The Jews of Navarre in the...

Documented depiction of the economic activities of the Jews and their work at the service of the Crown in this Christian kingdom.

Introduction invaders of the Iberian Peninsula. The Moslems were its masters for some time, but later they were expelled by the reconquering Christ­ians of the ancient Visigothic kingdom. Those Christian kings, by an accident of inheritance, became princes of the French dynastic line in the thirteenth century, and they kept their state independent until 1512, when the Catholic kings conquered it. In its detail, Navarrese history is exceedingly complex. At the beginning of the eighth century the kingdom did not exist at all. The Moslems, who began to occupy the peninsula in 711, controlled the Ebro Valley and laid claim to Pamplona and the passes of the Pyrenees. The Basques of the Pyrenees and their cousins, the Vas-cones on the northern slopes of the mountains, the indigenous Iberians of the plateaus and the valleys of the south ( over whom the rule of the Visigoths had been shaky, as had been that of the Romans in their time), were dominated by those Andalusians, Ber­bers, and a handful of Arabs. Many of the indigenous  Navarrians converted to the Islam of their masters. Many also retained their ancient paganism, or their more recent Christianity, a Roman and later a Visigothic legacy. Charlemagne got as far south as Saragossa in 778 and then rased Pamplona on his return from that failed ex­pedition; his rear guard was massacred at Roncesvalles by the Basques, who do not like intruders. Tudela was founded in 800 by order of the Emir of Cordova to guard a passage across the Ebro. Then, about 820, the Basques in their mountains chose a leader, their first  king, Iñigo  Arista. Thus the kingdom of Navarre was born, containing just a few mountain peaks and valleys around Pamplona. One of the numerous descendants of Arista ( the family had many branches), Sancho III the Great, reigned from 1004 to 1035. From then on the country became very Christian, dotted with large monasteries in which the king propagated the Clunisian reform. It was governed by the Bishops of Pamplona at the sovereigns side. From its modest origins, thanks to the wars and alliances, both diplomatic and matrimonial, of its kings, Navarre became much larger. By the year 1,000 it included all of the regions of the western Pyrenees, the Basque coasts ( Vasconganes), and, on the northern slopes, a strip of land which, from Saint- Jean- Pied- de- Port to the 2 Chapter Home | TOC 4  | Index 4

The Jews of Navarre in the Late Middle Ages. Hispania Judaica, v. 4


About Book The Jews of Navarre in the Late Middle Ages. Hispania Judaica, v. 4

Front MatterFront Flap Half Title Page Editorial BoardTitle PageCopyright PageDedication PageTable Of ContentsPREFACEABBREVIATIONSContentsINTRODUCTION - THE KINGDOM OF NAVARRE DURING THE MIDDLE AGES The Kingdom and its MonarchsThe Kingdom, its Landscapes, and its Population1 - THE COMMUNITIES OF NAVARREDemographic ExpansionThe Law and its ReflexionA Demanding Faith2 - JEWS AT WORKLand and WaterJewish Occupations3 - JEWISH MONEYLENDERSThe principlesThe Practice of MoneylendingThe Men in Question4 - STATE SERVICESummoned to the Assistance of the StateIn Service of the KingAgents of the Court5 - FIGURES AND FAMILIESThe BankerTax Collectors and Suppliers of GoodsTwo Tax Collectors of EstellaPhysician and Chief RabbiA Typical Family6 - FROM TOLERANCE TO EXPULSIONDifficult Coexistence, Difficult JusticeThe Conversos, the King and the ChurchBack MatterEPILOGUEDOCUMENTS1 Arch. Nav. Cart. III, folios 268-269 December, 1236 2 Arch. Nav. Cart. III folio 214—b— July 23, 1237 (or Era 1275) 3 Arch. Nav. Comptos. Caj; 3, No. 5 August 1256 (or Era 1294) 4 Arch, Nav. Comptos. Caj. 28, no. 5 March 17, 1335 (there are holes in the upper part)(or Era 1373)5 Arch. Nav. Comptos, caj. 9, no. 38 October 19, 1341(or Era 1379)6 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 11, no. 135 Book of the Seal of Pamplona : 1351-13537 Arch. Nav. Comptos. Caj. 12, no. 24 Book of the Seal of Tudela and La Ribera, 13538 Arch. Nav. Comptos. Caj. 24 no 38, X and XI9 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 13, no. 14410 Arch. Nav. R.C. Vol. 95, 1360 Charter inserted between folios 29 and 30 February 24, 136011 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 15 no. 70, VI October 21, 1362 12 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folio 95November 20, 136513 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folios 116 v. and 117 November 29, 136514 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folio 123, II December 5, 136515 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, fol. 129 December 5, 136516 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folios 130—131 December 7, 136517 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folio 143 December 5, 136518 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folio 268 February 7, 136619 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folio 265 February 21, 136620 Arch. Nav. Cart. Carlos II, folio 308 March 26, 136621 Arch. Nav. R.C, Vol. 122, Year 1367 (Accounts of the Baylie of Tudela) 22 Arch. Nav. R.C. Vol. 133, Year 1369 Charters included between folios 189 and 190 July 23, 1368 and April 8, 137223 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 29, no. 1, A August 31, 137424Arch. Nav. R.C. vol. 152, Year, 1374 (Baylie of Tudela) 25 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 42 no. 35 V May 2, 137926Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 42, no. 37,1 May 8, 1380 27 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 42, no. 50 September 20, 138028 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 42, no. 7, II January 18, 138129 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 42, no. 21. March 5, 138130Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 37, no. 19 May 15, 1381 31 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 43, no. 62, I September 23, 1381 32 P.M.D.C. a) Folio 21, no. 35 April, 1381 P.M.D.C. b) Folio 22, no. 36 May 7, 1381P.M.D.C. c) Folio 24, no. 39 May 14, 1381P.M.D.C. d) Folio 45, no. 74 September 18, 1381P.M.D.C. e) Folios 57-58, no. 89 November 7, 1381P.M.D.C, f) Folio 256, no. 365 November 16, 138333 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 27, no. 8 January 24, 138234 Arch. Nav. R.C. Vol. 181, Year, 1384 fol. 38 (Baylie of Tudela)35 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 49, no. 4,1 January 21, 138636 Arch. Nav. Comptos, a) Caj. 52, no. 53,1, III, IV July 14, 1386 (extracts of court expenses) b) Caj. 49, no. 6, ? October 16, 1386c) Caj. 172, no. 10 Dec. 20, 146537 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 54, no. 40, XVII April 29, 138738 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 56, no. 74, IV May 8, 138739 Arch. Nav. Papeles Sueltos — Series 2a- Leg. 2 — No. 111 — II undated and incomplete, c. 1385-1390 40 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 52, no. 8,1March 15, 138741 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 54, no. 45, XII May 12, 138742 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 55, no 27, IV September 18, 138743 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 54, no. 3-1 January 4, 138844 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 57, no. 48, VII May 24, 138845 Arch. Nav. Comptos, a) Caj. 53, no. 36, XIX February 27, 1387 b) Caj. 57, no. 36, II May 4, 1388 46 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 57, no. 8, II February 4, 138947 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 57, no. 48, II March 20, 1389, April 1, 1390, December 29, 139148 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 58, no. 20, IV April 7, 138949 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 52, no. 29I : June 5, 1389 II : June 1, 1389 50 Arch. Nav. R.C. Vol. 216... folios 46 and 47 139251 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 69, no. 8 January and February, 139352 Arch. Nav. R.C. vol. 219 1393 Folios; 7 and 8 ( Condamnaciones e composiciones e financias )53 Arch. Nav. R.C. Vol. 269: 1402 (Accounts of the navarreria of Pamplona)54 Aroh. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 92, no. 38, XXVI October 6, 1405 55 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 81, no. 9, LX December 12, 140556 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 94, no. 1, II Jan. 3, 140757 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 84, no. 3, XXXIV August 19, 140958 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 96, no. 38, XLIV and XLV 1409-141059 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 101, no. 37, VIII November 26, 141260 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 102, no. 21, III December 24, 141361 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 102, no. 34, II April 8, 141362 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 129, no. 8, III February 20, 143063 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 138, no. 1, L May 10, 143764 Arch. Nav. Comptos, Caj. 150, no. 15 November 8, 1462BIBLIOGRAPHYMAPSADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS OF NAVARRE IN THE XIII-XIVth CENTURIES THE JUDERIAS OF NAVARRE IN THE XIII-XIVth CENTURIES THE MORERIAS OF NAVARRE IN THE XIII-XIVth CENTURIES INDEXINDEX OF SUBJECTSINDEX OF PLACES INDEX OF PERSONSBack Flap
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