The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 8 Page...

A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

THE Jewish Encyclopedia INDEX TO VOLUME VIII Leon ( Leão), 1 Leon De Bagnols,  3 Leon, David Camden  De, 3 Leon, Edwin De, 3 Leon Joseph of Carcassonne,  4 Leon, Leontin, 4 Leon ha- Levi, 4 Léon Lévy Brunswich  ( Lhérie), 4 Leon, Messer David  ben Messer, 4 His Works, 4 Leon ( Judah Aryeh)  of Modena,  5 Family Misfortunes, 5 Attacks Traditionalism,  5 Attacks Cabala, 6 Leon, Moses ( ben Shem- Tob)  De, 7 Leon, Thomas Cooper  De, 7 Leon Di Leone, 7 Leone Ebreo, 7 Leonte ( Judah) ben  Moses, 7 Leontopolis, 7 Founded by  Onias IV, 8 Spuriousness of the Onias  Letters, 8 Sacrifices  Made There, 8 Leopard, 8 Leprosy, 9 Comparison  with Modern  Leprosy, 9 Nature of “ Zara‘  at”, 9 Segregation, 9 Not Contagious,  10 Limited Leprosy, 10 Consequent  on Burns,  10 Lerida, 11 Lerma, Judah  ben Samuel,  11 Lerner, Hayyim Zebi, 12 Lerner, Joseph Judah  ( Ossip),  12 Lerner, Maier, 12 Leroy- Beaulieu, Henri  Jean Baptiste Anatole, 12 Lessee, 13 Lesser, Adolf,  13 Lesser, Alexander,  13 Lesser, Edmund,  13 Lesser, Louis, 13 Lesser, Ludwig, 13 Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim,  14 Lessmann, Daniel, 14 Letter- Carriers, Jewish,  15 Letter- Writing and Letter- Writers,  15 In Talmudic Times, 15 Style and Composition,  16 Celebrated Collections, 16 Formularies for Letters, 16 Letteris, Meïr Halevi ( Max),  17 Letters in Evidence, 17 Levanda, Lev Osipovitch,  17 Leven, Manuel, 18 Leven, Narcisse, 18 Levenson, Pavel Yakovlevich,  18 Leventritt, David, 18 Levertin, Oskar Ivar, 18 Levetus, Celia  ( Celia Moss),  19 Levi, 19 Visions,  19 The Tribe,  19 Levi, Tribe of, 20 Cities of Levites,  20 In Early Sources, 20 In the Source E., 20 Not in Possession of Gezer, 21 Origin  of Name, 21 Levi I., 21 Levi II., 21 Views About  Jonah, 22 Fame as Haggadist,  22 String of Pearls,  22 Levi, Aaron, 22 Levi, Abraham,  22 Levi ben Abraham ben  Hayyim, 22 Life, 23 Works,  23 His Encyclopedia,  23 His “ Liwyat Hen”, 23 Opposition to His Views,  24 Levi, Benedikt, 24 Levi, Borach, 24 Levi, Carlo, 25 Levi, David, 25 Levi, Eugenia, 26 Levi ben Gershon,  26 His Versatility,  26 His Works, 28 His Astronomy,  28 His Unique Position,  29 Views on the Soul,  29 On Prophecy, 29 God’s Omniscience,  30 Divine Providence, 30 Relation to the Intellect,  30 Astronomy, Physics,  and Metaphysics,  31 The Spheres,  31 Creation, 31 Miracles, 31 Aac— Apo  | Apo— Ben | Ben— Cha | Cha— Dre | Dre— Goa  | God— Ist  | Ita— Leo  | Leo— Mor | Mor— Phi | Phi— Sam | Sam— Tal  | Tal— Zwe   P  a g   V  ie w Search  | F i n d  | H o m e | I n d e x   P  a g   V  ie w

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 8


About Book The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 8

INDEX to Vol. 8Front MatterIlluminated Page from Maimonides' Yad Copyright PageTitle PageLITERARY DIRECTORATEEDITORIAL BOARDAMERICAN BOARD OF CONSULTING EDITORSFOREIGN BOARD OF CONSULTING EDITORSSYSTEMS OF TRANSLITERATION AND OF CITATION OF PROPER NAMESLIST OF ABBREVIATIONSCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME VIIILIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN VOLUME VIIICopyright Page
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The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 6
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Engendering Judaism: An Inclusive Theology and Ethics
A pioneering work on what it means to engender Jewish tradition, that is, how women s full inclusion can and must transform our understanding and practice of Jewish law, prayer, sexuality, and marriage. It challenges both mainstream Judaism and feminist dogma, and speaks across the movements as well as to Christian theologians and feminists.

JEWS, JUDAISM AND THE CLASSICAL WORLD
English edition of the work for which G. Alon received prestigious Israel Prize. Anyone interested in the origin of the modern Jewish law and the history of the Second Temple must read this book.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. I
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The first volume covers the folklore ranging from the creation of man to the heirship of Jacob.

Volume 9, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 11
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 9
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The Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 9
A comprehensive study of the Jews in this kingdom from the massacres of 1391 to the Expulsion.

Jewish Life In The Middle Ages
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The Jews Among the Greeks and Romans
The book is a study of the contribution of the Jews to the modern civilization. The Romans and Greeks were originators of a great many elements of our civilization, but the Jews' impact was no less real or lasting. There was a time when Greek and Roman and Jew were in free contact. The results of this contact the author skillfully explores.

Aspects of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Scripta Hierosolymitana IV)
Ten contributions from various perspectives on this unique find: from the departments of Bible, Archaeology, Hebrew Philology, Linguistics, and Comparative Religion, by E.Y. Kutscher, Yigael Yudin, N. Avigad, Jacob Light, M. H. Segal, Chaim Rabin, Shemaryahu Talmon, Z. Ben-Hayyim, and David Flusser.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 4
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Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety
Original and interesting study of the meaning of piety amoung observant Jews of the late Second Temple period.

The Gate Behind the Wall: A Pilgrimage to Jerusalem
When Samuel Heilman took a sabbatical from teaching sociology to spend time in Jerusalem, he did not know that it would become a personal pilgrimage. What had begun by engaging the social scientist in me would end by awakening the Jew, Heilman writes.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 7
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Hebrew Ethical Wills
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By Design: science search for God
The book introduces and summarizes two contemporary movements science and religion dialogue and intelligent design . After reading By Design we understand how what was once a battleground between God and science can now become a meeting ground.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (1825–1894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

Studies in History (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXIII)
This anthology contains such articles as The Holy Congregation in Jerusalem by S. Safrai, Persecutions and Maryrdom in Hadrian's Days by M. D. Herr, The Imperial Court-Jew Wolf Werthheimer as Dimlomatic Mediator by B. Mevorah, To whom did Mendelssohn Reply in his Jerusalem , by Jacob Katz, Caesar: An Economic Biography and its Political Significance by I. Shatzman and others.

Community and Polity: The Organizational Dynamics Of American Jewry (Revised and Updated Edition)
Community and Polity explores in depth the developments in the American Jewish community in the post-WWII period. Like the first edition, it is designed to serve two purposes: to provide a basic survey of the structure and functions of the American Jewish community and to suggest how that community should be understood as a polity that is not a state but is no less real from a political perspective.

Selected Poems of Jehudah Halevi
The gift of song, cherished and tended as it was by the Spanish Jews of the Middle Ages, reached its highest development in the poems of Jehudah Halevi. His love poems are made of dew and fire. But in his poems to Zion there is no such combination of a poet's ordinary artifices. It is his soul that is the instrument—and on his heartstrings is played the song of Israel's hope.

The Goddess Anath
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The International Critical Commentary (ICC): ESTHER
Extraodinary book which retained its freshness and technical insight after almost a century of existance.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. I
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The first volume covers the folklore ranging from the creation of man to the heirship of Jacob.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Psalms (in 2 volumes)
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Khurbm: 1914–1922. Prelude to the Holocaust. The Beginning.
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THE EVOLUTION OF EXODUS TRADITION
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Studies in Hebrew and Ugaritic Psalms
The volume offers a fresh analysis of a central problem of comparative Ugaritic Biblical scholarship: the relationship between biblical psalms and Canaanite literature.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 4
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Treatise Ta anit of the Babylonian Talmud: Critically Edited and Provided With A Translation and Notes
This book presents the first critical edition of the Talmudic text based on a minute collation of all the existing manuscripts and early editions of the Talmud itself, as well as of the Mishnah, Tosefta, the numerous halakic and haggadic Midrashim, the Yerushalmi, and the so-called Minor Tractates. The text is translated and elucidated for the benefit of a wider circle of readers, who are not in a position to study the original.

A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, in 3 Volumes
Henry Charles Lea s three-volume The History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages (sold as a set only) is widely regarded by scholars in the field as one of the outstanding works of scholarship on the subject.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Amos and Hosea
The author has taken up in connection with the first two of the immortal Twelve, many questions that concern just as closely the prophetic books. It is especially felt in the Introduction; in fact Harper's introduction to Amos and Hosea is really an introduction to Prophecy as such.

From Diplomacy to Resistance: A History of Jewish Palestine, 1939-1945
The Second World War was a crucial period in the history of Jewish Palestine. Between 1939 and 1945, the Zionist movement and Jewish Palestine underwent considerable transformation. This carefully documented work recounts the events of that period of time.

A Catalogue of Fragments of Halakhah and Midrash from the Cairo Genizah
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Early History of the Alphabet
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The Battle for Jerusalem: June 5-7,1967
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The Jewish Encyclopedia, Index Volume
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

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Hebrew: The Eternal Language
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Studies in Hebrew Narrative Art (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXVII)
Each of the twelve articles in this volumes illustrates some state of the development of Hebrew narrative prose: from biblical literature though talmudic-midrashic and medieval eras till modern times.

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
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History of the Jews, Vol. 6: A Memoir of the Author by Dr. Philipp Bloch, A Chronological Table of Jewish History, An Index to the Whole Work, and Four Maps
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The sixth volume contains a memoir of the author by Dr. Philipp Bloch, a chronological table of Jewish history, an index to the whole work, and four maps.

Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel
Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

Tractate Rosh Hashana
For those who wish to go beyond superficial, Master A Mesikta Series is a perfect companion for the study of Talmud. The series provides important background information on Talmud and clarifies its content by focusing on controversies that give it such a power. Using outlines, elucidations, pointed comments, explanations of the sequence, topic overviews, and highlighting the interaction between aggadic portions and legal discussions, the author enables a student to rapidly master material

A Separate Republic
Based on the Libro Grande, which is included in this volume, this authoritative analysis of the Venetian Jewish community of the 17th century gives a snapshot of the political and social structure of the Jews of Venice as they related to the general population of the Venetian Republic of that period and to the ethnic,economic, and religious diversity within their own community.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Psalms (in 2 volumes)
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Studies in Jewish Education IX: Understanding the Bible in Our Time
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Does God Belong in the Bedroom?
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A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 1
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Studies in Jewish Education V: Teaching Classical Jewish Texts
This volume is dedicated to issues arising in the process of teaching classical Jewish texts.