The Jewish Community: Its History and...

This is the third and final volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

9 wonder that lesser scholars followed, often uncritically, the lead of Meyer and Weber. It seems to the present author, however, that they overlooked a few fundamental factors, such as the exceptionally small size of most Palestinian townships, their predominantly agricultural character, their political and economic self- sufficiency and their local popular assemblies. 9 I Sam. 11.15; II Sam. 5.3; I Kings 12.6; 20.7– 8; II Kings 12.17; 21.24; 23.1– 2, 30. Two of these passages ( I Kings 20.7– 8; II Kings 23.1) refer to elders and people working in unison. 10 Baron in Abhandlungen Chajes, pp. 91 ff. 11 Since the absorption of the Canaanites had not been completed under Solomon, his recorded census of the gerim and their total of 153,600 ( II Chron. 2.17) may well be historical. The gerim would thus amount to about 10 percent of the total Israelitic population according to the chronicler’s version of the results of David’s census ( I Chron. 21.5), which is a likely proportion. 12 Ludwig Köhler,  “ Die hebräische Rechtsgemeinde,” Bericht der Uni-versität Zürich, 1930– 31, pp. 3– 23. Cf. also Abram Menes, “ Prophets and Popular Assembly” ( Yiddish), Yivo Bleter, IX ( 1936), 199– 317. 13 Deut. 13.6; 17.7– 8; Isa. 10.1 ff.; Jer. 8.8. Cf. Abram Menes, Die vorexilischen Gesetze Israels, pp. 88 ff. 14 Deut. 4.1 ff; 8.10; 26.3 ff.; 31.10– 12; II Kings 19.4 ff.; 20.2; Jer. 10.23 ff.; 11.14; 12.1; 14.7. Louis Finkelstein, elaborating a theory ad-vanced by Leopold Löw, has made seem plausible certain pre- exilic ante-cedents of the synagogue. He has shown that already under the long reign of Menasseh the pious men of Jerusalem could not possibly parti-cipate in the idolatrous worship at the Temple with its “ graven image of the grove” ( II Kings 21.7), but had to resort to private conventicles whose main feature was prayers. Cf. his “ Origin of the Synagogue,” Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research, I ( 1928– 30), 49– 59; and his Pharisees, II, 562 ff. Julius Wellhausen, too, has keenly sensed the connection between the bamah and the synagogue but, due to his general tendency to postdate biblical developments, sought it in the Restoration period. Cf. his Israelitische und jüdische Geschichte, 4th ed., pp. 196 f. The resumption of worship by pious homecoming groups at desecrated shrines appears unlikely, however, unless we postulate its continuation, in a non- sacrificial manner, by the Judeans who had been left behind. The evidence, even in this case, appears very dubious. Cf. I, 53 NOTES: II. PALESTINIAN MUNICIPALITY   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C  | I n d e x For use on stand- alone, non- institutional computers only. To purchase Scholar PDF version with advanced functionality, go to www. publishersrow. com

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.


About Book The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PagePrefaceContentsAbbreviations PageNOTESVolume Oneto Chapter I. Quest for New Forms.to Chapter II. The Palestinian Municipality.to Chapter III. Synagogue.to Chapter IV. Graeco-Roman Association.to Chapter V. Talmudic Consolidation.to Chapter VI. Protected Community.to Chapter VII. European Corporation.to Chapter VIII. Supercommunity.to Chapter IX. Local Society.Volume Twoto Chapter X. Membership and Elections.to Chapter XI. Lay and Ecclesiastical Officers.to Chapter XII. Religious Guidance.to Chapter XIII. Education and Public Enlightenment.to Chapter XIV. Law Enforcement.to Chapter XV. Public Finance.to Chapter XVI. Social Welfare.to Chapter XVII. Crucible of Capitalism and Enlightenment.BIBLIOGRAPHYINDEX
jewish community history structure american revolution page https publishersrow histo ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks this third final volume work that centered european middle ages early modern times author offers comprehensive historical sociological analysis communal evolution during emancipation
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