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Historical Evolution

by Jose Hinojosa Montalvo
Historical Evolution 19threatening.  Apart from the purely doctrinal aspects, analyzed among others by Baer, 1 4 the  serious consequences which it had for Castilian and Aragonese Jewry should  be stressed: mass conversions, riots in some places, such as Gerona, Teruel, or Saragossa, etc., and the promulgation in 1415 of the famous edict, ratified at that time by Fernando I, by which the life and activity of the Jews were notably restricted. We do not know what consequences the disputation of Tortosa and the promulgation of the edict had in the Kingdom of Valencia, since we have found no mention of them in the documents consulted. There is total agreement among historians that  a radical change of policy towards the Jews occurred in Alfonso Vs reign. 1 5  His parallel in Castile was Juan II. It was clear from the outset that Alfonso V had no intention of applying Benedict XIIIs edict, but planned to restore the aljamas. In January 1419, Pope Martin V authorized the Jews to live as before 1415  and, in March 1419, he officially repealed the former restrictive laws. 1 6 Henceforth  their copies of the Talmud would be restored to the Jews; the King  charged some doctors of theology with removing any heresies against the Catholic faith and insults against the New Testament, and after revision the books were to be returned. Jews were authorized to bind books of Christians, other than ecclesiastical books ( missal, breviary or canonical books). In the legal field, Jews could be judges and preside as arbiters between Christians and Jews. Their synagogues were restored to them and they were allowed to be brokers, doctors, surgeons, money- changers, procurators of Christians, tax- farmers and tax-collectors. They could form commercial companies with Christians and open shops among Christians, although their family home would be restricted to the area of the Jewish quarter. Other dispositions of the decree referred to the clothing of the Jews, contacts with the Christians, testaments; we shall discuss these in the corresponding sections. In the religious field, besides dispositions concerning synagogues and holy books, the obligation of hearing sermons outside of the Jewish quarter was cancelled; and anyone wishing to preach to the Jews was 14 Y. Baer, op. cit., pp. 444 et seq. 15 Μ. Jimenez Jimenez,  La politica judaizante  de Alfonso V a la luz de las concesiones otorgadas en 1419 a la aljama de Murviedro, IV Congreso  de Historia de la Corona de Aragon, Palma de Mallorca 1959, pp. 251- 262. 16 ARV, Real, 630, fol. 235r — et seq. See doc. 304.   Chapter Home | TOC 9 | Index 9 t t t

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Historical Evolution 19 threatening. Apart from the purely doctrinal aspects, analyzed among others by Baer, 1 4 the serious consequences which it had for Castilian and Aragonese Jewry should be stressed: mass conversions, riots in some places, such as Gerona, Teruel, or Saragossa, etc., and the promulgation in 1415 of the famous edict, ratified at that time by Fernando I, by which the life and activity of the Jews were notably restricted. We do not know what consequences the disputation of Tortosa and the promulgation of the edict had in the Kingdom of Valencia, since we have found no mention of them in the documents consulted. There is total agreement among historians that a radical change of policy towards the Jews occurred in Alfonso V's reign. 1 5 His parallel in Castile was Juan II. It was clear from the outset that Alfonso V had no intention of applying Benedict XIII's edict, but planned to restore the aljamas. In January 1419, Pope Martin V authorized the Jews to live as before 1415 and, in March 1419, he officially repealed the former restrictive laws. 1 6 Henceforth their copies of the Talmud would be restored to the Jews; the King charged some doctors of theology with removing any heresies against the Catholic faith and insults against the New Testament, and after revision the books were to be returned. Jews were authorized to bind books of Christians, other than ecclesiastical books ( missal, breviary or canonical books). In the legal field, Jews could be judges and preside as arbiters between Christians and Jews. Their synagogues were restored to them and they were allowed to be brokers, doctors, surgeons, money- changers, procurators of Christians, tax- farmers and tax-collectors. They could form commercial companies with Christians and open shops among Christians, although their family home would be restricted to the area of the Jewish quarter. Other dispositions of the decree referred to the clothing of the Jews, contacts with the Christians, testaments; we shall discuss these in the corresponding sections. In the religious field, besides dispositions concerning synagogues and holy books, the obligation of hearing sermons outside of the Jewish quarter was cancelled; and anyone wishing to preach to the Jews was 14 Y. Baer, op. cit., pp. 444 et seq. 15 Μ. Jimenez Jimenez, \\" La politica judaizante de Alfonso V a la luz de las concesiones otorgadas en 1419 a la aljama de Murviedro\\", IV Congreso de Historia de la Corona de Aragon, Palma de Mallorca 1959, pp. 251- 262. 16 ARV, Real, 630, fol. 235r — et seq. See doc. 304. << Chapter >> Home | TOC 9 | Index 9 t t t
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