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The Jewish Quarters 257

by Jose Hinojosa Montalvo
The Jewish Quarters 257 In the early X V century, in 1402, the Queen Doña María granted permission to the Jews of Morvedre to establish various brotherhoods and protected them against the abuses of the authorities of Onda, who demanded that they wear distinctive badges on their clothing, larger than the ones stipulated. Years later the aljama must have suffered a heavy blow from the plague, and in a letter of January 1418 there was a reference to the death rate and to the reduction in population of the Jewish quarter to the extent that if the King failed to act rapidly it would remain  desolate and depopulated. Consequently, the Maestre Racional exonerated them from their debts, and in 1424 gave  them a subvention of 195 sueldos, from the taxes instituted by the aljama. 65 This protectionist policy of Alfonso V was evident too in the general safeconduct granted to all  the Jews of Morvedre to circulate freely throughout his kingdoms. 66 In the 1430 s too there were some difficulties. Tensions with the township were motivated by the confiscations effected in 1434 by the jurados in houses of Jews, possibly— although this is not indicated — for tax reasons. The baile intervened in favour of the Jews and ordered the restitution of what had been taken, depositing in exchange the corresponding pledges. 67 In 1438 we know that the population of the Jewish quarter had decreased considerably, because of the preceding epidemics and other adverse events which are not specified ( bad management of their authorities?). Con-sequently, the remaining Jews were too few to pay the royal tax and the other charges. The local baile was urged consequently to help them  and the Jews of other localities were to pay tax with those of Morvedre. 6 8 Any motive whatsoever was employed by the Christians against the Jewish community, and thus in March 1456, with the approach of Holy Week, the adelantados were ill- treated and dishonoured by some people in the collection of the royal  pecha, and the local baile was ordered not to consent to such outrages. 69 That same year the aljama gave some dispositions on jewellery and 65 ARV, Maestre Racional, 44, fol. 306r-  v. See doc. 328. 66 ARV, Real, 32, fol. 51r. See doc. 333. 67 ARV, Bailia, 1147, fol. 682r. See doc. 424. 68 ARV, Bailia, 1148, fol. 468r. See doc. 457. 69 ARV, Bailia, 1152, fol. 1236r. See doc. 557. Chapter Home  | TOC 9 | Index 9 t t t t t

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The Jewish Quarters 257 In the early X V century, in 1402, the Queen Doña María granted permission to the Jews of Morvedre to establish various brotherhoods and protected them against the abuses of the authorities of Onda, who demanded that they wear distinctive badges on their clothing, larger than the ones stipulated. Years later the aljama must have suffered a heavy blow from the plague, and in a letter of January 1418 there was a reference to the death rate and to the reduction in population of the Jewish quarter to the extent that if the King failed to act rapidly it would remain \\" desolate and depopulated\\". Consequently, the Maestre Racional exonerated them from their debts, and in 1424 gave them a subvention of 195 sueldos, from the taxes instituted by the aljama. 65 This protectionist policy of Alfonso V was evident too in the general safeconduct granted to all the Jews of Morvedre to circulate freely throughout his kingdoms. 66 In the 1430' s too there were some difficulties. Tensions with the township were motivated by the confiscations effected in 1434 by the jurados in houses of Jews, possibly— although this is not indicated — for tax reasons. The baile intervened in favour of the Jews and ordered the restitution of what had been taken, depositing in exchange the corresponding pledges. 67 In 1438 we know that the population of the Jewish quarter had decreased considerably, because of the preceding epidemics and other adverse events which are not specified ( bad management of their authorities?). Con-sequently, the remaining Jews were too few to pay the royal tax and the other charges. The local baile was urged consequently to help them and the Jews of other localities were to pay tax with those of Morvedre. 6 8 Any motive whatsoever was employed by the Christians against the Jewish community, and thus in March 1456, with the approach of Holy Week, the adelantados were ill- treated and dishonoured by some people in the collection of the royal pecha, and the local baile was ordered not to consent to such outrages. 69 That same year the aljama gave some dispositions on jewellery and 65 ARV, Maestre Racional, 44, fol. 306r- v. See doc. 328. 66 ARV, Real, 32, fol. 51r. See doc. 333. 67 ARV, Bailia, 1147, fol. 682r. See doc. 424. 68 ARV, Bailia, 1148, fol. 468r. See doc. 457. 69 ARV, Bailia, 1152, fol. 1236r. See doc. 557. << Chapter >> Home | TOC 9 | Index 9 t t t t t
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