Three Jewish Communities in Medieval...

The history of three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia: Castellón de la Plana, Burriana, Villarreal.

CONTENTSPreface Abbreviations   Introduction — The Legal Status of the Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia Geographical, Chronological and Documentary Limits 18; Sources 20; Methodology 31 PART I THE JEWISH ALJAMA OF CASTELLONChapter One Historical survey The Muslim Era 35; The Reconquista and the Repopulation of Castellon 36; The Lords Domain of Castellon and the Jews 37; Castellon, Royal Town: The Jews 39; The Riots of 1391 : Conversos 41 ; Jews in Castellon in the early 15th Century 44; The Trastamara Dynasty in the Kingdom of Aragon: Fernando I and the Jews 45; Alfonso V and the Reorganization of the Jewish Community 46; Problems of Supply: Kasher Meat 50; Stoning of the Jews during Holy Week 51; Other Interventions of the Baile General 53; The Expulsion of the Jews in 1492 57   Chapter Two The Jewish Community: Its Demography, Economy and Institutions Demography 59; Jewish Families and their Relationships 62; Property 66; Taxes 81; Jewish Lessees of the Iglesia Major and the Obra Pia dEn Lorenç Martorell 91; Professions and Trades 94; Jewish Moneylenders and Brokers 95; Oaths of Jewish Moneylenders and Brokers 97; The Jewish Quarter 100 Documents PART II THE JEWISH ALJAMA OF BURRIANAChapter One The Legal Position of the Jews in Burriana The Status of the Jews 169; The 1391 Massacres and their Aftermath 174   Chapter Home  | TOC 8  | Index 8

Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8


About Book Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8

Front Matter Front Flap Half Title Page Editorial BoardTitle Page CopyrightDedication Table of Contents PREFACE ABBREVIATIONSINTRODUCTIONGEOGRAPHICAL, CHRONOLOGICAL AND DOCUMENTARYLIMITSSOURCESPublished documents and RegestaUnpublished DocumentsCritical BibliographyMETHODOLOGYContents PART I - THE JEWISH ALJAMA OF CASTELLON1. HISTORICAL SURVEYTHE MUSLIM ERATHE RECONQUISTA AND THE REPOPULATION OF CASTELLONTHE LORD'S DOMAIN OF CASTELLON AND THE JEWSCASTELLON, ROYAL TOWN: THE JEWSTHE RIOTS OF 1391: CONVERSOSJEWS IN CASTELLON IN THE EARLY 15TH CENTURYTHE TRASTAMARA DYNASTY IN THE KINGDOM OF ARAGON: FERNANDO I AND THE JEWSALFONSO V AND THE REORGANIZATION OF THE JEWISH COMMUNITYPROBLEMS OF SUPPLY: KASHER MEATSTONING OF THE JEWS DURING HOLY WEEKOTHER INTERVENTIONS OF THE BAILE GENERALTHE EXPULSION OF THE JEWS IN 14922. THE JEWISH COMMUNITY: ITS DEMOGRAPHY, ECONOMY AND INSTITUTIONSDEMOGRAPHYJEWISH FAMILIES AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPSPROPERTYTown PropertyCountry PropertyTypes of LandsJewish Rural PropertyTAXESJEWISH LESSEES OF THE IGLESIA MAJOR AND THE OBRA PIA D'EN LOREN MARTORELLPROFESSIONS AND TRADESJEWISH MONEYLENDERS AND BROKERSOATHS OF JEWISH MONEYLENDERS AND BROKERSTHE JEWISH QUARTERThe QuarterThe SynagoguesThe CemeteryThe Butcher's ShopDOCUMENTS1 Castellon, 13392 Castellon, 13393 Catellon, 12 December 13394 19 November 13415 20 May 13646 28 May 13647 12 August 13648 14 August 13649 1364/65 Payment of interests to Iach Avinaara. 10 1364/65 Journeys to Castellon to obtain a postponement on a loan. 11 1364/65 Payment of interests to Izac Avinaara.12 1366/67 Na (A)Bella, Jewess of Castellon, loans 80 florins to the municipality of Villarreal.13 1366/67 Davino, Jew of Castellon, obtains money for the municipality of Villarreal.14 1366/67 Payment of the Castellon Jew Salamo Lobell, for his brokerage, for obtaining a loan of 3,000 ss. for the municipality of Villarreal.15 1371List of the Jews of the Castellon aljama, with their properties and peita.16 Castellon, February 138317 4 May 138718 Barcelona, 12 August 139019 Barcelona, 19 August 139020 Saragossa, 16 January 139121 Castellon, 14 July 139122 Castellon, 18 July 139123 Castellon, 19 July 139124 Castellon, 20 July 139125 Castellon, 26 July 139126 Castellon, 28 July 139127 Castellon, 31 July 139128 Castellon, 4 August 139129 5 January 139330 Saragossa, 9 February 140031 Maella, 29 July 140432 11 October 141633 18 July 141734 19 October 142135 23 June 142336 9 June 142737 10 June 142738 17 June 142739 22 June 142740 25 July 142741 6 July 142942 1429-1497 List of the censos paid by the Jews of Castellon to the Obra Pia d'en Loren Martorell.43 27 June 143044 26 January 143245 1432 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon and their purchases and sales.46 143(3?) List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon, with their property and peita.47 1449/50 With relation to certain brokerages, the Jew Astruch convokes the Sindic of Villarreal to appear before the Cort of the Governor of Castellon.48 1449/50 The same affair as in the previous document.49 15 May 145050 1450 Payments of costs to a Jurat of Villarreal for travelling to Castellon in order to reach an agreement with Astruch.51 23 August 145152 20 November 145153 1455 1459 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon and their purchases and sales.54 28 September 146055 1460/61 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon and their purchases and sales.56 26 December 146157 1462 List of the aljama of Castellon, with tehir goods and peita.58 14 October 146859 14 October 146860 1468 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon, with their property and peita.61 1469-1471 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon, and their purchases and sales.62 24 December 147063 15 December 147164 30 May 147265 20 May 147366 3 July 147367 19 July 147368 1473 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon, with their property and peita.69 9 February 147670 22 May 147671 29 June 147772 1479 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon with their property and peita.73 1480-1484 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon with their purchases and sales.74 1485 List of the Jews of the aljama of Castellon with their property and peita.75 6 July 148876 23 February 149077 1490 The Maestre Racional, as censal of the butcher's shop of the Jewish aljama of Castellon de la Plana, receives the sum of 9 dineros.78 Castellon, 149279 8 May 149280 6 June 149281 1 July 149282 19 July 149283 27 July 149284 1492 The tax of 9 diners ground rent to which the butcher's shop of the Jews of Castellon was subject, is no longer paid.85 1492 The ground rent of 2 diners to which the Scola Vella of the Castellon aljama was subject is no longer paid. It is considered derelict.86 1492 The butcher's shop of the Jews of Castellon is considered derelict, since the 8 sous of ground rent formerly paid by the Jewish dyer are no longer collected.PART II - THE JEWISH ALJAMA OF BURRIANA1. THE LEGAL POSITION OF THEJEWS IN BURRIANATHE STATUS OF THE JEWSTHE 1391 MASSACRES AND THEIR AFTERMATH2. THE ALJAMA AND THE JUDERIATHE ALJAMA AND ITS OFFICERSPHYSICIANSRELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONSTHE JUDERIAA DEMOGRAPHIC OUTLINE3. THE JEWS, THE AUTHORITIES AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITIESJEWS FROM BURRIANA BEFORE THE BAILE'S TRIBUNALJEWS IN THE CORT DEL JUSTICIADOCUMENTS1 Barcelona, 24 July 13262 Barcelona, 19 November 13263 Burriana, 31 August 1333 (?)4 Burriana, 1333 (?)5 Burriana, 1333 (?)6 Burriana, 8 January 1334 (?)7 Burriana, 6 March 13348 Burriana, 31 May 1334 (?)9 Burriana, 18 December 133510 Castellon, 4 March and Barcelona 24 July 133611 Burriana, 15 October 133612 Burriana, 2 February 133713 Burriana, 7 May 133714 Burriana, 26 November 133715 Burriana, 22 December 133716 Burriana, 3 February 133817 Burriana, May 133818 Burriana, 10 June 133819 Burriana, 28 February 133920 Burriana, 7 March 133921 Burriana, 17 March 133922 Burriana, 27 March 133923 Burriana, 19 August 1339 (5 May and 3 November 1340)24 Burriana, 1 October 133925 Burriana, 17 January 134026 Burriana, 29 January 134027 Burriana, 30 January 134028 Burriana, 5 February 134029 Burriana, 28 March 134030 Burriana, 7 April 134031 Burriana, 2 August 134032 Burriana, 19 October 1340 (and 23 April 1342)33 Burriana, 16 November 134034 Burriana, 17 November 134035 Burriana, 15 March 134136 Burriana, 21 March 134137 Burriana, 17 July 134138 Burriana, 2 August 134139 Burriana, 14 August 1341 (and 13 November 1341)40 Burriana, 7 October 134141 Burriana, 19 November 134142 Burriana, 20 November 134143 Burriana, 22 December 134144 Burriana, 15 January 134245 Burriana, 4 February 134246 Burriana, 9 February 1342 (?)47 Burriana, 3 July 134248 Burriana, 13 August 134249 Burriana, 31 March 134350 Burriana, 16 December 134351 Burriana, 16 December, 134352 Villarreal, 1369/7053 Castellon, 29 June 138954 ??nzon, 8 November 138955 Valencia, 22 July 139156 Sant Cugat, 1 October 139257 Valencia, 15 January 139358 Zaragoza, 25 July 139959 Zaragoza, 26 July 133960 Zaragoza, 3 February 140061 Valencia, 5 July 140162 Segorbe, 26 July 140163 Castellon, 20 October 141764 Castellon, 12 February 142265 Castellon, 13 February 142266 Castellon, 2 March 142267 Castellon, 23 March 142268 Castellon, 24 March 142269 Castellon, 18 May 142270 Castellon, 17 August 142271 Castellon, 27 September 142272 Castellon, 13 October 142273 Castellon, 19 October 142274 Castellon, 2 November 142275 Castellon, 23 December 142276 Castellon, 14 July 142377 Castellon, 14 July 142378 Castellon, 14 July 142379 Valencia, 20 December 1423 and 11 April 142480 Castellon, 22 December 142381 Valencia, 24 May 142482 Valencia, 3 July 142483 Valencia, 27 and 30 October 142484 Valencia, 15 November 142485 Valencia, 13 March 142586 Valencia, 30 May 142587 Castellon, 4 June 142588 Valencia, 22 August 142589 Valencia, 4 May 1427 (14 May 1427)90 Villarreal, 14 May 142791 Valencia, 3 November 142992 Valencia, 26 April 143093 Valencia, 17 August 143094 Valencia, 24 April 143195 Burriana, 24 January 147496 Burriana, 24 January 147497 Castellon, 16 August 147598 Castellon, 4 November 147899 Castellon, 4 August 1480100 Burriana, 12 October 1480PART III - THE JEWISH ALJAMA OF VILLARREAL1. HISTORICAL EVOLUTIONVILLARREAL: GEOGRAPHICAL POSITIONTHE FOUNDATION OF VILLARREALTHE FIRST JEWS IN VILLARREALSALOMON VIDAL, JEWISH BAILE OF PEDRO IIIPRIVILEGES OF THE JEWISH COMMUNITYTHE 1391 RIOTS AND THEIR ECHO IN VILLARREALPREACHING BY CONVERTSTHE EXPULSIONTHE JEWS IN LOCAL TOPONYMYPOSITION OF THE JEWISH QUARTER2. THE AUTHORITIES AND THE JEWSTHE JEWS IN THE MUNICIPAL ORDINANCES OF VILLARREALTHE BAILE AND THE JEWSTHE JUSTICIA AND THE JEWS: LAWSUITS1416, Lawsuit: Berenguer Tomas versus Yach Agii and na Ceti, his wife1422, Lawsuit: Loren Miquel versus Johan Boix and Salamo aon1423, Lawsuit: Loren Miquel versus Pasqual Fornero and Salamo (Aben) aon1423, Lawsuit: na Maciana, widow, versus Salamo aon and na Donna, his wife1469, Lawsuit: Moss Israel versus Arnau TenerOther litigations3. THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC SITUATIONAPPROXIMATE DEMOGRAPHICAL DETAILSPROPERTIESTAXESPROFESSIONS AND OCCUPATIONSMONEYLENDINGCOMMERCESale of FoodstuffsSale of Construction MaterialsSale of ClothJEWISH BOLLA TAX FARMERSDOCUMENTS1 Molinos, 24 May 13352 Molinos, 24 May 13353 Villarreal, 14 December 13484 1355 Among the different revenues from Villarreal figures the peita of the Jews, paid to the Infantas: 190 Barcelona ss.5 Villarreal, 13666 Villarreal, 13667 Villarreal, 19 April 13698 Villarreal, 21 May 13769 Villarreal, 12 May 137810 Villarreal, 138011 Villarreal, 1383/8412 Valencia, 139213 Villarreal, 1397/9814 Villarreal, December 1406 or January 140715 Villarreal, 141316 Villarreal, 1414/1517 Villarreal, 20 October 141618 Castellon, 3 November 141619 Castellon, 17 November 141620 Villarreal, 141821 Villarreal, 10 May 142122 Villarreal, 1421/142223 Castellon, 10 November 142224 Castellon, 8 March 142325 Castellon, 10 May 142326 Villarreal, 11 May 142327 Castellon, 26 May 142328 Villarreal, 27 May 142329 Castellon, 9 June 142330 Castellon, 10 June 142331 Castellon, 10 June 142332 Villarreal, 10 June 1423 (Castellon, 21 June)33 Castellon, 21 June 142334 Villarreal, 26 June 142335 Villarreal, 14 July 142336 Castellon, 14 July 142337 Castellon, 16 July 142338 Villarreal, 18 January 142539 Villarreal, 24 June 142640 Villarreal, 16 February 144041 Villarreal, 145142 Villarreal, 1453/5443 Villarreal, 145544 Villarreal, 1459/6045 Villarreal, 13 July 146246 Villarreal, 146447 Villarreal, 25 March 1465 48 Villarreal, 10 October to 15 December 146649 Villarreal, 17 November 146650 Villarreal, 146751 Castellon, 15 June 146752 Villarreal, 9 December 146753 Villarreal, 25 February 146854 Villarreal, 12 February 146955 Villarreal, 3 October 146956 Villarreal, 147057 Villarreal, 147158 Villarreal, 147259 Villarreal, 147460 Castellon, 5 July 147561 Castellon, 17 January 147762 Villarreal, 23 February 147763 Villarreal, 10 May 147764 Villarreal, 3 July 147765 Villarreal, 8 November 147766 Valencia, 12 December 147767 Valencia, 12 December 147768 Villarreal, 25 January 147869 Villarreal, 8 August 148070 Villarreal, 148271 Villarreal, 30 July 148272 Villarreal, 30 July 148273 Villarreal, 148374 Villarreal, 21 April 149075 Villarreal, 1492Back Matter GLOSSARYINDICESSUBJECTSPERSONSPLACESBack Flap
three jewish communities medieval valencia hispania judaica page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks history castell plana burriana villarreal
eBookshuk Books

Jewish History: An Essay in the Philosophy of History
This essay exhibits in a remarkably striking way the author's art of making all things seem fresh and new, important and attractive. The author attempts, for the first time, a psychologic characterization of Jewish history. He endeavors to demonstrate the inner connection between events, and develop the ideas that underlie them.

Religion and Zionism First Encounters


Ideology and Settlement
The first deep and detailed research conducted on the subject of carrying out of the policies and enterprises of the JNF in the years prior to World War I.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 12
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (18251894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Jobs (in 2 volumes)
Electronic edition of the massive commentary on the Book of Job.

To Do the Right and the Good
A thought-provoking examination of Jewish social ethics in relation to the mores of contemporary society. In this book, Rabbi Dorff focuses on the social aspects of the Jewish tradition, while tackling such timely topics as war and peace, poverty, intrafaith and interfaith relations, and forgiveness.

Hebrew: The Eternal Language
The extraordinary story of the Hebrew language is the subject of this book.

Studia Biblica Vol. 1
asdf

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 4
asdf

Engendering Judaism: An Inclusive Theology and Ethics
A pioneering work on what it means to engender Jewish tradition, that is, how women s full inclusion can and must transform our understanding and practice of Jewish law, prayer, sexuality, and marriage. It challenges both mainstream Judaism and feminist dogma, and speaks across the movements as well as to Christian theologians and feminists.

A Treatise on the use of the Tenses in Hebrew
If you work with the Hebrew verbal system, this is a book you *must* have read.

Israel and the Nations
Israel and the Nations is a handbook of Jewish apologetics. The author's primary goal was to put together all the arguments of Jew-baiting and to explain their nature and origin. This work is a source of information and reference for all those who are in quest of enlightenment.

History of the Jews, Vol. 3: From the Revolt against the Zendik (511 C.E.) to the Capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans (1291 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The third volume covers the period from the revolt against the Zendik to the capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS
An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 2
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash
The classic work on the field. Not for beginners; for those interested in a more historical and critical study of Talmud and Midrash.

Jesus of Nazareth
asdf

Tractate Rosh Hashana
For those who wish to go beyond superficial, Master A Mesikta Series is a perfect companion for the study of Talmud. The series provides important background information on Talmud and clarifies its content by focusing on controversies that give it such a power. Using outlines, elucidations, pointed comments, explanations of the sequence, topic overviews, and highlighting the interaction between aggadic portions and legal discussions, the author enables a student to rapidly master material

Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 12
asdf

From Diplomacy to Resistance: A History of Jewish Palestine, 1939-1945
The Second World War was a crucial period in the history of Jewish Palestine. Between 1939 and 1945, the Zionist movement and Jewish Palestine underwent considerable transformation. This carefully documented work recounts the events of that period of time.

Collected Writings in Jewish Studies
This collection of articles in Jewish Studies has been authored by, what many consider, the most important scholar of the rabbinic life and literature in the post WWII period.

( )
.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica, in 5 volumes
This five-volume set represents the finest work of the late nineteenth century Biblical scholarship.

Amulets and Magic Bowls: Aramaic Incantations of the Late Antiquity
The book contains the texts of all the legible amulets in Aramaic known today as well as 13 unpublished till now bowls. Their study allows us to peak into the religious feelings and practices of common people in the Talmudic period. The book contains a wealth of new material for the history of magic in the Middle East.

The Path of the Upright: Mesillat Yesharim
The Path of the Upright, Rabbi Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto's guide to the perfection of human soul, stands on its own as one of the most influential and inspirational ethical works in Judaism. In this work, the author probes every aspect of the human personality and offers advice on ways to overcome its weaknesses. The Path of the Upright: Messillat Yesharim is a bilingual edition in Hebrew and English.

Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew
Renewing the Covenant presents the first systematic statement of theology since Abraham J. Heschel set forth his distinctive, comprehensive philosophy of Judaism. This unique book will long be discussed by thoughtful readers.

Smoke Over Birkenau
The astonishing stories in Smoke Over Birkenau tell of the women who lived and suffered alongside Liana Millu during her months in the concentration camp.

The Goddess Anath
A major contribution to Ugaritic scholarship, The Goddess Anath--Cassuto's work on Canaanite Epics of the Patriarchal Age--is a classic authored by one of the greatest Bible scholars.

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the Geschichte der Juden, the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 11
qerer

JPS Torah Commentary: Numbers
Commentary on the Torah' forth book by one of the most insteresting modern Jewish thinkers.

The Jewish Encyclopedia, Index Volume
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Kiddush Ha-Shem: An Epic of 1648
One of the earliest historical novels in modern Yiddish literature, Kiddush ha-Shem is a story of Jewish martyrdom during the Chmelnitsky uprising in mid-17th century Ukraine and Poland.

Volume 7, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Studies in Jewish Education II: Jewish Educational Research in Diaspora
History, trends and problems with the Jewish education in America.

Studies in Bible II (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXI)
The seventeen articles in this collection, present a true sense of the Jerusalem School of Biblical scholarship with its commitment to united the unique heritage of Jewish learning with the methodology and accomplishments of modern biblical research.

Studies in Jewish Education XI: Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education
Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education is dedicated to Prof. Michael Rosenak, the founder of the discipline of the Philosophy of Jewish Education.

BOOKS OF KINGS


The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 12
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Studies in Jewish Education IV: Curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew
The present volume, the fourth in the series Studies in Jewish Education, is dedicated to the subject of curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion and Law. Vol. III
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. In the third volume The Keepers of the Threshold, the Bird-Sanctuary, The Silent Widow, and other stories are discussed.

The Book of Delight and Other Papers
The book contains eight chapters of an absorbing text, including The Book of Delight, A Visit to Hebron, Medieval Mayfaring, and Marriages Are Made in Heaven.

Candles in the Night: Jewish Tales by Gentile Authors
To keep aglow the candles of human sympathy, the editor has compiled nearly a thousand items of significant non-Jewish literary and historical expression about the Jews. This volume includes twenty-three short stories and episodes from fourteen different national literatures.

Luah Hashanah 5779
Hebrew Calendar for the year 5779

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Exodus
The Book of Exodus sets before us, as the Hebrews of later ages told it, and in the vivid, picturesque style which the best Jewish historians could always command, the story of the deliverance from Egypt.

Volume 6, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): PROVERBS
... the crown belongs to Crawford H. Toy's voluminous interpretation of the book of Proverbs --Rudolf Smend, from Wisdom in Ancient Israel , Cambridge, 1997.

Hanukkah: The Feast of Lights
There is a glamour and mystery about the Feast of Lights. Miss Solis-Cohen takes up the challenge of Hanukkah to the modern Jew and tries to explain it. The book will appeal to adults and to children, to those who seek knowledge on the holiday's origin and history.