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256 Chapter Four with

by Jose Hinojosa Montalvo
256 Chapter Four with the merchants Francisco Deude and Luiggi Scarampo, in which the aljama of Morvedre was involved as guarantee of the contract, compelled the King to defend its interests — in this case for purely material reasons-, and to prohibit any Jew from abandoning his residence during five years. The order was to be made public by the rabbi in the synagogue when all the Jews were congregated there, and the penalty of expulsion would devolve on the transgressor. Likewise, to the benefit of the aljama and to avoid unnecessary costs, it was forbidden  to file suits against the Jews during this time, on pain of 1,000 florins. 59 Another cause of anxiety at that period was the spectacular murder committed in the Jewish quarter of Morvedre. On December 10th 1394, very early in the morning ( ans dels galls cantants) Na Maurana, widow, had her throat cut and was murdered in her home, together with her maidservant. Since no action had been taken against the murderers, the people of the aljama were stricken with terror, above all when they recalled the recent riots. Accordingly they sought help from the King. The King wrote in February 1395 to the justicia and jurados of Morvedre ordering them, as in 1391, to take the entire aljama under their protection, and to ensure that they were not illtreated. At the same time the justicia was urged to undertake the search for and exemplary  punishment of the guilty, as required by the seriousness of thecrime. 6 0 A  similar mission was entrusted to the governor general  of the kingdom and to various knights and worthies of Morvedre. 61 We have seen that Juan I granted general pardons to the Jews of Morvedre. On other occasions these remissions of penalties were to individuals, to concrete cases, as that granted in May 1393 to the Jewess Soli, her husband Mossé Allatefi and her mother Astruga, absolved of any civil or criminal demand or petition made before the court by any official. In  exchange, the King received 50 florins from the individuals in question. 62 There were also special permits for the transfer of domicile to other  places, like that granted in 1393 to Jacob Haçan and to his family, 6 3  which was extended a year  later with a safeconduct to travel throughout all the Kings dominion. 6 4 59 ACA, Cancillería real, Reg. 1927, fol. 182r- v. See doc. 230. 60 ACA, Cancillería real, Reg. 1862, fol. 157v- 158r. See doc. 241. 61 ACA, Cancillería real, Reg. 1862, fol. 158r- v. See doc. 242. 62 ACA, Cancillería real, Reg. 1905, fol. 80v- 81r. See doc. 167. 63 ACA, Cancillería real, Reg. 1906, fol. 91v- 92r. June 6th 1393. See  doc. 174. 64 ACA, Cancillería real, Reg. 1859, fol. 105v. See doc. 223. Chapter Home | TOC 9 | Index 9 t t t t t t

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256 Chapter Four with the merchants Francisco Deude and Luiggi Scarampo, in which the aljama of Morvedre was involved as guarantee of the contract, compelled the King to defend its interests — in this case for purely material reasons-, and to prohibit any Jew from abandoning his residence during five years. The order was to be made public by the rabbi in the synagogue when all the Jews were congregated there, and the penalty of expulsion would devolve on the transgressor. Likewise, to the benefit of the aljama and to avoid unnecessary costs, it was forbidden to file suits against the Jews during this time, on pain of 1,000 florins. 59 Another cause of anxiety at that period was the spectacular murder committed in the Jewish quarter of Morvedre. On December 10th 1394, very early in the morning (\\" ans dels galls cantants\\") Na Maurana, widow, had her throat cut and was murdered in her home, together with her maidservant. Since no action had been taken against the murderers, the people of the aljama were stricken with terror, above all when they recalled the recent riots. Accordingly they sought help from the King. The King wrote in February 1395 to the justicia and jurados of Morvedre ordering them, as in 1391, to take the entire aljama under their protection, and to ensure that they were not illtreated. At the same time the justicia was urged to undertake the search for and exemplary punishment of the guilty, as required by the seriousness of the crime. 6 0 A similar mission was entrusted to the governor general of the kingdom and to various knights and worthies of Morvedre. 61 We have seen that Juan I granted general pardons to the Jews of Morvedre. On other occasions these remissions of penalties were to individuals, to concrete cases, as that granted in May 1393 to the Jewess Soli, her husband Mossé Allatefi and her mother Astruga, absolved of any civil or criminal demand or petition made before the court by any official. In exchange, the King received 50 florins from the individuals in question. 62 There were also special permits for the transfer of domicile to other places, like that granted in 1393 to Jacob Haçan and to his family, 6 3 which was extended a year later with a safeconduct to travel throughout all the King's dominion. 6 4 59 ACA, Cancillería real, Reg. 1927, fol. 182r- v. See doc. 230. 60 ACA, Cancillería real, Reg. 1862, fol. 157v- 158r. See doc. 241. 61 ACA, Cancillería real, Reg. 1862, fol. 158r- v. See doc. 242. 62 ACA, Cancillería real, Reg. 1905, fol. 80v- 81r. See doc. 167. 63 ACA, Cancillería real, Reg. 1906, fol. 91v- 92r. June 6th 1393. See doc. 174. 64 ACA, Cancillería real, Reg. 1859, fol. 105v. See doc. 223. << Chapter >> Home | TOC 9 | Index 9 t t t t t t
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