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The Activities of the

by Jose Hinojosa Montalvo
The Activities of the Jews 211 The quantities of these products are merely indicative, since for many years the documentation merely reflects the total amount of the tax paid, without noting in detail the different items. Various articles are prominent, such as wheat, pelts, wax and dates. Gold, cotton, perfumes, linen, wool and the much desired spices also came from Barbary. The presence of Muslim gold coins ( doubloons) should be underlined; their final destination would be the mint of Valencia and the coffers of the money-changers. The Jews of Africa brought them in order to purchase various merchandise in Valencia. At times the merchant sent the money from Africa to Valencia to a coreligionist who would change the money at the  city mint and would take care of the shipment of the purchases made. 63  The Maestre Racional received 12 sueldos from Gabriel Vives, Converso of Valencia, for the 44 libras to which amounted the  30 doubloons which he received in 1416 from Garbay, Jew of Alcudia. 6 4 In the early X V century, the Moorish gold doubloons circulated in Valencia at a value of 18 sueldos, as we see when a Saracen woman is registered as a prostitute  and was to pay accordingly a  dobla dor morisqua, que val XVIII. sous. 65 The tax paid by these Jews was called  vinte o dret de mig delme, and they paid it by virtue of the safeconduct granted by the king of Aragon so that they could introduce any type of merchandise into his kingdom. When they dealt in gold, silver and precious stones, they paid the  mitad del mig delme, ço es lo quarante-, the importation of precious metals was thus favoured. The monarch ensured that this tax was paid without interruption by the traders, and in 1409 Martín I wrote to the baile general urging him to ensure that no North African continue  to commit fraud in this commerce, so that the Crown dues be protected. 66 During the years that we have studied, 8,189 sueldos were collected for this tax; which explains the royal interest in favouring these exchanges. This tax is recorded in the Maestre Racionals books in a quite irregular fashion, and we do not know whether this is due to the scribes omission or whether there were no imports. In any case we estimate that in the first years 63 ARV, Maestre Racional, 38, fol.  139r. 64 ARV, Maestre Racional, 40. 65 ARV, Maestre Racional, 20, fol.  278r. 66 ARV, Bailía, 1144, fol. 263. Chapter Home  | TOC 9 | Index 9 t t t t

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The Activities of the Jews 211 The quantities of these products are merely indicative, since for many years the documentation merely reflects the total amount of the tax paid, without noting in detail the different items. Various articles are prominent, such as wheat, pelts, wax and dates. Gold, cotton, perfumes, linen, wool and the much desired spices also came from Barbary. The presence of Muslim gold coins ( doubloons) should be underlined; their final destination would be the mint of Valencia and the coffers of the money-changers. The Jews of Africa brought them in order to purchase various merchandise in Valencia. At times the merchant sent the money from Africa to Valencia to a coreligionist who would change the money at the city mint and would take care of the shipment of the purchases made. 63 The Maestre Racional received 12 sueldos from Gabriel Vives, Converso of Valencia, for the 44 libras to which amounted the 30 doubloons which he received in 1416 from Garbay, Jew of Alcudia. 6 4 In the early X V century, the Moorish gold doubloons circulated in Valencia at a value of 18 sueldos, as we see when a Saracen woman is registered as a prostitute and was to pay accordingly a \\" dobla d'or morisqua, que val XVIII. sous\\". 65 The tax paid by these Jews was called \\" vinte o dret de mig delme\\", and they paid it by virtue of the safeconduct granted by the king of Aragon so that they could introduce any type of merchandise into his kingdom. When they dealt in gold, silver and precious stones, they paid the \\" mitad del mig delme, ço es lo quarante-, the importation of precious metals was thus favoured. The monarch ensured that this tax was paid without interruption by the traders, and in 1409 Martín I wrote to the baile general urging him to ensure that no North African continue to commit fraud in this commerce, so that the Crown dues be protected. 66 During the years that we have studied, 8,189 sueldos were collected for this tax; which explains the royal interest in favouring these exchanges. This tax is recorded in the Maestre Racional's books in a quite irregular fashion, and we do not know whether this is due to the scribe's omission or whether there were no imports. In any case we estimate that in the first years 63 ARV, Maestre Racional, 38, fol. 139r. 64 ARV, Maestre Racional, 40. 65 ARV, Maestre Racional, 20, fol. 278r. 66 ARV, Bailía, 1144, fol. 263. << Chapter >> Home | TOC 9 | Index 9 t t t t
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