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246 Chapter Four A few

by Jose Hinojosa Montalvo
246 Chapter Four A few days later, on July 26th, the King sent from Segorbe a fresh recommendation to the authorities of the town concerning the aljama  que a paucis citra temporibus refici seu reperari incepit servare ( the restoration of which has recently commenced). In this letter he refers to some specific agreements ( pacta sive conventiones) between the aljama and the jurados concerning the pecha and taxes to be paid by the  Jews, agreements that the King now confirmed at the aljamas request. 18 These  are the first measures of royal protection towards this minority that are conserved for this new stage. It is difficult to analyze in detail the historical evolution of the Jewish community of Burriana since the documents are not very explicit. Nevertheless, in the 1420 s it was functioning normally apparently with regard to authorities, taxes, economic life, etc. And from this period we find a regular succession of notices. A period of growth and prosperity was initiated that lasted until the 1470 s. This did not, however, prevent the hatreds and passions of the Christians. Pressures against the Jews frequently emanated, without apparent reasons, from the authorities themselves, with arrests and distraining of properties. In 1431, for example, the local baile arrested the brothers David and Donay Bonet and attempted to arrest the third brother Rubén Bonet, who appealed to the baile general for justice. The baile general ordered the release of the prisoners so that they might come to his court and state their claims. 19 There were frequent disagreements between Jews and the town Council, as in the case of David Bonet, to whom the jurados should have paid in  1448 the sum that they owed him for the rental of a house belonging to him. 2 0 In  1474, alimentary problems were at the root of confiscation of two cahíces of wheat from Mossé Devosal. He protested to the baile general, who ordered that 55 sueldos be paid to him for each cahiz; it was agreed that if the authorities desired more wheat they were to pay him in cash, or otherwise they were to allow him to take it to Valencia for sale. 21 This was a period of total decline for the Jewish quarter of Burriana. The process can be detected from 1456, when the adelantados of the aljama went to the baile general together with Vidal Comte, who represented the Jews  formerly of that Jewish quarter, and now resident in that of Morvedre 18 ACA, Cancillería real, Reg. 2132, fol. 106r- v. 19 ARV, Bailia, 1147, fol. 291r- v. See doc.  390. 20 ARV, Bailia, 1150, fol. 281v. See doc. 498. 21 ARV, Bailia, 1155, fol. 200v. See doc. 729. Chapter Home  | TOC 9 | Index 9 t t t t

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246 Chapter Four A few days later, on July 26th, the King sent from Segorbe a fresh recommendation to the authorities of the town concerning the aljama \\" que a paucis citra temporibus refici seu reperari incepit servare\\" ( the restoration of which has recently commenced). In this letter he refers to some specific agreements ( pacta sive conventiones) between the aljama and the jurados concerning the pecha and taxes to be paid by the Jews, agreements that the King now confirmed at the aljama's request. 18 These are the first measures of royal protection towards this minority that are conserved for this new stage. It is difficult to analyze in detail the historical evolution of the Jewish community of Burriana since the documents are not very explicit. Nevertheless, in the 1420' s it was functioning normally apparently with regard to authorities, taxes, economic life, etc. And from this period we find a regular succession of notices. A period of growth and prosperity was initiated that lasted until the 1470' s. This did not, however, prevent the hatreds and passions of the Christians. Pressures against the Jews frequently emanated, without apparent reasons, from the authorities themselves, with arrests and distraining of properties. In 1431, for example, the local baile arrested the brothers David and Donay Bonet and attempted to arrest the third brother Rubén Bonet, who appealed to the baile general for justice. The baile general ordered the release of the prisoners so that they might come to his court and state their claims. 19 There were frequent disagreements between Jews and the town Council, as in the case of David Bonet, to whom the jurados should have paid in 1448 the sum that they owed him for the rental of a house belonging to him. 2 0 In 1474, alimentary problems were at the root of confiscation of two cahíces of wheat from Mossé Devosal. He protested to the baile general, who ordered that 55 sueldos be paid to him for each cahiz; it was agreed that if the authorities desired more wheat they were to pay him in cash, or otherwise they were to allow him to take it to Valencia for sale. 21 This was a period of total decline for the Jewish quarter of Burriana. The process can be detected from 1456, when the adelantados of the aljama went to the baile general together with Vidal Comte, who represented the Jews \\" formerly of that Jewish quarter, and now resident in that of Morvedre\\" 18 ACA, Cancillería real, Reg. 2132, fol. 106r- v. 19 ARV, Bailia, 1147, fol. 291r- v. See doc. 390. 20 ARV, Bailia, 1150, fol. 281v. See doc. 498. 21 ARV, Bailia, 1155, fol. 200v. See doc. 729. << Chapter >> Home | TOC 9 | Index 9 t t t t
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