The International Critical Commentary (ICC):...

An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

The International Critical Commentary on the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments. Planned and for Years Edited by The Late Rev. Professor SAMUEL ROLLES DRIVER, D. D., D. Litt. The Rev. ALFRED PLUMMER, M. A., D. D. The Late Rev. Professor CHARLES AUGUSTUS BRIGGS, D. D., D. Litt.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS


About Book The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS

Front MatterDedication PageTitle PageCopyright PagePREFACE TO FIRST EDITIONCONTENTSList of AbbreviationsIntroduction§ 1. Name, Canonical Position, and General Scope of the BookA. The Narrative Material of Genesis.§ 2. History or Legend?.§ 3. Myth and Legend—Foreign Myths—Types of Mythical Motive§ 4. Style and Form of the Legends—Prose or Poetry?§ 5. Preservation and Collection of the Legends§ 6. Historical Aspects of the Tradition1. The historical background of the patriarchal traditions.2. Ethnographic theories.3. The patriarchs as historical figures.B. Structure and Composition of the Book.§ 7. The Critical Analysis§ 8. Composite Structure of J and E—Individuals or Schools?§ 9. Characteristics of J and E—their Relation to Prophecy§ 10. Date and Place of Origin—Redaction of JE§ 11. The Priestly Code and the Final Redaction1. Historical outlook.2. Religious and theological conceptions.3. Literary style and phraseology.§ 12. Plan and Divisions of the BookCommentaryCHS. I–XI - THE PRIMÆVAL HISTORY.I. 1–II. 3.—Creation of the World in Six Days: Institution of the Sabbath.I.1.I.2. Description of Chaos.I.3–5. First work: Creation of light.I.6–8. Second work: The firmament.I.9, I.10. Third work: Dry land and sea.I.11–13. Fourth work: Creation of plants.I.14–19. Fifth work: The heavenly luminaries.I.20–23. Sixth work: Aquatic and aërial animals.I.24, 25. Seventh work: Terrestrial animals.I.26–28. Eighth work: Creation of man.I.29–31.II. 1–3. The rest of God.II.4a.II. 4b–III. 24.—The Creation and Fall of Man (J).II.4b–7.—The creation of man.II.8–17. The garden of Eden.II.18–25. Creation of animals and woman.III. 1–7. The temptation.III.8–13. The inquest.III.14, 15. The curse on the serpentIII.16. The doom of the woman:III.17–19. The man's sentence.III.20–24. The expulsion from Eden.III.22–24. The actual expulsion.Ch. IV.—Beginnings of History and Civilisation.IV. 1–16.—Cain and Abel.1–5. Birth of Cain and Abel: their occupation, and sacrifice.6–12. Warning, murder, and sentence.13–16. Mitigation of Cain's punishment.IV. 17–24.—The line of Cain.17. Enoch and the building of the first city.19. The two wives of Lamech.20–22. The sons of Lamech and their occupations.23, 24. The song of Lamech.IV. 25, 26.—Fragmentary Sethite Genealogy.Ch. V.—The Ante-Diluvian Patriarchs (P).1, 2.—Introduction:3–5. Adam.6–8. Šeth21–24. The account of Enoch25–27. Methuselah.32. The abnormal age of NoahVI. 1–4.—The Origin of the Nôphîlîm.3. A divine sentence on the human race,4. The Nephîlîm were (or arose) in the earth in those days]VI. 5–IX. 29.—Noah and the Flood.The Flood according to J.VI. 5–8. The occasion of the Flood:VII. 1–5. Announcement of the Flood.VII.7–10, 12, 16b, 17b, 22, 23.—Entrance into the ark and description of the Flood.VIII. (1b?), 2b, 3a, (4?), 6–12, 13b. Subsidence of the waters.VIII.20–22. Noah's sacrifice.The Flood according to P.VI. 9–12. Noah's piety; The corruption of the earth.VI.13–16. Directions for building the ark.VI.17–22. The purpose of the ark.VII. 6, 11, 13–17a. Commencement of the Flood.VII.18–21, 24. Magnitude and effect of the Flood.VIII. 1, 2a, 3b–5, 13a, 14. Abatement of the Flood.VIII.15–19. Exit from the ark: blessing on the animals.IX. 1–7. The new world-order.IX.8–17. The Covenant and its Sign.IX.28, 29. The death of Noah.IX. 18–27.—Noah as Vine-grower: His Curse and Blessing (J).CH. X.—The Table of Peoples (P and J).The Table of P.1a. Superscription.2–5. The Japhetic or Northern Peoples:6, 7, 20. The Hamitic or Southern Group:22, 23, 31. The Shemitic or Eastern Group.The Table of J.IX. 18a, X. 1b. Introduction.8–12. Nimrod and his empire.13, 14.—The sons of Mizraim.15–19. The Canaanites.21, 24, 25–30. The Shemites.XI. 1–9.—The Tower of Babel (J).1–4. The Building of the City and the Tower.5–9. Yahwe's Interposition.XI. 10–26.—The Genealogy of Shem (P).XI. 27–32.—The Genealogy of Terah (P and J).CHS. XII–XXV.18 - THE PATRIARCHAL HISTORY. ABRAHAM.Chs. XII, XIII.—The migrations of Abram (J and P).XII. 1–8. The journey to Canaan and the promise of the Land.XII. 9–XIII. 1.—Abram in Egypt.XIII.2–18. Separation of Abram and Lot.Ch. XIV.—Abram's Victory over Four Kings.1–4. The revolt of the five kings.5–7. The preliminary campaign.8–12. The final battle, and capture of Lot.13–16. Abram's pursuit and victory.17, 18–20. Abram and Melkizedek.17, 21–24. Abram and the king of Sodom.Ch. XV.—God's Covenant with Abram (JE).1–6. The promise of an heir (J), and a numerous posterity (E).7–21. The covenant.Ch. XVI.—The Flight of Hagar and Birth of Ishmael (J and P).1–6. The flight of Hagar.7–14. The theophany at the well.Ch. XVII.—The Covenant of Circumcision (P).1–8. The Covenant-promises.9–14. The sign of the Covenant.15–22. The heir of the Covenant.23–27. Circumcision of Abraham's household.Ch. XVIII. The Theophany at Hebron: Abraham's Intercession for Sodom (J). .1–8. The entertainment of the three wayfarers.9–15. The promise of a son to Sarah.16–22a. The judgement of Sodom revealed.22b–33. Abraham's intercession.XIX. 1–29.—The Destruction of Sodom and Deliverance of Lot (J and P).1–3. Lot's hospitality.4–11. The assault of the Sodomites.12–16. The deliverance of Lot.17–22. The sparing of Zoar.23–28. The catastrophe.XIX. 30–38.—Lot and his Daughters (J).Ch. XX.— Abraham and Sarah at the Court of Gerar Abraham and Sarah at the Court of Gerar (E).1, 2. Introductory notice.3–7. Abimelech's dream.8–13. Abimelech and Abraham.14–18. Abimelech makes reparation to Abraham.XXI. 1–21.—Birth of Isaac and Expulsion of Ishmael1–7. The birth of Isaac.8–10. Sarah demands the ejection of Ishmael.11–13. Abraham's misgivings removed.14–16. Mother and child in the desert.17–19. The Divine succour20, 21. Ishmael's career.XXI. 22–34.—Abraham's Covenant with Abimelech (E and J).Ch. XXII. 1–19.—The Sacrifice of Isaac (E and R.JE ).1–8. Abraham's willing preparation for the sacrifice. —9–14. The sacrifice averted.15–19. Renewal of the promises: Conclusion.XXII. 20–24.—The Sons of Nahôr (J, R).Ch. XXIII. Purchase of the Cave of Machpelah (P).1, 2. The death of Sarah.3–7. The request for a burying-place.8–12. The appeal to >Ephrôn.13–16. The purchase of the field.17–20. Summary and conclusion.Ch. XXIV.—Procuring a Wife for Isaac (J, [E?]).1–9. The servant's commission10–14. The servant at the well.15–27. The servant and Rebekah.28–32. Laban's hospitality33–49. The servant's narrative.50–61. Departure of Rebekah, with the consent and blessing of her relatives.62–67. The home-bringing of Rebekah.XXV. 1–6.—The Sons of Keturah (J? R?).XXV. 7–11.—The Death and Burial of Abraham (P).XXV. 12–18.—The Genealogy and Death of Ishmael (P).CHS. XXV. 19–XXXVI. - THE HISTORY OF JACOBXXV. 19–34.—The Birth of Esau and Jacob, and the Transference of the Birthright (P, JE).19, 20. Isaac's marriage.21–23. The pre-natal oracle.24–26. Birth and naming of the twins.27, 28. Their manner of life.29–34. Esau parts with the birthright.Ch. XXVI.—Isaac and the Philistines (J, R, P).1–6. Isaac migrates to Gerar.7–11. Rebekah's honour compromised.12–16.—Isaac's successful husbandry.17–22. Isaac's wells.23–25. The theophany at Beersheba.26–33. The treaty with Abimelech.34, 35. Esau's Hittite wivesXXVII. 1–45.—How Jacob secured his Father's Blessing (JE).1–5. Isaac's purpose to bless Esau:6–17. Rebekah's stratagem.18–29. Jacob obtains the blessing.30–40. Esau sues in vain for a blessing.41–45. Esau's purpose of revenge.XXVII. 46–XXVIII. 9.—Isaac's Charge to Jacob (P).XXVIII. 10–22.— Jacob at Bethel Jacob at Bethel (JE).10–12 (E). Jacob's dream.13–16 (J). The promise.17–19. Consecration and naming of the place.20–22 (E). Jacob's vow.XXIX. 1–30.— Jacob's Marriage with Laban's Daughters Jacob's Marriage with Laban's Daughters (JE, P).1–14. Jacob's meeting with Rachel.15–30. Jacob's double marriage.XXIX. 31–XXX. 24.—The Birth of Jacob's Children (JE).31–35. The sons of Leah.XXX. 1–8. Rachel's adopted sons.9–13. Leah's adopted sons.14–24. The later children.XXX. 25–43.— Jacob enriched at Laban's Expense Jacob enriched at Laban's Expense (JE).25–31. Jacob proposes to provide for his own house.32–36. The new contract.37–43. Jacob's stratagem.XXXI. 1–XXXII. 1.—Jacob's Flight from Laban: their friendly Parting (J, E).1–16. Preparations for flight.17–25. The flight and pursuit.26–43. The altercation.44–54. The treaty of Gilead.XXXII. 2–33.—Jacob's Measures for propitiating Esau: His Wrestling with the Deity at Peniel (J, E).2, 3. The legend of Mahhanaim.4–14a. Jacob's precautionary measures (J).14b-22. The present for Esau23–33. The wrestling at Peniel (JE).Ch. XXXIII.—The Meeting of the Brothers: Jacob's March to Shechem (JE, P)1–7. The meeting.8–11. The present.12–17. The parting.18–20. Jacob at Shechem.Ch. XXXIV.—The Outrage on Dinah.1–12. Dinah is seduced by Shechem, and afterwards sought in marriage.13–17. The answer.18–24. The condition accepted.25–31. The vengeance of the Hebrews.Ch. XXXV.— Jacob in Canaan Jacob in Canaan (E, J, P).1–8 + 14. Bethel re-visited: the death of Deborah.9, 10. Jacob's name changed (P).6a, 11–13, 15. The blessing transmitted to Jacob:16–20. Rachel dies in child-birth (E).21, 22a. Reuben's incest (J).22b–26. A list of Jacob's sons (P).27–29. The death of Isaac (P).Ch. XXXVI. Edomite Genealogies, etc. (partly P).1–5. Esau's wives and sons.6–8. Esau's migration to Se>ir.9–14. The genealogy of Esau.15–19. The clan-chiefs of Edom.20–30. Horite genealogies.31–39. The kings of Edom.40–43. The chiefs of Esau.CHS. XXXVII–L. JOSEPH AND HIS BRETHREN .Ch. XXXVII.—How Joseph was lost to his Father through his Brethren's Hatred and Treachery (P, JE).1–11. The alienation between Joseph and his brethren.12–17. Jacob sends Joseph to inquire after his brethren.18–30. The plot to murder Joseph frustrated by Reuben (E), or Judah (J).31–36. The deceiving of Jacob.Ch. XXXVIII.—Judah and Tamar (J).1–5. Judah founds a separate family at Adullam.6–11. Tamar's wrong.12–19. Tamar's daring stratagem.20–23. Judah fails to recover his pledge.24–26. The vindication of Tamar.27–30. Birth of Perez and Zerah.Ch. XXXIX.—Joseph is cast into Prison (J).1–6. Joseph becomes the controller of an Egyptian estate.7–20. Joseph tempted by his master's wife.21–23. Joseph in prison.Ch. XL.— Joseph proves his Gift of interpreting Dreams Joseph proves his Gift of interpreting Dreams (E).1–8. Pharaoh's officers in disgrace: their dreams.9–19. The dreams interpreted.20–23. The dreams fulfilled.Ch. XLI. Joseph becomes Viceroy of Egypt (JE, P).1–8. Pharaoh's dreams.9–14. Joseph summoned to interpret the dreams.15–24. Pharaoh's recital of his dreams.25–32. The interpretation.33–36. Joseph's advice to Pharaoh.37–46. Joseph's elevation.47–57.—Joseph's measures for relief of the famine.Ch. XLII.—Joseph's Brethren come to Egypt to buy Food (E, J)1–4. The journey to Egypt.5–17. The arrival in Egypt, and first interview with Joseph.18–26. The second interview.26–38. The return to Canaan.Chs. XLIII. XLIV.—The second Visit to Egypt (J).1–14. The journey resolved on.15–25. In Joseph's house.26–34. At Joseph's table.XLIV. 1–17. The cup in Benjamin's sack.18–34. Judah's plea for Benjamin.Ch. XLV.—Joseph reveals himself to his Brethren (E, J).1–8. The disclosure.9–15. Joseph's message to his father.16–20. Pharaoh's invitation.21–28. The brethren return to Canaan.XLVI. 1–XLVII. 12.—The Settlement of Jacob and his Family in Egypt (J, E, P). expresses only1–7. Jacob bids farewell to Canaan.8–27. A list of Jacob's immediate descendants.28–30. The meeting of Jacob and Joseph.XLVI. 31–XLVII. 12.— Joseph obtains Pharaoh's Joseph obtains Pharaoh's permission for his brethren to settle in Goshen.XLVII. 13–27.—Joseph's Agrarian Policy (J?).XLVII. 28–XLVIII. 22.—Jacob's last Interview with Joseph (J, E, P).28–31. Joseph promises to bury Jacob in Canaan.XLVIII. Adoption and blessing of Joseph's two sons.1, 2. The introduction3–6. P's brief account of the adoption of Ephraim and Manasseh.7. The presence of Joseph8, 9. E's narrative is resumed.10a, 13, 14 (J).15, 16. The Blessing (E).17–19. Continuing 14 (J).20. The clause21, 22. Closing words to Joseph (E).XLIX. 1–28a.—The Blessing of Jacob.1, 2. Introduction.3, 4. Reuben.5–7. Simeon and Levi.8–12. Judah.13–15. Zebulun and Issachar.16–21. Dan, Gad, Asher, and Naphtali.22–26. Joseph.27. Benjamin.XLIX. 28b–L. 26.—The Death and Burial of Jacob; and the Death of Joseph (P, J, E).28b–33. Jacob's charge to his sons.L. 1–14. The burial of Jacob.15–21. Joseph removes his brethren's fears.22–26. Joseph's old age and death.Extended NotesThe Divine Image in ManThe Hebrew and Babylonian SabbathBabylonian and other CosmogoniesThe Site of EdenThe ‘Protevangelium'.The CherubimOrigin and Significance of the Paradise LegendOrigin of the Cain LegendThe Cainite GenealogyThe Chronology of Ch. 5, etc.The Deluge Tradition.Noah's Curse and Blessing.The Babel LegendChronology of 11.10 ff.Historic Value of Ch. 14CircumcisionThe Covenant-Idea in PDestruction of the Cities of the PlainThe Sacrifice of IsaacThe Treaty of Gilead and its Historical SettingThe Legend of PenielThe Sack of ShechemThe Edomite GenealogiesThe Degradation of ReubenThe Fate of Simeon and LeviThe “Shiloh” Prophecy of 49.10The Zodiacal Theory of the Twelve TribesIndexI. EnglishII. Hebrew
international critical commentary genesis page https publishersrow ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks electronic edition skinner work
eBookshuk Books

The Jewish Encyclopedia, Index Volume
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Dona Gracia of the House of Nasi
The noted historian Cecil Roth presents the first full-length biography of Dona Gracia in the English language. Banker, diplomat, philanthropist, defender of her people and promoter of its culture, she was revered by her sixteenth-century contemporaries and earned the highest esteem among Jewish historians in succeeding generations.

Aspects of the Jewish Economic History
A survey of the far-ranging Jewish contribution to economic progress of the Western world.

Volume 9, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The Battle for Jerusalem: June 5-7,1967
Enhanced by fascinating photographs and an epilogue tracing the subsequent lives and military careers of the key participants, Rabinovich's gripping narrative brings the reader to the scene of this brilliant military victory and emotional reunion of a people with their sacred city.

The Return of Anti-Semitism
An anti-Semitic contamination is now world-wide. This sad truth is brilliantly evoked in Gabriel Schoenfeld's important study. Necessary reading. --Elie Wiesel

Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 9
qwer

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

eLuach
asdfasdf

The Shema: Spirituality and Law in Judaism
The Shema has been described as the central watchword of Jewish faith. The book represents an extensive commentary on the words of the Shema, drawing upon the wide range of traditional sources and the author's own reflections.

The Bunker
The book tells a story of seven Jews who succeeded in escaping the massacre of Jews that followed the Warsaw uprising in 1944. From about September 1944 until January 1945 the author lived with six others in a bunker under inconceivable conditions. Yet they survived. How they managed this is told in The Bunker.

Studies in Jewish Education IX: Understanding the Bible in Our Time
The ninth volume of Studies in Jewish Education examines issues relating to Biblical research and instruction.

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

Jewish Cooking Around the World: Gourmet and Holiday Recipes
The book presents a variety of recipes from foreign countries and recipes for the Sabbath and festivals, all complying with the Jewish dietary laws. Every recipe has been tested by the author.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Isaiah I-XXVII
In religion, as elsewhere, great personalities count first, and it is the privilege of a student of the Book of Isaiah to come face to face with one, if not two, such personalities...

Tractate Pesachim: Commentary and Study Guide
Master a Mesikta Series is probably the most advanced commentary and study guide to Talmud available in English. By providing background material, outlining the contents of the Talmud and its commentaries, explaining the sequence of the Talmud,offering overviews of the topics discussed and clarifying the aggadic literature and its interaction with the legal discussions, this series enables the student to focus on the unity of the tractate, and serves as an aid in helping him in its master

Medieval Ketubot from Sefarad, Hispania Judaica v. 11
A careful examination of legal and historic aspects of 30 ketubots from various medieval Hispanic kingdoms; includes their comparison.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Studies in Jewish Education XI: Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education
Languages and Literatures in Jewish Education is dedicated to Prof. Michael Rosenak, the founder of the discipline of the Philosophy of Jewish Education.

The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

Rabad of Posquieres: A Twelfth-Century Talmudist
This biographical treatise captures the personality of Rabbad of Posquieres or Rabbi Abraham ben David – one of the most creative talmudic scholars of the twelfth century, chronicles his role in the intellectual history of the Jews in southern France during the twelfth century, and outlines his influence on subsequent generations.

Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety
Original and interesting study of the meaning of piety amoung observant Jews of the late Second Temple period.

Jewish Pioneers and Patriots
In Jewish Pioneers and Patriots, Lee M. Friedman has unearthed an amazing store of fresh information about the connections of the Jews with America from the times even before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth down to the first World War.

Violence and Defense in the Jewish Experience
Violence has always existed, and the Jews have been its victims for thousands of years in all parts of the world and in all periods of history. The book presents the fruits of the colloquium on Violence and Defense in Jewish History held in Tel-Aviv in 1974.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 3
wert

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

Literary Studies In The Hebrew Bible Form And Content
This volume focuses on some major issues in biblical research. In the studies collected in this volume, the author aims at highlighting salient literary modes which can be identified the books of the Hebrew Bible.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Psalms (in 2 volumes)
asdf

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.

History of the Jews, Vol. 4: From the Rise of the Kabbala (1270 C.E.) to the Permanent Settlement of the Marranos in Holland (1618 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fourth volume covers the period from the rise of the Kabbala to the permanent settlement of the Marranos in Holland.

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.

Palestine in the 18th Century


Volume 3, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Jewish Life In The Middle Ages
A sweeping view of Jewish historical and cultural experience. Written in the end of the 19th century by an extremly astute historian and a storyteller, this volume will assist readers in better understanding the position of Jews in today's world as well.

Hebrew-English Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This is a Study Edition of the traditional Masoretic text placed next to the classic word-for-word Jewish translation by JPS; it features the most authoritative Hebrew text - based on the Leningrad Codex - complete with cantillation marks, vocalization and verse numbers.

History of the Jews, Vol. 6: A Memoir of the Author by Dr. Philipp Bloch, A Chronological Table of Jewish History, An Index to the Whole Work, and Four Maps
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The sixth volume contains a memoir of the author by Dr. Philipp Bloch, a chronological table of Jewish history, an index to the whole work, and four maps.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS
An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

Historisch-kritisches Lehrgebäude der hebräischen Sprache (in drei Bänden)
This is the largest compilation of grammatical material for Hebrew Bible.

The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

Does God Belong in the Bedroom?
In Does God Belong in the Bedroom? Rabbi Michael Gold turns to the Torah, the wisdom of the rabbis of the Talmud, the Midrash, and other classic Jewish sources. More than a study of texts, the book presents readers with a frank and honest approach to sexual ethics.

Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition
Interactive edition of one of the most important Biblical Hebrew grammar ever published in English.

Studies in History (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXIII)
This anthology contains such articles as The Holy Congregation in Jerusalem by S. Safrai, Persecutions and Maryrdom in Hadrian's Days by M. D. Herr, The Imperial Court-Jew Wolf Werthheimer as Dimlomatic Mediator by B. Mevorah, To whom did Mendelssohn Reply in his Jerusalem , by Jacob Katz, Caesar: An Economic Biography and its Political Significance by I. Shatzman and others.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (Electronic Edition in 12 v. plus index, il)
Electronic edition of the most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 7
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

JPS Bible Commentary: Haftarot
The most recent addition to the JPS Bible Commentary series covers the varied selections from the Nevi'im that comprise the haftarot, chanted on Sabbaths and holy days in synagogues.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 11
qerer

Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 2
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The Anti-Chomsky Reader
Provocative essays that analyze Noam Chomsky's intellectual and political career: coverage includes Chomsky's contribution to linguistics, his hatred of Israel, gloating reaction to the September 11 attacks, as well as his collaboration with Holocaust revisionists, apologies Pol Pot, and others.