The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4 Page...

A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

III INDEX TO VOL. IV Avowed Attacks on Jews, 84 Baseless Charges Against the Jews,  84 Skill of Jews in Controversy, 85 Christians and the Jewish Hellenists,  85 Corrupted Texts of the Bible,  85 Churriker, Abraham David,  86 Chushan- Rishathaim, 86 Chwolson, Daniel Abramovich,  86 His Life- Work, 87 His Defense of the  Talmud, 87 Other Works, 87 Cicero, Marcus Tullius,  88 Ciciruacchio, 88 Cid, Campeador Ruy  Diaz De Vivar, 88 Cilicia, 88 Name and Situation,  89 In the Talmud, 89 Products,  89 Cincinnati, 89 English Jews  Settle, 90 Early Religious Institutions,  91 Becomes a Jewish Center, 91 Educational  Work, 91 Cinnamon,  91 Cipher, 92 Circumcision,  92 Original Significance,  92 Abrahamic Covenant, 93 Saving Power of Circumcision,  94 Arguments for and Against, 94 Circumcision of Proselytes, 94 Circumcision Necessary or Not?,  95 Circumcision Not A  Sacrament, 95 The Ceremony, 95 Reform Judaism an  and Circumcision, 96 Africa, 97 America, 97 Age, 97 Accompanying Ceremonial,  97 Utilitarian Theories, 98 An Initiation Ceremony,  98 Anatomy of the Parts, 98 Precautions to Be Observed,  100 Danger of Mezizah, 100 Treatment of Wound, 101 Medical Advantages  of Circumcision, 101 Paraphimosis,  101 Age, 102 Ceremonies, 102 Circumstantial Evidence,  102 Circus, 103 Hellenists  and Herodians,  103 Rabbinical Opinions, 103 Ordinances Against Attendance, 103 Christian View,  104 Cisterns, 104 Cities of Refuge,  104 Citron, 104 Citron, Samuel  Löb, 104 City, 104 Water-  Works, 104 Streets and Gates,  105 Extent and Cultural Importance,  105 Changes in Names,  105 Ciudad Real, 105 Trade of Jews, 106 Persecution  in 1391, 106 Cividali, 106 Claar, Emil, 107 Classical Writers and  the Jews, 107 Claudius, 109 Claudius, Rutilius Namatianus,  109 Clava, Isaiah, 109 Clavering, Robert,  110 Clay, 110 Clean and  Unclean Animals, 110 Distinction Between  “ Clean” and  “ Un-clean”, 110 Theories of Distinction, 111 Quadrupeds,  111 Birds, 111 Fishes, 112 Insects, 112 Reasons for Distinction,  112 Cleanness and Uncleanness,  113 Cleif, Daniel Hayyim, 113 Clement XIV. ( Lorenzo Ganganelli),  113 Clementina or Pseudo- Clementine Literature, 114 Theological Teaching  of the Homilies, 114 Syzygies, 115 Judaism and Christianity,  115 Cleopatra, 116 Cleopatra of Jerusalem,  116 Clergy, 116 Clerical Errors,  116 Alterations in Deeds,  117 Contradictions and Erasures,  117 Clermont- Ferrand, 117 Early History,  117 Cleve, Germany,  118 Cleve, Elijah,  118 Cleveland, 118 First Settlements,  118 Charitable and Other Organizations,  119 Social Status, 120 Climation or Acclimatization,  120 Jews an Example, 120 Extremes of Temperature, 121 Suggested  Causes, 121 Clisson, 121 Cloak, 121 Cloud, 121 Cloud, Pillar  of, 123 Coal, 123 Coat, 124 Coat of Arms,  125 Sephardic Coats of Arms,  125 Coblence, Adolphe,  132 Coblenz, 133 Coblenz, Gerson  ben Isaac Moses, 133 Cobo, 134 Cocceius ( Koch),  Johannes, 134 Cochabi, Joseph  ben Abraham, 135 Cochin, 135 Earliest Mention—  the “ Sasanam”,  135 Traces Races  in Middle Ages, 135 Slaves, 136 Religious Observances,  136 Connection with Europe,  137 Social Conditions,  137 Literary Efforts,  137 Birth Rites, 137 Church Fathers, Avowed  Attacks on Jews Cochin, Birth RitesAac— Apo  | Apo— Ben | Ben— Cha | Cha— Dre | Dre— Goa  | God— Ist  | Ita— Leo  | Leo— Mor | Mor— Phi | Phi— Sam | Sam— Tal  | Tal— Zwe   P  a g   V  ie w Search  | F i n d  | H o m e | I n d e x   P  a g   V  ie w

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4


About Book The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4

INDEX to Vol. 4Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageLITERARY DIRECTORATEEDITORIAL BOARDAMERICAN BOARD OF CONSULTING EDITORSFOREIGN BOARD OF CONSULTING EDITORSSYSTEMS OF TRANSLITERATION AND OF CITATION OF PROPER NAMESLIST OF ABBREVIATIONSCONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME IVLIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN VOLUME IV
jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks monumental work which laid foundation scholarship america written more then contributors from over world—many considered founding “fathers” their respective disciplines—this massive volume remains unsurpassed many areas each volumes created craftsmen varda graphics look close original possible while allowing reader take advantage latest computer technology
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History of the Jews, Vol. 4: From the Rise of the Kabbala (1270 C.E.) to the Permanent Settlement of the Marranos in Holland (1618 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fourth volume covers the period from the rise of the Kabbala to the permanent settlement of the Marranos in Holland.

Mishnayoth


The International Critical Commentary (ICC): PROVERBS
... the crown belongs to Crawford H. Toy's voluminous interpretation of the book of Proverbs --Rudolf Smend, from Wisdom in Ancient Israel , Cambridge, 1997.

JPS Bible Commentary: Haftarot
The most recent addition to the JPS Bible Commentary series covers the varied selections from the Nevi'im that comprise the haftarot, chanted on Sabbaths and holy days in synagogues.

Khurbm: 1914–1922. Prelude to the Holocaust. The Beginning.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union and opening of Russian, Ukrainian, and Polish archives, the genocide of the Jewish people committed by the Russian Imperial Army during World War I is increasingly becoming a topic of books and scholarly research. The appreciation that this purposeful destruction was the prelude to the Holocaust is slowly but surely entering today's scholarship as well.

The Devil and the Jews: The Medieval Conception of the Jew and Its Relation to Modern Anti-Semitism
The medieval conception of the Jew as devil – literally and figuratively – is the subject of this classic work, first issued in 1943. The full dimension of the diabolization of the Jew is presented through document, analysis, and illustration. It is a chilling study but an exceedingly important one.

Two Portuguese Exiles in Castile: Dom David Negro and Dom Isaac Abravanel. Hispania Judaica, v. 10
The book contains more than 30 documents related to Portuguese Jewry in general and David Negro and Isaac Abravanel in particular.

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the “Geschichte der Juden,” the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 3: From the Accession of Nicholas II until 1916. Bibliography and Index.
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The third and concluding volume deals with the reign of Nicholas II., the last of the Romanovs, and also contains the bibliographical apparatus, the maps, the index, and other supplementary material.

Studies in Jewish Education V: Teaching Classical Jewish Texts
This volume is dedicated to issues arising in the process of teaching classical Jewish texts.

Selected Poems of Jehudah Halevi
The gift of song, cherished and tended as it was by the Spanish Jews of the Middle Ages, reached its highest development in the poems of Jehudah Halevi. His love poems are made of dew and fire. But in his poems to Zion there is no such combination of a poet's ordinary artifices. It is his soul that is the instrument—and on his heartstrings is played the song of Israel's hope.

THE BIBLICAL ACCOUNT OF THE CONQUEST OF CANAAN


Tractate Sanhedrin: Commentary and Study Guide
SANHEDRIN (“ Court”): Name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmudim. It stands fourth in the order Nezikin in most editions, and is divided into eleven chapters containing seventy-one paragraphs in all. It treats chiefly of courts and their powers, of qualifications for the office of judge, and of legal procedure and criminal law.

Maimonides
The first of a series of books dealing with “Jewish Worthies,” this volume presents the biography of, perhaps, the most famous Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages with special regard to the general history of the period at which he lived.

The End of Time
A stunning departure from the polemics and social criticism that have made Horowitz one of our most controversial public intellectuals, The End of Time is a wide ranging, unflinching and lyrical meditation on subjects ranging from what parents inadvertently teach us in their deaths, to the forbidding reality of the cancer ward and the way in which figures like Mohammed Atta use death to become gods of their own mad creation.

Mekhilta de-Rabbi Ishmael (3 vols.)
An electronic edition of JPS's original 3-volume set, based on manuscript and early editions.

Tractate Sanhedrin: Commentary and Study Guide
SANHEDRIN (“ Court”): Name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmudim. It stands fourth in the order Nezikin in most editions, and is divided into eleven chapters containing seventy-one paragraphs in all. It treats chiefly of courts and their powers, of qualifications for the office of judge, and of legal procedure and criminal law.

The Jews of Santa Coloma de Queralt. Hispania Judaica, v. 6
A reconstruction of the Jewish life in a small community, on the basis of notary acts found in local archives.

The Jewish Encyclopedia, Index Volume
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Labor, Crafts and Commerce in Ancient Israel
Extensive collection of anecdotal evidence relating to labor, crafts, and trade as thought of and practiced by Sages of the Second Temple and early exilic period.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 11
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew
Renewing the Covenant presents the first systematic statement of theology since Abraham J. Heschel set forth his distinctive, comprehensive philosophy of Judaism. This unique book will long be discussed by thoughtful readers.

A Treatise on the use of the Tenses in Hebrew
If you work with the Hebrew verbal system, this is a book you *must* have read.

The Conversos of Majorca. Hispania Judaica, v. 5
Life and death in a crypto-Jewish community of Conversos of XVII century Majorca.

The Shema: Spirituality and Law in Judaism
The Shema has been described as the central watchword of Jewish faith. The book represents an extensive commentary on the words of the Shema, drawing upon the wide range of traditional sources and the author's own reflections.

BOOKS OF KINGS


History of the Jewish People
... a single volume (containing) the multitude of details of nearly 40 centuries of Jewish history (provided) with conciseness, clarity, and completeness. . . entire work is informed by a broad philosophic grasp of the subject, a rare balance and objectivity of treatment, and a warm love for the Jewish people and its heritage. Robert Gordis Encyclopaedia Judaica

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part II): from Noah to Abraham
By extending his method of exegesis in this volume to another section of the Torah, Cassuto indirectly buttressed his theories with new evidence of the inherent rightness of his approach.

Amulets and Magic Bowls: Aramaic Incantations of the Late Antiquity
The book contains the texts of all the legible amulets in Aramaic known today as well as 13 unpublished till now bowls. Their study allows us to peak into the religious feelings and practices of common people in the Talmudic period. The book contains a wealth of new material for the history of magic in the Middle East.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol.II.
The second volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Volume 8, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Jewish Post-Biblical History through Great Personalities: From Jochanan ben Zakkai Through Moses Mendelssohn
In this book the effort has been to select from the pages of post-Biblical Jewish history the outstanding personalities, to present the life and work of each in such a way as to illustrate the spirit of Judaism in his time, and, in doing this, to analyze and systematize the complex and abstract subject matter so that it may offer the fewest difficulties to the pupil's mind.

Volume 9, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 6
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 11
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.3
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JPS Torah Commentary: Numbers
Commentary on the Torah' forth book by one of the most insteresting modern Jewish thinkers.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 4
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The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Jobs (in 2 volumes)
Electronic edition of the massive commentary on the Book of Job.

Spanish-Portuguese Synagogue Music


Aspects of the Jewish Economic History
A survey of the far-ranging Jewish contribution to economic progress of the Western world.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): NUMBERS
A major work of interpretation, which served--according to Baruch Levin's own words--as “anchor and compass” for his Anchor Bible commentary on Numbers.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Judges
The commentary, which pays a close attention to early history of social and religious life of Israel.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
Few books oner such a variety of interest or embrace material of such deep significance as Ezra and Nehemiah do. The teaching of these books is of especial value in reference to the faithfulness of the divine promise, the discipline of disappointment, the hallowing of common life, and the preparation for the messianic age.

Hebrew Ethical Wills
This volume includes specimens which, either as complete texts or as extracts, are representative of the type of literature known as Ethical Wills. The testaments give an intimate insight into the personal religion of Jews and Jewish experience through many centuries.

Studies in Jewish Education X: In Search of Jewish Paideia : Directions in the Philosophy of the Jewish Education
The 10th volume of Studies in Jewish Education reflects the commitment of the Hebrew University in general, and of the Melton Centre in particular, to reflection and research on issues pertaining to Jewish education. The essays and articles appearing in this volume represent the summary of a conference held in honor of Prof. Michael Rosenak on the occasion of his retirement after 33 years of research and teaching at the Melton Centre.

Art in Ancient Palestine
The books deals with various aspects of art in ancient Palestine: conquest of the East by Hellenism, Leda sarcophagus, general problems of reconstruction of the past through archaelogy.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 9
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History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (1825–1894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).