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Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8

by DONATE Sebastia

Bibliographic information

TitleThree Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8
AuthorDONATE Sebastia
PublisherVarda Books
Publication Date2009
Pages347


Description 

The history of three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia: Castellón de la Plana, Burriana, Villarreal.



About the Author 

DONATE Sebastia ---





Contents 

New Page 7

Preface 9

Abbreviations 10

Introduction The Legal Status of the Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia 11

Geographical, Chronological and Documentary Limits 18

Sources 20

Methodology 31

PART I THE JEWISH ALJAMA OF CASTELLON

Chapter One Historical survey 35

The Muslim Era 35

The Reconquista and the Repopulation of Castellon 36

The Lord's Domain of Castellon and the Jews 37

Castellon, Royal Town: The Jews 39

The Riots of 1391 : Conversos 41

Jews in Castellon in the early 15th Century 44

The Trastamara Dynasty in the Kingdom of Aragon: Fernando I and the Jews 45

Alfonso V and the Reorganization of the Jewish Community 46

Problems of Supply: Kasher Meat 50

Stoning of the Jews during Holy Week 51

Other Interventions of the Baile General 53

The Expulsion of the Jews in 1492 57

Chapter Two The Jewish Community: Its Demography, Economy and Institutions 59

Demography 59

Jewish Families and their Relationships 62

Property 66

Taxes 81

Jewish Lessees of the Iglesia Major and the Obra Pia d'En Lorenc Martorell 91

Professions and Trades 94

Jewish Moneylenders and Brokers 95

Oaths of Jewish Moneylenders and Brokers 97

The Jewish Quarter 100

Documents 103

PART II THE JEWISH ALJAMA OF BURRIANA

Chapter One The Legal Position of the Jews in Burriana 169

The Status of the Jews 169

The 1391 Massacres and their Aftermath 174

Chapter Two The Aljama and the Juderia 179

The Aljama and its Officers 180

Physicians 182

Religious Institutions 183

The Juderia 184

A Demographic Outline 185

Chapter Three The Jews, the Authorities and Economic Activities 187

Jews from Burriana before the Baile's Tribunal 187

Jews in the Cort del Justicia 193

Documents 198

PART III THE JEWISH ALJAMA OF VILLARREAL

Chapter One Historical Evolution 251

Villarreal: Geographical Position 251

The Foundation of Villarreal 251

The First Jews in Villarreal 255

Salomon Vidal, Jewish Baile of Pedro III 256

Privileges of the Jewish Community 258

The 1391 Riots and their Echo in Villarreal 259

Preaching by Converts 261

The Expulsion 262

The Jews in Local Toponymy 263

Position of the Jewish Quarter 264

Chapter Two The Authorities and the Jews 265

The Jews in the Municipal Ordinances of Villarreal 265

The Baile and the Jews 266

The Justicia and the Jews: Lawsuits 268

Chapter Three The Socio-Economic Situation 275

Approximate Demographical Details 275

Properties 276

Taxes 278

Professions and Occupations 281

Moneylending 283

Commerce 285

Jewish Bolla Tax Farmers 286

Documents 288

Maps 320

Glossary 323

Indices 325

Subjects 325

Persons 328

Places 341




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