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The Activities of the

by Jose Hinojosa Montalvo
The Activities of the Jews 219silversmith. 88 Perhaps  the disagreements between the two silversmiths were of a professional nature. Another Jewish silversmith often mentioned in the documentation is Vidal Astori. In 1467 the baile general issued a search and arrest order against him at the instances of Salamó Alaquo, then a prisoner, whose brother had given to Astori certain sums for the lawsuit  and other expenses of Salamó, and which Astori had failed to pay. 8 9 In  1467 he was working to adorn a saddle for Queen Doña Juana and when she died in 1469 he designated it for Don Fernando, King of Sicily and firstborn son of  the monarchs. Several payments for material are documented that year. 90 He must have been an excellent artist, for he is named as  argenter de la magestat del senyor rey ( silversmith of the king) in a text of 1489, in which the baile general asked the authorities of Mallorca to search for the two sons of Vidal Astori,  who were apparently on the island, and to send them toValencia. 9 1 In  1490 the king wrote to the baile, Don Diego de Torre, telling him to go to the house of the aforesaid silversmith and to inspect a mule harness which, according to a letter received,  was  something very new and rich, and satisfactory for our service. 92 We  do not know whether this was the same piece worked in 1469 or whether Astori specialized in such works. Another Morvedre Jew was Samuel Bonet,  who in 1471 purchased two covers in the Jewish quarter of Morvedre. 9 3 One of the sources of supply for precious metals in the Middle Ages was the smuggling of gold and silver coins. The Jews of Valencia also practiced it, even at the risk of being taken by justice, which punished the transgressor with a fine. In 1478 Tan Fanzento, silversmith of Morvedre, paid to the Maestre Racional 806 sueldos, 8 dineros for the third of the 106 pounds in silver reales discovered on him by the guards of the General. He was taking them out hidden  in a bag of beans and without permission, in order to cut them down. 9 4 In  1471 and 1472 he paid 105 sueldos to the Maestre Racional as royal duties for having melted down seven quintals of  quartos de Castella, 88 ARV, Bailia, 1147, fol. 445r. See doc. 399. 89 ARV, Bailia, 1154, fol. 10r- v. See doc. 668. 90 J. Sanchis Sivera,  La orfebrería valenciana en  la Edad Media, Revista de Archivos, Bibliotecas y Museos 27 ( 1923), p. 49. 91 ARV, Bailia, 1159, fol. 185v- 186r. See doc.  827. 92 ARV, Real, 596, fol. 77v. See doc.  830. 93 J. Sanchis Sivera, op. cit., p. 50. 94 ARV, Maestre Racional, 88, fol. 173r.  See doc. 775. Chapter Home  | TOC 9 | Index 9 t t t t t t t

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The Activities of the Jews 219 silversmith. 88 Perhaps the disagreements between the two silversmiths were of a professional nature. Another Jewish silversmith often mentioned in the documentation is Vidal Astori. In 1467 the baile general issued a search and arrest order against him at the instances of Salamó Alaquo, then a prisoner, whose brother had given to Astori certain sums for the lawsuit and other expenses of Salamó, and which Astori had failed to pay. 8 9 In 1467 he was working to adorn a saddle for Queen Doña Juana and when she died in 1469 he designated it for Don Fernando, King of Sicily and firstborn son of the monarchs. Several payments for material are documented that year. 90 He must have been an excellent artist, for he is named as \\" argenter de la magestat del senyor rey\\" ( silversmith of the king) in a text of 1489, in which the baile general asked the authorities of Mallorca to search for the two sons of Vidal Astori, who were apparently on the island, and to send them to Valencia. 9 1 In 1490 the king wrote to the baile, Don Diego de Torre, telling him to go to the house of the aforesaid silversmith and to inspect a mule harness which, according to a letter received, was \\" something very new and rich, and satisfactory for our service\\". 92 We do not know whether this was the same piece worked in 1469 or whether Astori specialized in such works. Another Morvedre Jew was Samuel Bonet, who in 1471 purchased two covers in the Jewish quarter of Morvedre. 9 3 One of the sources of supply for precious metals in the Middle Ages was the smuggling of gold and silver coins. The Jews of Valencia also practiced it, even at the risk of being taken by justice, which punished the transgressor with a fine. In 1478 Tan Fanzento, silversmith of Morvedre, paid to the Maestre Racional 806 sueldos, 8 dineros for the third of the 106 pounds in silver reales discovered on him by the guards of the General. He was taking them out hidden in a bag of beans and without permission, in order to cut them down. 9 4 In 1471 and 1472 he paid 105 sueldos to the Maestre Racional as royal duties for having melted down seven quintals of \\" quartos de Castella\\", 88 ARV, Bailia, 1147, fol. 445r. See doc. 399. 89 ARV, Bailia, 1154, fol. 10r- v. See doc. 668. 90 J. Sanchis Sivera, \\" La orfebrería valenciana en la Edad Media,\\" Revista de Archivos, Bibliotecas y Museos 27 ( 1923), p. 49. 91 ARV, Bailia, 1159, fol. 185v- 186r. See doc. 827. 92 ARV, Real, 596, fol. 77v. See doc. 830. 93 J. Sanchis Sivera, op. cit., p. 50. 94 ARV, Maestre Racional, 88, fol. 173r. See doc. 775. << Chapter >> Home | TOC 9 | Index 9 t t t t t t t
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