Varda Books



 View book pages:
 Buy this book:
  eBookshuk
  




Jewish Society 35 Masco

by Jose Hinojosa Montalvo
Jewish Society 35 Masco and Berenguer Clavell, instructing them to conclude rapidly all the trials pending concerning the assault on the Jewish quarter of Valencia. 17 Consequences of the Assault Both in human and patrimonial terms, the consequences were extremely serious and definitive for the Jews of Valencia: death or forced conversion, sack and plunder of homes and properties. The first question to be asked is how many Jews were killed by the Christians. The testimonies of that time give some figures: in the letter to the cardinal of Valencia dated September 2nd, 100 Jews or more are said to have died in different ways: some by arms, some committed suicide and even children were cast into wells. Twelve Christians died. In the letter  sent to the consellers of Barcelona mention is made of 100 dead too. 18 Far more precise however is the information contained in the letter sent on July 10th — a few hours after the sack — by Don Juan de Vilarrasa to Don Francisco de Vilarasa,  in which he indicated that 230 Jews died and 10 or 12Christians. 1 9 Personally,  I am inclined to lend credence to this figure rather than the first, since the official version of the authorities tends to detract from the importance of the number of Jews murdered. Most of the Jews were forced to accept baptism and embrace Christianity, contrary to even the royal decrees; on July 16th Juan I in fact ordered that some Jews who had taken refuge in the homes of Christians not be forced to convert, and that the synagogue should not be transformed into a church as was desired by some. But the letter arrived too late, since even some Jews who had taken refuge in the homes of Christian friends were converted by force. Such is the case of Umer Tahuel, physician, who was in the home of Pedro dArtes; he was shouted for, taken out of the house and baptized by force. The jurados, for their part, deny this version and claim that Tahuel was baptized with all his family several days after the assault. This was an attempt to justify the total restraint shown by the authorities in face of coercion and violence. The synagogue disappeared as such and became the church of San Cristobal. The conversion was massive in most of the towns of the kingdom which 17 ARV, Real, 30, fol. 29r- v. See doc.  311. 18 E. Vidal Belträn, op. cit., p. 57. 19 Archivo de los condes  de Faura.  Correspondencias n° 13. The quotation is from F. Dänvila, op. cit., p. 392.   Chapter Home | TOC 9 | Index 9 t t t

Zoom in  zoom  Zoom out
  << Topic >>  | Contents | Index             |<   <<    Page       >>   >|  
Jewish Society 35 Masco and Berenguer Clavell, instructing them to conclude rapidly all the trials pending concerning the assault on the Jewish quarter of Valencia. 17 Consequences of the Assault Both in human and patrimonial terms, the consequences were extremely serious and definitive for the Jews of Valencia: death or forced conversion, sack and plunder of homes and properties. The first question to be asked is how many Jews were killed by the Christians. The testimonies of that time give some figures: in the letter to the cardinal of Valencia dated September 2nd, 100 Jews or more are said to have died in different ways: some by arms, some committed suicide and even children were cast into wells. Twelve Christians died. In the letter sent to the consellers of Barcelona mention is made of 100 dead too. 18 Far more precise however is the information contained in the letter sent on July 10th — a few hours after the sack — by Don Juan de Vilarrasa to Don Francisco de Vilarasa, in which he indicated that 230 Jews died and 10 or 12 Christians. 1 9 Personally, I am inclined to lend credence to this figure rather than the first, since the official version of the authorities tends to detract from the importance of the number of Jews murdered. Most of the Jews were forced to accept baptism and embrace Christianity, contrary to even the royal decrees; on July 16th Juan I in fact ordered that some Jews who had taken refuge in the homes of Christians not be forced to convert, and that the synagogue should not be transformed into a church as was desired by some. But the letter arrived too late, since even some Jews who had taken refuge in the homes of Christian friends were converted by force. Such is the case of Umer Tahuel, physician, who was in the home of Pedro d'Artes; he was shouted for, taken out of the house and baptized by force. The jurados, for their part, deny this version and claim that Tahuel was baptized with all his family several days after the assault. This was an attempt to justify the total restraint shown by the authorities in face of coercion and violence. The synagogue disappeared as such and became the church of San Cristobal. The conversion was massive in most of the towns of the kingdom which 17 ARV, Real, 30, fol. 29r- v. See doc. 311. 18 E. Vidal Belträn, op. cit., p. 57. 19 Archivo de los condes de Faura. Correspondencias n° 13. The quotation is from F. Dänvila, op. cit., p. 392. << Chapter >> Home | TOC 9 | Index 9 t t t
Zoom in  zoom  Zoom out
  << Topic >>  | Contents | Index             |<   <<    Page       >>   >|  

Varda Books - 1-59045-946-6


 Already viewed books:
The Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 9The Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 9


TANAKH - INTERACTIVE HEBREW BIBLE