31 August 1333 (?)4 Burriana, 1333 (?)5 Burriana, 1333 (?)6 Burriana, 8 January 1334 (?)7 Burriana, 6 March 13348 Burriana, 31 May 1334 (?)9 Burriana, 18 December 133510 Castellon, 4 March and Barcelona 24 July 133611 Burriana, 15 October 133612 Burriana, 2 February 133713 Burriana, 7 May 133714 Burriana, 26 November 133715 Burriana, 22 December 133716 Burriana, 3 February 133817 Burriana, May 133818 Burriana, 10 June 133819 Burriana, 28 February 133920 Burriana, 7 March 133921 Burriana, 17 March 133922 Burriana, 27 March 133923 Burriana, 19 August 1339 (5 May and 3 November 1340)24 Burriana, 1 October 133925 Burriana, 17 January 134026 Burriana, 29 January 134027 Burriana, 30 January 134028 Burriana, 5 February 134029 Burriana, 28 March 134030 Burriana, 7 April 134031 Burriana, 2 August 134032 Burriana, 19 October 1340 (and 23 April 1342)33 Burriana, 16 November 134034 Burriana, 17 November 134035 Burriana, 15 March 134136 Burriana, 21 March 134137 Burriana, 17 July 134138 Burriana, 2 August 134139 Burriana, 14 August 1341 (and 13 November 1341)40 Burriana, 7 October 134141 Burriana, 19 November 134142 Burriana, 20 November 134143 Burriana, 22 December 134144 Burriana, 15 January 134245 Burriana, 4 February 134246 Burriana, 9 February 1342 (?)47 Burriana, 3 July 134248 Burriana, 13 August 134249 Burriana, 31 March 134350 Burriana, 16 December 134351 Burriana, 16 December, 134352 Villarreal, 1369/7053 Castellon, 29 June 138954 ??nzon, 8 November 138955 Valencia, 22 July 139156 Sant Cugat, 1 October 139257 Valencia, 15 January 139358 Zaragoza, 25 July 139959 Zaragoza, 26 July 133960 Zaragoza, 3 February 140061 Valencia, 5 July 140162 Segorbe, 26 July 140163 Castellon, 20 October 141764 Castellon, 12 February 142265 Castellon, 13 February 142266 Castellon, 2 March 142267 Castellon, 23 March 142268 Castellon, 24 March 142269 Castellon, 18 May 142270 Castellon, 17 August 142271 Castellon, 27 September 142272 Castellon, 13 October 142273 Castellon, 19 October 142274 Castellon, 2 November 142275 Castellon, 23 December 142276 Castellon, 14 July 142377 Castellon, 14 July 142378 Castellon, 14 July 142379 Valencia, 20 December 1423 and 11 April 142480 Castellon, 22 December 142381 Valencia, 24 May 142482 Valencia, 3 July 142483 Valencia, 27 and 30 October 142484 Valencia, 15 November 142485 Valencia, 13 March 142586 Valencia, 30 May 142587 Castellon, 4 June 142588 Valencia, 22 August 142589 Valencia, 4 May 1427 (14 May 1427)90 Villarreal, 14 May 142791 Valencia, 3 November 142992 Valencia, 26 April 143093 Valencia, 17 August 143094 Valencia, 24 April 143195 Burriana, 24 January 147496 Burriana, 24 January 147497 Castellon, 16 August 147598 Castellon, 4 November 147899 Castellon, 4 August 1480100 Burriana, 12 October 1480PART III - THE JEWISH ALJAMA OF VILLARREAL1. HISTORICAL EVOLUTIONVILLARREAL: GEOGRAPHICAL POSITIONTHE FOUNDATION OF VILLARREALTHE FIRST JEWS IN VILLARREALSALOMON VIDAL, JEWISH BAILE OF PEDRO IIIPRIVILEGES OF THE JEWISH COMMUNITYTHE 1391 RIOTS AND THEIR ECHO IN VILLARREALPREACHING BY CONVERTSTHE EXPULSIONTHE JEWS IN LOCAL TOPONYMYPOSITION OF THE JEWISH QUARTER2. THE AUTHORITIES AND THE JEWSTHE JEWS IN THE MUNICIPAL ORDINANCES OF VILLARREALTHE BAILE AND THE JEWSTHE JUSTICIA AND THE JEWS: LAWSUITS1416, Lawsuit: Berenguer Tomas versus Yçach Agii and na Ceti, his wife1422, Lawsuit: Lorenç Miquel versus Johan Boix and Salamo Çaçon1423, Lawsuit: Lorenç Miquel versus Pasqual Fornero and Salamo (Aben) Çaçon1423, Lawsuit: na Maciana, widow, versus Salamo Çaçon and na Donna, his wife1469, Lawsuit: Mossé Israel versus Arnau TenerOther litigations3. THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC SITUATIONAPPROXIMATE DEMOGRAPHICAL DETAILSPROPERTIESTAXESPROFESSIONS AND OCCUPATIONSMONEYLENDINGCOMMERCESale of FoodstuffsSale of Construction MaterialsSale of ClothJEWISH BOLLA TAX FARMERSDOCUMENTS1 Molinos, 24 May 13352 Molinos, 24 May 13353 Villarreal, 14 December 13484 1355 Among the different revenues from Villarreal figures the peita of the Jews, paid to the Infantas: 190 Barcelona ss.5 Villarreal, 13666 Villarreal, 13667 Villarreal, 19 April 13698 Villarreal, 21 May 13769 Villarreal, 12 May 137810 Villarreal, 138011 Villarreal, 1383/8412 Valencia, 139213 Villarreal, 1397/9814 Villarreal, December 1406 or January 140715 Villarreal, 141316 Villarreal, 1414/1517 Villarreal, 20 October 141618 Castellon, 3 November 141619 Castellon, 17 November 141620 Villarreal, 141821 Villarreal, 10 May 142122 Villarreal, 1421/142223 Castellon, 10 November 142224 Castellon, 8 March 142325 Castellon, 10 May 142326 Villarreal, 11 May 142327 Castellon, 26 May 142328 Villarreal, 27 May 142329 Castellon, 9 June 142330 Castellon, 10 June 142331 Castellon, 10 June 142332 Villarreal, 10 June 1423 (Castellon, 21 June)33 Castellon, 21 June 142334 Villarreal, 26 June 142335 Villarreal, 14 July 142336 Castellon, 14 July 142337 Castellon, 16 July 142338 Villarreal, 18 January 142539 Villarreal, 24 June 142640 Villarreal, 16 February 144041 Villarreal, 145142 Villarreal, 1453/5443 Villarreal, 145544 Villarreal, 1459/6045 Villarreal, 13 July 146246 Villarreal, 146447 Villarreal, 25 March 1465 48 Villarreal, 10 October to 15 December 146649 Villarreal, 17 November 146650 Villarreal, 146751 Castellon, 15 June 146752 Villarreal, 9 December 146753 Villarreal, 25 February 146854 Villarreal, 12 February 146955 Villarreal, 3 October 146956 Villarreal, 147057 Villarreal, 147158 Villarreal, 147259 Villarreal, 147460 Castellon, 5 July 147561 Castellon, 17 January 147762 Villarreal, 23 February 147763 Villarreal, 10 May 147764 Villarreal, 3 July 147765 Villarreal, 8 November 147766 Valencia, 12 December 147767 Valencia, 12 December 147768 Villarreal, 25 January 147869 Villarreal, 8 August 148070 Villarreal, 148271 Villarreal, 30 July 148272 Villarreal, 30 July 148273 Villarreal, 148374 Villarreal, 21 April 149075 Villarreal, 1492Back Matter GLOSSARYINDICESSUBJECTSPERSONSPLACESBack Flap
three jewish communities medieval valencia hispania judaica page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks history castell plana burriana villarreal
eBookshuk Books

Volume 8, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Chapters on Jewish Literature
The twenty-five short chapters on Jewish Literature open with the fall of Jerusalem in the year 70 of the current era, and end with the death of Moses Mendelssohn in 1786. This book has been compiled with the definite aim of providing an elementary manual of Jewish literature both for home and school use.

The Jews of Yugoslavia: A Quest for Community
This work is a pioneer study of a little-known part of the modern Jewish world that is at once unique and a microcosm of European Jewry as a whole. The story of the Jews of Yugoslavia can be seen as a quest for community, to forge a unity of communal purpose and endeavor.

Notes on the Hebrew Text and the Topography of the Book of Samuel
Electronic edition of one of the most influential books ever written about the Bible; S.R. Driver's meticulously detailed reconstruction and analysis of Samuel has remained vital for over a century.

Studies in Jewish Education I: Theory and Research
The focus of this volume is the state of the Jewish educational research and its impact on practice.

La America: The Sephardic Experience in the United States
The story of the Jewish immigration to the United States of the Levantine Sephardim who entered the United States between 1899 and 1925.

ARAMAIC OSTRACA OF THE FOURTH CENTURY BC FROM IDUMAEA
The 201 of containing in the book Aramaic ostraca dating 361-311 BC are almost exclusive source for the study of the ethnic structure and the economic life for end of the Persian rule in the Land of Israel and the beginning of the Hellenistic period.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 8
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Magic Spells and Formulae: Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity
Following the publication of Amulets and Magic Bowls , several new magic texts were made available to the authors. Presented in the same scholarly manner,this is a valuable insight into the religious life and practices of common people in the Talmudic period.

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The Return of Anti-Semitism
An anti-Semitic contamination is now world-wide. This sad truth is brilliantly evoked in Gabriel Schoenfeld's important study. Necessary reading. --Elie Wiesel

Chess in Jewish History and Hebrew Literature
This book deals with the origins of chess from before 500 A.D. and its appearance in Jewish sources and literature until the middle of the 19th century.

Pirke de-Rabbi Eliezer
Kabbalistic midrashic work on Genesis, part of Exodus, and a few sentences of Numbers ascribed to R. Eliezer b. Hyrcanus.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.
This is the third and final volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 5
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8
The history of three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia: Castellón de la Plana, Burriana, Villarreal.

Treatise Ta anit of the Babylonian Talmud: Critically Edited and Provided With A Translation and Notes
This book presents the first critical edition of the Talmudic text based on a minute collation of all the existing manuscripts and early editions of the Talmud itself, as well as of the Mishnah, Tosefta, the numerous halakic and haggadic Midrashim, the Yerushalmi, and the so-called Minor Tractates. The text is translated and elucidated for the benefit of a wider circle of readers, who are not in a position to study the original.

Nazarene Jewish Christianity
A comprehensive study of the immediate heirs of the earliest Jerusalem church.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (1825–1894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

Judaism and the Origins of Christianity
A massive collection of scholarship of the author who has pioneered new understanding of the Jewish background of early Christianity.

Jerusalem Curiosities
This volume not only seeks to provide pleasurable reading but also enables the reader to grasp Jerusalem's unique role in the history of mankind. Those who read this book will encounter Jerusalem with eyes that see and hearts that understand.

JPS Torah Commentary: Exodus
Masterly commentary on the second book of the Bible by eminent Jewish scholar.

Sacred Fragments: Recovering Theology for the Modern Jew
Winner of the National Jewish Book Award, this book will be a stimulating and rewarding step to exploring and restoring Jewish theology – and faith – at a time when belief is continually challenged and yet so very needed.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): SAMUEL I & II
Although there have been other contributions on this subject, this volume still is worth having as it contains most of arguments still serving as a basis for modern Christian mainline (and thus also Jewish Reform) liberalism.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion and Law. Vol. III
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. In the third volume The Keepers of the Threshold, the Bird-Sanctuary, The Silent Widow, and other stories are discussed.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI AND JONAH
For all the talk about Bible being a source of Western ethics, Mitchell's is one of the very few books extant that pays more then a lip service to this concept.

Encounter with Emancipation: The German Jews in the United States, 1830-1914
This superbly documented study, enriched by anecdotes and illustrations, portrays the first genuine encounter of Jewish society with emancipation.

ANCIENT PLACE NAMES IN THE HOLY LAND


The International Critical Commentary (ICC): HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI AND JONAH
For all the talk about Bible being a source of Western ethics, Mitchell's is one of the very few books extant that pays more then a lip service to this concept.

The Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This acclaimed new translation of the Torah--the Holy Scriptures of the Jewish people,--was prepared according to the Masoretic Text by the Jewish Publication Society (Philadelphia), world s oldest Jewish book publisher. Electronic version of it, which is a searchable replica of the printed version was prepared by Varda Books in 2002, with all the latest corrections and revisions having been incorporated.

Jews in the Hungarian Economy 1760-1945
In the sixteen essays in this volume, scholars from three continents explore dispassionately various facets of the Jewish presence in the Hungarian economy over a span of two centuries. (Two of the articles deal with Vienna which had quite a sizeable contingent of Hungarian Jews.) The topics range from pure economic history dealing with entrepreneurship and occupational structure, to related fields such as demography, urbanization and nutrition. Several studies discuss the interaction of both

The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 2/3
The second and third volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See first volume here) It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

The Jewish Encyclopedia, Index Volume
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

Violence and Defense in the Jewish Experience
Violence has always existed, and the Jews have been its victims for thousands of years in all parts of the world and in all periods of history. The book presents the fruits of the colloquium on Violence and Defense in Jewish History held in Tel-Aviv in 1974.

Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion and Law. Vol. III
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. In the third volume The Keepers of the Threshold, the Bird-Sanctuary, The Silent Widow, and other stories are discussed.

Ahad Ha-Am Asher Ginzberg: A Biography
Ahad Ha-Am's “spiritual Zionism” is still as capable, as it was fifty years ago, of giving inspiration and guidance to a large segment of the Jewry.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.3
sadf

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)
This is the complete and unabridged electronic edition of the twentieth century finest and most comprehensive Hebrew lexicon available to the English-speaking student of the Hebrew Scriptures.

A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, in 3 Volumes
Henry Charles Lea s three-volume The History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages (sold as a set only) is widely regarded by scholars in the field as one of the outstanding works of scholarship on the subject.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 2
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Tractate Bava Basra I: Commentary and Study Guide
The third of the three Talmudic tractates of the order Neziḳin, dealing with man's responsibilities and rights as the owner of property, of a house or field. The tractate is divided into ten chapters, the contents of which may be described as follows: (1) Regulations relating to property held by more than one owner (ch. i.); (2) responsibilities of an owner of property with regard to that of his neighbor (ch. ii.); (3) established rights of ownership and rights connected with property

Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.

Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8
The history of three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia: Castellón de la Plana, Burriana, Villarreal.

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament
Madden's work constitutes . . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past. Michael Avi-Yonah Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

Volume 8, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The Goddess Anath
A major contribution to Ugaritic scholarship, The Goddess Anath--Cassuto's work on Canaanite Epics of the Patriarchal Age--is a classic authored by one of the greatest Bible scholars.

Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament
Long the standard English work on the subject, now is prepared to work interactively with Hebrew-English Tanakh: the Jewish Bible.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part II): from Noah to Abraham
By extending his method of exegesis in this volume to another section of the Torah, Cassuto indirectly buttressed his theories with new evidence of the inherent rightness of his approach.