The Jews of the Kingdom of...

A comprehensive study of the Jews in this kingdom from the massacres of 1391 to the Expulsion.



The Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 9


About Book The Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 9

Front MatterFront Flap Half Title PageEditorial BoardTitle PageCopyright PageDedication PageTable Of ContentsPREFACEABBREVIATIONSContents1. HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF VALENCIAN JEWRY2. JEWISH SOCIETY AND ITS SEGREGATION IN VALENCIATHE ASSAULTS ON THE JEWISH QUARTERS OF THE KINGDOM IN 1391DESTRUCTION AND SACK OF THE JEWISH QUARTER OF VALENCIAIMMEDIATE MEASURESThe TrialConsequences of the AssaultTHE JEWS OF MORELLA AND SAN MATEOTHE ALJ??? OF MORVEDRE AND THE ASSAULT OF 1391THE SACK OF THE ALJAMA OF BURRIANAVILLARREALTHE DISAPPEARANCE OF THE JEWISH QUARTER OF ALCIRATHE EVENTS OF 1391 IN JATIVATHE MASSACRES IN THE PROVINCE OF ORIHUELADEMOGRAPHIC ASPECTS OF VALENCIAN JEWRYTHE DEMOGRAPHYPOPULATION MOVEMENTSPermanent MigrationsTemporary MigrationsDisplacements and SafeconductsTHE ALJAMA: AXIS OF THE INTERNAL ORGANIZATIONRELATIONS BETWEEN JEWISH COMMUNITIESINTERNAL DIFFICULTIES OF THE JEWISH COMMUNITIESMARRIAGE AND DEATHMARRIAGE BETWEEN THE JEWS OF VALENCIATESTAMENTS AND INHERITANCESTHE JEWISH CEMETERIESTHE JEWISH FAMILIESRELIGION AS A CEMENTING FACTORTHE SYNAGOGUESThe Synagogue of MorvedreThe Synagogue of BurrianaThe Synagogue of Castellón de la PlanaTHE RABBISJEWISH FESTIVALSBROTHERHOODS AND CHARITABLE FUNDSLEARNINGTHE MEDIEVAL INQUISITION AND THE JEWS OF VALENCIATHE JEWISH QUARTERS. MEAT AND CLOTHING OF THE JEWSTHE JEWISH BUTCHER SHOPSCLOTHING AS SIGN OF IDENTIFICATIONTHE JEWS AND THE ROYAL AUTHORITYTHE BAILE GENERAL OF THE KINGDOM AS ROYAL REPRESENTATIVE BEFORE THE JEWSTHE JEWS AS THE KING'S TREASURETHE TAXES OF THE ALJAMAS. THE SISASTHE EXTRAORDINARY TAXESTHE JEWS AS TAX-FARMERSJEWS, CHRISTIANS AND MUSLIMS: THREE CLOSELY CONNECTED SOCIAL GROUPSTHE LAWSUITS BETWEEN JEWS AND CHRISTIANSRELATIONS WITH THE MUSLIMSCRIME IN JEWISH SOCIETYBLOOD CRIMESECONOMIC CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTYSOCIAL CRIMESTHE PENALTIES IMPOSED3. THE ACTIVITIES OF THE JEWSMONEYLENDINGCOMMERCIAL ACTIVITIESTHE EXPORT COMMERCEOrigins of the Jewish MerchantsDestination of the MerchantsExported ProductsTHE IMPORT COMMERCEThe Castile RoutePortugalNorth AfricaOther OriginsTHE RETAIL TRADEJOURNEYS, SAFECONDUCTS AND RESIDENCE PERMITSJEWISH CRAFTSMENLIBERAL PROFESSIONSCENSALES AND VIOLARIOSJEWISH PROPERTYURBAN PROPERTYRURAL PROPERTY4. JEWISH QUARTERS IN THE KINGDOM OF VALENCIATHE ALJAMA OF CASTELLON DE LA PLANATHE JEWISH QUARTER OF BURRIANAOTHER COMMUNITIES IN THE CASTELLON PROVINCETHE JEWISH QUARTER OF MORVEDRETHE JEWISH QUARTER OF VALENCIA. THE FAILURE OF THE ROYAL POLICYTHE JEWISH QUARTER OF JATIVATHE JEWISH QUARTERS OF THE MERIDIONAL DISTRICTS5. THE EXPULSION OF THE JEWSTHE EXPULSION IN DIFFERENT JEWISH COMMUNITIESTHE EMBARKATION OF T H E JEWSJEWISH SOLIDARITYPROTECTION OF THE COMMUNITYOTHER JEWISH PASSENGERSTAXES AND DEMOGRAPHYBack MatterBIBLIOGRAPHYLIST OF THE JEWS OF VALENCIA IN THE XVth CENTURYJEWS OF ASPEJEWS OF BEJISJEWS OF BORRIOLJEWS OF BURRIANAJEWS OF CASTELLONJEWS OF ELCHEJEWS OF HOYA DE BUŃOLJEWS OF JATIVAJEWS OF JERICAJEWS OF MORVEDREJEWS OF VALENCIAJEWS OF ORIHUELAJEWS OF PATERNAJEWS OF SEGORBEJEWS OF THE VALL D'UXOJEWS OF VILLARREALDOCUMENTS1 Valencia, 13912 Alcoy, 13913 Saragossa, 16 January 13914 Morvedre, 3 February 13915 Valencia, 9 July 13916 Valencia, 9 July 13917 Valencia, 10 July 13918 Saragossa, 13 July 13919 Saragossa, 13 July 139110 Saragossa, 13 July 139111 Valencia, 14 July 139112 Castellón de la Plana, 14 July 139113 Castellón, 14 July 139114 Saragossa, 16 July 139115 Saragossa, 16 July 139116 Valencia, 17 July 139117 Valencia, 17 July 139118 Saragossa, 17 July 139119 Saragossa, 17 July 139120 Saragossa, 17 July, 139121 Saragossa, 17 July 139122 Valencia, 17 July 139123 Saragossa, 19 July 139124 Saragossa, 19 July 139125 Saragossa, 19 July 139126 Valencia, 20 July 139127 Saragossa, 20 July 139128 Valencia, 21 July 139129 Saragossa, 21 July 139130 Saragossa, 21 July 139131 Valencia, 22 July 139132 Valencia, 26 July 139133 Valencia, 29 July 139134 Saragossa, 30 July 139135 Saragossa, August 1st, 139136 Valencia, 5 August 139137 Saragossa, 5 August 139138 Saragossa, 5 August 139139 Saragossa, 5 August 139140 Saragossa, 7 August 139141 Saragossa, 10 August 139142 Valencia, 19 August 139143 Saragossa, 21 August 139144 Saragossa, 27 September 139145 Valencia, 21 August 139146 Valencia, 25 August 139147 Saragossa, 25 August 139148 Saragossa, 25 August 139149 Saragossa, 30 August 139150 Saragossa, 8 September 139151 Saragossa, 15 September 139152 Saragossa, 18 September 139153 Saragossa, 19 September 139154 Saragossa, 27 September 139155 Balaguer, 15 October 139156 Valencia, 13 November 139157 Vilafranea del Penedés, 4 December 139158 Vilafranca del Penedés, 4 December 139159 Vilafranca del Penedés, 4 December 139160 Valencia, 139261 Valencia, 139262 Valencia, 25 January 139263 Barcelona, 5 February 139164 Barcelona, 18 February 139265 Barcelona, 15 March 139266 Barcelona, 19 March 139267 Barcelona, 19 March 139268 Barcelona, 28 March 139269 Barcelona, 9 April 139270 Barcelona, 27 May 139271 Barcelona, 27 May 139272 Barcelona, 5 June, 139273 Barcelona, 18 June 139274 Barcelona, 18 June 139275 Barcelona, 18 June 139276 Barcelona, 18 June 139277 Monastery of Pedralbes, 3 July 139278 Monastery of Pedralbes, 18 July 139279 Monastery of Pedralbes, 19 August 139280 Monastery of Pedralbes, 21 August 139281 Monastery of San Cugat del Valles, 30 August 139282 Monastery of San Cugat del Valles, 20 September 139283 Monastery of San Cugat del Valles, 20 September 139284 Monastery of San Cugat del Valles, 1 October 139285 Monastery of San Cugat del Valles, 1 October 139286 Monastery of San Cugat del Valles, 1 October 139287 San Cugat del Valles, 2 October 139288 Monastery of San Cugat del Valles, 2 October 139289 Monastery of San Cugat del Valles, 2 October 139290 Monastery of San Cugat del Valles, 2 October 139291 Monastery of San Cugat del Valles, 2 October 139292 Monastery of San Cugat del Valles, 2 October 139293 Valencia, 5 October 139294 Tarragona, 16 October 139295 Tortosa, 8 November 139296 Tortosa, 8 November 139297 Tortosa, 9 November 139298 Tortosa, 9 November 139299 Tortosa, 10 November 1392100 Tortosa, 10 November 1392101 Tortosa, 11 November 1392102 Tortosa, 11 November 1392103 Valencia, 15 November 1392104 Castellón de la Plana, 16 November 1392105 Castellón de la Plana, 20 November 1392106 1392, November 2nd, Morvedre107 25 November 1392108 Valencia, 25 November 1392109 Valencia, 25 November 1392110 Valencia, 25 November 1392111 Valencia, 25 November 1392112 Valencia, 25 November 1392113 Valencia, 26 November 1392114 Valencia, 26 November 1392115 Valencia, 26 November 1392116 Valencia, 27 November 1392117 Valencia, 2 December 1392118 Valencia, 2 December 1392119 Valencia, 2 December 1392120 Valencia, 2 December 1392121 Valencia, 3 December 1392122 Valencia, 14 December 1392123 Valencia, 14 December 1392124 Valencia, 14 December 1392125 Valencia, 15 December 1392126 Valencia, 16 December 1392128 Castellón, 5 January 1393129 Valencia, 6 January 1393130 Valencia, 7 January 1393131 Valencia, 8 January 1393132 Valencia, 8 January 1393133 Valencia, 8 January 1393134 Valencia, 10 January 1393135 Valencia, 12 January 1393136 Valencia, 15 January 1393137 Puig de Santa Maria, 16 January 1393138 Puig de Santa Maria, 16 January 1393139 Puig de Santa Maria, 16 January 1393140 Puig de Santa Maria, 16 January 1393141 Puig de Santa Maria, 17 January 1393142 Valencia, 17 January 1393143 Puig de Santa Maria, 18 January 1393144 Valencia, 20 January 1393145 Valencia, 28 January 1393146 Valencia, 4 February 1393147 Jativa, 6 February 1393148 Valencia, 10 February 1393149 Alcira, 10 February 1393150 Alcira, 10 February 1393151 Alcira, 12 February 1393152 Valencia, 14 February 1393153 Valencia, 17 February 1393154 Valencia, 22 February 1393155 Puig de Santa Maria, 25 February 1393156 Valencia, 28 February 1393157 Puig de Santa Maria, 20 March 1393158 Valencia, 20 March 1393159 Puig de Santa Maria, 20 March 1393160 Valencia, 26 March 1393161 Valencia, 8 April 1393162 Valencia, 11 April 1393163 Valencia, 6 May 1393164 1393, May 10th, Valencia165 Valencia, 13 May 1393166 Valencia, 15 May 1393167 Valencia, 15 May 1393168 Valencia, 15 May 1393169 Valencia, 25 May 1393170 Valencia, 26 May 1393171 Valencia, 26 May 1393172 Valencia, 3 June 1393173 1393, June 6th?, Valencia174 Valencia, 6 June 1393175 Valencia, 7 June 1393176 Valencia, 8 June 1393177 Valencia, 9 June 1393178 Valencia, 10 June 1393179 Valencia, 15 June 1393180 Valencia, 18 June 1393181 Valencia, 20 June 1393182 Valencia, 20 June 1393183 Valencia, 20 June 1393184 Valencia, 20 June 1393185 Valencia, 23 June 1393186 Valencia, 25 June 1393187 Tortosa, 12 July 1393188 Tortosa, 16 July 1393189 Tortosa, 16 July 1393190 Tortosa, 21 August 1393191 Barcelona, 3 September 1393192 Monastery of San Cugat del Valles, 2 October 1393193 Tortosa, 16 November 1393194 Tortosa, 22 November 1393195 Tortosa, 8 December 1393196 Valencia, 31 December 1393197 Valencia, 1394198 Valencia, 7 January 1394199 Valencia, 7 January 1394200 Valencia, 9 January 1394201 Valencia, 9 January 1394202 Valencia, 14 January 1394203 Valencia, 15 January 1394204 Valencia, 15 January 1394205 Valencia, 15 January 1394206 Valencia, 28 February 1394207 Valencia, 1 March 1394208 Valencia, 1 March 1394209 Valencia, 1 March 1394210 Valencia, 1 March 1394211 Valencia, 1 March 1394212 Valencia, 12 March 1394213 Valencia, 17 March 1394214 Valencia, 18 March 1394215 Valencia, 24 March 1394216 Valencia, 1 April 1394217 Valencia, 3 April 1394218 Valencia, 3 April 1394219 Paterna, 7 April 1394220 Valencia, 8 April 1394221 Valencia, 14 April 1394222 Valencia, 18 April 1394223 Valencia, 21 May 1394224 Valencia, 21 May 1394225 Valencia, 21 May 1394226 Valencia, 24 May 1394227 Valencia, 26 May 1394228 Valencia, 3 June 1394229 Barcelona, 25 August 1394230 Barcelona, 31 August 1394231 Barcelona, 3 September 1394232 Barcelona, 10 September 1394233 Barcelona, 15 September 1394234 Barcelona, 15 September 1394235 Barcelona, 15 September 1394236 Tortosa, 8 November 1394237 Barcelona, 18 November 1394238 Barcelona, 4 December 1394239 Barcelona, 25 February 1395240 Barcelona, 25 February 1395241 Barcelona, 25 February 1395242 Barcelona, 25 February 1395243 Barcelona, 28 April 1395244 Barcelona, 13 May 1395245 Barcelona, 22 May 1395246 Mallorca, 16 October 1395247 Palma de Mallorca, 20 October 1395248 Palma de Mallorca, 20 October 1395249 Palma de Mallorca, 27 October 1395250 Barcelona, 6 November 1395251 Barcelona, 19 December 1395252 Perpińán, 4 April 1396253 Villarreal, 1397254 Valencia, 1398255 Morvedre, 1399, 1400 and 1402256 Valencia, 14 January 1399257 Valencia, 22 February 1399258 Saragossa, 20 January 1400259 Saragossa, 3 February 1400260 Saragossa, 3 February 1400261 Valencia, 31 May 1400262 Valencia, 18 September 1400263 Saragossa, 9 February 1400264 Valencia, 1401265 Valencia, 1401, 1402, 1403, 1406, 1407 and 1408266 Valencia, 28 January 1401267 Valencia, 9 December 1402268 Valencia, 9 December 1402269 Valencia, 9 December 1402270 Valencia, 1403271 Valencia, 20 November 1403272 Valencia, 3 March 1404273 Valencia, 6 March 1404274 Maella, 28 and 29 July 1404275 Morvedre, 29 November 1404276 Morvedre, 2 December 1404277 Vall d'Uxo, 8 December 1404278 Morvedre, 16 October 1405279 Valencia, 1406280 Villarreal, 1406281 Valencia, 5 December 1407282 Valencia, 3 January 1408283 Valencia, 31 January 1408284 Morvedre, 1409285 Valencia, 20 May 1409286 Valencia, 1413287 Sagunto, 1413288 Valencia, 12 April 1413289 Valencia, 3 June 1413290 Valencia, 1414291 Valencia, 1414292 Castellón, 11 October 1416293 Valencia, 1417294 Valencia, 1417295 Valencia, 1417296 Castellón, 18 July 1417297 Valencia, 1418298 Valencia, 31 January and 9 July 1418299 Valencia, 1419300 Valencia, 1419301 Valencia, 1419302 Morvedre, 1419303 Valencia, 1419304 Barcelona, 21 March 1419305 Barcelona, 17 May 1419306 Barcelona, 28 June 1419307 Barcelona, 28 June 1419308 Barcelona, 28 June 1419309 Barcelona, 12 July 1419310 Valencia, 19 September 1419311 Valencia, 20 September 1419312 Valencia, 22 September 1419313 Valencia, 1420314 Tortosa, 18 January 1420315 Tortosa, 18 January 1420316 Tortosa, 21 March 1420317 Villarreal, 1421318 Villarreal, 10 May 1421319 Valencia, 1422320 Castellón, 19 October 1421321 Valencia, 1422322 Valencia, 28 May 1422323 Valencia, 1423324 Valencia, 1423325 Valencia, 8 May 1423326 Castellón, 23 June 1423327 Valencia, November-December 1423328 Valencia, 1424329 Valencia, 1424330 Valencia, 1424331 Valencia, 1424332 Valencia, 1424333 Valencia, 3 March 1424334 Valencia, 3 April 1424335 Valencia, 8 April 1424336 Valencia, 11 April 1424337 Valencia, 14 April 1424338 Valencia, 24 May 1424339 Valencia, 3 July 1424340 Valencia, 26 October 1424341 Valencia, 27 October 1424342 Valencia, 30 October 1424343 Valencia, 30 October 1424344 Valencia, 15 November 1424345 Valencia, 1425346 Villarreal, 18 January 1425347 Valencia, 22 February 1425348 Valencia, 13 March 1425349 Valencia, 30 May 1425350 Valencia, 22 August 1425351 Valencia, 22 August 1425352 Villarreal, 6 September 1426353 Valencia, 1427354 Valencia, 1427355 Villarreal, May 1427356 Villarreal, 14 May 1427357 Castellón, 9 June 1427358 Castellón, 10 June 1427359 Valencia, 18 June 1427360 Castellón de la Plana, 22 June 1427361 Castellón de la Plana, 25 July 1427362 Valencia, 21 August 1427363 Valencia, December 1427364 Valencia, 29 January 1428365 Valencia, 12 August 1428366 Valencia, 12 August 1428367 Castellón de la Plana, 1429 to 1497368 Valencia, 1429, 1430369 Castellón de la Plana, 6 July 1429370 Valencia, 16 August 1429371 Valencia, 23 August 1429372 Valencia, 3 November 1429373 Valencia, 10 November 1429374 Valencia, 9 February 1430375 Segorbe, 10 February 1430376 Valencia, 16 March 1430377 Morvedre, 17 April 1430378 Morvedre, 17 April 1430379 Valencia, 26 April 1430380 Valencia, 27 June 1430381 Valencia, 15 July 1430382 Valencia, 17 August 1430383 Valencia, 20 September 1430384 Valencia, 26 October 1430385 Valencia, 13 November 1430386 Valencia, 19 February 1431387 Valencia, 23 February 1431388 Valencia, 24 April 1431389 Valencia, 9 August 1431390 Valencia, 16 August 1431391 Sagunto, 1432392 Castellón de la Plana, 1432393 Castellón, 26 January 1432394 Valencia, 7 March 1432395 Valencia, 17 March 1432396 Valencia, 9 May 1432397 Valencia, 11 July 1432398 Valencia, 22 August 1432399 Valencia, 12 December 1432401 Valencia, 1433402 Valencia, 5 February 1433403 Valencia, 23 October 1433404 Valencia, 23 October 1433405 Valencia, 4 November 1433406 Valencia, 7 December 1433407 Valencia, 9 December 1433408 Valencia, 15 January 1434409 Valencia, 17 February 1434410 Valencia, 26 February 1434411 Valencia, 2 March 1434412 Valencia, 21 April 1434413 Valencia, 29 April 1434414 Valencia, 12 May 1434415 Valencia, 15 June 1434416 Valencia, 13 July 1434417 Valencia, 27 July 1434418 Valencia, 3 August 1434419 Valencia, 13 October 1434420 Valencia, 27 October 1434421 Valencia, 3 November 1434422 Valencia, 5 November 1434423 Valencia, 15 November 1434424 Valencia, 22 November 1434425 Valencia, 8 December 1434426 Valencia, 20 December 1434427 Valencia, 22 December 1434428 Valencia, 1435429 Valencia, 4 February 1435430 Valencia, 7 March 1435431 Valencia, 29 March 1435432 Valencia, 10 June 1435433 Valencia, 17 June 1435434 Valencia, 17 June 1435435 Valencia, 5 October 1435436 Valencia, 5 October 1435437 17 October 1435438 Valencia, 20 October 1435439 Valencia, 21 October 1435440 Valencia, 21 October 1435441 Valencia, 18 November 1435442 Valencia, 9 January 1436443 Valencia, 24 January 1436444 Valencia, 8 February 1436445 Valencia, 10 February 1436446 Valencia, 17 February 1436447 Valencia, 3 October 1436448 Saragossa, 26 November 1436449 Valencia, 17 December 1436450 Valencia, 24 December 1436451 Valencia, 3 September 1437452 Valencia, 7 April 1438453 Valencia, 12 August 1438454 Valencia, 12 August 1438455 Valencia, 4 November 1438456 Valencia, 13 November 1438457 Valencia, 22 November 1438548 Documents458 Valencia, 1439459 Saragossa, 19 January 1439460 Valencia, 20 August 1439461 Valencia, 1439462 Villarreal, 1440463 Valencia, 29 January 1440464 Valencia, 15 October 1440465 Castellón de la Plana, 1441466 Valencia, 1442467 Valencia, 30 January 1442468 Valencia, 30 January 1442469 Valencia, 5 October 1442470 Valencia, 6 October 1442471 Castellón de la Plana, 25 December 1442472 Valencia, 1444473 Calatayud, 13 November 1444474 Castellón de la Plana, 6 and 13 January 1445476 Valencia, 28 January 1445477 Valencia, 13 February 1445478 Valencia, 13 February 1445479 Valencia, 8 March 1445480 Valencia, 9 November 1445481 1446, undated.482 Valencia, 1 July 1446483 Valencia, 25 August 1446484 Valencia, 6 March 1447485 Castellón de la Plana, 1447486 Valencia, 12 April 1447487 Valencia, 15 April 1447488 Valencia, 22 June 1447489 Valencia, 11 August 1447490 Valencia, 29 August 1447491 Valencia, 14 November 1447492 Morvedre, 13 November 1447493 Castellón de la Plana, 1448494 Morvedre 1448495 Valencia, 3 April 1448496 Valencia, 5 June 1448497 Valencia, 11 April 1448498 Valencia, 17 July 1448499 Valencia, 8 August 1448500 Castellón 1449, 1450501 Valencia, 15 January 1449502 Valencia, 29 January 1449503 Valencia, 19 February 1449504 Valencia, 4 April 1449505 Valencia, 17 June 1449506 Valencia, 25 June 1449507 Valencia, 3 February 1450508 Valencia, 4 May 1450509 Castellón, 15 May 1450510 Valencia, 28 August 1450511 Morvedre, 1451512 Valencia, 8 February 1451513 Valencia, 4 May 1451514 Morvedre, 17 May 1451515 Valencia, 18 May 1451516 Valencia, 7 June 1451517 Valencia, 30 June 1451518 Valencia, 29 July 1451519 Valencia, 23 August 1451520 Valencia, 3 September 1451521 Valencia, 13 October 1451522 Valencia, 23 October 1451523 Valencia, 23 October 1451524 Valencia, 20 November 1451525 Valencia, 10 January 1452526 Valencia, 9 February 1452527 Valencia, 15 February 1452528 Valencia, 4 March 1452529 Valencia, 31 July 1452530 Valencia, 12 June 1453531 Jativa, 13 August 1453532 Valencia, 13 August 1453533 Villarreal, 1454534 Valencia, 22 March and 1 July 1454535 Valencia, 10 April 1454536 Valencia, 15 April 1454537 Valencia, 4 July 1454538 Valencia, 10 October 1454539 Valencia, 12 December 1454540 Castellón de la Plana, 1455 to 1459541 Morvedre, 1455542 Castellón de la Plana, 10 January 1455543 Valencia, 11 February 1455544 Valencia, 10 March 1455545 Valencia, 15 April 1455546 Valencia, 6 May 1455547 Valencia, 5 August 1455548 Valencia, 5 August 1455549 Morvedre, 6 August 1455550 Valencia, 11 August 1455551 Valencia, 8 January 1456552 Valencia, 24 January 1456553 Valencia, 27 January 1456554 Valencia, 3 March 1456555 Valencia, 3 March 1456556 Valencia, 3 March 1456557 Valencia, 4 March 1456558 Valencia, 1 April 1456559 Valencia, 1 June 1456560 Valencia, 7 June 1456561 Valencia, 7 June 1456562 Valencia, 7 June 1456563 Valencia, 7 December 1456564 Valencia, 1457565 Valencia, 7 January 1457566 Valencia, 24 March 1457567 Valencia, 29 March 1457568 Valencia, 30 March 1457569 Valencia, 4 April 1457570 Valencia, 4 December 1457571 Valencia, 21 March 1458572 Valencia, 7 May 1458573 Valencia, 30 May 1458574 Valencia, 3 July 1458575 Valencia, 30 August 1458576 Valencia, 27 September 1458577 Villarreal, 1459578 Villarreal, 1459579 Morvedre, 5 February 1459580 Morvedre, 5 February 1459581 Morvedre, 5 February 1459582 Valencia, 8 February 1459583 Valencia, 28 February 1459584 Valencia, 18 March 1459585 Valencia, 24 April 1459586 3 July 1459587 Calatayud, 18 September 1459588 Calatayud, 18 September 1459589 Calatayud, 18 September 1459590 Calatayud, 18 September 1459591 Calatayud, 18 September 1459592 Valencia, 10 October 1459593 Valencia, 12 December 1459594 Valencia, 12 December 1459595 Castellón de la Plana, 1460-1461596 Valencia, 1460597 Valencia, 1460598 Valencia, 14 January 1460599 Valencia, 21 January 1460600 Valencia, 25 January 1460601 Castellón, 28 September 1460602 Valencia, 1461603 Valencia, 1461604 Valencia605 Calatayud, 28 July 1461606 Valencia, 4 November 1461607 Valencia, 4 November 1461608 Valencia, 16 November 1461609 Castellón, 26 December 1461610 Castellón de la Plana, 1462611 Valencia, 1462612 Villarreal, 1462613 Valencia, 7 January 1462614 Valencia, 4 March 1462615 Valencia, 4 March 1462616 Valencia, 10 March 1462617 Valencia, 7 April 1462618 Valencia, 19 March 1462619 Valencia, 7 April 1462620 Valencia, 24 April 1462621 Valencia, 21 April 1462622 Valencia, 12 May 1462623 Valencia, 12 May 1462624 Valencia, 14 May 1462625 Valencia, 28 May 1462626 Valencia, 5 June 1462627 Valencia, 9 June 1462628 Valencia, 8 July 1462629 Valencia, 20 July 1462630 Valencia, 1 September 1462631 Valencia, 13 September 1462632 Valencia, 7 December 1462633 Valencia, 9 March 1463634 Valencia, 28 April 1463635 Valencia, 27 June 1463636 Valencia, 30 June 1463637 Valencia, 20 July 1463638 Valencia, 5 September 1463639 Valencia, 5 (?) September 1463640 Valencia, 9 November 1463641 Valencia, 1464642 1464-1465, Villarreal643 Valencia, 1464644 Valencia, 22 March 1464645 Valencia, 2 May 1464646 Valencia, 18 May 1464647 Valencia, 19 June 1464648 Valencia, 22 June 1464649 Valencia, 27 June 1464650 Valencia, 12 July 1464651 Valencia, 13 September 1464652 Valencia, 27 May 1465653 Valencia, 8 July 1465654 Valencia, 16 July 1465655 Valencia, 28 August 1465656 Valencia, 30 August 1465657 Valencia, 15 October 1465658 Amposta, 23 November 1465659 Castellón de la Plana, 2 January 1466660 Valencia, 15 January 1466661 Valencia, 29 January 1466662 Valencia, 10 March 1466663 Valencia, 21 April 1466664 Morvedre, 16 June 1466665 Valencia, 26 June 1466666 Valencia, 4 July 1466667 Valencia, 17 June 1466668 Valencia, 17 February 1467669 Valencia, 14 May 1467670 Castellón de la Plana, 21 October 1467671 Valencia, 29 December 1467672 Castellón de la Plana, 1468673 Villarreal, 1468675 Valencia, 24 January 1468676 Valencia, 30 January 1468677 Valencia, 5 February 1468678 Valencia, 11 May 1468679 Valencia, 11 July 1468680 Valencia, 12 July 1468681 Valencia, 14 October 1468682 Valencia, 14 October 1468683 Valencia, 31 October 1468684 Valencia, 31 December 1468685 Castellón de la Plana, 1469 to 1471686 Valencia, 1469687 Valencia, 28 February 1469688 Valencia, 10 April 1469689 Morvedre, 10 April 1469690 Valencia, 26 July 1469691 Valencia, 26 August 1469693 Valencia, 5 October 1469693 Valencia, 26 October 1469694 Valencia, 15 November 1469695 Valencia, 7 December 1469696 Castellón de la Plana, 1470697 Valencia, 1470698 Valencia, 1470699 Villarreal, 1470700 Valencia, 27 June 1471701 Valencia, 1 April 1471702 Valencia, 1471703 Valencia, 4 July 1471704 Valencia, 31 October 1471705 Valencia, 10 March 1472706 Valencia, 21 May 1472707 Castellón, 30 May 1472708 Castellón de la Plana, 1473709 Paterna, 4 February 1473710 Valencia, 5 February 1473711 Villarreal, 8 February 1473712 Valencia, 8 February 1473713 Valencia, 10 February 1473714 Valencia, 5 March 1473715 Valencia, 9 March 1473716 Valencia, 7 May 1473717 Valencia, 8, 12 and 14 May 1473718 Castellón, 20 May 1473719 Valencia, 20 May 1473720 Valencia, 28 May 1473721 Valencia, 3 July 1374722 Valencia, 13 July 1473723 Valencia, 2 September 1473724 Valencia, 16 September 1473725 Valencia, 22 November 1473726 Valencia, 23 November 1473727 Valencia, 27 January 1474728 Valencia, 5 February 1474729 Valencia, 24 March 1474731 Valencia, 27 June 1474732 Valencia, 6 July 1474733 Valencia, 2 August 1474734 Valencia, 11 August 1474735 Valencia, 29 August 1474736 Valencia, 14 September 1474737 Valencia, 19 September 1474738 Morvedre, 21 November 1474739 Jativa, 5 January 1475740 Valencia, 18 January 1475741 3 March 1475742 Valencia, 14 March 1475743 Valencia, 14 March 1475744 Valencia, 14 March 1475745 Valencia, 2 May 1475746 Valencia, 2 June 1475747 Valencia, 10 June 1475748 Valencia, 28 June 1475749 Valencia, 8 August 1475750 Valencia, 7 October 1475751 Valencia, 25 October 1475752 Valencia, 16 March 1475753 Valencia, 2 June 1475754 Valencia, 8 November 1475755 Valencia, 10 January 1476756 Valencia, 31 January and 8 June 1476757 Valencia, 9 February 1476758 Castellón de la Plana, 9 February 1476759 22 May 1476760 Valencia, 27 March 1476761 Valencia, 6 April 1476762 Valencia, 7 May 1476763 Valencia, 20 July 1476764 Valencia, 30 August 1476765 Valencia, 19 December 1476766 Valencia, 18 January 1477767 Valencia, 18 January 1477768 1477, March 26th, Valencia769 Valencia, 29 April 1477770 Valencia, 8 May and 2 September 1477771 Valencia, 14 May 1447772 Castellón, 29 June 1477773 Valencia, 12 December 1477774 Valencia, 12 December 1477775 Valencia, 18 February 1478776 Valencia, 4 September 1478777 Castellón de la Plana, 1479778 Valencia, 12 January 1479779 Valencia, 5 February 1479780 Valencia, 15 April 1479781 Valencia, 19 May 1479782 Valencia, 1 June 1479783 Valencia, 4 August 1479784 Valencia, 3 December 1479785 Castellón de la Plana, 1480-1484786 Valencia, 28 January 1480787 Valencia, 31 January 1480788 Valencia, 1 March 1480789 Valencia, 28 June 1480790 Castellón de la Plana, 11 August 1480791 Valencia, 13 October 1480792 Valencia, 30 October 1480793 Valencia, 15 November 1481794 Segorbe, 1 January 1482795 Valencia, 6 January 1482796 Valencia, 28 January 1482797 Valencia, 2 July 1482798 Valencia, 1 August 1482799 Valencia, 5 November 1482800 Astorga, 6 March 1483801 Castellón de la Plana, 2 January 1484802 Valencia, 8 May 1486803 Castellón, 9 July 1484804 Castellón de la Plana, 1485805 Valencia, 21 March 1485806 Valencia, 7 June 1485807 Nules, 27 June 1485808 Morvedre, 7 July 1485809 Valencia, 3 August 1485810 Morvedre, 8 August 1485811 Valencia, 11 November 1485812 Valencia, 20 February 1486813 Valencia, 17 April 1486814 Valencia, 24 April 1486815 Valencia, 9 June 1486816 Ponferrada, 4 September 1486817 Valencia, 11 July 1487818 Castellón de la Plana, 1488819 Castellón, 6 July 1488820 Valencia, 19 July 1488821 21 July 1488822 Valencia, 18 August 1488823 Valladolid, 18 December 1488824 Villarreal, 1489-90825 Valencia, 12 February 1489826 Valencia, 11 March 1489827 Valencia, 10 April 1489828 In the royal encampment near Baza, 24 November 1489829 Castellón, 23 February 1490830 Seville, 11 December 1490831 Valencia, 20 February 1491832 Valencia, 16 March 1491833 Valencia, 5 May 1491834 Valencia, 17 May 1491835 Valencia, 17 August 1491836 Valencia, 1492837 Valencia, 9 March 1492838 Valencia, 21 March 1492839 Valencia, 9 April 1492840 Valencia, 7 May 1492841 Valencia, 7 May 1492842 Valencia, 8 May843 Valencia, 8 June 1492844 Valencia, 15 June 1492845 Valencia, 17 June 1492846 Valencia, 17 and 29 June 1492847 Valencia, 22 June 1492848 Morvedre, 25 June 1492849 Morvedre, 27 June 1492850 Valencia, 28 June 1492851 Castellón, July 1492852 Castellón de la Plana, 5 July 1492853 Arévalo, 5 July 1492854 Arévalo, 6 July 1492855 Morvedre, 8 July 1492856 Morvedre, 9 July 1492857 Morvedre, 9 July 1492858 Sagunto, 11 July 1492859 Valencia, 12 July 1492860 Valencia, 12 July 1492861 Morvedre beach, 13 July 1492862 Morvedre beach, on the ship La Anunciada , 14 July 1492863 Morvedre, 15 July 1492864 Morvedre, 15 July 1492865 Morvedre, 17 July 1492866 Morvedre, 17 July 1492867 Morvedre, 17 July 1492868 Morvedre, 17 July 1492869 Valencia, 17 July 1492870 Castellón de la Plana, 19 July 1492871 Castellón de la Plana, 27 July 1492872 Morvedre, 27 July 1492873 Valencia, 31 July 1492874 Grau de Sagunto, 31 July 1492875 Morvedre, August 1492876 Sagunto, 1492877 Sagunto, 1492878 Valencia, 25 June 1493879 Valencia, 3 September 1493880 Valencia, 17 October 1493881 Segovia, 3 September 1494INDICESPERSONSPLACESSUBJECTSBack Flap
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Early History of the Alphabet
A most enjoyable and informative book. . . an excellent introduction to epigraphy and paleography of ancient Semitic languages . . . contains a wealth of information compiled into a simple to understand format.

Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew
Renewing the Covenant presents the first systematic statement of theology since Abraham J. Heschel set forth his distinctive, comprehensive philosophy of Judaism. This unique book will long be discussed by thoughtful readers.

Treatise Ta anit of the Babylonian Talmud: Critically Edited and Provided With A Translation and Notes
This book presents the first critical edition of the Talmudic text based on a minute collation of all the existing manuscripts and early editions of the Talmud itself, as well as of the Mishnah, Tosefta, the numerous halakic and haggadic Midrashim, the Yerushalmi, and the so-called Minor Tractates. The text is translated and elucidated for the benefit of a wider circle of readers, who are not in a position to study the original.

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
The JPS Torah Commentary series guides readers through the words and ideas of the Torah. Each volume is the work of a scholar who stands at the pinnacle of his field.

Legends of the Jews
A most remarkable and comprehensive compilation of stories connected to the Hebrew Bible drawn largely on Jewish lore and tradition. It is an indispensable reference on that body of literature known as Midrash, the imaginative retelling and elaboration on Bible stories in which mythological tales about demons and magic co-exist with moralistic stories about the piety of the patriarchs.

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The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 11
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.

Amulets and Magic Bowls: Aramaic Incantations of the Late Antiquity
The book contains the texts of all the legible amulets in Aramaic known today as well as 13 unpublished till now bowls. Their study allows us to peak into the religious feelings and practices of common people in the Talmudic period. The book contains a wealth of new material for the history of magic in the Middle East.

The Birobidzhan Affair: A Yiddish Writer in Siberia
The Birobidzhan Affair is the autobiography, “a chronicle of heart-rending events” recounting Emiot's eight years at hard labor in various work camps in Siberia. Poignant, remarkably understated in tone, it provides evidence of his travails as a Jewish victim of the bitter bureaucracy that was Stalinist Russia.

Divine Law in Human Hands
A revealing look at the reciprocal relationship between the Halakha as an abstract system and the realities of the Jewish life.

The Jew in the Literature of England
The Jew in the Literature of England sums up a history of the Jew as he was reflected in the literature of a civilization. Modder's sense of incident and detail, his command of a whole literature, his capacity to develop the social history that underpins literature make his study both absorbing and illuminating.

Tractate Rosh Hashana
For those who wish to go beyond superficial, Master A Mesikta Series is a perfect companion for the study of Talmud. The series provides important background information on Talmud and clarifies its content by focusing on controversies that give it such a power. Using outlines, elucidations, pointed comments, explanations of the sequence, topic overviews, and highlighting the interaction between aggadic portions and legal discussions, the author enables a student to rapidly master material

A Commentary on the Book of Exodus
The last of the commentaries rendered into English, this Cassuto's work ranks among the finest modern contributions to the treasury of Biblical learning.

Studies in Jewish Education VI: Teaching Jewish Values
The emphasis of this volume is on teaching of Jewish values and the development of the curriculum.

Islam Unveiled
In Islam Unveiled, Robert Spencer dares to face the hard questions about what the Islamic religion actually teaches — and the potentially ominous implications of those teachings for the future of both the Muslim world and the West.

Israel and the Nations
Israel and the Nations is a handbook of Jewish apologetics. The author's primary goal was to put together all the arguments of Jew-baiting and to explain their nature and origin. This work is a source of information and reference for all those who are in quest of enlightenment.

Jewish Pioneers and Patriots
In Jewish Pioneers and Patriots, Lee M. Friedman has unearthed an amazing store of fresh information about the connections of the Jews with America from the times even before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth down to the first World War.

Tales of Sendebar
Translated from original Hebrew version of the SEVEN SAGES, this collection of fascinating stories--based on unpublished manuscripts--makes available the complete English translation of Mishle Sendebar, the Hebrew version of an enormously popular medieval romance which originated in the East and was subsequently transmitted westward.

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Engendering Judaism: An Inclusive Theology and Ethics
A pioneering work on what it means to engender Jewish tradition, that is, how women s full inclusion can and must transform our understanding and practice of Jewish law, prayer, sexuality, and marriage. It challenges both mainstream Judaism and feminist dogma, and speaks across the movements as well as to Christian theologians and feminists.

Volume 4, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Jewish Cooking Around the World: Gourmet and Holiday Recipes
The book presents a variety of recipes from foreign countries and recipes for the Sabbath and festivals, all complying with the Jewish dietary laws. Every recipe has been tested by the author.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)
This is the complete and unabridged electronic edition of the twentieth century finest and most comprehensive Hebrew lexicon available to the English-speaking student of the Hebrew Scriptures.

Chapters on Jewish Literature
The twenty-five short chapters on Jewish Literature open with the fall of Jerusalem in the year 70 of the current era, and end with the death of Moses Mendelssohn in 1786. This book has been compiled with the definite aim of providing an elementary manual of Jewish literature both for home and school use.

History of the Jews, Vol. 1: From the Earliest Period to the Death of Simon the Maccabee (135 B.C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The first volume covers the period from the entry of Israelite tribes into the land of Canaan to the settlement of the Judeans in Egypt.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 2
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Luah Hashanah 5774
United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism's official calendar for the Jewish year. It is intended to guide congregations and individuals through the liturgy during the Jewish year 5774.

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 5
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.

Ezra Studies


The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

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The Jew in the Literature of England
The Jew in the Literature of England sums up a history of the Jew as he was reflected in the literature of a civilization. Modder's sense of incident and detail, his command of a whole literature, his capacity to develop the social history that underpins literature make his study both absorbing and illuminating.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 2
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The End of Time
A stunning departure from the polemics and social criticism that have made Horowitz one of our most controversial public intellectuals, The End of Time is a wide ranging, unflinching and lyrical meditation on subjects ranging from what parents inadvertently teach us in their deaths, to the forbidding reality of the cancer ward and the way in which figures like Mohammed Atta use death to become gods of their own mad creation.

THE ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF JUDAEA
A broad survey of economic and political conditions in Judaea after Destruction of the Second Temple.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 3: From the Accession of Nicholas II until 1916. Bibliography and Index.
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The third and concluding volume deals with the reign of Nicholas II., the last of the Romanovs, and also contains the bibliographical apparatus, the maps, the index, and other supplementary material.

Ah, Assyria... (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXXIII)
Thirty outstanding papers on Assyrian history and its connection and impact on Biblical Israel.

The End of Time
A stunning departure from the polemics and social criticism that have made Horowitz one of our most controversial public intellectuals, The End of Time is a wide ranging, unflinching and lyrical meditation on subjects ranging from what parents inadvertently teach us in their deaths, to the forbidding reality of the cancer ward and the way in which figures like Mohammed Atta use death to become gods of their own mad creation.

The Jews of Egypt: From Ramses II to Emperor Hadrian
This is the story of the adventures and misadventures of the Jewish people in the land of Egypt – shrouded in the mists of biblical history under the Pharaohs; the strange intermezzo of the Jewish mercenary detachment on the island of Elephantine on the upper Nile; the apogee of Jewish culture under the Ptolemies; and, finally, the Jewish community's rapid decline and catastrophic disappearance under Roman rule.

Reading Guide and Index, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Great introduction to all areas covered by Encyclopedia. All entries are hyperlinked to relevant Encyclopedia articles.

Reading Guide and Index, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Great introduction to all areas covered by Encyclopedia. All entries are hyperlinked to relevant Encyclopedia articles.

Divine Law in Human Hands
A revealing look at the reciprocal relationship between the Halakha as an abstract system and the realities of the Jewish life.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Amos and Hosea
The author has taken up in connection with the first two of the immortal Twelve, many questions that concern just as closely the prophetic books. It is especially felt in the Introduction; in fact Harper's introduction to Amos and Hosea is really an introduction to Prophecy as such.