The Jewish Community: Its History and...

This is the first volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

CHAPTER I QUEST FOR NEW FORMS EWISH community” has become an equivocal concept. It embodies the wide variety of meanings generally attached in sociological and juristic literature to the termcommunity. 1  The complexity of connotations has moreover been increased by uncertainties associated with the adjec-tive “ Jewish.” To the controversy of the recent decades con-cerning the primacy of the religious or national element in the Jewish people have been added the effects of Nazi policy, which includes in the Jewish community all “ racial” Jews, i. e. persons whose “ blood” is at least one- quarter Jewish. While both religious and nationalist Jews have always agreed as to the meaning of the Jewish community of de-scent, destiny and culture, they have also insisted on the preponderance of a subjective criterion, i. e. voluntary alle-giance of an individual whether to his religious denomina-tion or to his ethnic group. According to the Nazi doctrine, however, subjectivity is entirely eliminated, and member-ship in the Jewish community is immutable and wholly independent of individual will. Even persons born and bred in the Christian religion, who throughout their life partici-pated in some European national culture without ever hav-ing known that they had Jewish parentage, become, imme-diately upon discovery of such parentage, members of the Jewish community. 3 J“   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C For use on stand- alone, non- institutional computers only. To purchase Scholar PDF version with advanced functionality, go to www. publishersrow. com

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. I.


About Book The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. I.

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jewish community history structure american revolution page https publishersrow histo ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks this first volume work that centered european middle ages early modern times author offers comprehensive historical sociological analysis communal evolution during emancipation
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