The International Critical Commentary (ICC):...

An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

The International Critical Commentary on the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments. Planned and for Years Edited by The Late Rev. Professor SAMUEL ROLLES DRIVER, D. D., D. Litt. The Rev. ALFRED PLUMMER, M. A., D. D. The Late Rev. Professor CHARLES AUGUSTUS BRIGGS, D. D., D. Litt.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS


About Book The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS

Front MatterDedication PageTitle PageCopyright PagePREFACE TO FIRST EDITIONCONTENTSList of AbbreviationsIntroduction 1. Name, Canonical Position, and General Scope of the BookA. The Narrative Material of Genesis. 2. History or Legend?. 3. Myth and LegendForeign MythsTypes of Mythical Motive 4. Style and Form of the LegendsProse or Poetry? 5. Preservation and Collection of the Legends 6. Historical Aspects of the Tradition1. The historical background of the patriarchal traditions.2. Ethnographic theories.3. The patriarchs as historical figures.B. Structure and Composition of the Book. 7. The Critical Analysis 8. Composite Structure of J and EIndividuals or Schools? 9. Characteristics of J and Etheir Relation to Prophecy 10. Date and Place of OriginRedaction of JE 11. The Priestly Code and the Final Redaction1. Historical outlook.2. Religious and theological conceptions.3. Literary style and phraseology. 12. Plan and Divisions of the BookCommentaryCHS. IXI - THE PRIMVAL HISTORY.I. 1II. 3.Creation of the World in Six Days: Institution of the Sabbath.I.1.I.2. Description of Chaos.I.35. First work: Creation of light.I.68. Second work: The firmament.I.9, I.10. Third work: Dry land and sea.I.1113. Fourth work: Creation of plants.I.1419. Fifth work: The heavenly luminaries.I.2023. Sixth work: Aquatic and arial animals.I.24, 25. Seventh work: Terrestrial animals.I.2628. Eighth work: Creation of man.I.2931.II. 13. The rest of God.II.4a.II. 4bIII. 24.The Creation and Fall of Man (J).II.4b7.The creation of man.II.817. The garden of Eden.II.1825. Creation of animals and woman.III. 17. The temptation.III.813. The inquest.III.14, 15. The curse on the serpentIII.16. The doom of the woman:III.1719. The man's sentence.III.2024. The expulsion from Eden.III.2224. The actual expulsion.Ch. IV.Beginnings of History and Civilisation.IV. 116.Cain and Abel.15. Birth of Cain and Abel: their occupation, and sacrifice.612. Warning, murder, and sentence.1316. Mitigation of Cain's punishment.IV. 1724.The line of Cain.17. Enoch and the building of the first city.19. The two wives of Lamech.2022. The sons of Lamech and their occupations.23, 24. The song of Lamech.IV. 25, 26.Fragmentary Sethite Genealogy.Ch. V.The Ante-Diluvian Patriarchs (P).1, 2.Introduction:35. Adam.68. eth2124. The account of Enoch2527. Methuselah.32. The abnormal age of NoahVI. 14.The Origin of the Nphlm.3. A divine sentence on the human race,4. The Nephlm were (or arose) in the earth in those days]VI. 5IX. 29.Noah and the Flood.The Flood according to J.VI. 58. The occasion of the Flood:VII. 15. Announcement of the Flood.VII.710, 12, 16b, 17b, 22, 23.Entrance into the ark and description of the Flood.VIII. (1b?), 2b, 3a, (4?), 612, 13b. Subsidence of the waters.VIII.2022. Noah's sacrifice.The Flood according to P.VI. 912. Noah's piety; The corruption of the earth.VI.1316. Directions for building the ark.VI.1722. The purpose of the ark.VII. 6, 11, 1317a. Commencement of the Flood.VII.1821, 24. Magnitude and effect of the Flood.VIII. 1, 2a, 3b5, 13a, 14. Abatement of the Flood.VIII.1519. Exit from the ark: blessing on the animals.IX. 17. The new world-order.IX.817. The Covenant and its Sign.IX.28, 29. The death of Noah.IX. 1827.Noah as Vine-grower: His Curse and Blessing (J).CH. X.The Table of Peoples (P and J).The Table of P.1a. Superscription.25. The Japhetic or Northern Peoples:6, 7, 20. The Hamitic or Southern Group:22, 23, 31. The Shemitic or Eastern Group.The Table of J.IX. 18a, X. 1b. Introduction.812. Nimrod and his empire.13, 14.The sons of Mizraim.1519. The Canaanites.21, 24, 2530. The Shemites.XI. 19.The Tower of Babel (J).14. The Building of the City and the Tower.59. Yahwe's Interposition.XI. 1026.The Genealogy of Shem (P).XI. 2732.The Genealogy of Terah (P and J).CHS. XIIXXV.18 - THE PATRIARCHAL HISTORY. ABRAHAM.Chs. XII, XIII.The migrations of Abram (J and P).XII. 18. The journey to Canaan and the promise of the Land.XII. 9XIII. 1.Abram in Egypt.XIII.218. Separation of Abram and Lot.Ch. XIV.Abram's Victory over Four Kings.14. The revolt of the five kings.57. The preliminary campaign.812. The final battle, and capture of Lot.1316. Abram's pursuit and victory.17, 1820. Abram and Melkizedek.17, 2124. Abram and the king of Sodom.Ch. XV.God's Covenant with Abram (JE).16. The promise of an heir (J), and a numerous posterity (E).721. The covenant.Ch. XVI.The Flight of Hagar and Birth of Ishmael (J and P).16. The flight of Hagar.714. The theophany at the well.Ch. XVII.The Covenant of Circumcision (P).18. The Covenant-promises.914. The sign of the Covenant.1522. The heir of the Covenant.2327. Circumcision of Abraham's household.Ch. XVIII. The Theophany at Hebron: Abraham's Intercession for Sodom (J). .18. The entertainment of the three wayfarers.915. The promise of a son to Sarah.1622a. The judgement of Sodom revealed.22b33. Abraham's intercession.XIX. 129.The Destruction of Sodom and Deliverance of Lot (J and P).13. Lot's hospitality.411. The assault of the Sodomites.1216. The deliverance of Lot.1722. The sparing of Zoar.2328. The catastrophe.XIX. 3038.Lot and his Daughters (J).Ch. XX. Abraham and Sarah at the Court of Gerar Abraham and Sarah at the Court of Gerar (E).1, 2. Introductory notice.37. Abimelech's dream.813. Abimelech and Abraham.1418. Abimelech makes reparation to Abraham.XXI. 121.Birth of Isaac and Expulsion of Ishmael17. The birth of Isaac.810. Sarah demands the ejection of Ishmael.1113. Abraham's misgivings removed.1416. Mother and child in the desert.1719. The Divine succour20, 21. Ishmael's career.XXI. 2234.Abraham's Covenant with Abimelech (E and J).Ch. XXII. 119.The Sacrifice of Isaac (E and R.JE ).18. Abraham's willing preparation for the sacrifice. 914. The sacrifice averted.1519. Renewal of the promises: Conclusion.XXII. 2024.The Sons of Nahr (J, R).Ch. XXIII. Purchase of the Cave of Machpelah (P).1, 2. The death of Sarah.37. The request for a burying-place.812. The appeal to >Ephrn.1316. The purchase of the field.1720. Summary and conclusion.Ch. XXIV.Procuring a Wife for Isaac (J, [E?]).19. The servant's commission1014. The servant at the well.1527. The servant and Rebekah.2832. Laban's hospitality3349. The servant's narrative.5061. Departure of Rebekah, with the consent and blessing of her relatives.6267. The home-bringing of Rebekah.XXV. 16.The Sons of Keturah (J? R?).XXV. 711.The Death and Burial of Abraham (P).XXV. 1218.The Genealogy and Death of Ishmael (P).CHS. XXV. 19XXXVI. - THE HISTORY OF JACOBXXV. 1934.The Birth of Esau and Jacob, and the Transference of the Birthright (P, JE).19, 20. Isaac's marriage.2123. The pre-natal oracle.2426. Birth and naming of the twins.27, 28. Their manner of life.2934. Esau parts with the birthright.Ch. XXVI.Isaac and the Philistines (J, R, P).16. Isaac migrates to Gerar.711. Rebekah's honour compromised.1216.Isaac's successful husbandry.1722. Isaac's wells.2325. The theophany at Beersheba.2633. The treaty with Abimelech.34, 35. Esau's Hittite wivesXXVII. 145.How Jacob secured his Father's Blessing (JE).15. Isaac's purpose to bless Esau:617. Rebekah's stratagem.1829. Jacob obtains the blessing.3040. Esau sues in vain for a blessing.4145. Esau's purpose of revenge.XXVII. 46XXVIII. 9.Isaac's Charge to Jacob (P).XXVIII. 1022. Jacob at Bethel Jacob at Bethel (JE).1012 (E). Jacob's dream.1316 (J). The promise.1719. Consecration and naming of the place.2022 (E). Jacob's vow.XXIX. 130. Jacob's Marriage with Laban's Daughters Jacob's Marriage with Laban's Daughters (JE, P).114. Jacob's meeting with Rachel.1530. Jacob's double marriage.XXIX. 31XXX. 24.The Birth of Jacob's Children (JE).3135. The sons of Leah.XXX. 18. Rachel's adopted sons.913. Leah's adopted sons.1424. The later children.XXX. 2543. Jacob enriched at Laban's Expense Jacob enriched at Laban's Expense (JE).2531. Jacob proposes to provide for his own house.3236. The new contract.3743. Jacob's stratagem.XXXI. 1XXXII. 1.Jacob's Flight from Laban: their friendly Parting (J, E).116. Preparations for flight.1725. The flight and pursuit.2643. The altercation.4454. The treaty of Gilead.XXXII. 233.Jacob's Measures for propitiating Esau: His Wrestling with the Deity at Peniel (J, E).2, 3. The legend of Mahhanaim.414a. Jacob's precautionary measures (J).14b-22. The present for Esau2333. The wrestling at Peniel (JE).Ch. XXXIII.The Meeting of the Brothers: Jacob's March to Shechem (JE, P)17. The meeting.811. The present.1217. The parting.1820. Jacob at Shechem.Ch. XXXIV.The Outrage on Dinah.112. Dinah is seduced by Shechem, and afterwards sought in marriage.1317. The answer.1824. The condition accepted.2531. The vengeance of the Hebrews.Ch. XXXV. Jacob in Canaan Jacob in Canaan (E, J, P).18 + 14. Bethel re-visited: the death of Deborah.9, 10. Jacob's name changed (P).6a, 1113, 15. The blessing transmitted to Jacob:1620. Rachel dies in child-birth (E).21, 22a. Reuben's incest (J).22b26. A list of Jacob's sons (P).2729. The death of Isaac (P).Ch. XXXVI. Edomite Genealogies, etc. (partly P).15. Esau's wives and sons.68. Esau's migration to Se>ir.914. The genealogy of Esau.1519. The clan-chiefs of Edom.2030. Horite genealogies.3139. The kings of Edom.4043. The chiefs of Esau.CHS. XXXVIIL. JOSEPH AND HIS BRETHREN .Ch. XXXVII.How Joseph was lost to his Father through his Brethren's Hatred and Treachery (P, JE).111. The alienation between Joseph and his brethren.1217. Jacob sends Joseph to inquire after his brethren.1830. The plot to murder Joseph frustrated by Reuben (E), or Judah (J).3136. The deceiving of Jacob.Ch. XXXVIII.Judah and Tamar (J).15. Judah founds a separate family at Adullam.611. Tamar's wrong.1219. Tamar's daring stratagem.2023. Judah fails to recover his pledge.2426. The vindication of Tamar.2730. Birth of Perez and Zerah.Ch. XXXIX.Joseph is cast into Prison (J).16. Joseph becomes the controller of an Egyptian estate.720. Joseph tempted by his master's wife.2123. Joseph in prison.Ch. XL. Joseph proves his Gift of interpreting Dreams Joseph proves his Gift of interpreting Dreams (E).18. Pharaoh's officers in disgrace: their dreams.919. The dreams interpreted.2023. The dreams fulfilled.Ch. XLI. Joseph becomes Viceroy of Egypt (JE, P).18. Pharaoh's dreams.914. Joseph summoned to interpret the dreams.1524. Pharaoh's recital of his dreams.2532. The interpretation.3336. Joseph's advice to Pharaoh.3746. Joseph's elevation.4757.Joseph's measures for relief of the famine.Ch. XLII.Joseph's Brethren come to Egypt to buy Food (E, J)14. The journey to Egypt.517. The arrival in Egypt, and first interview with Joseph.1826. The second interview.2638. The return to Canaan.Chs. XLIII. XLIV.The second Visit to Egypt (J).114. The journey resolved on.1525. In Joseph's house.2634. At Joseph's table.XLIV. 117. The cup in Benjamin's sack.1834. Judah's plea for Benjamin.Ch. XLV.Joseph reveals himself to his Brethren (E, J).18. The disclosure.915. Joseph's message to his father.1620. Pharaoh's invitation.2128. The brethren return to Canaan.XLVI. 1XLVII. 12.The Settlement of Jacob and his Family in Egypt (J, E, P). expresses only17. Jacob bids farewell to Canaan.827. A list of Jacob's immediate descendants.2830. The meeting of Jacob and Joseph.XLVI. 31XLVII. 12. Joseph obtains Pharaoh's Joseph obtains Pharaoh's permission for his brethren to settle in Goshen.XLVII. 1327.Joseph's Agrarian Policy (J?).XLVII. 28XLVIII. 22.Jacob's last Interview with Joseph (J, E, P).2831. Joseph promises to bury Jacob in Canaan.XLVIII. Adoption and blessing of Joseph's two sons.1, 2. The introduction36. P's brief account of the adoption of Ephraim and Manasseh.7. The presence of Joseph8, 9. E's narrative is resumed.10a, 13, 14 (J).15, 16. The Blessing (E).1719. Continuing 14 (J).20. The clause21, 22. Closing words to Joseph (E).XLIX. 128a.The Blessing of Jacob.1, 2. Introduction.3, 4. Reuben.57. Simeon and Levi.812. Judah.1315. Zebulun and Issachar.1621. Dan, Gad, Asher, and Naphtali.2226. Joseph.27. Benjamin.XLIX. 28bL. 26.The Death and Burial of Jacob; and the Death of Joseph (P, J, E).28b33. Jacob's charge to his sons.L. 114. The burial of Jacob.1521. Joseph removes his brethren's fears.2226. Joseph's old age and death.Extended NotesThe Divine Image in ManThe Hebrew and Babylonian SabbathBabylonian and other CosmogoniesThe Site of EdenThe Protevangelium'.The CherubimOrigin and Significance of the Paradise LegendOrigin of the Cain LegendThe Cainite GenealogyThe Chronology of Ch. 5, etc.The Deluge Tradition.Noah's Curse and Blessing.The Babel LegendChronology of 11.10 ff.Historic Value of Ch. 14CircumcisionThe Covenant-Idea in PDestruction of the Cities of the PlainThe Sacrifice of IsaacThe Treaty of Gilead and its Historical SettingThe Legend of PenielThe Sack of ShechemThe Edomite GenealogiesThe Degradation of ReubenThe Fate of Simeon and LeviThe Shiloh Prophecy of 49.10The Zodiacal Theory of the Twelve TribesIndexI. EnglishII. Hebrew
international critical commentary genesis page https publishersrow ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks electronic edition skinner work
eBookshuk Books

and Hannah wept: Infertility, Adoption, and the Jewish Couple
The definitive work on Judaism s approach to infertility, pregnancy loss, and adoption.

The Jews of Arab Lands in Modern Times
Norman A. Stillman continues the saga he so eloquently began in his first volume, The Jews of Arab Lands, up through the dramatic events of the twentieth century. This book focuses on the forces, events, and personalities that over the past 150 years have shaped the Jewish communities of the Arab world.

The Commentary of R. Samuel Ben Meir Rashbam on Qoheleth


The Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This acclaimed new translation of the Torah--the Holy Scriptures of the Jewish people,--was prepared according to the Masoretic Text by the Jewish Publication Society (Philadelphia), world s oldest Jewish book publisher. Electronic version of it, which is a searchable replica of the printed version was prepared by Varda Books in 2002, with all the latest corrections and revisions having been incorporated.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Chronicles
The author of this interesting work, has little sympathy with that subjective criticism which prescribes beforehand an author's scheme of composition and then regards all contrary to this scheme as interpolations or supplements.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): SAMUEL I & II
Although there have been other contributions on this subject, this volume still is worth having as it contains most of arguments still serving as a basis for modern Christian mainline (and thus also Jewish Reform) liberalism.

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

The Birobidzhan Affair: A Yiddish Writer in Siberia
The Birobidzhan Affair is the autobiography, a chronicle of heart-rending events recounting Emiot's eight years at hard labor in various work camps in Siberia. Poignant, remarkably understated in tone, it provides evidence of his travails as a Jewish victim of the bitter bureaucracy that was Stalinist Russia.

Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 3
wert

To Do the Right and the Good
A thought-provoking examination of Jewish social ethics in relation to the mores of contemporary society. In this book, Rabbi Dorff focuses on the social aspects of the Jewish tradition, while tackling such timely topics as war and peace, poverty, intrafaith and interfaith relations, and forgiveness.

Hebrew-English Tanakh: the Jewish Bible
Multi-platform, electronic edition of masoretic text of the Holy Scriptures placed next to classic Jewish translation.

JPS Hebrew-English (Jewish Bible) Tanakh
A true searchable (offline -- English only; in optional online mode -- both English and Hebrew) replica (including Biblical Hebrew vowel and cantillation marks) of the original 2nd printed edition. It is a MUST for any serious student of The Holy Scriptures and perfect a participant in Bible-study groups.

Sunset Possibilities and Other Poems
Continuing the high standards of the JPS Jewish Poetry Series, this volume presents poems that have become twentieth-century classics. Included are eighty poems printed in English and Hebrew on facing pages.

Jesus
A compelling biography of Jesus of Nazareth, written by eminent Jewish scholar of the Second Temple and Early Christianity.

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Jobs (in 2 volumes)
Electronic edition of the massive commentary on the Book of Job.

Collected Writings in Jewish Studies
This collection of articles in Jewish Studies has been authored by, what many consider, the most important scholar of the rabbinic life and literature in the post WWII period.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Exodus
The Book of Exodus sets before us, as the Hebrews of later ages told it, and in the vivid, picturesque style which the best Jewish historians could always command, the story of the deliverance from Egypt.

Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.

BOOKS OF KINGS


New Heart, New Spirit: Biblical Humanism for Modern Israel
New Heart, New Spirit confronts the ethical and moral values of the Bible in the context of the critical situation that Israel and Zionism are facing. It is an outcry and a challenge to the xenophobic movements focused on holy wars, power, land, and blood.

JPS Bible Commentary: Esther
In this latest addition to the Jewish Publication Society's commentary series, the reader will further be reworded with many productive and original insights: in this particular case on the background of the feast of Purim.

Violence and Defense in the Jewish Experience
Violence has always existed, and the Jews have been its victims for thousands of years in all parts of the world and in all periods of history. The book presents the fruits of the colloquium on Violence and Defense in Jewish History held in Tel-Aviv in 1974.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

Tractate Rosh Hashana
For those who wish to go beyond superficial, Master A Mesikta Series is a perfect companion for the study of Talmud. The series provides important background information on Talmud and clarifies its content by focusing on controversies that give it such a power. Using outlines, elucidations, pointed comments, explanations of the sequence, topic overviews, and highlighting the interaction between aggadic portions and legal discussions, the author enables a student to rapidly master material

ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM


Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 4
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

A Separate Republic
Based on the Libro Grande, which is included in this volume, this authoritative analysis of the Venetian Jewish community of the 17th century gives a snapshot of the political and social structure of the Jews of Venice as they related to the general population of the Venetian Republic of that period and to the ethnic,economic, and religious diversity within their own community.

The Jews of Navarre in the Late Middle Ages. Hispania Judaica, v. 4
Documented depiction of the economic activities of the Jews and their work at the service of the Crown in this Christian kingdom.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Psalms (in 2 volumes)
asdf

Tractate Berakhos II: Commentary and Study Guide
The guide to how Rabbis formulated their decrees and delt with changing conditions after the destruction of the Second Temple and the fall of Betar.

Luah Hashanah 5775
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch: Eight Lectures
Although originally published more then 50 years ago, this little Cassuto's book is still probably the best, most focused attack on Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis and a powerful defense of the integrity of the biblical text.

The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

Luah HaShanah 5776
sdfg

The Jews of Arab Lands in Modern Times
Norman A. Stillman continues the saga he so eloquently began in his first volume, The Jews of Arab Lands, up through the dramatic events of the twentieth century. This book focuses on the forces, events, and personalities that over the past 150 years have shaped the Jewish communities of the Arab world.

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the Geschichte der Juden, the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

Notes on the Hebrew Text and the Topography of the Book of Samuel
Electronic edition of one of the most influential books ever written about the Bible; S.R. Driver's meticulously detailed reconstruction and analysis of Samuel has remained vital for over a century.

A Separate Republic
Based on the Libro Grande, which is included in this volume, this authoritative analysis of the Venetian Jewish community of the 17th century gives a snapshot of the political and social structure of the Jews of Venice as they related to the general population of the Venetian Republic of that period and to the ethnic,economic, and religious diversity within their own community.

Legends of the Jews
A most remarkable and comprehensive compilation of stories connected to the Hebrew Bible drawn largely on Jewish lore and tradition. It is an indispensable reference on that body of literature known as Midrash, the imaginative retelling and elaboration on Bible stories in which mythological tales about demons and magic co-exist with moralistic stories about the piety of the patriarchs.

Luah Hashannah 5778
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish interpreters (in 2 vols.)
Collection of printed texts and MSS. by Jewish commentators on the 53rd Chapter of Isaiah, brought together by AD. Nubauer and translated with assistance of S.R.Driver.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (18251894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament
Madden's work constitutes . . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past. Michael Avi-Yonah Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

Volume 10, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

(Torah: the New Russian Translation)
, - , .

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 7
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.