The Jews of Egypt: From Ramses...

This is the story of the adventures and misadventures of the Jewish people in the land of Egypt – shrouded in the mists of biblical history under the Pharaohs; the strange intermezzo of the Jewish mercenary detachment on the island of Elephantine on the upper Nile; the apogee of Jewish culture under the Ptolemies; and, finally, the Jewish community's rapid decline and catastrophic disappearance under Roman rule.

xi FOREWORD Shaye J. D. Cohen Hellenistic Egypt. Islamic Spain. Renaissance Italy. These were magical times and places, “ Golden Ages” in the history of Jews and Judaism. What makes an age “ golden” in the Jewish memory is a vibrant cultural interaction between the Jews and their gentile hosts. Challenged by the attractiveness and magnificence of the culture around them, the Jews did not isolate themselves within the protective confines of Jewish law, nor did they withdraw from contact with gentiles and gentile ways. On the contrary. In these Golden Ages, Jewish creativity thrived, precisely because the cultural challenge from their en-vironment allowed— compelled, perhaps— the Jews to enrich their Judaism with new ideas and new forms of literary and artistic expression. The adaptation to modernity, far from weakening or diluting Judaism, strengthened it and fructified it. The two best- known Golden Ages occurred in Moslem Spain and Renaissance Italy. Under Arab influence, the Jews of Moslem Spain ( tenth to twelfth century) read and wrote works of philosophy, belles- lettres, religious poetry, secular poetry, medicine, as-tronomy, grammar, scriptural exegesis, and much else besides. Their art and architec-ture were heavily indebted to Islamic models, as the synagogues of Cordova and To-ledo spectacularly demonstrate. The Jews of Italy in the fourteenth to the sixteenth century were almost as well versed in Italian and Latin as their coreligionists in Spain had been in Arabic. Similarly, under Christian influence, the Jews of Italy read and wrote works of philosophy, belles- lettres, religious poetry, secular poetry, medicine, astronomy, grammar, scriptural exegesis, and more. Their art and architecture were heavily indebted to Italian models, as can be readily seen in the synagogues of Venice and Ferrara. Hellenistic Egypt was the setting for perhaps the first Jewish Golden Age. From the third century B. C. E. to the first century C. E., Alexandria, the largest city in the ancient world, was home to a large and vigorous Jewish population. The countryside too had a Jewish presence, with Jews living in virtually all the large towns and many villages along the length of the Nile. Egyptian Jews abandoned Hebrew and Aramaic and produced a luxuriant literature in Greek. Roman literature begins with the translation of the works of Homer into Latin by Livius Andronicus; Hellenistic Jewish literature begins with the translation of the Torah into Greek by a group of sages imported for that purpose from   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C  | I n d e x For use on stand- alone, non- institutional computers only. To purchase Scholar PDF version with advanced functionality, go to www. publishersrow. com

The Jews of Egypt: From Ramses II to Emperor Hadrian


About Book The Jews of Egypt: From Ramses II to Emperor Hadrian

FRONT MATTERTitle PageCopyright PageDedication PageCONTENTSFOREWORDINTRODUCTIONTHE DAWN: PHARAOHS AND GREAT KINGSTHE ZENITH: PTOLEMAIC EGYPTTHE TWILIGHT: EGYPT IN THE ROMAN EMPIREEPILOGUECHRONOLOGICAL TABLECALENDARMONETARY UNITS AND UNITS OF MEASUREGLOSSARYBIBLIOGRAPHYINDEX OF PERSONS AND PLACESINDEX OF SOURCESILLUSTRATIONSColossal statue of Rameses II Temple of Luxor.Colossal statues before the great rock temple of Rameses II at Abu-SimbelElephantine Fragment of the “Nile Mosaic”Grant of the house Aramaic papyrus from Elephantine, 446 BCEThe god Khnum, lord of the Nile's floodingNilotic landscape—Upper Egypt.Alexander as Pharaoh before the god AmonThe port of AlexandriaJoseph and AsenathJewish tomb from the Alexandrian cemetery of El-Ibrahimiya, 3rd century BCEFunerary stele of a Hellenistic mercenaryDedication of the synagogue of Krokodilopolis in the Faiyum(Top) Drawing of the synagogue of Gush-Halav, in Upper Galilee (restoration)(Bottom) Inscription of Theodotos 1st century CE.The Bible of the Septuagint—Fuad Papyrus No. 266, 1st century BCE (Cairo)Ptolemy II Philadelphus and his sister-wife Arsinoe II (Hermitage, St. Petersburg)Greek soldiers in EgyptEpitaph of Arsinoe, a young Jewish womanWar elephant from IndiaPtolemy IV Philopator“The Anti-Semites of Memphis” —Private letter.Augustus as sovereign of EgyptSarapisThe “Jewish Question” in Alexandria Letter of Claudius to the Alexandrians.Beginning of the edict of Tiberius Julius AlexanderThe Menorah of the Temple—Bas-relief on the Arch of Titus in Rome.The Nile with the horn of plentyThe Great Synagogue of Alexandria(Top) Reform of the Jewish tax(Bottom) The Jewish tax in Egypt Receipt of an ostraconDocument of confiscation of Jewish propertyEmperor HadrianYoung Greek notable from Roman EgyptA thicket of papyrusNile boat tripMAPSGREEK AND ROMAN EGYPTFAIYUM (ARSINOITE NOME)ALEXANDRIA
jews egypt from ramses emperor hadrian page https publishersrow ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks this story adventures misadventures people land shrouded mists biblical history under pharaohs strange intermezzo mercenary detachment island elephantine upper nile apogee culture ptolemies finally community rapid decline catastrophic disappearance roman rule
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