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CHAPTER TWO JEWISH SOCIETY

by Jose Hinojosa Montalvo
CHAPTER TWO JEWISH SOCIETY AND ITS SEGREGATION IN VALENCIA THE ASSAULTS O N T H E JEWISH QUARTERS OF T H E KINGDOM IN 1391 The general outlines of the pogroms of 1391 in the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon have been well- known for some time, The magnitude of the incident and its later impact quickly attracted the attention of historians. In the Kingdom of Valencia, attention focused on the destruction of the Jewish quarter of the capital, for this was the most important, and the sources here were the most complete; the other Jewish quarters, however, are mentioned only barely in passing, to note that the inhabitants thereof were baptized and embraced Christianity. Our knowledge has been broadened somewhat thanks to the recent studies on the Jewish quarters of la Plana of Castellon. Consultation of the sources of the royal chancellery in the Archive of the Kingdom of Aragon has been fundamental, furnishing us with a great deal of previously totally unknown information concerning the event. We shall try to see and analyze what happened, during those unhappy days in early July 1391, in the Jewish quarters of the Kingdom of Valencia. To begin with, let us examine what happened in the capital, in the Jewish quarter of Valencia. DESTRUCTION AND SACK OF THE JEWISH QUARTER OF VALENCIA An event of this kind does not spring up overnight, spontaneously, without cause. There are deeper latent causes in the social body, which drive a section of its members to attack another sector of this society, which considers itself 21 Chapter Home | TOC 9 | Index 9

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CHAPTER TWO JEWISH SOCIETY AND ITS SEGREGATION IN VALENCIA THE ASSAULTS O N T H E JEWISH QUARTERS OF T H E KINGDOM IN 1391 The general outlines of the pogroms of 1391 in the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon have been well- known for some time, The magnitude of the incident and its later impact quickly attracted the attention of historians. In the Kingdom of Valencia, attention focused on the destruction of the Jewish quarter of the capital, for this was the most important, and the sources here were the most complete; the other Jewish quarters, however, are mentioned only barely in passing, to note that the inhabitants thereof were baptized and embraced Christianity. Our knowledge has been broadened somewhat thanks to the recent studies on the Jewish quarters of la Plana of Castellon. Consultation of the sources of the royal chancellery in the Archive of the Kingdom of Aragon has been fundamental, furnishing us with a great deal of previously totally unknown information concerning the event. We shall try to see and analyze what happened, during those unhappy days in early July 1391, in the Jewish quarters of the Kingdom of Valencia. To begin with, let us examine what happened in the capital, in the Jewish quarter of Valencia. DESTRUCTION AND SACK OF THE JEWISH QUARTER OF VALENCIA An event of this kind does not spring up overnight, spontaneously, without cause. There are deeper latent causes in the social body, which drive a section of its members to attack another sector of this society, which considers itself 21 << Chapter >> Home | TOC 9 | Index 9
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