The Jewish Community: Its History and...

The second volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

MEMBERSHIP AND ELECTIONS 5 Austrian government, by limiting in 1726 the total number of Jewish families tolerated in Moravia to 5,106, made it impossible for Moravian Jews to marry and establish new families in excess of the quota. Supervision of the quota was largely in the hands of the Jewish communal organs, which were thus indirectly under a severe restraint in ad-mitting new members. When the city of Frankfort, in its new constitution of 1824, restricted the number of Jewish marriages to twenty- four annually, the community was forced to introduce long waiting periods. A citizen of the distinction of Abraham Geiger had, mainly for this reason, to delay his marriage to Emilie Oppenheim for seven years. Similarly, as we have seen, the Jewish diet in Cassel had to pass judgment on each new Schutzbrief, or right of residence. The newly admitted members had to take an oath of fidelity to the Landgraf, which included a pledge that they would not be instrumental in bringing any other Jews into the country. Except where barred by such government regulations, however, sons usually had the communal status of fathers, as wives did of husbands. 1 Much more complicated were regulations concerning new arrivals. Taking a clue from the Babylonian Talmud which tried to protect native artisans against outside competition, medieval rabbis developed the herem ha- yishub ( ban of settlement), whereby the community was free to admit or refuse admission to newcomers and, thereby, to grant or bar residence in the locality. This regulation, ascribed to Gershom, “ the Light of the Exile,” who thus narrowed down the somewhat equivocal talmudic prescription, was subject to varying interpretation. Rashi, following his Rhenish teachers who were Gershom’s disciples, seems to have con-sidered it binding talmudic law, requiring a formal court   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C For use on stand- alone, non- institutional computers only. To purchase Scholar PDF version with advanced functionality, go to www. publishersrow. com

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol.II.


About Book The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol.II.

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