The Jews of Navarre in the...

Documented depiction of the economic activities of the Jews and their work at the service of the Crown in this Christian kingdom.

Introduction of Saint James. It is certain that a Bishop sat in Pamplona from the sixth century, and perhaps even earlier. The Episcopal Court dominated the city in the Basque and Roman quarter, la Navarreria, whereas in the twelfth century the bourgeois Francos, who had arrived as pilgrims or travellers, founded new quarters in the peri­phery around the old urban nucleus, and they remained there. For a long time the sovereign preferred to leave the city to the Bishop, and he himself lived in his castles at Estella, Olite, and, principally, at Tudela. In effect the kingdom, enlarged from Sangüesa to the valley of La Soncierra, near Logroño, was squeezed between Aragon and Castille in the province of La Ribera, a narrow territory guarding the passages across the Ebro, essentially that of Tudela. To the north the mountains comprise the most incontestably Navarrese region, the one most heavily populated by indigenous people in localities bearing Basque names. To the south, La Ribera is the most strategic zone, the one most coveted and threatened by the incessant incursions of the neighboring rival kingdoms of Castile and Aragon. In 1234, that kingdom of ten thousand square kilometers, con­taining perhaps sixty thousands inhabitants, the smallest state in the west, was inherited by the nephew of Sancho the Strong, the son of Blanca of Navarre and Thibaut III of Champagne, Count Thibaut IV of Champagne, who became Thibaut I of Navarre. A new epoch began for Navarre. Its sovereigns were Capetians, more concerned with life in France ( in their fiefs and the royal court) than by their Iberian kingdom. Thibaut I, and then his sons Thibaut II and Henri, nevertheless, made real efforts and travelled as far as Pamplona, Estella, or Tudela from time to time, and they observed Navarrian customs in their government. In 1274, Jeanne of Navarre- Champagne, the three year old heir to the throne, was given in marriage to Philippe of France, who became Philip IV the Fair in 1285. He never made an appearance in Navarre, although he bore the royal title thanks to his wife. His oldest son, Louis the Quar-reller, spent only three months there, in the autumn of 1307. His other two sons, who were also kings of France and Navarre, Philip the Tall and Charles the Fair, never went to their little kingdom. 4 Chapter Home | TOC 4  | Index 4

The Jews of Navarre in the Late Middle Ages. Hispania Judaica, v. 4


About Book The Jews of Navarre in the Late Middle Ages. Hispania Judaica, v. 4

Front MatterFront Flap Half Title Page Editorial BoardTitle PageCopyright PageDedication PageTable Of ContentsPREFACEABBREVIATIONSContentsINTRODUCTION - THE KINGDOM OF NAVARRE DURING THE MIDDLE AGES The Kingdom and its MonarchsThe Kingdom, its Landscapes, and its Population1 - THE COMMUNITIES OF NAVARREDemographic ExpansionThe Law and its ReflexionA Demanding Faith2 - JEWS AT WORKLand and WaterJewish Occupations3 - JEWISH MONEYLENDERSThe principlesThe Practice of MoneylendingThe Men in Question4 - STATE SERVICESummoned to the Assistance of the StateIn Service of the KingAgents of the Court5 - FIGURES AND FAMILIESThe BankerTax Collectors and Suppliers of GoodsTwo Tax Collectors of EstellaPhysician and Chief RabbiA Typical Family6 - FROM TOLERANCE TO EXPULSIONDifficult Coexistence, Difficult JusticeThe Conversos, the King and the ChurchBack MatterEPILOGUEDOCUMENTS1 Arch. Nav. Cart. III, folios 268-269 December, 1236 2 Arch. Nav. Cart. III folio 214—b— July 23, 1237 (or Era 1275) 3 Arch. Nav. Comptos. Caj; 3, No. 5 August 1256 (or Era 1294) 4 Arch, Nav. Comptos. Caj. 28, no. 5 March 17, 1335 (there are holes in the upper part)(or Era 1373)5 Arch. Nav. Comptos, caj. 9, no. 38 October 19, 1341(or Era 1379)6 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 11, no. 135 Book of the Seal of Pamplona : 1351-13537 Arch. Nav. Comptos. Caj. 12, no. 24 Book of the Seal of Tudela and La Ribera, 13538 Arch. Nav. Comptos. Caj. 24 no 38, X and XI9 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 13, no. 14410 Arch. Nav. R.C. Vol. 95, 1360 Charter inserted between folios 29 and 30 February 24, 136011 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 15 no. 70, VI October 21, 1362 12 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folio 95November 20, 136513 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folios 116 v. and 117 November 29, 136514 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folio 123, II December 5, 136515 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, fol. 129 December 5, 136516 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folios 130—131 December 7, 136517 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folio 143 December 5, 136518 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folio 268 February 7, 136619 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folio 265 February 21, 136620 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folio 308 March 26, 136621 Arch. Nav. R.C, Vol. 122, Year 1367 (Accounts of the Baylie of Tudela) 22 Arch. Nav. R.C. Vol. 133, Year 1369 Charters included between folios 189 and 190 July 23, 1368 and April 8, 137223 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 29, no. 1, A August 31, 137424Arch. Nav. R.C. vol. 152, Year, 1374 (Baylie of Tudela) 25 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 42 no. 35 V May 2, 137926Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 42, no. 37,1 May 8, 1380 27 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 42, no. 50 September 20, 138028 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 42, no. 7, II January 18, 138129 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 42, no. 21. March 5, 138130Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 37, no. 19 May 15, 1381 31 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 43, no. 62, I September 23, 1381 32 P.M.D.C. a) Folio 21, no. 35 April, 1381 P.M.D.C. b) Folio 22, no. 36 May 7, 1381P.M.D.C. c) Folio 24, no. 39 May 14, 1381P.M.D.C. d) Folio 45, no. 74 September 18, 1381P.M.D.C. e) Folios 57-58, no. 89 November 7, 1381P.M.D.C, f) Folio 256, no. 365 November 16, 138333 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 27, no. 8 January 24, 138234 Arch. Nav. R.C. Vol. 181, Year, 1384 fol. 38 (Baylie of Tudela)35 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 49, no. 4,1 January 21, 138636 Arch. Nav. Comptos, a) Caj. 52, no. 53,1, III, IV July 14, 1386 (extracts of court expenses) b) Caj. 49, no. 6, ? October 16, 1386c) Caj. 172, no. 10 Dec. 20, 146537 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 54, no. 40, XVII April 29, 138738 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 56, no. 74, IV May 8, 138739 Arch. Nav. Papeles Sueltos — Series 2a- Leg. 2 — No. 111 — II undated and incomplete, c. 1385-1390 40 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 52, no. 8,1March 15, 138741 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 54, no. 45, XII May 12, 138742 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 55, no 27, IV September 18, 138743 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 54, no. 3-1 January 4, 138844 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 57, no. 48, VII May 24, 138845 Arch. Nav. Comptos, a) Caj. 53, no. 36, XIX February 27, 1387 b) Caj. 57, no. 36, II May 4, 1388 46 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 57, no. 8, II February 4, 138947 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 57, no. 48, II March 20, 1389, April 1, 1390, December 29, 139148 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 58, no. 20, IV April 7, 138949 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 52, no. 29I : June 5, 1389 II : June 1, 1389 50 Arch. Nav. R.C. Vol. 216... folios 46 and 47 139251 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 69, no. 8 January and February, 139352 Arch. Nav. R.C. vol. 219 1393 Folios; 7 and 8 ( Condamnaciones e composiciones e financias )53 Arch. Nav. R.C. Vol. 269: 1402 (Accounts of the navarreria of Pamplona)54 Aroh. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 92, no. 38, XXVI October 6, 1405 55 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 81, no. 9, LX December 12, 140556 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 94, no. 1, II Jan. 3, 140757 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 84, no. 3, XXXIV August 19, 140958 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 96, no. 38, XLIV and XLV 1409-141059 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 101, no. 37, VIII November 26, 141260 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 102, no. 21, III December 24, 141361 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 102, no. 34, II April 8, 141362 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 129, no. 8, III February 20, 143063 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 138, no. 1, L May 10, 143764 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 150, no. 15 November 8, 1462BIBLIOGRAPHYMAPSADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS OF NAVARRE IN THE XIII-XIVth CENTURIES THE JUDERIAS OF NAVARRE IN THE XIII-XIVth CENTURIES THE MORERIAS OF NAVARRE IN THE XIII-XIVth CENTURIES INDEXINDEX OF SUBJECTSINDEX OF PLACES INDEX OF PERSONSBack Flap
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